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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXVII 150 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1974 15 Cents 80 Pages Irish mourned An escort of young men wearing the black berets of the Irish Republican Army and black arm bands bear the coffin of Irish 'martyr' Michael Gaughan into Sacred Heart of Jesus Church in Kilburn, north of London Friday night. Gaughan, 24, died Monday in a prison on the Isle of Wight after Inside 'If only Fifi could see Curly now.' Classified........34-39 3 Comics............32 Comment.........4, 5 District............11 Family..........29-31 g Local News......9, 10 Markets........26, 27 Religion........18, 19 Sports...........21-24 xj Theatres............7 V TV.................6 Weather ...........3 LOW TONIGHT 40, 3 HIGH SUN. 65; MOSTLY SUNNY Z a 64-day hunger strike. Gaughan's body was taken from the prison and transferred to London, the first stop on its final journey to Ireland. The coffin was draped with the green, white and orange tri- color of the Irish Republic. Petro schemes tax gas reserves CALGARY (CP) The Al- berta Energy Resources Con- servation Board concluded Friday its hearing on the prov- ince's long-term energy requirements after several companies outlined plans to enter the petrochemical field in the province. Concern was expressed in several submissions that Can- Israelis 'mistreated' TEL AVIV (AP) Israeli prisoners of war released by Syria this week said Friday they were beaten with rubber hoses while in captivity, were underfed and were kept for days with sacks over their heads. There was no immediate comment from the Syrian government. "I was kept in a cell alone for four said Lieut. Amos Levinberg. "The Syrians questioned me nearly every day. sometimes three times a day. Each time they hit with a rubber pipe. And every time I left the' cell they put the sack over my head." Most PoWs interviewed at their homes told a similar story of mistreatment at the beginning of their eight-month internment in a Damascus jail. They added that conditions improved when the interrogations ended. "I wouldn't say that we were tortured." Gideon Arnhalt told a reporter shortly after returning to his home in Haifa. "I was able to stand up to the physical punishment. Maybe they tortured other prisoners. I don't know." Israel also said that at least 42 Israelis were killed after their capture. Syria has alleged its soldiers were tortured in Israeli prisons. ada's No. 1 energy province may not be able to support all the proposed projects. A bill was given royal assent Thursday empowering the board to determine whether proposed petrochemical plants are "in the public interest" of Alberta and conform with "the efficient use, without waste, of gas or gas products." D. J. McEachran, Alberta deputy minister of commerce and industry, told board mem- bers that if all proposed proj- ects are approved they will se- riously overtax Alberta's proven reserves' of gas. Two companies that informed the board they plan to build petrochemical plants in Alberta are Union Carbide Canada Ltd. and Cominco Ltd. Union Carbide plans a project that would consume annually 400 million pounds of ethylene to produce chemical derivatives. It also would purchase annually one billion pounds of ethylene for export Rail closure freeze to stay indefinitely SHAUNAVON, Sask. (CP) Justice Minister Otto Lang unveiled a grain-transport program Friday night in an at- tempt to defuse the con- troversial regional issue of rail line abandonment and turn it into a political asset for the federal Liberal government. Countering opposition charges that he would close the many small grain elevators located close to farmers and force farmers to haul long distances to larger elevators, he said the smaller elevators will, in effect, remain as long as farmers want them. He also said farmers paid a ''transportation pre- mium" if they decide to save the federal government money by voluntarily taking the longer hauls. The federal government now subsidizes grain transport on many branch lines by about million a year, enabling farmers to continue delivering grain close to their farms, and aban- donment of such branch lines has been forbidden up to Jan. 1, 1975. Mr. Lang's announcement means the freeze on branch- line abandonment will continue indefinitely, depending on decisions made by elevator companies and the producers on those lines. "So long as companies and co-operatives choose to offer these services, rail service to those elevators will be main- tained. "I'm saying flatly that rail service will continue to any delivery point where the co- operative or elevator company at that point finds the deliveries warrant regular operation. He said the program is de- signed not to discourage deliv- ery to the small elevators, but to enable natural economic forces to play a role in the elevator system. Instead of continuing to pay subsidies for the branch lines and create a bias in the system toward smaller elevators, the government would pass on to the farmer the equivalent of any subsidies saved for grain that did not move on the subsidized lines. He said the premium by itself will not pay farmers to go longer distances to such delivery points as inland grain terminals, but the increased efficiency of such terminals would add more savings for the farmer. The details of the plan have not been worked out, but the premium would in many cases be as great or greater than the amount it would cost to move the grain through commercial trucking services. The payment would not vary Britain's mysterious wartime 'Cooler9 What happened to its occupants LONDON Another of the strange mysteries of war- time Britain is beginning to come to light here after 30 years of secrecy. It involves a 16-room mansion in the remote Scottish high- lands, known to its residents as the Cooler. The occupants were espionage agents. The quirk is that they were not enemy spies but Britons who. in official language, "were bent." Each of them had in some way become a security risk to the Allies and the Cooler, heavily guarded by crack troops from the Cameron Highlanders, was designed to cut them off from all contact with the outside world for the duration of the war. The ominous question of what happened to them afterwards never has been answered. Not one has ever come forward to talk of his confinement Questions have been raised about whether any of them were allowed to survive. Only sketchy details are known, but publication of a novel and an investigation by a Sunday newspaper seem likely to prompt much greater public interest. The novel. The Cooler by former war correspondent George Markstem. is about to be published in Canada by J M. Dent. Markstem acknowledges that the book is a fictional account of life in the confined estate but he says it is based on fact. He tells bizarre tales of men and women trained in the deadly arts of silent killing and unarmed combat who became mentally deranged, began murdering and torturing their own people and had to be "put away." The facl that they were privy to many details of Allied in- telligence operations made it essential that their acts be given no publicity and that they be removed quickly from circulation. Some of his other characters were suspected of working as double agents but not enough solid proof could be found to cot'vict them The newspaper Sunday People has been able to trace some of those who ran the confinement centre, an elegant hunting lodge called Inverlair at the foot of snowcapped mountains in Inverness-Shire. Col. Gavin Brown was the man ordered to set up the Cooler by the Special Operations Executive the organization which controlled thousands of agents. He was security officer for six training camps for British agents, men ordered by Churchill to "set Europe ablaze." Brown says most of the people sent to the Cooler were espionage experts who "got cold feet" and were afraid to go through with their planned operations. Others, who looked like they might break under pressure if captured, also were sent to Inverlair. "There are always some bad apples in the barrel." he says. "Apart from learning the skills of unarmed combat, physical endurance, demolition, they also learned something far more explosive: the identity of other agents, secret codes, contacts in the Resistance "The bad apple might have talked and exposed men to dis- covery and death at the hands of Nazi interrogators." Brown adds that there were other reasons as well for sending men to the cooler but he refuses to elaborate, and the files on detainees are locked under close security. Nan McMillan lived in the Cooler where her late husband, a police sergeant, was stationed "When new people she says, "they were inter- rogated by secret service officers for days at a time. "But after that they just had to lounge about the place killing time, and that made them frustrated and angry. "They were all intelligent and highly trained and wanted to get back to action Some of them had obviously had their covers exposed by the Germans and Couldn't be released because they knew too manv secrets according to the mileage driven by the farmers on a designated branch line would get the same treatment for de- livering to a terminal or an elevator on a more efficient line. Asked what would happen if enough farmers decided to take the longer haul and a branch line was abandoned, Mr. Lang said there would be a different kind of compensation in that event. The savings in roadbed overhaul and maintenance realized through abandonment would be reflected in a temporary to 15 for farmers on the abandoned line. The subsidy could pay truck- ing costs and also make money available for community or road development. COUSIN OF QUEEN FACES MURDER COUNT NEWBURY, England (Reuter) Elizabeth Wise, a cousin of the Queen, has been charged with murder in the death of her nine-month-old daughter earlier this month. Mrs. Wise, 37, appeared in court in this town 50 miles west of London Friday and was remanded in custody for a week. Her father, Sir Henry Abel Smith, a former governor of Queensland, Australia, was called by the defence to support an application for bail but the request was turned down. Police Inspector Ron Angel told the court that the baby died in hospital in Reading. Mrs. Wise is the grand-daughter of Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, the Queen's aunt. No quick end seen to butchers' strike Employees at Lethbridge's largest packing plant Friday became the second group to overwhelmingly reject a mediator's offer in a dispute Canada's three major meat packing chains. Swift Canadian workers voted 75 to 1 Thursday to reject the offer. Then 124 'votes were cast Friday by Canada Packers employees. The vast majority of employees rejected the offer but union officials would not disclose the exact number. About 138 members of the Canadian Food and Allied Workers union are employed at Canada Packers and 85 at Swift's. The rejection sent hopes for a quick settlement down and cattle prices up. The offer, negotiated by mediator Bill Dickie. Ontario deputy labor minister, was made to the union by the two companies and Burns Food Ltd. The three firms locked out 2.500 workers June 5, saying they were unable to operate without an assured labor supply. This resulted in the shutdown of eight of the province's 17 meat packing plants. The companies have threat- ened to lock out about employees nationally if the dispute is not resolved bv June 15. Meanwhile, a spokesman for the livestock industry said Friday slaughter cattle prices were jumping as supplies of beef dwindled. He said buyers had paid as much as 51 cents a pound for cattle in Calgary Friday. The price recently has averaged between 45 and 46 cents. The weekly livestock report in Edmonton said Friday that the partial shutdown of Alberta packing plants had helped cause a drop of nearly 75 per cent in cattle and hog sales at the public stockyards. Supermarkets and restaurant owners in Alberta have been stocking up recently on meat, but admit that a prolonged lockout would create shortages. One Edmonton restaurant owner said that if the lockout extends for more than two or three weeks, "we will have to go in for soups and salads.'' A spokesman for an Alberta supermarket chain said there might be meat shortages by Monday, following traditionally heavy shopping on the weekend. Most Quebecers disagree with language bill MONTREAL (CP) Only 15.5 per cent of Quebecers favor making French the province's only official language with no recognized status for English, says a poll commissioned by three daily newspapers, two French and one English-language. The poll, appearing today in The Gazette. Le Devoir and Quebec City's Le Soleil. shows 42 per cent of those questioned thought both English and French should remain official languages, and 40.5 per cent said French should be the offi- cial language with English recognized as a second language. The random sample poll was conducted by telephone between May 29 and May 31 by the Quebec Intitule of Public Opinion. The institute said 1.259 of the 1.500 persons polled agreed to answer, a response rate of 84 per cent. Respondents were 18 years of age and older A total of 78.5 per cent of re- spondents said French- speaking parents should retain the right to send their children to English-language schools, including 62.5 per cent of those who gave their political preference as the Parti Quebccois. The poll showed flJ.3 per cent of French-speaking respondents believed English- speaking parents should relain the right to send their children to an Enghsh- langaace school, as did 95 5 per cent of the English- speaking respondents and 89 per cent of those whose mother tongue was other than English or French Results showed 71 6 per cent of French-speaking respondents said future immigrants whose mother tongue is not Knghsh should be required to educate their children in French while only 2.S ft per rent of the English- speaking and 34.4 per cent of those whose mother tongue neither English nor ,c.er-h-agr.eed. total of 59.4 per cent of French-speaking persons said future English-speaking immigrants should be required to educate their children in French, while only 15.2 per cent of the English- speaking and 25.2 per cent of the other group agreed. Seventy-one per cent of all respondents and" 53.4 per cent of the English-speaking said private enterprises should be required to have a certain number of French-Canadians in management positions. A total of 54.5 per cent of re- spondents agreed knowledge of English is "absolutely necessary" to succeed in Quebec, while 42.5 per cent disagreed Eritrean guerillas to release hostages CALGARY (CP) Two Ca- nadians and four Americans still held by Ethiopian guer- rillas will be released shortly. a Canadian helicopter pilot who was released by the guerrillas said Friday. In a telephone interview from Addis Ababa. Grant Wyatt. 30. of Calgary, said he was told by the guerrillas who captured him that Deborah Drotzbach. 24. of Freehold, X.J.. will be released "when demands for medical aid and equipment are met." Mr Wyatt. a pilot of Canwesl Aviation Ltd of and heard About town Doreen Tosczak looking forward to visiting sunny Southern Alberta only to arrive and find the weather colder than it was in Whitehorse Brian Woodcock finding a wet surprise in the front pocket of his clean pants aftrr three kittens sat on his lap. Calgary, was captured May 27 at Ghinda. a village near Asmara, the capital of the northern Ethiopian province of Eritrea He was released Tuesday, Mr Wyatt said the guerrillas who held him and Mrs, DorUbach said the five others are being held by a different group within the Entrean Liberation Front. The five are Don Wederfort. 27. Calgary, Cliff James. 27. Walkteron. Ont.. Powers Cayce. 36. of Pamview. Tex Matte Tavela, 52. an American with landed immigrant statu? m Canada. and I" S citizen William Rogers Mr Wyatt was captured while trying Jo rescue the W'ederfort party, captured March 26 'The 1 was with said they iihe Wederfort party i were being well treated and will be released Mr WidU said he wants to take n holiday somewhere in Fwrope' and return to Calgary about July 1 ;