Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Nothing impossible to Pope John Tfiuwfiy, 7, THI OTHMIDOI HIRAIO S By Norman Cousins, Los Angeles Times commentator It is now 10 years since the most believed figure in contem- porary Catholicism made not just church history but world history with an encyclical called, "Peace on Earth." What made this encyclical one of the most important doc- uments of the 20th century was that it expanded the traditional conception of natural rights. According to the theory of natural rights, a person ac- quires certain rights just in the act of being born. The United States Constitution was an attempt not just to define the political structure of a mw government but to honor the idea that an individual pos- sesses rights that precede the rights of government and, in- deed, that the primary function of government is to protect these rights. What are these rights? The right to be protected against arbitrary or erratic ex- ercise of authority by govern- ment; the right to be secure m BERRY'S WORLD one's own home against illegal arrest or seizure; the right to equal treatment under the laws; the right to seek effec- tive change. The encyclical, "Peace on by Pope John XXIII says, in effect, that human beings are born with the nat- ural right to peace. Modern war, with its weapons of total destruction, is no longer to be regarded solely as a violent con- test between nations but as a war by man against God. For the new weapcns smash at the conditions of life itself. Ther- monuclear explosions are a man-made holocaust that can punish future generations. Rad- ioactivity can disfigure life for centuries to come. The entire cham of life, in fact, could be- come unhinged. Pope John XXm did not be- lieve that nations, in the act of warring against one another, had the right to tamper with the delicate balances that made life possible. He felt that new methods had to be devised to deal adequately with basic causes of war and to provide a workable system of security for all peoples. It was convic- tions such as these that led him, during the Cuban crisis of October, 1962, to intercede dra- matically and call an the politi- cal leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union to exer- cise restraint. On the tenth anniversary of Pope John's encyclical, "Pacem in to call it by its Latin name, we can reflect that there has been little progress in bringing nations under a rule of law. Wars in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, the Middle East, the Congo, the Sudan and Nigeria have dramatized the need for a world organization that can Book reviews tame the nations, regulate ar- maments and apply justice in international affairs. The fact that these conflicts have been relatively local should not lead to the conclusion that wars between major nations are a thing of the past. We have to take the statesmen of the major nations seriously when they warn each other not to assume that they will not use whatever force is available to them in any military showdown. Pope John XXIII, were he alive today, would be deeply troubled by the failure of the world's statesmen during the past 10 years to organize the peace. But he would not de- spair. He was not a despair- ing man. His main theme in life was that a better and safer world was within human reach; that man was endowed by .his Cre- ator with qualities of spirit, intelligence and heert that oould v enable him to build a home on earth in which he could live with a sense of dignity, decency and security. Pope John's optimism gave him the strength and energy needed to work on his historic plea for peace despite the fact that he was dying from cancer. Not long before he died, I saw him in his Vatican study. He used one phrase several times during the course of our conversation. That phrase con- sisted of only three words, but those three words were some- thing of a summing-up of his philosophy: "Nothing is impossible." Essays on Soviet political mind these prices, I want to savor even the "The Soviet Political Mind" (George J. McLeod, Limited, paperback, 304 A major thema of this book of essays is that the Soviet political mind is subject to change and evolution. It traces ideological continuity in Soviet communism and analyses how within this continuity the law of change is at work. The essay "On revolutionary mass-movement regimes" ex- amines the con temporary world's multitude of regimes, which born in revolution repre- sent mass movements of a na- tional or transnational scope. In "The dictator and totalitar- ianism" the authoritarian per- sonality and the psychology of authoritarian followership is examined with the conclusion that the needs of the leader and the needs of the followers are more of complementarity than of similarity. The essays on Stalin and the psychopathology of his person- ality and the influence of per- sonality factors on the political development of Soviet Russia are of great interest. Historical insight is gained from the essay "The image of Dual Russia" where the author likens the government to an aben power and the people to its conquered victims. The im- age of the two Russias is traced from the sixteenth century up to the Soviet period of Russian history when the state became an outsider again in the con- sciousness of the Russian" peo- ple. The author says that to- wards an alien power many different positions may be taken, ranging from active col- laboration through resignation and passive resistance to out- right rebelliousness. It is par- ticularly in Russian literature where the duality of Russian life and consciousness, of divi- sion between the official and the popular Russia emerges. The line of division between the two Russias may run through an individual person. The hidden and the visible one representing the two persons in one man. In the essay "Dialectics of Coexistence" the author stress- es the difference of not only the AT TOYOTA TRAVEL CENTRE 413 engine, radio stereo combination, rear divider door, BTU ducted heat, power tng and brakes. Regular retail Lower high cost of leaving saving Sleeps 6. Twin propane tanks, 5" foam cushions, electric brakes with control, window awning, stove, icebox. Regular retail Lower the high cost of leaving saving Has all the standard features including power steering and brakes, styrofoam insulation. Self contained with the following options: 413 engine, radio stereo com bination, rear speakers, air conditioning, divider drapes, divider door, chroma front and rear bumpers. 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While Western policy thinking has not clearly recognized the disintegration and break-down of the Europe-centred order, Soviet doctrine recognizes this as a basic fact of world de- velopment in the twentieth cen- tury. The question is whether the Western mind and spirit are capable of the political inJMa- tive to form a new concept of international order. Robert C. Tucker is professor of politics and director of Rus- sian studiss at Princeton Uni- versity and the author and edi- tor of several books. This book is of first-rate importance not only to the student of political science but to anyone who wish- es to deepen his understanding of world politics. Gerta Patson Books in brief "Hudson Bay or Every-Day Life in the Wilds of North America" by Robert M. Bal- lantyne. fHurtig Publishers, 356 pages, This is an adventure story first published m 1848. It is published as originally written, a style that makes for diffi- cult reading of what may be an enjoyable tale. The type style is hard to cope with. The book was re-published as part of a series to perpetuate some of Canada's early literature. Under these circumstances it is more than strange that the book was printed in Japan! GARRY ALLISON "The Digger's Game" by George Higgins (Alfred A. Knopf, 232 pages, dis- tributed by Random House of Not a bad yarn. Strung to- gether with dirty words, the kind of words would expect criminals to use. Do they? I don't know any crooks at the moment. The cultural revolu- tion has probably made them talk like normal people. I'm not much interested in tales on the Mafia. After read- ing a Life magazine report on how the boys hung a rival alive on a meat hook in a pack- ing plant, the novels sound vaguely innocuous and unreal, no matter how many filthy phrases are used. The author was a lawyer in the Massachusetts attorney- general's office, in the organ- ized crime section and crimi- nal division. I'm on the side of the cops. Good suspense right down to the wire. D'ARCY RICKARD "The Funny Side of Sci- ence" by Melvin Berger and J. B. Handelsman, (Fitz- henry and Whitcside Limited, 42 pages, An entertaining collection of cartoons, riddles, and jokes based on scientific material. The authors prove that it is possible to have a good laugh about such serious topics as astronouts, cavemen, science classes, the weather, ecology, and little green men from outer space. This little book is very suit- able for children especially if they want some relaxation and a discrete chuckle during a monotonous school day. TERRY MORRIS Women's lib anyone? By Chris Stewart, Herald staff writer In a day when women's lib is the 'in' thing it is refreshing to hear of advocates of the "Kirche, Kinder and Kueche" (church, children and kitchen) philosophy. Instead of urging the abandoment of traditional male and female roles they are asking women to "try a little to be reassuring and understanding of their spouses and extravagant in their praise and admiration. According to Nancy Van Pelt, instructor of a course on Fascinating Womanhood held in Victoria, women owe husbands total acceptance because men give up part of their freedom when they marry, but when a woman marries she has finally reached the goal she has been aiming for all her life. The cause of many trying relationships in marriage stems from the fact that some women want a piece of clay to mold a husband, she claims. Women who try to change their husbands show a self-right- eous attitude. Instead, she argues, women should practice the total acceptance of an imperfect man They should concentrate on the good side of his character and not talk to him man-to-man. They should rem- ember men are like peacocks. They want to sjut around and be admired but this pride makes them vulnerable to be- littling remarks. They are humiliating and build up a wall of reserve. And what's mere, she goes so far as to suggest that wives tell their husbands they admire them for not letting them push them around. The wife knows she feels more secure when her husband takes a stand on a domestic issue. Instead Nancy Van Pelt suggests wom- en should wisely choose a wholly feminine role. If they do the results will be trem- endous. She reminds women to face the fact their husband is not a Tarzan but a very won- derful ordinary man. And once she has accepted him at his face value, for what he is, she should determine what she can admire most in her partner and concentrate on this quality offering him praise and ad- miration when this characteristic is domin- ant. Other recommendations offered to en by this popular lecturer include subflti- tuting admiration for nagging. Instead of complaining about his long hours at work she should adopt a spirit of appreciation that he chooses to work hard to provide her with tie necessities of life and for way he protects her and their children. "Tell hm you are proud of his achieve- ments. Be tender and reassuring and fw- get about changing him." If you do you'll become more relaxed and the atmosphere of the home will brighten. It could be that Nancy Van Pelt has something here. Her idea that abandoning traditional male and fema'e roles is "one of the reasons for all the trouble in the might be worth consideration. She believes that women are no longer follow- ing the basic pattern laid down for them in the beginning by the Creator that of being a helpmate. She argues that wom- en's libbers are looking for fulfilment in ways that simply don't bring satisfaction. She wonders whether women are truly con- tented and happy when liberation has been achieved. She thinks not. "Women's she argues, "are looking for fulfilment in ways that don't satisfy women." She believes women func- tion at their best when they appreciate the protective love of a male, whose big broad shoulders are a support to her in every situation. And she strongly suggests that women quit playing charades and ac- knowledge that liberation doesn't satisfy. ANDY RUSSELL Mushrooms WATERTON LAKES PARK Hunting and picking wild mushrooms was a com- mon activity to provide delicious side dish- es to Sunday dinner or mouth-watering ad- ditions to soups and stews, when I was a boy. Nowadays people buy their mushrooms _ fresh or frozen in supermarkets, but the flavor of these is like comparing a wild strawberry to a tame one, the former is by far the best. The regular field mush- room as sold in stores are grown in special cellars in the dark, but its counterpart growing in the wild gets something extra from being in the open In spite of a few kinds of mushroom being poisonous, a great many people once gathered and ate them in the fields and forests. Some still do, but they are few and far between. For one thing mushrooms are scarcer by far than they once were. They don't mix well with cultivation and chemical fertiliz- ers. There are hundreds of varieties com- ing in a wide range of shapes, colors and sizes, all of which provide means of identifi- cation. Some have gills on the underside of the tap and others do not. Some do not even look like mushrooms There is one fra- gile pink and white kind that grows in deep, wet forest that looks exactly like coral, which is very delicate, fragile and deicious to eat. I once found a rare kin to this one in the rain forest of coastal B.C. that was fire-orange in color and four feet across. It looked like some kind of tropi- cal marine growth very beautiful and edible. Dangerously poisonous species of mush- rooms have been very thoroughly investi- gated and they all belong to one genus, the amanitas. Some others will make one naus- eated, but these are easily identified for they taste unpleasantly bitter or peppery. Cases where people have been fatally poisoned are very rare and such an incident is al- ways due to carelessness. Anyone interested in gathering wild mushrooms for eating should acquire a good field booK and study it carefully until they are able tc identify the few poisonous kinds. One of the easiest to identify and one of the most delicious to eat is the giant puff ball, a spherical fungus that grows sometimes as big as a bucket. It has a greyish or light tan skin but is snowy white inside. If the flesh is yellow or brown it should be discarded, for it will be strong and tough. Take a fresh one of these, skin it and slice just like bread. Then dip the slices in whipped egg, salted and pepper- ed to taste, and fry it in butter. It is a dish fit for kings One time in the old pack train days m the mountains, a wrangler and 1 were moving some horses. We were low on grub and when we camped on a flat up near the head of the Oldman River, 1 went fishing for supper. In no time I had a half dozen good trout and on the way back to camp I found a giant puffbalL That evening we dined royally out of our fry- ing pan an unforgettable meal so de- licious it makes my mouth water just tell- ing about it I once knew an Italian family who were very poor but enterprising. They were hab- itual mushroom hunters from June to Sep- tember gathering quantities of many var- ieties of mushrooms. Some they ate fresh and some were dried for the winter by being hung on strings in a warm, airy place. The stews and soups that mother made for her family were fabulous I know because I helped eat some, and near- ly always mushrooms were a part of the ingredients. They must have eaten hun- dreds of pounds of mushrooms over the years and they were a healthy lot. They tell a story about an undergraduate student doing research on mushrooms for his doctorate thesis. One evening, as was often his habit, he brought in a hatful of strange looking mushrooms and bade his adoring wife cook them for supper. He pleaded he was not very hungary and didn't eat the mushrooms but instead insisted his wife eat them. Later during the evening was very solicitous of her health and asked repeatedly how she felt. Finally realizing he was acting out of character she asked him rather pointedly what was bothering him. "Are you sure you are feeling he asked. "Of course I'm feeling she snapped. "Is there any reason why I shouted her husband. found a completely new edible Theodore That and which. In the best usage there is a distinction between these two pro- nouns. That is used to introduce a restric- tive or defining clause one that defines the tioun it is attached to and cannot be omitted. For instance: "The mountain that is the highest in the United States is Mt. McKinley." Which introduces a nonrestric- live or parenthetical clause one that adds information but could be omttted with- out changing the sense of what is being said. For instance: "Mt. McKinley, which is in Alaska, is the highest in the United States If you feel the need for commas around the clause, you can bs sure it is a which clause. Rarely do people use that when the word should be which, but quite often they usa which when the belter word word would be that. It may be because which tends to sound more formal and they think they are beng more elegant. In everyday speech the far outnumber the which's, and so it should be in written language. Word oddities. Often on TV you will hear an announcer say, "this is John Jones sitting In for Tom Smith." Curiously enough, he could also say, "this is John Jones standing in for Tom Smith." It's a situation in which sit and stand mean the same thing. However, although Mr. Jones may be a stand-in for Mr. Smith, a sit-in is something quite, quite different.