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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 8, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE TEN THE LRTUBniDGR DAILY HEKALD JUNE 8, (92i Covers Wide Range of Subjects rvpe tar 6Vefj.thing we produce- An- Expressed on Tar- iffs and Railways. VANCOUVER.'B. C.. Juno Canadian T. P. "Howard, of Montreal. the Canadian Manufacturers' Association today, spoke as follows: "11. Is my privilege, as your president, to wel-, )conia you to this annual general meet- Ing, which marks the coaolusioa of the lo'rijr-nlath year of this associa- tion's history. It Is significant to see here assembled such a number of rep- resentatives from great Industries In i pirts of Canada, and your presence vindicates profound and widesnrcad In- teraat la the work of this association In'Its relation lo the country's Indus- trial progress. Before proceeding far- Iher I wish to express our sincere "thaaki and appreciation to the mayor council of Vancouver for their cor- Invitation to our association to hold this meeting here, lu accepting -.that ievltalkm I bey to say, on behalf 'of association, that we esteem il iivf.l honor and privilege to lie tho suest; of this beautiful city. I also to eitend the thanks of members i other cause is in Ration currency which is largely a credit ex- pansic-a necessitated by government borrowing. A further cause Is eitra- vajaut living for il is obvious that, if every family in Canada increases Us luxuries and the scarcity of material will alsu be Increased, and tbe prici" of commodities will rise ia conse'juelice. It has been stated, in some quarters, that manufacturers favor high prices. Tins is not lino for a very good reason. Manufac- turers are ins heaviest buyers. Bur- jus a period of high prices materials are scarce, deir, anti difficult to se- cure. Wages' are enormously increas- ed owing to.the increased cost of liv- ing. This adds to the risk of manufac- turing operations. Moreover, prices arc unduly hijh, the purvhaElug power of the public is decreased, which results in a decrease manufacturers' output. People will not build, for example, alter' prices reach too high a poiut. in'a count ry. such as Canada, which is of great area and of a relatively small population, a manufacturer especially desires out. put became the most EniisfHctdry re- sults secured from a large tiro 'from other provinces lo our membera wive anstous to provide employment for ibeir own population. The tarifi of I'nited States has not been altcrvd. lu Canada, the 7'i per ceut. war larifl hns been entirely removed. The position of this association in re- gard to tho Canadian customs tariff was clearly defined at- the last annual meeting, where a resolution was pass- ed advocating a tcvisiwi of tbe tariff and tie establishment oi a permanent tariff board of e-ipens who would act n an advisory capacity to tbe govern- ment. 1 do uot see any reason why this resolution should nut ba reaffirm- ed at this meeting. Tbe objects the fiscal svsiem of Canada, should be to diminish, as rar as possible: tue Buying of goods from Oliver counlries, which can be produced here; to facia tale ihe Importation of raw materials over at a price that will Induce- the Manufacturers we glad to that, (he BJssts. oC the liarl-srod banks have passed IhQ three billion dollar laarX, which It is worth In the last reported annual xalue of the man- ufactured goods of this country. Man- ufacturing arid farmers have to de- yosui to a grtiat eiteut on bants for loans to develop their Industries, and It bauka are strong. can tho necessary as instance to produc- tive enterprises.., ImrnlOfatlon Our high year in immigration 1913. when, in round numbers, about haM a million peopl" came to Canada. fell off naturally during I be war, but there are abundant slens that the tide' ia once moro turning towards Canada. Last year, the Imml- .........._r_________ gration was about one quarter of ttiit which cannot be produced at home: tolin 1913, bat this spring every boat export y.ir own materials in the shape of finished products: and to mate Can- ada as self-coumiued as possible by developing and encouraging activi- ties which strongly give occupa- tion to our citiiens. Tho association last year .went on record in favor cf tariff preferences amonj tue various countries' conslitutiug the Drit- ish Ktuplre. The wr.r; strengthened the tics which bind Its: Empire lo- geiher, -and we belioyir.-. these ties would hi> iurthcr strengthened liy tbe extension-'' of imperial- 'preferential tariffs. Transportation isplendld war record of tho Canadian .army, and relations with labor.' Group Government; Under the heading of group "got- ;ernment, ho paid: "Tho separation of elected repre- sentatives of the people into groups, which has been in existence In Europe cfor years, shows signs of being Miitroduced on this continent, where till the present time the two party 'system-of has operated. >if a parliament I? made up of a group farmers, another group represent- ing labor, another group representing -Vetill and wholesale trade, another -.group representing transportation, etc., "It may be difficult to carry on govern went without considerable Intrigue 4hd friction. Under the old system of government, with all its faults, the members ql a part- -sere held together by a common belief in one principle 'iir policy, tinder the group system of government each group, according to jiperlence, pursues very persistently these objects which are of peculiar In- terest to the group. There Is'also a constant shifting of alliances among it may. be that the group system Is the Beit logical de'veloprucc! m government, and, if.so, it will be inevitable, but It seems rea'sonable to fear that if the respective groups fonn- iig the govern meijt are actu ated by entirely selfish motives, .parliament ffnd legislature may degenerate into gard' Taxation nut a popnlar subject, certainly not with .manufacturers, who are, the heaviest taxpayers. JIanufactnrers pay tho bulk of cus- toms tarie duties. They pay business taxes, excise taxes ou materials, stamp tines, tases on insurance, taxes on goods sold to tbem, income taxes, corporation taxes, and. in addition, Iho ordinary taxes paid by the consumer; but we must face the fact that Can- uda -has been through a great war which has cost enormous sums of money, and our increased tases are for the purpose, of helping to pay tic cost, ot the .war. The government must have revenue, and it is.Touch better lo straggle, with the difficult problem .of securing it by current tax- ation than' to adopt tho easier and more dangerous method of unneces- sary borrowing. Sir Henry Drayton minister of finance, is to be commend, ed for defining in his budget speech the policy that Canada must bor- rowing'and 'must pay as she goes Tbe best way to secure relief is to In crease production. It our country is prosperous, the pay the b-t'- country is poor am will become an Intolerable burden. This point sboulc Jerr6menjbered our' taxes may be heavy although we won the war, mi what' would these'taxes-have been I ,.__ ___ _ we had lost the var? In spite of ou a'' half-dozen intriguing great national .debt and Increased bur den 'of taxation and other domcsti problems. Canadians, in comparison with other peoples, are surely not in any dangerous position. Docs-any Canadian really doubt the future o( ibis country? Tbero will be period of prosperity and periods of hard lilnes, but with our resources, .our In- dustries, cur fertile agricultural lands, the' character of our population, ia 11 not certain that the progress of Can- ada in tbe future, as in tbe past, will be steadily Tariffs Since the- conclusion of tbe war. and public business Vhich'should be conducted with tbe national .polnt'of v'iev? for the national welfare, will be iinpeded. "It IB a historical fact that no one class or group can Song maintain privileges that are. secured at the lexpenpe of other classes, because the Injured classes finally combine to limit .such privileges. -We do not-want war- ring groups In Canada, l.mt rallier a tinion of all groups to advance tbe interests of our common country. The. Cost of Livinfi .The high cost of living, which op presses, us all, is not a local condi- tion In Is world resoH of a great ;s caused partly by.scarcity iils and the imiiienss demand of Bu- !iHericg a Canadian purl vUh. is moM is loaded desirable June cp in Ireland continue. At ullghanua, county Armagh, three policemen were attacked 'without roint last r.lght by five armed men. desperate revolver battle followed, srvrjeant and a 'constable were se- erely wounded, one constable Is raisi- ng and s civilian iras killed. While-motorcycling through, ane. a military officer wounded y armed men. Other outrages Include the burning t a recreation ball on the Earl o( USddleton's estate and the destruction f the courthouse ut Fillowan, couuly sllkenny. Siuce our'iast aunaij! meeting tie Dominion govertimEJit has adrtc-d to its railway systems, by the purchase of (he Grand Trunk Hallway. Tbe people of Canada will not Cf EJ umca concerned ,with alleged priisi-iples uu- derlyitig ownership of railways as tliey will be with results. They want service at the lowest, cosl. consistent vrlth quality- of service. The standard Ijot railway service furnished by the Canadian Pacific Railway in tUo past nd at present to the people of Can ila is a tribute ta the efficiency .ol irivatc manasement, and should' be jiainlained. The success of the gov rnment's experience Kinnot be estim ted at the present time, and it will :uccced or fail according to the qual- ty and cost of the seh-ico supplied, and to tho extent to which government management is divorced from political uterference. FroA the last report of ho minister of marine, it would appear bat tho new Canadian merchant ma- rine has made a good beginning, and has proved a great assistance to Can- adian trade. We are all vitally con- cerned in the transportation problenj; reimportation shoulcVbeclieap as wall as efficient because transportation charges form a very considerable part of the cost of living. Public Ownership During the year, there has been some extension of the principle which- is commonly knowu.as public ownership. thero has been a very general iucreaee in the, protective tariffs of nearly all tbe industrial countriet' of the world, because these countries, particularly those that were engaged iu the war, Again 'hero we should not yield to the temptation to argue over abstract prin- The application of 'the princi- ple of public ownership is, after all, entirely a matter of degree. There must always public ownership in tho sense that the government must control certain services, and this has been admitted for centuries. No one for eiample, would ndvonate placing the army or the navy under ownership mid management. The pos1 office should foe under governmeu management. .As -in similar casjss, the real question is "Where shall tho line be people advocate to a all transportation systema should be owned and operated hy tho govern ment. A great many people argue, tha water power should bs owned aiic controlled by the KpTernment.-A fei people even advocate that all factor es should be owned anrt operated by he government Other contend that all land, including farm should become goyernmerit7 property should divided into areas, and thr. over each area 3 government should have full control arid that a' farmers 'should become .goyernuien employees on salary. Similar propot als are advocated In regard to publish rig. banking, insurance, .and whplcaa! and retail trade. If government owne ship and control is carried to the p.x treme lengths which aro advocated b come people it logically means tha private properly will disappear and, t extent, that personal freedorr will disappear, and that the cntir that wo should have Increased in gratloa. Wo'iwed more people to in- crease our food production; to In- crease the home market, and to help us pay our taies. But we want immi- grant of a desirable type, tor whom occupations arfe available lu Canada and who will assimilate with tho pop- lotion, of this-country, and also we want people who have British ideas and aro content to live under the Brit iah form of .government, and not nud er some imaginary form which, tboj aad their friends have conceived. It Is interesting to note that tho as sociation really of ago thla year. Although it was founded in 1S72 from that year UKtil it was pro- vincial character until it was re- orrenized'on a uatioBsl basis iu 1S39 In 1S99, tho association had abou 300 membersi The staff consisted o three, a secretary, a bookkeeper am a stenographer. The association has a salaried staff of 47, and main tains, In addition to tbe head office at Toronto, divisional offices at Am herst, >T. Quebec, Winn! peg. and Vancouver, D. C., aft furnishes services- from seven tecl eal departments, each provided wil peris. The membership of the assocTati. as grown from 300 In 1SS9 to present.; r In conclusion, may 1 appeal for th atjnued and increased support o. IB membership of the association uriug the coming year. It is a branch t their busiuess, while part of its ork is necessarily defensive, it i3 ost desirable tliat its'most import- nt functions should be constructive i character and designed to assjst in rotnoting the welfare and prosperity f the entire country. In regard to myself, f beg to thank is members, ..and. especially those on he various for the kind ml effective assistance they hare iven me during the year that I have eeu privileged io act as president. population become civil servant RISH OUTRAGES ARE CONTINUING nrsASSV LAKE.'Jilue The regu- lar laoutUly meeting of the U.r'.W.A. hold ou Saturday, May Slh In Perry hail. Despite season a good number of ladles cauie out. At roll calL cacU member responded by giving some helpful hint to lighten ________ 1 tbe burden of house cleaning. The Two hundred men cleared the cattle I hints wero beta numerous and bene- rom a farm at Multifarnuani and the house. Mrs. Hugh Scott -.read1 a paper on poultry raising which, was very mucli enjoyed by all. Next meeting will, held on Saturday, June 12tU at In hall; au, is ex-- tended to lady in tho district by the comusltteo. Altogether tbero u-nra present 33 rocnibers, visitors, and'o'uo new meiub'er. r FIRMLY COMMITTED SUICIDE BDMO NTON, JuuTe To? p ro v in- clal police are beginning td consider it Almost a certain'ty. thaiiTliomas Muud. the alleged murderer two Mecixmald chHdrea at o( Jjanola, last wei-i, has committed suicide by throwing liioiself into the Pambltia river. A posse of abc-at 16 farmers and provincial' police, were out .all duy Saturday and 'Sunday continuing their Eearch in' this vicinity ot list Tuesday's dastardly crime, but- without success. GET THIS water as soon as yott drink a small olass of pure orande fore you breakfastifor b ;inthe oven (to restore their crispness) and or cream.; iKe needed for aKalf imind clear and alert liver kidneys stomach sweet and clean.Try it for six days and.see. now. mudi MADE IN CANADA QUALITY intoleycry Penman garment at every stitch. xYotuw quality when you purchase over f he counter. You fed quality -when you slipinto it in the morning. You get final proof of quality in the long and satisfactory wear. Let "Pcnmans" be your guide in! 'your choice of underwear.. Underwear HK STAMB'fbD Or -Ala maltrs of Ilfskt-j axd SetaitT Ctnlt on the national pay roll, lo be promo ed, transferred, pensioned or disrni sed according to the pleasure of tb government In power. One natural wonders in contemplating this Irt-raenn- ous scheme, who would make the ap- 1 polntmtnts, who .would deride the type of- work that would be done by eacn individual, who would fix bis pay, nnil decide hia hours of labor, and what would be the incentive of tbe individ- ual lo put forth best efforts? I be- jlieve lhat moderate-thinking men do 'not condemn or approve public own- ership or private ownership as such'. On tbe other hand. .Ihey are Inclined 0 Bay, "Lot us have public ownership where it can be demonstrator] that il s more satisfactory .to all clauses than private ownership." it hns been the iractice of British people lo go very alowly from precedent to precedent, and only to accept what appears to reasonable of succeed- ing; and In regard to tnl? question 0[ pnblic (jwnerahin we should do well to be guided by this practice. "We aro all hoping to see d good wheat crop in Canada. In llilS. thu .ige -yield waa only ten bushels; in 1939 eleven bushels, while tlie.av- for len years eniiing .-.ra 17.27 busholn per acre. are gcttinK Into tbfi fortunate position, however, that we "are not fo badly affected as formerly by a poor wheat crop, owing to tho jrroat growlli tit fruit crowing, stock raising, dairying and oilier agricultural activities, Tbe value of the occupied farm bnrLi of Canada atiout 452 per acre, as before the war. an incrfasc of thirty per cent Tlio annual vahifi of field products jartonllnp to iast Ctfiisim fitilis lies, was about on.j antl ono-lmlf bil linns. Tlicre nre 730.000 farms under r.iiHivalloii in f'anada ami to Fhow lli.it Ihe Marltliiic provinces, Ontnrio anrl Quebec havff large agricultura intvroFiSj l.q only nor.c-naary io poln oul (bat Iwo-thinls of lhCF5 farniH arc sllnaten in proviiicea. wblto one ihir-1! ar.: located In tlin provinces Maniloliit, Saskatchewan, Alberrla nnd tTlle nize of tb formB. howover. in U'lwJlern'Canada i grraler Ilian in Piislnrn Tnnada but She mint: Kcrifcval rule maintains one farm stij.jiori; c'ig family. RIGHT here is where men are in agreement -r-that there is nothing like the Gillette Safety Razor for quick, comfortable, clean shaving. Yes, men agree on this! No Stropping and No Honing saves time and 'trouble, but what is of 'greater importance, every Gillette shave is with the keenest of edges as only scientific'factory- sharpening do and ask any dealer displaying Gijlette signs to show you his variety of Gillette Safety Razor Sets, Pocket Editions, and the new "Big You, too, are going to find that the Gillette is '.the one real shaving is why it is the universal razor.' .HADE JM. .CANADA KNOWN THE WQRLD OVER Safety Razor The Shooing Service forEvsry ;