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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 8, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT THE LETHBRIDGE DAn.V HERALD SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1018 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER PROBLEMS OF THE ORGANIZED FARMERS (Some Nuts to Crock by the U. K. A., by S. S. DunhHra. Ex Vloo-rros.) In a discussion of immigration before the Dominion Senate recently one of our Senators luado a stntemcnt to the following effoot. "wo do not object to any Immlgrnnts who ooiiie to Canada to work wiili thoir hand?.' Thon he spoke o,' the places, ninn?. mines and tnctorio?. and elsewhere. In which we need the It.ilian and the Bohemian, etc.. but onntinuinR he aid, "what we do object to is men who come to Canada and make their living by their wits." .\eiordinB to this Senator. Canada in its immigration policy is blddiiiB for muscle, not brains. The incident is Important because the usual view point ot the farmer's occupation is that it calls for niuecle and labor, but not necessarily must be an e.xpert also on soil, know its Insredleats, and in this country, the heat method to conserve moia-lure. He nmst be an expert on afed, know which le the best and when to sow and hoAV to sow, lie must be an expert on stock of different kinds, and all that that implies, from lh� best grade of chickens and how to h.xndle them, to that o:' tlie different strains of beet cattle, and to oare for the young. He must know how to pet the most weight in hogs on the least feed. He must be a business man, know somethinK about bookkeeplnp, and be able to keen his books after ho hae put In his 10 or 12 hours in labor. Then the problem ot his social surroundings and the education of his children, are more difficult than that brains. I know of no seneral conclu . , ^ , , , ,, Bion ot people that is farther from of the urban citizen, and the question he truth Of all of the occupations Involving the marketing his product! the open to men at the present time, there is none In which brain."; are more es-�entlal than that of the farmer. An Expert. The farmer to-day mnst not only have that practical knowledge that comes from experience and which is learned efficiently by the experience of being brought up on a farm, I refer to the general knowledge of animals, piants. climate, soil and a thousand and one things thai is the common knowledge of every farmer who is raised on a farm, but to-day this knowledge i.=; not suifi-clent. In order to be a successful farmer he must be an expert with hand- matters that they are destined to ob-ling horses and stock of different tain, one of the "nuts" that they kinds, and the ordinary machinery, should crack is the Dominion Senate, He must be a meclianic and must The House of Lords of England at the know such problems as the compon- time it was instituted and for many ent parts ot the gas engine and the i generations since had a logical reason principle upon which it works. He' tor its existence. It represented a call for brains of the highest order, parmer Needs Brains, It any man needs brains It Is tha tanner, and the kind of farmer that we want is the farmer with brains, no other will do. In fact the inducements th,'�l Canada should offer for Immigration appeal only to men "with wits." Let us have Immigration with brains no matter what the vocation is so long as there is a place for him t\nd it is honorable. class, but Its power has been con-tinunlly dimlnlBhlng until now an act can be passed and become law without the ascent ot that body. There never was a logical reason for a legla-latlvc body In Canada, whosu members hold a lite tenure much leag a body who wore not elected by the people. It's a matter ot common knowledge that our Senate has been to provide places for politicians. Party sorvlcc, not service to the country i� the one paramount requisite to appointment. The body has neither the long and more or loss useful history of,the House iif Lords, nor an arlato-cratlc nobility to justify its existanoe. The United States Senate la al-tLigolher a different body. It now Is elected by the people and the term of offU's is but six years. It Is a body Into which the most successful Con-gressmon hope to graduate. But for the Congressmen to be promoted to the Senate is u dietlnct recognition of ability and service performed, and can only be accomplished by the vote of his State. Indeed because of the body being fewer in number, more Experienced in legislative matters, having a longer tenure of office than the members of Congress have, yet being responsible to the people, has rendered the I'nited States Senate one of tlfe greatest legislative bodies in the world and serves a distinct purpose in legislative matters. Can this be said of our Senate? 1 am afraid not. Few indeed are the instances where the Senate has exerted Its Influence, particularly In opposition to Parliament in behalf of the popular will. Us threij (Ji-^loilr^i5nies.[VlWwlnK H' to dry each time'' before applying the next. Extreme c�ro should be' taken not to have the stick so wot that the solution from It will Irun down the aide ot the cttlfs head. To prevent the spread of tho cauitic, which will cause 6ores'-on the skin, apply vase-lino around tho edge where the hair has bean clipped. For older oaitle, whore the hortii have developed cither sawB or clippers Hhould bo used. It Is best to use the clippers on the young animals when tho horns are ctlll soft and tsnder, but with older animals which hare hard, brittle horns, tho saw ahbuld be used. While the operation can bo performed with clippers quicker and with loss pain, this Instrument Is liable to crtteh the bona In' older animals, causing a wound that hoahi very slowly. Time to Pepforni the Operation. Cattle should never ho dehorned during warm weathor, spring being tho best time. MORE FORAGE CROPS NEEDED. Advises More Acreaae In Alfalfa and Other Crops. HOLDS MEETING Refuses Request for Refund -Teachers To Get An Increiuie Raymond, .Tune 7.-The Municipal Council ot the town of Raymond held their regular session Thursday night. A by-law was Introduced proposing to rJoso the diagonal streets in the busl-ness part of the town. The MInlBtor of Municipalities has approved of the Increase ot forage crop production can be accomplished by Increasing the average yield of alfalfa and other perennial crops and a larger use of summer annual crops. Tho most desirable annual crops aco Sudan grass and sorghum, the specialists point out. Hon�y Sorghum is one of the best varieties for silage or green fe�d. U yields heavily and is of good quality. Sudan grass will produce a larger amount ot good forage under Irrigation than any other an annual It Is grasa, and as it is reVord'haVbeen simpty''t"o"acquiesce ! ospeeially aervlceablo for quick pro-ior to oppose. In the case ot the House I 'l"^-"�n' On irrigated land Sudan THE tBT'D laTS STANDARD BANK OF CANADA MEAD OrFICe  TORONTO COLLECTIONS Busiftesa houses will find our facilN ties for making collections particularly favorable. do not even have this remedy, and in fact the people are at the mercy of a body concerning tho appointment of whom they are not consulted. Indeed the reasons for appointment to tho Senate, party service, is in itself suf-j ficiei't ground for objection. We have I had too much party government. Sure-i ly the Senate Is not In harmony with our Democratic form ot Government. If the body were made responsive to the will of the people and tha term of J. G, SCOTT, Manager,  � G. F. BLETCHER, Manager, - D. A. CURRIE, Accountant-in-CIiarge, aio 13th St. North. 4th Avenue South. - t> Coalhurit. grass can be sown as late as July 15, production planting made about April 1. As Su-seed is not alwayfi readily farnvcrs should make sure at once ot the amount they will need. The normal average yield ot alfalfa is considered tar below what It should be. Yields from 6 to S tons to an acre are postjible. The surest and quickest way of increasing the average yield of alfalfa is to see that the stands are thickened .and maintained. Bare places in fields should be put In condition and resaeded. tlie best time for this being February or early March. as enable the Implement dealers to place orders for ample supplies. Not 'a grain of foodstuffs should be loat this year on account of tho Impera-ttva need of tho Allies and oursclvsH. and It Is a patriotic duty for every cltiien to do all ho can to eucourngo the ordering ot farm implements as early as possible." "The second notice urges all tractor owners to keep their machines busy and suggeste that It their work doos not demand the constant use ot their tractors, they grant the use of them to neighbors who may he short of help. 'A reasonable rate of hire,' the hotlce continues, 'would enable tho tractors to make a return during otherwise dull periods, but, more important, will make It possible tor others at reasonable expenditure to have a full acreage and add to tho nation's food supplies.' "The Department also suggests the same plan with regard to horses and farm machines. 'None ot those,' the report concludes, 'should bo allowed to remain Idle when a tood-produning neighbor can keep them busy on victory cropa' " moasuro and tho by-law >vlll probalDly pass. Tho douholl atithorizod a regular salary to \Vm, Gi'fingo as caretaker of the coniotory and ho Is Instructed to keep tho place In ropnii'. A communication from Raymond Knight wos read rBquefitlng a rotund ot $125 tor water taxoa, alleged to he paid the town when the walar was not Bvallnblfi tor the land. Logar action was threatened unldsa the refund was made within flttOMi days.V The council voted unanimously that the pBtltlon be not granted uud that the town defend their action. Grading Streets. Klrst Street West la boing graded by the enterprising cltlzona living on that street, under the direction and naslRtouoe of tho town. It Is proposed to move the electric light polos out of the middle ot tho street. Tho building material for the new railroad station Is on the ground and will bn built on that street. Tho traffic will probably be largely on First Street Woat In the future. Notice was given tliut the Provincial Govornmont has closed the avenue which runs through the sugar section northeast ot tho town and that tho now choice for the expcrhnental farm is being Improved. The closing of the old road will, howovor, incon-venlencH some ot tho larmers having land east of there. Travel In the future will be on the section lines. The court of revision will sit at tn Town Hall at 2 o'clock. July 4 to hear complaints regarding the assessmnnl tor the current year. Closlna School. The .school Hoard met In regular session on Wednesday night and mado arrangoinfinls for tha eloalng of tho flchool noxl Friday. Tho fall opening win bo Soptembor 2. Increase Salaries. All ot tho teaohBra now engaged will bo ottered their posltluns tor next* torm with a substantial lncrca�o In snlary of about 15 per cent. Mr. Woolt 1b definitely engaged as principal and Mr�. Monroe has sent In her roslgnatijon. She has. howover, pro-mlaed tn return hero It she engages to tonch at all. A. �. Scovil and his throe sons, together with Kdga;' and Bert Nllsson have just roturned from Qrasay Lake whero they have completed a contract for preparing and soedlng 1,200 noroa > into flax. -- .hidgo T. C. Gordon, of tho Yorkton distrlel and surrogate courts, died suddenly ot apoplexy. Ho was 00 years of ago. Private John Karner, of Philadelphia, was killed and Lieut. Blmer H. .May slightly Injured at. Ellington F-leld. when their airplane became nnmanagoablG In the air and crashed to tho ground. office limited to a definite time, u ! K-^st^^dins for the purpose of thickon-might then become a check, balancing | thin etands should be done when as it were, the law making functions ot the nation, and tending towards stability and advancement ot erratic legislation, hut unless something Is done along these lines, to make the body democratic and responsive to the people's will, it should be abolished entirely. Protection and Profit When money is in a Savings Account in The Merchants Bank, it is absolutely safe from loss, as far as you are concerned. All the time it is here, it is earning interest -so that the bank actually pays you to let it take care of your money. Don't carry unneeded sums on your person or hide them at honve. Protect, them against loss, theft and fire by opening a savings account TH? M?RCHANT5 BANK Head Office: Montreal. OF LE7HBRIOGB BRANCH, MONARCH BRANCH, NOBLEFORD BRANCH. CANADA Established 1 804. R. J. DINNING, Manager. V. A. EBERLY, Acting Manager. M. A. KILPATRICK, Acting Manager. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., U_D., act; Pretidem H V. F. JONES, Asi'iGcn'L Minager SIR JOHN AIRD. General Mintger V. C BROWN. Sop'l of Central Weaern Brariche* Capital Paid Up. f15.000,000 I Reseiive Fund. . $ PAYMENTS ABROAD If you wish to send money to anyone abroad and it is necessary that it should  be received at once we shall be pleased to arrange the matter by cable. I; Lethbridge Branch-- R. T. Brymner, Mgr. > : : : : : To substitute for the bare summer-tallow a field ot corn producing from 15 to 25 bushelsvOt shelled M-orn to the acre is a possibility thait is- suggested by the tests made at the Dominion Experimental Station at Leth-bridge. For the past two years it has been quite clearly demonstrated on the non-irrigated part of the farm that wheat sown on corn stubble will pro duce on the average just as large a crop as when sown on good summer-fallow-b^'ing true even in the dry year ot 1914. Some of the common sorts were used, heing grown for silage or ta be cured in the stock and fed dry in the winter. It was always quite immature, the cobs just starting to form.. Few farmers could use more than a few acres ot this rough kind of feed. The problem was to get a variety hat would ripen for the grain. This was found in tho Squaw Corn which only grows two or three feet high and the ears, which are very small, come out close to the ground. For the last seven years careful breeding and selection work has been done with this variety and a limited quantity of seed is now available for distribution from the station. A. four pound bag will be furnished tree (as far as the supply will permit) to any bona fide farmer in Southern Alberta who will plant a quarter of an acre for trial. Address; Dominion Experimental ' Station, Lethbrldge. The ears being so small and close to the ground It is scarcely practicable to harvest large acres of the crop, but either hogs or sheep can be turned In in the fall to fatten. The yields on the station from thlc variety of corn planted on spring plowed stubble land has been from 16 to 25 bushels per acre SHELIDED CORN. As mentioned aliove, the yield of wheat the year following is Just about as good on the corn stubble as on the summer-fallow. This corn should, be planted about May 1.5th but any time between May 10th and 20th will do. the old alfalfa plants are making but little growth, which means in the fall or early winter. The world's call for food this year makes tho forage situation of unusual Importance. In past years large amounts of grain have been cut for hay, but this plan will be largely abandoned this year so that more mature grain can bo produced. ORDER IMPLEMENTS EARLY. The clipping quoted below from the Farm Independent News gives some timely advice, many men wait until it is too late before they order new machinery. Naturally It Is wise to be sure that tho crop will warrant the outlay, but iq, thene times shipments cannpt b� nuMe a^ormerly: "The De^aiftmentjwof Agriculture In the United St;ates has just issued two press stories bearing on matters ot interest to the implement trade. One relates to early ordering ot farm machines and was prepared as a suggestion to farmers, lifter stating that implement dealers In the Northwest had reported to the Department the vital necessity of farmers making known tlleir requirements unusually early, the Department says: '"The factories have plenty ot farm machinery, but they hesitate In distributing it to their transfer houses at various points In the ' Northwest , until they have' some Idea ot the i amount ot business. If the orders for implements are sent in late there is likely to be a congeetlon ot traffic and great delay In seeding and also again in tho fall at threshing time when it would be a very serious matter it there was any delay in the delivery ot harvesting machinery. Under normal conditions it takes several weeks and sometlmeg months to obtain farm Iraplementa from tho factories. The machinery <8 delayed at terminal and transfer points and also in the handling and Assembling at.destination. "'To alleviate those conditions, which are likely to be aggravated this year, it is well for farmers to inform their dealers at the earliest possible moment what they deeire In the line of farm machinery during the 1918 crop season. This Will facilitate the movement on tho railroads as well Undertaking 20 per cent Discount As prices are advancing frequently, we have bought an e.x-tenslvo stock In order to protect the public ,therofore, wo Invite you to call and see us before purchasing. COUNTRY AND CITY ORDERS RECEIVE OUR USUAL PROMPT ATTENTION MacKay and MacKay 803 3rd Ave,' S, Lethbrldge Phone 1802 Never Closed SALE LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. October 9th and 10th Under tho allspices of tho Southern Alberta Wool Growers' AsBOClatlon, over one hundred inoinbors, owning 200,000 sliocp. Entries Close July 1st Entry blanks may be had on application to the Secretary, Sherlock Building, Lethbrldge, Alberta. HAIL INSURANCE FARMERS-Insure your crops against hall. In strong Compan-io.s, BUlficlently able to pay 100 per cent. In ease complete loss. Quick adjustments, and risk placed from dale of application. No farmer can afford to carry his own risk, owing to high cost of putting crop in, and high price of all grains. Win Insure tor ?10.00 per acre and up. RELIABLE COMPANIES REPRESENTED The Wesohester Fire Inaurance Co., of New York The Rochester Underwriters' Agency, ot Rochester, N. Y. The Canada Security Assurance Company, of Calgary, Alberta SEE ME BEFORE INSURING ELSEWHERE R. S. MABEE AQENT Hull Block Lethbrldge Adjoining the Bank of Nova Scotia, Builders' Supplies CEMENT, LIME, WOOD FIBRE PLASTER, EMPIRE FINISH, HOLLOW TILE, LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT BRICK, ROOFINGS, BUILDING AND TAR PAPER, FIRE PLACE MANTLES AND GRATES, TILE, BEAVER BOARD, PLATE GLASS, MURANESE GLASS, COMMON GLASS, AUTO WINDSHIELDS, MINING. SUPPLIES. The Western Supply & Equipment Co. Ltd. PHONE 1044 FOURTH ST. S., LETHBRIDGE At 0^r Monumental Works Only tUe most skilled craftsi-men are employed which facts Insure monumonta of beauty and good taste which will neither crack or chip for a groat many years. Wo are prepared to give, you an estimate. You'll find our figures moderate In the extrerao. Lethbrldge Monumental and Cut Stone Works R, Needs, Prop. 8th Street S. A Prosperous City $50,000,000 worth of Grain and other field products pass annually through the City of Lethbridge. Mr. Farmer, are you putting aside a little for the lean years which will come? Buy a Victory Bond or two and see that your Will is properly drawn. The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR. ASSIGNEE, ETC. HEAD OFFICE, 315 FIFTH STREET 8. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA ' PHONE 1843 For Sale Engine A Valuable Featiu'c of a Joint Account opened with the Union Bank of Canada in the names of two persons, Is that If one dies the family funds are not lied up Just when they are likely to be most needed. The survivor can withdraw the money v/ithout delay 01 formality. Think'It over-then open a Joint Account LETHBHIOQE BRANCH    F. W. NICHOLSON, Manager HOW TO DEHORN CATTLE. Question la- Simple and Easy When formed on Calves Four to Ten Days Old. pEPOSlTYbURSiWrtfeSit Your Funds Arc absolafel'^ s&fst<: Inheresh compounded senr\irar\nual.luV^< May be withdrawn ah 3ny firt\c. "1 CARDSTON BRANCH BARONS BRANCH   F. V. Cavert, Manager  J. Blackvfood, Manager Df hornlriB cattle la almost universally practiced hy stockmen who raise lilKh-Krado steers. Cattle without horns, saya a piihllcallnn of tho Un Hod States Department oC Agrlcul ture, arc easier to handle, have an oriual chance at ,tho food trough when placed In the feed lots, aro less dan, gerouH to attendants, and are more uniform In appearance. Also, they can not goro one another In tho feed lot or transit to'market, which causes greater shrinkage In weight, Injures tho Bklii for commercial purposes, and leavo.s the flesh In a hrulsed con-iMtion, thus dfilracthiK from Its value. A Simple Method. While lliero aro many cruel ways _ of I'jt.-rl'o.rnilng this operation, accord-' iiig to liif iJopartment of Agriculture, mm u( ilu' simplest and,easiest melh-od.s Is 10 iiBf! caustic either eoUa or puUisli, on ilio undeveloped horns ot tlu! (-iilves. To ohtain tho best results the caustic should he applied when the (-alf Is from 4 to 10 days 'old. Clip llic hair from around tho j knohs wlipin tho hnrnti arc devnlop-1 Ing. with a aligUtly moislenotl stick 'T'HE Goveirhment of the Province of Alberta is-sues Savings Certificates for amounts from $5 upwards upon which 5% interest is paid. Your Savings, therefore, are as safe as the Government itself. Your money may be withdrawn without notice at ariy time. Begin an account-now. Send for folder fully explaining the Savings Certificate plan, or better, still, mail your first deposit, Savings Certificates for the amount will be forwarded to you same day as received^ W.V.NEWSON, Dcpuly Provincial Treasur^erv ParliamenI- BGildings. EDMONTON. Alberl^i: E. Leonard and Sons 200 H.P. 17x16 Automatic Side Crank-in Good Condition. The Truets enij Euereotee Gompanif, limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA  LETHBRIDGE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDINQ, J., W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETHBRIDGE, MACLEOD, MEDICINE . HAT, CALGARY, RED DEER, 8TETTLEH. P, LUND & SON Wholesale and Retail Dealers in BER Lath, Shingles, Mouldings and Finishing Lumber Builders' Supplies b( All Kinjds CONSULT US REGARDING PRICES, PLANS, ETC. � WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAD OFFICE AND DISTRIBUTING YARD, CORNER THIRD $,VUNU� AND 8EVF.NTEENTH STRIiET, LETHBRIDGE. BRANCH YARDS: AT'MACLEOD, COALDALE, CHIN AND BARNWELL. AT THESE i^OINTS WE HANDLE FENCING MATERIAL, HARDWARE ANo'FARmI IMPLEMENTS. BOX 189, OR PHONE 516, LETHBRIDGE ;