Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBR1DGE HERALD Thimtloy, Juna 8, 1972 Dave Humphreys A breakthrough-maybe Reports from a variety of reason- ably reliable sources emanating from Hanoi, indicate that the North Viet- namese have sustained enormous losses in the current offensive against the South. These reports, which can- not he authenticated officially, state that the number of North Vietnamese dead and wounded in the past few weeks already exceed the losses of the past three years a horrendous total. No one, other than those directly involved, knows for sure why the North Vietnamese failed to pursue their breakthrough at Kontum ahout a month ago. Now the South Vietna- mese have announced that the vital provincial capital has been com- pletely cleared of Communist troops, and in spite a heavy offensive, An Loc, another vital area is not yet in North Vietnamese hands. Briefly then, the worm appears to be turning in favor of the South Vietnamese. No one is predicting that the fighting will be over soon, but there is a glimmer of hope on the negotiating horizon. Rumor has it that the reverses have accentuated underlying dissent in the North Vietnamese government concerning the pursuit of the war. If the present offensive should fail, there could be changes in North Viet- namese policy leading to the long- hoped-for negotiated settlement. The "its" and "huts" proliferate, but there is more reason to hope for less obduracy on the part of the North Vietnamese now than there has been for years. It is possible, one hesitates to say probable, that a pol- itical breakthrough could come with- in a few months. A peoples victory Miss Angela Davis, black militant Communist, has been declared innocent of the murder-kidnap-con- spiracy charges brought against her. Her trial was one of. the long- est and most costly in U.S. history attracting attention all over the world and involving "free demonstrations all over the U.S. and elsewhere. Miss Davis was nat- urally relieved and happy to be freed. She says that her acquittal was a "people's victory" not a tri- umph for American justice. Yet the verdict of the jury was more a vindication of the American judicial system than of Miss Davis. It was a demonstration that racial and political prejudices dp not al- ways function to subvert justice as the critics have contended. Un- fortunately blacks and dissidents have too often been victimized in U.S. courts in the past. Now that an all-white, non-Marxist jury has zeroed in on the charges, past the extraneousness of Miss Davis' skin color and radical views, some wind has been taken out of the sails of those who condemn the American system completely. One wonders what kind of justice would have been meted out to Miss Davis if she had been charged un- der the system of government which she so vigorously supports. Demonstrations on her behalf would very likely have been ruthlessly put down, her supporters silenced, re- ports of the trial would have re- ceived little or no publicity, and she might well have been bending over a washtub or cleaning latrines in Siberia for the past year or so. It would have been called a "people's victory." All out for McGovern Barring the element of surprise which is never to be discounted in American politics, Senator George McGovern will be the Democratic choice to run against President Hich- ard Nixon in the presidential race this fall. Senator Hubert Humph- rey's power base in the labor unions, ethnic minority groups and blue col- lar workers has been fractured prob- ably without hope of mending. Sen- ator McGovern has made specific promises such as tremendous cuts in military defence spending, anew program of tax reform, wide ranging welfare expenditures, and most of all an assurance to end the war. There have been rumors that if McGovern roller coasted to victory in California, there would be a con- certed effort to persuade other Demo- cratics aspirants to withdraw in his favor, This, some believe, would go a long way to prevent the deep divi- sions within the party which are al- most bound to become more evident at the convention in Miami next month. There is little evidence.to support that this will, in fact take place, even though a potential "stop McGovern" movement at the convention is less likely to succeed than ever. Such a movement could only succeed if the two top contenders opposing Senator McGovern, Senator Humphrey and Senator Edmund Muskie were willing to make some concessions, to win the essential co-operation of Governor George Wallace. From here on in, it looks like a straight fight between the Democratic left against the Republicans. If, as, and when Senator McGovern is nom- inated, he is going to have a rough time explaining how his specific promises can be realized. To most Republicans McGovern is a radical of the deepest dye and they will be pulling out all the stops to prove it. Battle stations have been taken up. The fight promises to be a no-holds- barred bitter encounter. Engine educational By Louis Burke p'VERYONE, In our age of technology, accepts the fact that everything has an engine. Even education has an engine r In fact, many different kinds; some called elementary, others junior high and senior high and still others are labelled university. No one denies that an engine needs fuel to power it. Again, education has a fuel or power source for its varied and different engines. In jargonese, this power source is termed 'philosophy', and at the mention of the word, a person is likely to turn off im- mediately. But do not do that yet awhile! In this decade, more easily than ever before, one can see exactly what happens to a school system, even an individual school, when the ingredients of the power source are changed, or mixed in different proportions, or simply neglected. This is so because of condensed, compressed, computerized time which is the major characteristic of today's age. The power source, or philosophy of our educational systems has been tampered and tinkered with most radically and rap- idly in the last ten years. In those ten years, time has travelled a century in terms of grandfather's day, and compres- sion upon compression is to be a feature o( all future lime. But to focus on just one element of edu- cational philosophy schools today are being advised to 'cool' the competition bit which was always an Important factor of any educalioaal system. Our fake philos- opher-psychologist-educators inform us that competition for high marks and excellence is not such a good thing; in fact, that it is quite a bad thing. Johnny might catch all kinds of psychoses as a result of it. Schotri systems have allowed these fakes to tam- per with that one little element in educa- a] philosophy. Encouraging signs of peace in Ireland IJELFAST William James Best, 19, of the Royal Irish Bangers may not have died in vain. Home on leave in London- derry from the British army in Germany, he was murdered by the official IRA. He was a Bog-' tide Catholic who worked as a What happens? Johnny, once part of a keen competitive, healthy group of young- sters, quickly learns that he does not have to compete any more. This means he does not have to produce a great deal of mental energy. Being human and somewhat imma- ture, he turns off all energies but the min- imum necessary for survival. He looks around him' in school where he finds to his delight that everyone else has turned off. The group he belongs to lapses into low gear humanly speaking and every- one is quite happy doing less and less. It is even fun to fail. This is the perfectly hu- man system, of course. In less than no time, standards drop to point disaster. The Herald itself reported such a condition on March 25, concerning British schools. Ontario knows that more and more students are failing matric, but reports, cynically perhaps, that they are happier making do. At home here, it means that fewer students enter a science fair, or a social studies fair. Fewer young men and women turn out to play football, basketball and other sports. Even though our city has a good record in sports to date, the fakers' fog of non-competition is gradually catch- Ing up wiih it. Let no one say that eliminating compet- tition is natural. Nothing could be more- false because all nature is geared to ex- tremely sharp competition, even to the ex- tent of life or death. Of course, there are the few for whom lack of competition is good, and there ex- ists wonderful theories about what might be done if it was eradicated from school systems. But eventually, a system lacking this vital element in Its philosophy will pro- duce nothing except mediocrity for the vast majority. Once fakes are allowed lo tamper with the power source, or philosophy, the whole mechanism suffers internal collapse. vigilante during the 1969 riots. Unemployed, he turned to the army at a timo when It was popular among Northern Ire- land Roman Catholics. In the meantime, the capri- cious moods of the have swung full circle. Nation- alist Catholics supporting tho IRA by omission or commis- sion have considered them- selves at war with the British army. Unionist Protestants, at one time friendly to the forces, have come to consider them an Instrument of betrayal. And the Catholics have moved farther, some finally working up cour- age to separate themselves from the IRA, though not, it should he noted, so much as to consider themselves "betray- ing" their boys. This is where Uie death ol "Of course I'm polluted I've been breathing that city air all day Letters To The Editor Survey on university enrolm ent tvas biased The recent editorial defend- ing The Herald survey on Uni- versity of Lethbridge enrolment states that the survey was with- out bias. Unfortunately, it was cot. The Herald articles in their leading paragraphs repeatedly Etressed that only 20 per cent of the Grade 12 students of southern Alberta preferred Tho University of Lethbridge, and that this figure was well below the 35 per cent estimated by the university itself. In fact, The Herald survey shows tho preference expressed to be 32 per cent. The survey should not have included Medicine. Hat. It has its own college affiliated with the University of Calgary giv- ing first year university courses. Few, if any, freshmen from Medicine Hat would be expected at The University of Lethbridge. Therefore I have arbitrarily excluded Medicine Hat from the following discus- sion. The survey was strongly biased toward small schools. The proportion of students in- terviewed always decreased aa the school size increased. For example, 42 students were in- terviewed from Stirling, Noble- ford and Foremost represent- ing a total Grade 12 population of 83. The three schools at Leth- bridge have over 800 Grade 12 students, but only 28 were inter- viewed. Furthermore, 94 students were interviewed from eight smaller schools each with few- er than 100 Grade 12 students. From tho nine larger schools each with over 100 Grade 12 stu- dents, only 77 were reportedly interviewed. The smaller schools had a to- tal Grade 12 population of about 400, whereas the larger schools had Grade 12 stu- dents. Marxist philosophy of forced production There are always plenty ot people with endless ideas for spending the profits of the oil industry, but most of them have never taken any risk and wouldn't trade nickles un- less they got something to boot. When it conies to pouring a couple of million dollars into a dry hole the numbers tend to thin out a bit, and those who wish to share in the profits by dabbling in the market will find stocks readily available. Alberta's oil industry Is now to be subjected to a tax on po- tential, a tax on reserves yet in the ground. Who is to deter. mine the extent of such re- serves has not been Identified, but it is quite evident that someone in the industry has some money and the govern- ment wants to spend it. Freehold mineral rights have also been viewed with a covetous eye by politicians, col- lectivists, and the many mem- bers of society to whom all sav- ings, savers, and investors are suspect and dangerous. A crip- pling tax on the "proven re- Computing science I am writing with regard to The Lethbridge Herald article on page 15 of the May 2-lth ed- ition written by Ron Caldwell. In that article (which was part of Mr. Caldwell's survey of high school students) a student from Coaldale stated that he was going to Calgary because the University of Lethbridgo does not offer computing sci- ence. To say that Ihere is no com- puting science here at Lethbridge is a blatant falsehood. There is a solid core of computing science courses which arc offered regu- larly and from which one ex- pands by taking courses via an independent study route. I have personally found this method succesful enough that I have been accepted directly into the master of science program in the department of computer science at the University of To- ronto. Also, I know of three previous graduates of the Uni- versity of Lelhbridge who arc. presently in master of science programs in computer science at the University of Victoria, the University of Toronto, and the University of Alberta. Thus how can it be said that the University of Lethbridge has no computing science? HARRY LILLENHT. Lethbridge. Leave park to public Re: the closing off of the golf club side of Henderson Lake to pedestrians and boats. I have habitually walked around, and boated on Hender- son Lake for 14 years and have noted the gradual encroach- ment by the golf club of ths shore line and establishment of a permanent club house with well kept greens like the rest of Henderson Park, a credit to Lelhbridge. However, the foot- path around, and the lake it- self, Is public property and I shall continue to use it as such, and suggest any club craving privacy should just purchase its own land. Surely now is the time to look ahead and map out an ade- quate golf course elsewhere, and leave the already dwin- dling park and lake to the gen- eral public as originally plan- ned. Many taxpayers and their children as well as tourists enjoy both sides of the whether walking or fishing. This I really is a small voice against vested interests but one must stand up and be counted or be just gobbled up. (MRS. P. H.) JUDITH WALKER. ridge. sources" of freehold should cer- tainly have the desired effect, since it's not secret that tho owners of these small parcels cannot afford development, so what could be simpler than to revert these rights to Uie gov- ernment for the default? The same idea as former grab at- tempts but somewhat smooth- er. There Is really nothing new about the notion of taxing pro- duction potential, and although someone in Edmonton may claim to have envisaged it, it's nothing more than the well known Marxist philosophy of forced production. When the ravages of socialism begin to erode initiative you collect the taxes first, then industry must produce or face elimination. You can also give half the peasants rifles and the other half hoes. The rifles are sup- posed to be able to make the hoes produce enough to feed ev- erybody. And this is all fine and pro- gressive and modern and essen- tial for social development, but after you have confiscated fifty or a hundred million and piddled it away on a few good, popular socialistic, and utterly useless programs, what do you grab next? It is well within the capability of proliferating bu- reaucratic government to con- sume and dissipate the entirn resources of this country with- in a lifetime. How about a tax on the po- tential for production in tho farmers' land? Let them pay in advance and then go out and do the work and take the risks to make the money they've paid taxes upon. Better still, why not tax tha production potential of your youthful opportunists? Say "Boys, we know you all have- remarkable potential for yeara and years of taxable pro- duction, hut we need the money now for bus tickets and recrea- tion, so we arc going to assess each of you a few thousand now, in advance." Calculations from the total figures from the survey of the smaller schools show that 16 per cent of their students inter- viewed preferred the University of Lethbridge, whereas the ex- pressed preference at the larger schools was 38 per cent. The use of The Herald's sur- vey as a representative sample preference of the students at the 17 schools visited requires that a weighted average be used. This can be done by cal- culating 16 per cent of 400, and 36 per cent of adding tha figures obtained, and calculat- ing the total as a percentage of This gives an average of 32 per cent. The evident bias In the statis- tical aspect of tha articles makes it difficult to accept that a similar bias did not occur in the other aspects reported by Mr. Caldwell. As Mr. Wilson, In his article, ably pointed out, the university does face difficulties not easily solved. It will, I hope, continue lo receive helpful co-operation from The Herald as in the past. I b e I i e v e that the university has made, an honest attempt at communication, probably better than is generally accepted. I hope that it will continue to do more. I have just received a copy of a letter from the principal of the Lethbridge Collegiate Insti- tute, pointing out the excellent relationship between Ihe coun- sellors and teachers at the LCI wilh those at the university. In his view the university is doing a good job at communicating. It should be noted that de- spite the adverse comments, more students preferred the Un- iversity of Lethbridge than any other single university. The U of A finished second, follow- ed by the U of C. The survey articles ignored this aspect. This letter is not an attack on The Herald, nor a defence of the university, but only to present my views on the sur- vey. N. D. HOLMES, Chairman Board of Governors, University of Lethbridge. Editor's note: this subject has now been adequately covered and Is declared end- ed wilh the publication of this letter. William Best may be dislln- gulshed from the oilier 316 deaths by violence in Northern Ireland since 1009. The IRA, never noted for brilliant strat- egy, may have been just a littlt too mindless this time. The Best killing was by no means alone in stupidity. The co-op Belfast, the one store owned by the people, was thoroughly dev- astated by bombing, leaving 700 more jobless. t A chain of optimistic devel- opments has followed ttis Best murder. The links are of a calibre which may bring peace within months rather than years. The ability of the IRA to continue the present pace of violence for another two years is not doubted here, unless Unless the nationalist Catholic political leaders can seize the initiative, John Hume, the Bogside MP .of the left-wing Social Democratic and Labor party, made lu's strongest condemnation yet the day after the Best murder. A few days later the party itself bent its policy of non co- operation with the government until internment is ended. Leader Gerry Fitt said Cath- olics were advised to return to work in government at all levels. He was sure Secretary of State Willie Whitelaw would reciprocate. For the first time in months the traditional voices of the nationalist left were beginning to assert their claim to leadership, strongly condemning the IRA in the pro- cess. "In the long-run the over- whelming mass of the p e o p 1 e will assert their will for Mr. Fitt said. Unless the women can bring pressure to bear on their husbands and brothers. As a result of the Best murder five Bogside women, one whose son, another whose sister have been shot dead, began a peace cam- paign, including an hour long tea and sympathy meeting with Mr. Whitelaw. The counter campaign that has since been organized is a reminder of oth- er tentative futile women's peace probes. At public meet- ings the peace women did draw more than twice the crowd than did the female hawks. Mr. Whitelaw has deliberate- ly appealed to the women, ap- parently out of a shrewd cal- culation of the realities of Ul- ster life. "This is a matriarchy if ever there was a Whitelaw aide said the other day. Most of Uie 512 men still held have wiven, girl friends or sisters who want them releas- ed. Very well, Mr. Whitelaw has said, they will be freed if the violence perpetrated by men in your neighborhoods ceases, and only then. He realizes that IRA men are part of their communities. It is still too much to expect close relatives actually to hand men over for peace. Thus a policy of gradualism has been put into effect and, touch wood, it ap- pears lo be yielding some re- sults. It is to Mr. Whitelaw's credit that after two months in office both Mr. Fitt and the IRA peace women say they are con- fident he has a good grip on, and understands, the situation. He has done this without set- ing off the Protestant loyalist violent reaction, although some Orange trial balloons have gone up, reminding him to tread warily. The commission provided In legislation to advise Mr. White- law's administration, has been appointed with hardly a mur- mur of dissent. Robin Kinahan, former Unionist MP and Bel- fast mayor, agreed to serve on it in spite of party disapproval. So has Tom Conaty, Chairman of the Belfast central citizens defence committee, fiercely critical of British army tactics and of the former Unionist ad- ministration. Most observers considered the commission to be an ir- revelancy, unrepresentative of the people, which could do lit- tle or no harm. In fact it does draw strong voices from both antagonistic camps, short of the ultras on both sides. Four of the members are Catholics. The bombings and the loyal- ist posturing over the barri- cades that continue as well as the tentative nature of the peace gestures testify to tha fragility of peace talk. In tho path from tha grave of William Best some signs are encourag- ing. The Herald London bureau) The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Wan Registration No 001? Member of Trie Canadian Press a Publishers' Ihe Canadian Daily Hewspawr Association end thfl Audit Bureau of Circulations Milk River. K. WALKER. CLEO W. MOWERI, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing EdHor Associate Elinor ..ROY. f. M LES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Manager hdiforiar Pane Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"