Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 9, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
14 THE LETHBRIDOe HERALD Saturday, June 9, 1973 Hutterites Southern Alberta Part 4 of a 4-part special report 3 stabs at a solution 8y GREG MelNTYRE Herald Staff Writer The Alberta government has taken three ntajor stabs at solving "the Hutterite sit- uation." The first two in 1947 and 1953 tried to find ways to assimilate the Christian farming sect into the larger society. The most recent ment initiative centred on the repeal of the Communal Properties Act March 1 is aimed to promote co- existence between the Hut- terites and their neighbors. Whether the latest venture can result in Hutterites liv- ing side by side with other Albertans in equality is still uncertain. Hutterites came to Alber- ta in 1913 because of harass- ment by United States res- idents over their refusal to serve in the U.S. military. The Canadian government offered them military ex- emption. Bitter feelings against the fact that Hutterites would not fight in the Second World War, refused to send their children to public schools off the colonies and were buy- ing up tracts of land led the Alberta government to pass the Land Sales Prohibition Act in 1942. This was the first of a se- ries of restrictive pieces of legislation controlling Hut- terite land ownership that the Lougheed government abolished last year. In 1947 amid continued controversy, the Alberta leg- islature appointed the first of three committees to look into the Hutterite way of life and relations with their neighbors. The committee recom- mended restrictions on the expansion of Hutterite col- onies and the government passed the Communal Prop- erties Act, which remained in effect, with modifications until this year. In 1958, faced with sec- tions of the act not working well, the government estab- lished another committee study. The second committee led to the establishment of the Communal Properties Board which tried to guide colony expansion into desirable areas. However. In 1971 the board approved the application of a colony to expand at Ver- dant Valley near Drumheller and controversy erupted. Faced with this situation and the probability that the Communal Properties Act would violate the soon to be enacted 1972 Alberta Bill of Rights, the new Lougheed government suspended the board. A third committee was es- tablished by the legislature in 1972 and reported that fall that the act was "discrim- inatory" and should be abol- ished. An a d v i sory committee has been established since the act was repealed. The advisory committee does not have the authority of the for- mer board to restrict colony expansion it can merely advise the Hutterites where to locate. The committee report leading to the repeal of the restrictive legislation also contained a number of im- portant revelations. It concluded that feelings toward Hutterites have im- proved in recent years and that, contrary to much pre- vious misinformaticn. Hut- terites make a significant contribution to the provincial economy. However, the report lo- cated one trouble Hutterite schools noting that the quality of education in one-room schools on col- onies left much to be de- sired and the entire educa- tion issue requires further study. i The report concluded: the Hutterites are good farmers and "provide a size- able amount cf revenue to other farmers, agriculture business and to their local, provincial and federal gov- ernments.'1 that if the Hutterites are not making their farm purchases locally, it is pos- sibly a reflection on the management of some local businesses rather than it is of the colonies' none-suppor- tive attitudes. and that in the next three or four years colonies probably expand to about 1% per cent of the arable farmland in the prov- ince, from a current l per RICK ERVIN photos Taking it easy young Hutterite boy relaxes during afternoon in town cent, which is "far from be- ing problematic." The report said that prob- lems in amassing capital will further limit colony ex- pansion and that corporate farming is a more important problem than Hutterite col- onies. "In the County of Forty Mile, for instance, the amount of land held in five- section-parcels or greater exceeds the total land hold- ings of all Hutterite colonies in the province." However, a large job lies ahead for the government to calm fears in rural Alberta about Hutterite colony ex- pansion running rough-shod over the rural economy. The most recent and most explosive situation exists in the Mossleigh area, east of High River, where 5% sec- tions of land have been ac- quired in a helter-skelter fashion by the Hutterites. Local residents claim the new colony is fragmented leaving about 18 farmers across the fence from parts of the colony. The chairman of the gov- ernment's new special advi- sory committee on com- munal property and land use, Arnold Platt, admitted at a recent meeting at Moss- leigh that the expansion of the Hutterite colony there was less than ideal. However, Dr. Platt said his committee is just getting started in this difficult issue and things should go more smoothly in the future. 9 of 10 Canadians ignore dental care By JIM GRANT Herald Staff Writer Ninety'per cent of the Ca- nadian population has some kind of disease in their mouths and aren't doing any- thing about it, the president of the Canadian Dental Asso- ciation said Friday. In Lethbridge for the an- nual convention of the Alber- ta Dental Association, Dr. David Peters says the gov- ernment couldn't find the den- tal personnel nor the finances to mount a treatment cam- paign capable of freeing all Canadians of dental disease at this time. It is impossible to treat the total population's dental di- seases without first providing a preventive educational pro- gram to reduce the frequency of mouth disease in Canadi- ans, he said. Technologic ally, dentists have been very successful in providing dental patients with a better treatment service, but have failed sociologically by not convincing people a healthy mouth is an essential part of a healthy body, he added. Dental disease is prevent- able and it is time for den- tists as well as government officials and parents to take the responsibility of recogniz- ing the present dental preven- tion methods and see that they're effectively practiced, Dr. Peters claimed. He says dentists have failed in communicating the impor- tance of preventive dentistry to the public and as a result some proven methods for pre- venting dental disease are still being ignored by many people. As an example, he says only half of the Canadian pop- ulation are drinking fluoridat- ed water even though its ef- fectiveness in preventing tooth decay has been scienti- fically proven. As a result of its new den- tal prevention awareness, the association has made a rec- ommendation to the federal government asking it to take on the leadership role of in- forming Canadians of the ef- fectiveness of fluoridation in dental disease prevention. It also recommended th e federal government provide a continuing education ser- vice to enable dentists to keep tab on the latest techniques and dental programs. A proper diet and care of mouth and teeth are two other proven methods of pre- venting dental disease that are still being ignored by most people, Dr. Peters said. He claims Canada won't be a dental fit nation until den- ial disease is reduced by pre- ventive methods rather than dental treatment. Dentists must also learn to communicate more effectively so their patients know ap- proximately what their dental work will cost and the signifi- cance of the treatment ap- plied, he said. Dental care costs cannot be posted in the dentists office in the form of a menu be- cause "we're not selling ma- terial service we're rend- ering 'a professional he remarked. It is difficult for a dentist to know exactly what extent of treatment a tooth will need until the extent of damage is explored. Dr. Peters says the public is often willing to pay the cost if they are informed of the extent of damage and sig- nificance of treatment. As a method of cutting costs, he suggested dentists should continue to explore possibility of using dental as- sistants to decrease amount of time they have to spend with each patient. The cost of services render- ed to the patient could be re- duced substantially if less skilled and lower paid per- sonnel were canning put majority of work required on a patient's teeth, he claimed. An assembly line could be set up whereby each em- ployee would perform a different function in the total treatment of a patients den- tal damages. The dentist would then be free to perform the more skilled duties required in den- tal treatment. Residential construction continues upivard trend Residential construction in the city is continuting its surge with 58 single family dwelling starts made in May. Super Sam's stores to open Krol's Grocery in North Lethbridge will be under new ownership and a new name nexl week. The business, located at 1016 9th Ave. S., will be closed for about four days, starting Sunday night, to allow com- pletion of an estimated in renovation work. Purchasers are Ernest and Francis Dudley, operators of Elta's Grocery and Confec- tionery, 9th Ave. and llth St. S., for the last five years. The Dudleys have formed a company, Super Sam Co., to operate the two businesses. Elta's now becomes Super Sam's No. 1 and Krol's will become Super Sam's No. 2 next week on completion of the purchase. The total for the first five months of the year now stands at 189, up from 101 for the same five months last year. Total value of building per- mits issued by the city dur- ing May was with the million Sportsplex ac- counting --for a good part of the jump from for May of last year. Total value of construction in the city this year to the end of May now stands at more than million well up from the some million for the first five months of 1972. Among new construction in May was the Gainrite Feeds Ltd. feed mill at 235 36th St. N. and the laundry at the Municipal Hos- pital. Victoria man in hospital A 25-year-old Victoria man is in satisfactory condition in hospital this morning after re- ceiving a fractured thigh and head cuts in a two-car colli- sion -in Lethbridge Friday. Dale Shaw landed on the sidewalk after being thrown from his vehicle when it was spun around during the acci- dent at the intersection of 18 St. and 17 Ave. S. The driver of the second car Edward David Stitt, 16, 1237 Glacier Dr., escaped injury. Rotarians to meet at Camrose More than 600 Rotarians and their families will be at Camrose for a zone conven- tion June 21 to 23. Conference chairman Al Robertson says the meeting will include plenary ses- sions, group discussions and entertainment features. "The purpose of the meet- ing is to further the program of Rotary by exploring new opportunities for bettering communities, raising stand- ards of business practices, work and expanding friendly relations between people of different Mr. Robertson said. Schools singled out Htmerite school on the Huttervilla Colony near Magroth. A news analysis Fire department felt smoke tower important By ANDY OGLE Herald Staff Writer How much of a frill is a 000 four-story concrete smoke training building? Too much apparently for enough aldermen to keep the structure from being built. It was rejected at the last meet- ing of city council in a 3-3 vote in which the rest of the fire department package a new headquarters and some train- ing facilities at the No. 2 fire- hall were approved unanimous- ly. The catch apparently was the price tag for the headquarters with the smoke building. Its total cost has ris- en two or three times since it was first proposed and approv- al would have meant taking from the contingency fund the money the city keeps in reserve to meet necessary unexpected expendi- tures as only had previously been allocated for the headquarters. Even one alderman who for inclusion of the smoke training building seemingly did so reluctantly, remarking, ''I just hope we end up with the best trained firemen in North America." But this is, of course, ex- actly the point the fire de- partment makes. The training facilities'that will be built along with the new headquarters will enable them to do a better job of drilling with the considerable variety of equipment they use. The smoke building would give them practice under much more realistic conditions as pos- sible doing the job they're hired to do. A: the moment it's something a new man learns on the job. "How do we train a iirei'lpht- er? We take him to a burning building and shove him in and hope we don't get a big one un- til he knows what's going said a senior fire department officer. The department has in the past for training purposes set fire to dilapidated houses due to be demolished, but there's not exactly an over-supply of such buildings. The smoke building is basic- ally a concrete shell with a number of different shaped rooms on four floors inside al- lowing fires to be set simulating a number of different condi- tions a fireman can expect to encounter. As its name implies, one of its primary functions is to pive firemen experience in battling blazes and icscue work in smoke-filled buildings. The new headquarters will include a 60-foot hose drying tower that will be used for aeri- al ladder training and a lec- ture room something the de- partment doesn't have now. The other main ingredient at the No. 2 firehall will be room to move, another factor lacking at the old No. 1 station at 4tb Avenue and 2nd Street S. When completed in an esti- ma.ed six to eight months, the new facility will literally take the firemen off the street, where they've practiced some of their aerial ladder rescue work and hose work down through the years always have to go up and down 4th Ave and make sure all the car windows are rolled up before we turn on the chuckles deputy fire chief Ernie Holberton. Contrary to what some peo- ple think, firemen aren't just loafing or polishing their fire engines be .ween fires, says the deputy chief. "We re continually drilling with the equipment to keep our prcaciency UD This includes working with the pumpers on hydraulics, the ladder work, familiarization with the gas masks, studying first aid, ths fire bylaws and mans of the city for location of fire hydrants, and using the host of small equipment car- ried for all manner of fire and rescue work. Twelve new men are to be added to the fire department this summer and one officer is to be appointed full time to the training program. The general feeling at the fire department is that while the new facilities will be an im- provement, an important part is being left out.