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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Thimday, Jun. 8, 1972 _ THE IETHERIDGE HERAID 5 Joseph P. 0. Ma UNCTAD strikes out at Santiago CANADA and Ethiopia liavo approximately the same populalion; but the per capita income of a Canadian is Ihat ot an Ethiopian with annual Increases of and respectively. "Tens of millions of children succumb each year to prevent- able fatalities and hun- dreds of millions of those who survive suffer serious depriva- tion of the opportunity lo re- alize their full human poten- says World Bank pres- ident Hobert McNamara. Yet in North America, farmers are paid by the government not to grow too much wheat. The prices of raw materials are declining, of finished prod- ucts are increasing. The devel- oping countries are exporting the former, and importing the latter. The cocoa farmer in Ghana has to pay probably 40 per cent more for an American if he could ever afford lhan he would 10 years ago. eluding 226 million jobs for peo- pie in the developing countries, According to present growth rates, world population will double to reacli over seven lion by the year 2000. In 100 years, the population of India wil1 number five han he eMrg populaUon today! U Thanl, former United Na- Uons !ecrelary Eaid mem. bers of the United Naiions have left subordinate their ancient ,obal to c u r b the arms (o ]mman en. vironment, to diffuse the popu- ]ation explosion amj to supply momentum to de- velopment efforts." rjr Norman Alcock's predic- [jon jnere ter conducting research for tho Canadian Peace Research In- stilute, is thought provoking. How long can the world loler- ate population explosion, tho depletion of resources, and tho widening gap in resources dis- trihution? It was against such back- d that UNCTAD m _ Third United Nations Confer- ence on Trade and Develop- ment was hcld in Sanliag0' April 13 M ]9 Nothing much came out of UNCTAD l ln Geneva )M4 or UNCTAD H in New Delhi in 1968 Unfortunatgiy, nothing substantial came out of WCTAD m cither. "The 20 per cent of us who now exploit 80 per cent of the world's resources are seeming- Jy anxious lo press for rational management and the imposi- tion of standards both of pro- cess and end use to keep things f 1 1 HV51 M P jTVlL-iliC. 1UVO.UJ.C JCJ.J.V By Don Oakley, NEA service as Ihey Food and Agricul- ture Organization cliieE liaison officer Charles says. "The 80 per cent of the world's people who have nothing and control little seo all this as a gigantic confidence trick, a mi- nuet designed to perpetuale Ihe slalus quo, to lock 80 per cent of the world's people in con- tinuing poverty and ensure that the cost of any corrective mea- sures will be borne by those least able to pay." Such was the atlitude of the developed nations at UNCTAD If II, and III: Such was the conclusion of the de- veloping nations before and after UNCTAD I, II, and III. Canada, for instance, went to Santiago w i t h a delegation of very low profile. The two min- isters most directly involved- Minister for External Affairs Mitchell Sharp and Minister of Industry, Trade and Com- merce Jean-Luc Pepin did not go to Santiago. Canada is one of the devel- lei the world price of raw ocoa has dropped from 23 Ghana, which is 70 per THERE any social signif- really are delicate and serious A icance in the fact that for subjects with just the right the second year in a row the lrony abovc comedy series "All in the Fam. surrounded by nations wmcn nave not implemented the Generalized Reverse 'Lib' ependent upon cocoa for dominated television's bats" and "meatheads" earnings, is by no people who Service lie only country to import in-lalion from the developed to some critics, his psychological security, week the popularity of the show after week has his prejudices means that "bigotry has be- exploded in his face, and women's liberation has accomplished one Most of the so-called aid respectable." We are all after week keeps coming in a backhanded sort of he developing world is in Bunkers at heart but With more orm of privale enlerprise and Commercial loans. Today, lha levelopmg world's have the nerve to be as Maybe through him we ex-honest and vocal as he is. We perience a sort of catharsis that may pretend or even believe enables us to look at, a result of a suit brought by a disgruntled, discriminated- >ubllc indebtedness stands we are laughing at the laugh at, those aspects male and a court nil- nore than billion, and Archie, but Archie Bunker that lie sustained by the U.S. Su- o pay billion a year in truth we are secretly iden- within Court itself, the na- erest, more than the actual growth of their with him. Couldn't it be that the maybe we just like to see s the look on his face when, airlines have had t o By the year 1980, Ihe is nothing more than again, he's proved their traditional ional Labor Organization reflection of its what raises Ihe series only" hiring policies mates that 300 million new show is simply funny, its high level is the fact "stewardi" and are scramb- must be created to meet tho world employment demand, wriling is of a consistently Archie is more lhan a straw high standard, trealing what man set up to be knocked to employ men in the job. One of them is Barry Shelby, prove a point in eacn a graduate of Michigan here are is a human being we have grown to know and stifle University, newly hired by Pan American. for your NEWS even to "Male passengers have al- PART 1: 1-True; 2-b; 3-unacceplablej than making had somebody to flirt 5-Officiol PART 11: 1-e; 2-c; 3-d; 4-a, Archie Bunker has taught us that when we says Barry, "but that left out lots of single girls who travel. Now the women will PART III: 1-d; 2-a; 3-e; 4-bj 5-c PICTURE QUIZ: President Salvador Allende of humanness of the bigot or the racist we are just somebody to flirt with." Fathers, did you raise your a different form of to be sex objects? Easy Choice. FIVE STAR CANADIAN RYE WHISKY JOSEPH E. SEAGRAM i SONS LIMITED WATERLOO, ONTARIO, CANADA 2502. The smooth taste of quality that is unmistakably Seagram's. Seagram's FIVE STAR Canada's largest-selling rye whisky. Blended and bottled by Joseph E. Seagram Soos Lid., Walcrloo, System of Preferences In trade. During the past 10 years, the share the developing countries hold of the imports to Canada has dropped from 11 per cent to eight per cent. Of course, people will say that Canada has to protect her domestic industry against the flood of cheap imports. But Canada's problems of adjust- ment are modest when com- pared to the explosive predica- ments that are the certain re- sult of permitting present trade injustices to grow worse. UNCTAD Hi's failure has global political consequences. If the developing world cannot count on the free world for help, it has to turn to other sources: Moscow and Peking. In Moscow, the new COMECON Investment Bank has an- nounced that it is setting up funds to make loans to poor countries whose governments the Russians approve of. Mr. Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish economist says it is important for people in the developed countries to "feel something of the rational generosity in their relations with underdeveloped countries." The problem has to be solved with the milk of hu- man kindness, not merely on hard, cold economics. The United States, with its balance of payments difficulties and its increasing trend toward isolationism, has cut f o r e i g n a i d, erected tariff barriers against Imports, thrown the in- ternational currency exchange system into chaos, and precipi- tated a world monetary crisis. Canada appears lo be taking the lead from her neighbor to the south. The Uniled Nations has sug- gested that the developed na- tions should give at least one per cent of their GNP as aid to the developing world, includ- ing at least 0.7 per cent of the GNP in official aid. Canada has not met the target yet. The problem with most inter- national conferences, UNCTAD III included, is that even if tho developing countries get some promises on paper, they are seldom implemented. As one frustrated delegate to UNCTAD II said, "promises cannot feed hungry children." "Indefinite coexistence be- tween poverty and affluence is no longer possible in the world of says the Lima Dec- laration, adopted by repre- sentatives ot 96 developing countries who met in the Peru- vian capital last fall to map out a common strategy for L-NCTAD III. That advice or warning apparently had lit- tle effect on the outcome of the conference. Despite its low keyed ap- proach, the Canadian offer was considered average-to-good by the developing countries. Can- ada, for instance, employed an "escape clause mechanism" ralher than imposing any quotas this means that Can- ada would reimpose the tariff on a threatened product. The result of the Canadian offer, however, could hardly be enor- mous; perhsps an extra million may be earned by industrializing countries from the Canadian market in the early years. Senator Paul Martin, leader of the government In the Sen- ate, also proposed at UNCTAD III that the flow of concession- al aid to developing countries be increased from billion to billion. "We must never lose sight, In the long and com- plex debate of the urgency of our Mr. Mar- tin said. There are 25 countries In tha world classified as the least developed nations Afghani- slan, Bhutan, Botswana, Burun- di, Chad, Dahomey, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Laos, Lesotho, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Sikkim, Soma- lia, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Upper Volla, West Samoa and Yemen. In addition, the new nation of Bangladesh is being considered as a LDN. UNCTAD has called for spe- cial considera lions for the LDNs, whose per capita in- come is less than whose GNP comes 10 per cent or less from manufacturing, and whose population includes less than 20 per cent literate of the over 15-year-olds. Before UNCTAD III, del- egates from the developing countries described it as tha make-or-break point. The tragedy of the average citizen in a developing country does not end here. In the Phil- ippines, for instance, 10 per cent of the people control 90 per cent of the nation's wealth. For similar reasons, most Ethiopians do not even have annual income. Explosive as the situation is, the developed nations have cho- ecn to satisfy their immediate want rather than taking the long range view. In the developed world, "Wa are so hungry that we are ready to eat two of every- thing." A valuable service By Eva Brewsler r'OUTTS Tile nice thing about being a free-lance writer is that you can say honestly what you think and slick to it. If you don't agree wilh the policies of any one publication you can retain your integrity without fear. For every paper you give up writing for, there are a hundred others that will gladly accept fresh viewpoints. In fact, the whole wide world is your oyster. This thought was my first, half-baked reaction lo reading the series of articles on the U of L. I suppose, like apparently almost every-one else, my loyalty for a local institution was shaken. Yet, for the past two years I had given much thought to the advisability or otherwise of sending my children to this university. However much I tried to make up my mind I could not find out a lot about iis merits and still embryonic record. We too were given opinions such as "lack of "difficulties of "lack of and "inadequacy of existing courses." As tar ns we could see the only positive motivation for sending our high school graduands to the U of L rather than U of A or elsewhere was the somewhat lower cost and its proximity to home. We did, of course, see the prospectus but that conveys little to anybody not conver- sant with Canadian universities in general. Now, only a few days later, I have coma to realize that there is nothing like shock tactics to shake people and institutions out of apathy, indifference and even ignorance. In these few days I have learned more about the positive aspects of the U of L than I managed to discover in the past two years. There has, at last, been so much positive information given out by enraged readers of The Herald, U of L officials, teachers, schools and students that I am beginning to wonder.why we ever lookeO further than Lcthbridge for our kids' edu- cation. Even were I not now convinced that there is no siigma or handicap attached to having graduated from the U of L nor dif- ficulties hi transferring to other universi- ties for continuing education or post-gradu- ate studies, the loyalty of so many people to their local university, the very rage Ron Caldwcll's articles created, would give me enough faith in the success of Al- berta's youngest educational institution to cheerfully see both my children on its campus. In short, The Herald has done me a valu- able service and must have similarly con- vinced countless other parents as well as students. By doing so, the controversial articles have strengthened rather t h n weakened the university's posilion and standing and, instead of utterly condemn- ing the perpetrator and his ths com- bined intelligence of this region is bound to come to tho logical conclusion that it owes a debt of gratitude for bringing into tho open insinuations and accusations that had, until now, dissuaded many like me, from committing themselves. There is'just one vital factor that dis- turbs me and dampens my enthusiasm: The fact that a student with a view of his own is afraid to sign his name for fear of joining The Herald "in suffering the para- noid attacks the university seems to dish out." This contradicts othere who claim the staff of the U of L lo be "free thinkers" and "seekers of truth." However, this contradiction is for students to discover for themselves. We were all born with the ability for discernment and the freedom of choice. Just as I would quit if I ever found those I work for to be dishonest or deliberately withholding the truth, BO I ex- pect my children not to knuckle under in- justice, discrimination for whatever rea- son, or even "paranoid attacks." As for the projected forecast on enrol- ment that Is supposed to have done so much harm, it might be as fallible as the weather forecast; yet, farmers who might really suffer irreparable damage from in- accurate weather information do not gen- erally condemn the weatherman for faith- fully repealing information he receives from other sources. On the use of words Theodora Bernstein GPY WORD. Ever heard of the word disinformation It's not surprising if you didn't because it's part of the CIA cant. Let's say a Soviet spy defects in Lon- don. Immediately the Soviet KGB goes to work on countermeasures, ona aim of which is to divert public attention from the seriousness of the defection. For example, the Soviet press will publish charges that a dozen British diplomats are intelligence agents in disguise and that tile British in publicizing the defection are guilty of pro- vocation and cold war tactics. In the spy trade here such diversionary accusations are known as disinformation. Similar tac- tics are not uncommon in politics, but among politicans the word disinforma- tion, that is hasn't gotten around yet. Iffy question. The little word if frequent- ly introduces words in the subjunctive mood that is, words expressing a hy- pothesis, a wish, a condition contrary to fact or something that is doubtful. Be- cause of its frequent appearance in such expressions, some people leap to the con- clusion that it must always be followed by a subjunctive. But whereas it is proper to say, "If I were you (not a it is not proper to say, "He was asked if he were apprehensive over getting married." Sometimes if is the equivalent of whether and merely introduces an indirect question, as it does in the foregoing second example. The verb there should be was, indicative mood. In other instances if introduces a clause suggesting doubt or uncertainly and then the subjunctive is normal: "If he were honest, his score for eighteen holes would be 79, not 71." But when the emphatic point is not the if, out rather what follows it, the indicative is preferable: "If he was honest, his score for eighteen holes was 71." If you are in doubt (not "if you be in use the indicalive because the sub- junctive in most uses, is fading decade by decade. Incomplete alternative comparison. That elaborate designation applies to a common fault in usage exemplified by this sen- tence: "The Russians apparently are try- ing to develop a giant rocket with h'fling power as great or greater than the Saturaj 5's." One of the alternatives is complete: greater than the Saturn 5's. But how about the other alternative; would you normally say as great than the Saturn 5's? Of courss not. One way to correct the error is lo change il to read as great as or greater than, which is unexpectionable but a bit on the prissy side. Another and more grace- ful way is to complete the as great in> mediately with an as and then tack or greater on at the end of the sentence. equally graceful and shorter way out is to say lifting power Bt least as great as the Saturn 5's. Word oddities. The meaning of nincom- poop is clear enough: a fool or simpleton. But the origin of the word is something else again. One modern word book says confi- dently that it derives from the Latin BOB compos mentis, which was shortened to non compos, then corrupted in speech to present form. Indeed, Samuel Johnson in 1755 gave that as the origin of the word. However, Capt. Francis Grose In his Clas- sical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue apparently having in mind the slang word poop, meaning posterior, defined the term as meaning "a foolish fellow; also one who never saw his wife's (slang A more modern word book con- nects the word with the Dulch poep, a fool. Another such book suggests a derivation from a proper name, such as Nicholas or Nicodemus, plus the obsolete poop, mean- ing cheat or befool. Today's dictionaries, however, are probably nearer the truth when they say "origin unknown." Let's go along wilh that. (New York Times To catch a thief Wall Slrcet Jomial TVTOST AMERICANS can rattle off a num- ber of things they dislike about the counter-culture, but one thing they espec- ially single out is the "rip-off" the pen- chant for "liberating" from corrupt capi- talistic society anything that isn't nailed down. When Abbie Hoffman titled his latest opus "Steal This he was simply advising his partisans to practice what, to many of them, seems io come naturally. Unfortunately, however, theft isn't con- fined to the counler-culture. Any detective or department store security guard can cile unending examples of kleptomania (Ambrose Bierce said that is the fancy word used lo describe theft by rich people) by straights, by the well-to-do and even by those who not only do not consider it politically liberating lo steal, but who otherwise abide by the Ten Command- ments. And solid cilirens who wouldn't dream of stealing from stores or other persons, frequently have no compunctions about grabbing-off souvenirs that don't belong to them anything from pieces from the Pelrified Foresl to crystal trappings from the Kennedy Centre. Indeed, open week tourists walked away wilh everything they could carry from Kennedy Centre, from bathroom faucets lo other ornamentation. And a park policeman told The Washing- ton Post that at least one crystal from a chandelier given by the Irish government was removed during a recent visit by a group of newspaper editors who toured Kennedy Centre. .Whether this acquisitive trait sounds bet- ter described as "souvenir hunting" or as a "rip-off" depends, we suppose, on a per- son's cultural-political orientation. But it seems that no social group has been able to stamp out the larcenous streak in hu- man nature, or even to take the first step of dropping the euphemisms and agreeing that expropriation by any other name U still theft. ;