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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 9, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IETHBRIDGT HERALD Tuesday, Juno 9, 1970 Joseph Kraft Natural Ami Human Violence Reports on the devastation caused by the earthquake in Peru indicate that the death toll is likely to be far greater than at first feared. Whole communities, for instance, were washed away when lakes and rivers sloshed over their embank- ments. It is presumed that few people would have survived. While human beings in other parts of the world are creating their own violence, issuing in death and de- struction, a great effort is now being made to bring relief to the surviving victims of the earthquake in Peru. This is the heartening side of man and his ingenuity. The relief operation demonstrates that technological and administra- tive skills can be mobilized for com- passionate as well as cruel ends. It also shows again that national boun- Diefen baker Says What Mr. John Diefenbaker says always makes good newspaper copy. But while he speaks authoritatively he does not necessarily speak with authority. He certainly does not speak for the Government of Canada. He really does not speak for the Opposition even though he is a member of it. He does not speak for anyone except himself. The Nationalist Chinese Govern- ment in Formosa would be well ad- vised, therefore, not to take too much comfort out of their visitor's state- ment that "most Canadians do not favor recognition of Communist China." Mr. Diefenbaker can make such an ingratiating comment only because he speaks for himself. It would be very strange if there were not some Canadians who op- pose the recognition of the Peking government. Few government actions have unanimous support. Mr. Diefen- baker doubtless knows many people who do not support the initiative to recognize the Communist govern- ment in China proper. But the guess is that a majority of Canadians probably favor diplomatic recogni- tion. Canadians have long felt that it was incongruous to be doing business with a country whose government is unrecognized at official levels. The irony is that tlie initiative for doing business w i I h Communist China came during the time when Mr. Die- fenbaker was Prime Minister of Canada. Although official talks have not yet reached agreement it is not because the Canadian Government has changed its mind in response to sup- posed lack of support from the peo- ple. All indications are that Canadian desire for recognition is unabated but is not meeting with the hoped- for response from the other side. Roman Fiddling, The recent meetings of NATO ministers in Rome gave rise to a great deal of speculation, a lot of talk and very little in real achieve- ment in attempts to ensure peace in Europe in the years to come. The most exacerbating, worrying prob- lem of all, the growing incursion of Russian power in the Middle East was scarcely mentioned. An editorial in a Zurich newspa- per remarks that "250 million West Europeans, becoming increasingly integrated into an economic bloc fat- superior to the Soviet Union, should also be politically and militarily capable of joining America in de- manding detente from Moscow." The stumbling block in this argu- ment is that the European bloc is not yet firmly cemented, as the Zurich writer implies. The Russians are going as far as they can go in the time left to them, when Britain may join the Common Market, when France could possibly adopt a less intransigent attitude towards a com- mon European defence policy, and when European political unity could form an impenetrable barrier to fur- ther Russian advance towards the West. Live In A Mess, Die In A Mess By Richard J. Needham, in The Toronto Globe and Mail TTBSRE must be people in this city, this country, this world, who are highly or- ganized, highly efficient. They're out of debt and have money in the bank for a rainy day. Their bills are paid on the dot, their mail is answered immediately. They've drawn up their wills1, perhaps have even made their funeral arrange- ments; if they died tomorrow, they'd leave no mess or muddle behind. There must be such people, but I don't know any of them. Practically all the men and women I know live in a magnificent state of confusion and disaster wolf at the front door, bailiff at the back, unan- swered mail and unpaid bills piling up to the ceiling, which they hit every time the phone lings. "Oh no, not another problem, I've eight million of them When they die, when I die, there'll be a muddle left behind that will take a battalion of lawyers and chartered accountants several years to straighten out. The Good Book tells us that man is born unto trouble as the sparks fly upwards. That's true. Sircply to be alive is to be in trouble; and the more actively you live, the more front on which you operate, the more trouble yon get into. Life is perpe- tual war, says Santayana; only the dead are at peace. He meant the physically dead, of course; dead and buried. But a sort of peace is enjoyed (if that's the right word) by people who are spiritually dead, who lead narrow and passive lives, who hide their light so to speak under a bushel. No such peace exists for those who are on life's battlefield, out in the open. The business executive, the labor leader, the politician, awakens each 'morning to. a veritable sea of troubles; he never knows what problem or disaster is going to hit him next. All lie knows, or should know, is that so long as he's on the battle- field he'll have battles aplenty. He's in the same position as Riviere, the airline direc- tor in Antoine de Saint-Exupcry's classic, Night Flight, who reflects that as one plane lands safely, he must worry about another taking off: "And so it would always be. Never could an arrival of the plants imun for him the victoiy that ends a war and preludes a spell of smiling peace. For him it meant just one more step, with a thou- sand more to follow, along a straight, un- ending road. Riviere felt as though for an eternity he had been carrying a crushing load on his uplifted arms; an endless, hope- less effort." Don't you yourself, gentle reader, some- times feel this way? Don't you sometimes feel that you've been carrying too heavy a load for too long? That your life has become "an endless, hopeless If so, join the club; we've millions of mem- bers, including myself. I sometimes feel like chucking the whole thing up and run- ning away to Newfoundland. But the feel- ing passes, must pass, as still another problem confronts me with its demand for immediate action. Life is trouble, people are trouble; and the more people you're dealing with, the more trouble you're going to have. Human beings are explosive material seething with fear, greed and numerous other ugliest. Would you really like to be Richard Nixon, trying to maintain smne semblance of order among 200 million of them? It's difficult enough for a man to control him- self; how's he going to control people by the thousand, by the million? It can't be done: that's why big countries are usually in a big mess; that's why the great world lives in confusion and uproar; that's why it always will. The world will never know peace until it absenlmindedly destroys itself. Unlil then it's perpetually in a stale of conflict, hag-ridden by prob- lems that never get solved; or, if they do, lead into bigger and or.cs. Give us this day our daiiy crisis. Yet the uorhl spins, somehow manages from week to week, a.s we all must do. I had an item in this corner the other day from, f think. William Blake "If the sun and moon should doubt, they'd im- mediately go The world cannot af- ford the luxury of doubting, oj' jninking tile effort is n -s and no more can the people who inhabit it. The effort i.s life itself, the problems are what life's all aboul, Our human function is not to snhe but to nol but to strive; not lo COIUIIILT but h> cope. Soviet In Art Of Consolidating daiies are easily and speedily tran- scended when the cry for elemental liclp goes "I1- Control over nature so as to avert such disasters as has occured in Peru is something man has coveted but has only succeeded in achieving to a limited degree. Perhaps if the efforts of developers of weapons of warfare could be diverted to this sort of research, (lie goal of con- trolling natural violence would be closer to realization. Such devastation as was caused in an area of Peru is something ,of a reminder that man now lias it with- in his power to create havoc of that sort over the face of the whole world. Who would organize the re- lief operation to the few survivors of the blasting and burning caused bv a nuclear holocaust? 'IliKUSALEM Most Am- erican Kremlinolog i s t s are pleased to write off the present Soviet leaders as sec- ond raters who rose only be- cause they were too unprom- ising to be purged by Stalin. But to move along the edge of Soviet power from Germany through the latest NATO meet- ing ill Home and on to the Near East, as I have just done, is to receive a far different impres- sion. On tlie record, the men now in the Kremlin emerge as ex- perls in tile art of consoli- dating and extending power at minimum risk. And the real question is whether the leaders of the Western world have the skill and imagination to frame an appropriate counter strat- egy. The most impressive evi- dence of Soviet skill conies in the Russian backyard. East European regimes, once res- live and taking Ilicir distances from Moscow, have been bent to Soviet purpose as rarely be- fore. most of all. Stop by step, in a way worthy of Lenin himself, the Russians have chopped back the Czech drive towards a humane com- munism. Tlie present troubles of former p a r t y secretary Alexander Dubcek are a mere coda. The police, the party, the economy, and the press have all been taken in tow of the Soviet Union. The latest Czech- Soviet treaty with its valida- tion of tlie Brezhnev doctrine claiming Russia's right to in- terfere in tile internal parties of other Communist states promotes Prague from a head- ache to an instrument for ex- tending Russian authority. Romania, the most indepen- dent of the East European countries after Yugoslav i a, drives tlie point home. Recent floods did damage that crip- pled a substantial portion of tlie country's new industry. While other foreign nations im- mediately offered help, tlie Russians sent a telegram of condolences. There followed much coming and going, with visits to Moscow by the main Romanian leaders, Nit o 1 a e Ceauccscu and Ion Maurcr. Now it is clear that the Rus- sians are using present mis- fortunes to force Bucharest into a political, military, and economic line more in keeping with the Moscow outlook. The Near.East provides even better evidence of the old power drive skillfully applied. In this region the United States is supposedly concerned to prevent any Moscow penetra- tion. But the Russians have moved stealthily, and with small steps that cannot easily be called into question. First, there was the Soviet fleet in Egyptian harbors, and the use of Egyptian bases for air cover. Next came the sta- tioning of the latest surface-to- air missiles around Cairo, Alexandria, and Aswan. Then Soviet pilots began flying oper- ational missions to counter Is- raeli air action in the region of Cairo and Alexandria. Deeper Soviet military en- gagement in Egypt is almost certain perhaps under cover of a temporary cease fire. Already the Soviets are in posi- tion to keep the pressure on the Israelis from their base in Egypt. And constant grinding on the Israelis works to turn sympathies in all Arab coun- tries towards Moscow and away from Washington. While advancing their own position in this way, the Rus- sians have used the diplomacy of detente to keep the Western countries off their mettle and ill disposed to make riposte. West Germany has become ab- solutely hooked on talks with East Germany, Poland, and "Your frown much nicer ibis evening, dear, DiJ tta stock market not close as lav as "Where Heyerdahl get oH having TIME to cross ier. Time, after all, lias moved on. Two-Way 1 read witii great interest the comment of your correspon- dent, Mr. G. Kenneth Watts. Surely tie misses the point of the letter from my colleague Mr. A. M. Gimsc, printed in the Hay 19th issue of TTie bridge Herald. I loo have been stopped by the police while about my lawful occasions, but like Mr. Watts I was always treated nilh courte.-y, so I no complaint, Mr. Gimse's com- Obligation plaint was not that he was stop- ped, hut that his treatment by the police was less than cour- teous. We have an obligation to respect the law, but in return the. officers of the law have an obligation lo respect law- abiding members of the public, whether or not they appear to he long overdue at the barbers, G. K. OliCllAlil) Lethbridge. guaranteed income program before it for several months. For individuals and families with income falling below a specified minimum, there would be supplements of up to a month for an adult and for a child. Thus a family of four two adults and two children could get a monthly cheque for As other income increased, federal cheques would get smaller. But a family of eight would continue to benefit from the plan up to an income level of about a year. An old age pensioner with no private income would draw a month, instead of the present maximum supplement of on top of the regular pension. The existing family allow- ances go to all families with children, regardless of income. Benefits under the new plan would be selective, going only to those making application by declaring they were below tlie specified minimum income, the simplified needs, or means, test would be operated mainly on the honor system. The new plan would replace the family allowances, tlie in- come supplement for pension- ers and some other minor fed- eral welfare programs. Even so, it would cost about one-bil- lion dollars a year more than the exisiting plans. As the guaranteed income would be only a foundation, well below accepted poverty lev- els, the federal government would also have to continue heavy spending through the Canada Asistanee Plan to help the provinces meet actual need. In bringing to a head the long and often confused inter- nal debate on tlus draft pro- posal, the cabinet has first to decide if it accepts the philoso- phy of the guaranteed income concept. There are still ministers with the old fear that welfare saps the will to work and who argue vigorously that after a quarter century of steadily expanding social security, it is high time to pause and apply discipline to a work force growing fat and lazy. Other ministers primarily concerned with the battle against inflation arc worried about the consequences of making promises in a white paper of lavish spending even a vear ur tun ahead. There is the constitutional also of whether the federal government should go ahead alone or sound out the provinces before committing it- self to a white paper proposal. Prime Minister Tmcleau has so far stood above the debate among his ministers, but he will now have to move in to de- cide the government's course. Assuming, as most ministers do, that he will approve at least a major reorganization of social security along the lines of a guaranteed income plan, the critical question wili be how fast to proceed. Tlie cabinet is certainly un- likely to commit itself to a one-billion dollar a year for full implementation of the plan in 1972. The run-away costs of health programs are a matter of critical, continuing concern, and no one wants to plunge headlong into an open-ended welfare scheme. The solution being discussed is to phase-in the plan, apply- ing it to selected groups in the community over several years. Old age pensioners would have lop priority in collecting the new benefits. Families with three or more children might he the next group, althought a case can be made for students in the 1G to 20 age bracket, who need assistance to con- tinue their education If they are to break out of the poverty cycle. As money became available in the federal budget and ex- perience provided a reliable es- timate of the real costs in- volved, the plan would be ex- tended to the whole communi- ty. Even the ministers who op- pose the guaranteed income concept at this time recognize some need to increase assis- tance to pensioners, on the old age security scheme. The Contributory Canada pension plan began payments in 1967 but is building to ma- turity over 10 years. One idea which has been mentioned would be for the government to pay, in effect, the contributions of existing pensioner's so that they could immediately draw substantial benefits from the CPP to add to the basic old age security. Tills is one of the alterna- tives to the GIP which may be put before Trudeau in the next few weeks. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD TIIKOUGII THE IIEIMLD Alberta's Indian pop- ulation numbers accord- ing to the Indian Affairs De- partment. The total Indian population of the Prairies is 1930 Very heavy balloting is indicated for the Alberta election to be held June 19. The rew fcgisUt'i.-e will have (ill members, three more than the old House. lllll) Elementary flying school at Lcthbridge's Kenyon Field will start on July 22 with 2-1 pupils. Calgary Aero Club will operate the school with a staff of nearly 100. Within a monlh the number of students will increased to 48. 3 The famous Writing- on-Stone country, rich in In- dian legend and mythology, is to be made a provincial park this year. A start will be made this summer on development of the park. 19GO The city parks and recreation department will probably convert all wading pools into spray pools, accord- ing to plans discussed at a meeting of the Parks and Rec- reation Committee. Dr. II. M. Brown stated that wading pools were unsatisfactory from a sanitary standpoint because there is not enough movement of the water in them. Herald 504 7th St. S., Lcthbdcigc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Number 0012 Member ot Tho Canadian Tress and the Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and tho Audit Raivitj of Circ-uiaiivna CLEG W. MOWEBS, Editor nn-J I'tiblbher THOMAS ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA HAY M .'maging Kdiwr A-soi-iiilc Editor F. MILKS ItOl'CNAS K WAI, KICK Advi'ili.iini; I ' IVin Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;