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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 8, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta STORMY FORECAST HIGH FRIDAY 70. The LctKbtidge Herald VOL. LXV No. 151 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, JUNE 8, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS PAGES From REUTER-AP WANKIE, Rhodesia (CP) Several hundred African work- ers went on strike today at the Wankie coal mine here after an announcement that more than 400 miners trapped by a blast Tuesday are almost certainly dead. Tbe African miners were re- fusing to go underground at the No. 3 pit and a mine official Powerless position for farmer 13y JIM NEAVES EDMONTON (CP) During Hie last 25 years prai- rie farmers have adapted to dynamic technological change, Inil remain powerless in setting prices for their products at home and abroad. Production has increased significantly because of their willingness to use myriad new chemical, mech- anical and biological techniques as well as cope with revolutionary changes in the handling system that moves their products to market. But the cost of the adaptation has been high and low prices in the market place have forced many out of business. Increased sales tills year allowed prairie farmers to sell grain stored on their farms, thereby putting more cash in their pockets than at any time during the last few years. The sales, however, were at prices set by world conditions and the returns hardly met the cost of pro- duction. Have little left Most prairie agriculture spokesmen agree that the grain producer will have little left in his pockets after retiring piled-up debts. Roy Atkinson of Saskatoon, president of the Na- tional Farmers Union, says the trend of more volume sales of grain coupled with a low selling price holds "disastrous implications." "Some farmers might feel they now are able to ride out the economic storm because of relatively high farm inventories of he said. "But a poor crop situation or declining markets with present low prices would result In economic chaos and bankruptcy for many." During the current crop'j'ear, which ends July 31, overseas sales totalled 475 million bushels at April 12. It marked a 114-per-cent increase over the 1968-69 crop year when 222 million bushels moved during the same period. Moving greater volumes of grain at lower prices is not the answer, Mr. Atkinson stressed. "What is important... for adequate farm returns Is a realistic price." Must organize Both the union and the Canadian Federation of Ag- riculture, who don't see eye to eye on many issues, do agree fanners must organize to better their financial lot. Charles Munro of Ottawa, federation president. Bays farmers are helpless as individuals in the present economic system. The NFU maintains the farmer is the last survivor of an antiquated system that places its products on an auction block and takes whatever price the market is prepared to pay. Politically the clout of the agicultural industry has diminished as the percentage of Canada's farm, popula- tion was cut by half between 1950 and 1970, but farm spokesmen say that now there is a growing awareness of the industry's importance to the country's economy. This was helped by the disastrous lack of grain lales in the late 1960s which affected the whole economy. Attitude changed A. M. Kunciman of Winnipeg, United Grain Grow- ers president, says there has been a change of attitude to agriculture by the federal government. "If you suddenly weaken a segment of the economy which supports 35 per cent of the total, you have weak- ened the total economy." With the introduction of the two price system for wheat a higher price for grain used on the domes- tic market than that sold on the international market- Mr. Runciman says "perhaps this realization is com- ing." Sell at low prices On the world scene, the lack of an International Grains Agreement and the United States' policy of sell- ing grain at low prices, combine to thwart the at- tempts of the Canadian wheat board to obtain higher prices. Charles Gibbings, a board commissioner and former Saskatchewan Wheat Pool president, says "naturally when we negotiate contracts we try to get the highest price." "We not only think about it, but we use in the arguments the income-requirement of the producers that we are serving." Gordon Harrold of Calgary, Alberta Wheat Pool president, says the U.S., the major influence on world wheat prices, is "not thinking of higher prices" at present in efforts to sell its own surpluses. It was the U.S. that virtually abandoned the Inter- national Grains Agreement last year when its repre- sentatives voiced opposilion to setting a floor price. The original agreement emerged in 1949 and was renewed in 1959, and 1967. It expired June 3, 1971. Agreement reached Dobson Lea of Edmonton, president of Unifarm, who attended meetings in Geneva last year which at- tempted to reacli agreement on a new arrangement, says a new agreement is the only way to obtain orderly marketing and a fair price. He said any new arrangement must be a "gentle- man's agreement" because it can't be legislated and that at the Geneva meetings the U.S. representatives appeared to "represent the traders rather than the pro- ducers, putting their trust in volume sales rather than on price." Recently the concern of the U.S. producers was evi- dent when they met in Minneapolis with their Canadian counterparts to discuss Ihe current inadequate price provisions. Consumer index continues rise AWAITING NEWS Mrs. Elbira Ramal ho, loft, sits huddled in a blanket in Wankie, Rhodesia, Tuesday, waiting for news of her husband, Periera, 45, one of the miners trapped in the Wankie Colliery by an explosion. Next to Mrs. Ramalho an unidentified appe_ friend comforts the two young Romalho children. Colliery officials admitted Wednesday they held little hope for the survival of more 1han 400 miners enlombed deep below ground. (AP Wirephoto) No hope for trapped workers Miners strike after blast said it was decided to close tha mine. They did not know if i! would open Friday. Earlier, the chairman of the colliery company said the ex- tent of the damage caused by the blast and poisonous air in the mine "leaves no cause for hope" for the trapped miners. The chairman, Sir Keith Acutt, said the rockfalls and damage to the ventilation sys- Gold price soars to record highs LONDON (AP) The price francs down from 3.9355-3.8385 of gold tocketed to record Mghs Wednesday, on Europe's bulflon markets'for In Frankfurt the dollar the third straight day today. The United Stales dollar weak, ened on foreign exchange mar- kets. In London, gold was fixed at U.S. an ounce this morn- ing, a jump of from Wed- nesday night's closing price of In Zurich, the other major bullion centre in Europe, gold opened a.t a new high of an ounce, up from Wednesday's close of The wider spread In Zurich between the buying and selling price, ?1 instead of 50 cents, was designed to discourage speculators, dealers said. In Frankfurt, the price jumped to after the London fixing. The dollar weakened slightly in Zurich to 3.8305-3.8315 Swiss Two teams added to NHL roster MONTREAL (CP) Groups from Kansas City, Kan., headed by Edwin G. Thompson, and Washington, D.C., today were selected as the two new fran- chises that will join the National Hockey League for its next ex- pansion in the 1974-75 season. The two new franchises wera awarded from a bevy of 10 ap- plicants representing eight sep- arate cities or areas. The cost of each new franchise was 56 million. The latest selections followed hard on the heels of acceptance of Atlanta Flames and New York Islanders, scheduled to bring (he playing teams in tha NIIL to 16 for the coming sea- eon and to 18 by 1974. opened at 3.1750 marks, down from 3.1767. Dealers cite a number of rea- sons for the recent steady climb in gold prices. Chief among them is that tha demand from jewellers, in- dustrial users, speculators and hoarders is well above the cur- rent level of supplies rea clung the market. But the most recent spurt is blamed partly on ru- mors, denied in Washington, that President Nixon and Soviet Communist party chief Leonid I. Brezhnev agreed secretly on a higher official price for gold. tern resulting -from three mas- sive explosions Tuesday and the poisonous air that filled the mine afterward "leaves no cause for hope." He said all indications were that the men died instantly. Hopes of finding any of lha men alive were virtually non-ex- istent after two more explosions Wednesday pushed more lethal methane gas into the miles of tunnels. 420 MINERS KILLED There were 428 men In the mine when the explosion oc- curred. Minus the eight- survi- vors, that leaves a possible death toll of 420, making it Afri- ca's second-worst mining disas- ter. At Ihe pithead, hundreds of African women kept vigil for a second successive night in tha cold Rriodesiaii-winlej; air. Since a'fler'the disas- ter occurred early Tuesday while 392 Africans and 38 Euro- peans were underground, tha African women have been clus- tered around the mine entrance wailing continuously. Wives and relatives of some of the trapped European miners have also kept watch. Hopes were raised temporar- ily Wednesday when seven Afri- cans were brought out alive- hut there has since then been no other optimistic news. Alto- gether so fnr only eight survi- vors, all Africans, and three bodies have been brought up. OTTAWA (CP) Shoppers had some relief from soaring food prices last month, but other living costs quickly ate up any savings Statistics Canada reported today the consumer price index for May rose, one-tenth of a point to 138.3 from 138.2 in April, based on 1961 prices equalling 100. It was 132.7 in May last year. There was a nine-tenths of a point drop in the food price index, but this was more than offset by in- creases in all other segments of the over-all index. Interpreted in dollar terms, the new indexes mean that it cost 13.83 last month to buy a sampling of all consumer goods and services that cost in April. The food basket that cost last month cost in April. The May Index showed soma slowing down in the year-to- year rate of price increases. In percentage terms, the over-all index last month was 4.2 per cent higher than a year ago. In April, the over-all index was 4.5 per cent higher than a year earlier. The slowing pace of price in- creases was more significant in food prices. Last month's food index was per cent above May, 1972, while the April index had been 7.1 per cent higher. Food prices have been rising rapidly for the past year, re- flecting a recovery from tha lower levels which prevailed as a result of a supermarket price war in Ihe fall of 1970. Wiile food prices were gener- ally lower last month, they were still riding high from year-ago levels. Statistics Canada said pork and poultry prices were up 19 per cent and IS per cent re- spectively, in the year. Bee! prices were up almost eight per cent. The food Index dropped to 137.4 last month from 138.3 in April. HOUSE PRICES HISE But all other segments of the over-all index rose last monlh. Prices for new houses, and house repair charges were higher. Rents generally showed only a small increase. Food prices account for about 27 per cent of the over-all Index, while housing accounts for 32 per cent. The May change in the over- all index was too small to make a measurable change in the pur- chasing power of the consumer dollar. It remained at April's 72 cents, down from 75 cents in May last year. Lower prices prevailed last month for bakery products, but- ler, cheese, powdered and evap- orated mite, and Ice cream, Sugar prices continued their de- cline for the fourth month. Fruit prices rose nearly three per cent between April and May this average for this time of year but considera- bly less than the April-to-May increase In fruit prices last year. CAR PRICES HIGHER Men's wear, footwear and children's wear prices rose. The prices of some women's under- garments rose, but they were- offset by spring sale prices for coats and cotton dresses. New car prices and gasoline prices were higher in many parts of the country. Rates of men's haircuts and women's hairdressing also rose, as did motion picture admission tickets. A tobacco tax increase in Manitoba was mainly respon- sible for sending that sub-index up. The prices index Is based on a monthly survey of the prices for about 300 consumer goods and services, and on the spending patterns of urban families living on modest incomes. Montanans okay new constitution 'Next on Ihe agenda... litter control.' GREAT have passed by nearly votes a new state constitution that will allow the legislature to legalize gambling, provide the public more access to gov- ernment and let1 the stale as- sume a greater portion of school costs. With returns from. 880 of the 981 precincts in today, voters approved by to a new constitution drafted earlier Ihis year by an independent 100 member lay commillee. In "a state wide poll Tues- day, voters rejected separate ballots for a one house legisla- ture and abolition of the death penalty. The state will retain Its cur- rent two house legislature, consisting of the senate and the house of representatives. The death penalty will remain on the books, although It has not been invoked since 1943. With constitutional sanction, the legislature is expected to move now to legalize forms of gambling, such as bingo, lot- teries and school raffles that have been taking place any. way secretly. However, public sentiment In the state seems to be against legalization of slot machines and other forms of casino-typo gambling, The new constitution will al- low annual sessions of the legi- slature, now held every other year. The legislature will have tha right under the new constitution lo remove the two mill limit on the state share of education taxes, done with the idea of the state taking on a greater por- tion of education costs from the local government level. Effective Saturday City orders water rationing CN Rail and Air Canada may face financial bind By STEPHEN SCOTT OTTAWA (CP) Canadian National Railways and Air Can- ada might find themselves in a financial bind if Parliament per- sists in refusing approval for a financing bill before expected adjournment at the end of this month. If the government legislation does not get through the Com- mons before adjournment it could be months before the enterprises get parlia- mentary authority for past ex- penditures and future borrow- ing. This Parliament may not meet again. There may be a fall federal election and a new Par- liament before the matter re- turns before MPs, Debate that has bogged down Bill (M at this session, would then start over again. Meanwhile, the two corpora- must come to Par- liament annually for authoriza- tion of expenditures and borrow- have to get along on their own financing or do with- out. The cabinet could help if It dissolved Parliament for an el- ection, but not before. The bill would authorize retro- actively CNR expenditures of, million for 1971 and million for the first six months of this year. It also would per- mit CNR to borrow S27 million for construction of branch lines. Among other things, it would authorize borrowing by the CNR and Air Canada to meet defi- ciencies in operating revenues to this month, Water rationing for lawn and garden irrigation will be in ef- fect in the city starting Satur- day for an indefinite period. All house owners with ad- dresses ending with an odd number will be allowed lo wa- ter Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. House owners with eve n-numbered addresses can water Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Sundays, everyone will be al- lowed to water until 6 p.m. Be- tween 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. Mon- day morning, watering must be stopped to allow for refilling of the water reservoir on Mayor Magrath Drive. City Manager Tom Nutting said (his morning the restric- tion applies only to lawn and garden watering and will not limit such uses of water as for washing cars. The rationing has been order- ed for two reasons: to safe- guard the water distribution system so there is enough wa- ter for fire fighting; the water reserves must be kept up to provide enough water for do- mestic consumption. Mr. Nutting said the city does not want to over-tax the water distribution system and production plant at a lime when failures in any of the main pumps could cause a far more serious situation than was ex- perienced Tuesday night, when four water mains broke. The restrictions could last at least until the end of July, Mr. Nutting said. Further cutbacks will be required in the fall when renovations to the water treat- ment plant and the four million gallon reservoir begin. For the city's part, the com- munity services department will be limited to 50 per cent of the normal watering sched- ule for parks and playgrounds. Mr. Nulling said, "The city appreciates the response to the w a t e ri n g ban Wednesday." With the lack of lawn watering, the city was able to fill Ihe res- ervoir to its normal water depth of 17 feel. Wednesday morning, it had fallen to only six feet. Siamese twins die SASKATOON (CP) Sia- mese twin girls bom Tuesday died early today at University Hospital, a medical spokesman announced. The girls, horn by caesarean section, were joined at the chest, and bad a combined weight of nine pounds, 13 ounces. The announcement said the twin girls died a few hours after surgery was slarlcd lo separate them. Seen and heard About town IRRIGATION ENGINEER .Smith trying to walk on water and, naturally, failing funeral director Derek ?.Iartln and cemetary foreman Art Bcdstcr doing some calculating and discov- ering that the Bedster-Martin families have contributed 183 years of service to the com- munity at Mountain View Cemetery. HOT Opposition leader Robert Stan- field up lo pitch a toflball in Ottawa Wednesday at of Parliament played against tha Housft of Commons messenger staff. Mr. Stanfield set down consecutive betters before imooThlno back his hoir. Mr- Stanfield'i team won 11-9, (CP Wirepholo) ;