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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI IITHBRIDOI HEUAlD Thuitdoy, 7, EDITORIALS Internationalism in consumer marketing How could it happen? The irony of the law-and-order ad- ministration of U.S. President Rich- ard Nixon being mixed up in the worst scandal of the century is caus- ing some shocked surprise. It shouldn't; a realistic appraisal of a pervasive double standard of mor- ality plus a basic understanding of the fallibility of man ought to have prepared people for the revelations in the Watergate case. An illuminating comment was re- cently made by former U.S. Attor- ney General John Mitchell when indicted in connection with the scan- dal. Claiming that he had not done anything wrong, Mr. Mitchell said: "I've never stolen any money." His definition of crime, for which the toughest kind of police action is re- quired, is the kind committed by the small fry who normally fill the jails. Establishment crime is ignored. Mr. Mitchell has not been found guilty of anything in court but while he was attorney-general all sorts of v. rongdoing was apparently winked at because it did not fit into the narrow definition of crime to which he and others in the administration sub- scribed- Laws were broken, influence was peddled, lies were told, and the prosecution of justice was obstructed but none of this was considered very wrong. Inducing an attitude of respect for law is difficult, if not impossible, when those preaching it do not prac- tice it as well. Why shouldn't the or- dinary person take what belongs to somebody else when all kinds of "res- pectable" people dip into the public purse by hanky-panky of various sorts? The double standard has come to be taken for granted and is at the root of much of the malaise infecting Western societies. What has happened in the United States proves again how utterly naive it is to trust in "good" men. All men are fallible. The best of men can go astray. Awareness of this truth led the framers of the American Consti- tution to make provision for checks on power to guard against that possi- bility. 3 J Only when the double standard is eschewed from the top down and when effective controls are exercised on power is society healthy. If the Wat- ergate scandal can set the United States and other nations back on track the disaster will be somewhat mitigated. Africans stick together Contrary to all the betting, the Organization of African Unity (OAU) continues in existence 10 years after its founding. As it heads into the sec- ond decade it appears it could sur- vive for a long time. The way in which the OAU turned back the bid of Libyan leader Colonel Qadhafi to have it adopt the Arab position of confrontation with Israel gives stature to the organization. Avoidance of a major split on this issue was a triumph of diplomacy- Not unexpectedly the Africans con- tinue to stand together in opposition to the while south. The new charter, adopted at the tenth anniversary meeting, binds the states rather om- inously to armed struggle as the principle factor in gaining liberation for oppressed blacks. To what extent this is iIieLoAic it may not represent any significant move beyond previous opposition. Critics of, Africans rightly con- demn the hypocrisy of opposition to racism practised by whites while condoning racism practised by blacks. The situation in Uganda where deposed leader Dr. Milton Obote claims people have been murdered seems, to be studiously ignored. Tribal conflicts such as that between the Tutsis and Hutu which have resulted in slaughter also go uncondemned. Doubtless it is expedient to avoid trying to deal with internal conflict just as it has seemed wise to resist making statements on territorial dis- putes. Living with the legacy of col- onial divisions with all the ten- sions and compromises that entails is probably the only alternative to the risk of massive war throughout the continent. Despite the criticisms that can be levelled at the OAU there is reason to be glad that it exists and appears to be in a strengthened position. The rhetoric and political manoeuvring ic tolerable bec9vse TTrderneath there are solid achievements of a less showy nature. Economic co-opera- tion, for instance, has gone a long way and is providing a basis for hope for the future. Survival of the OAU is something to marvel at and cherish in a continent as di- vided as Africa. Control those weeds Sharing with neighbors has long been an enjoyable springtime pas- time as residents plants, dis- tribute cuttings, and pass on valu- able gardening information. But one thing neighbors don't want to share are weeds from across the fence. The rapidity of early summer growth is hastening the spread of the prolific Russian thistle, hoary cress, flix and stink weeds and ko- chias, five of the most common of the 25 noxious weeds listed under the provincial weed control act. These intruders, spreading their seed and underground roots are capable of straining friendly neighborhood rela- tionships if property owners dismiss their responsibility in controlling them- Exterminating noxious weeds on private property, lane and boulevards is the responsibility of the property owner, not the city. Failure to com- ply will bring a 30 day warning letter from the city followed by the arrival of city crews armed with scythes and rotary mowers with costs added to the property taxes and could result in a fine up to Both the city's weed control bylaw and the provincial weed control act spell out the property owner's res- ponsibility in this regard. Douwe Smid, the city's weed in- spector, recommends persist e n t chopping down of weeds to starve growth. Residents exposed to weed- filled lots and boulevards are asked to telephone or write city hall and a property inspection and necessary ac- tion will be carried out. The dandelion, not considered a noxious weed despite its unpopular- ity, does not violate the city's bylaw. The only recourse neighbors have should they constitute a problem is to try to persuade the guilty property owner to have his crop sprayed. If he complies they should be grateful. In Lethbridge where residents take pride in their attractive properties a neglected yard is uncommon and stands out like a sore thumb in an otherwise manicured area. Creep- ing underground roots and wind- blown weed seeds can soon play havoc witn an otherwise flawless garden. Mature property owners take weed control seriously and value good neighborhood relations. To ig- nore it is to lose out on both counts. The casserole A few years ago Canada was one of a very few nations with uranium to sell; there was quite a fuss over whether it should be sold to France. Well, the mar- ket situation has changed somewhat. By 1980 West Germany will need some- thing like 3000 tons of enriched uranium per year, to fuel a growing nuclear power generating capacity. It had expected to have to buy this from the U.S., as the only likely source with a surplus for sale, but somewhat surprisingly received an offer from France to supply this amount, at the same price as the U.S. asked. Then it turned out that there were other suppliers, too. Russia offered to supply Ger- many's needs, whatever the quantity, and at a price well below that of the U.S. and France. The latest competitor to seek an offer to bid on the deal is Urenco, a Dutch- English-German consortium. Obviously, then, there's plenty of the lethal stuff around. It's hardly the season when buying gifts Is a big problem, perhaps, but just in case Father has all the socks, ties and shaving cream, he can use, the Swiss recently brought out a gadget that should be of some use to anyone who stops at parking meters. It's a key-chain ornament, no long- er than an ordinary car key, that con- tains a tiny, easily-set alarm clock, with an electronic buzzer that warns the driver when the time on the meter is due to run out. Any time a new project is mooted, there is an argument between the conservatives who don't want to change anything, and the innovators, wno want to change everything. Both would do well to note a comment made by William Ralph Inge, an Enghsh clergyman and author, and onetime Dean of St. Paul's. He said "There are two kinds of fool. One says "This is old, therefore it is good.' The other sajs "This is new. there- fore it better.' By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator Buying a bottle of wine in Britain a couple of weeks ago, I was handed, as a premium, a free wine glass. It had a red and a clear stem and was not of the quality which you keep for special occasions. I thought no more about it until I arrived home in Ottawa. There, on the mantlepiece of my living room, was a glass of exactly the same design, and I was told that it had been collected as a premium at a gas station. A small incident, but one more example of the way in which the style of life is being homogenized. Somebody, some- where, is apparently manufac- turing millions of glasses with red bowls and clear stems and selling them to companies on both skies of the Atlantic to hand out to customers as gifts. In Britain also, I read in a high-minded newspaper about the growing popularity of the hamburger, and noted again as I did on a visit a few years ago the spread of American- style goods and services. You can stay at a Holiday Inn, rent a car from Hertz, buy a Chrys- ler, drink coke, watch Ironside on TV. British life is being influenc- ed not only by North America but also by Europe. While some people still resent the Common Market and talk nostalgically of the days when Britain stood alone, there is a growing awareness of Europe. "At least I don't have to worry about my conversations being bugged I never get to use the phone." State crimes have no boundaries By Anthony Lewis, New York Times commentator BOSTON For more than three months, without any au- thority in law American planes have bombed Cambodia. The latest official figures, for April, showed that the average daily tonnage had risen to nearly one and one-half the amount drop- ped on North Vietnam during the Christmas bombing cam- paign. Not surprisingly, the bombs dropped by B-52's and fighter- bombers actually kill people and destroy their village civil- ization. A New York Times cor- respondent, Sydney Schanberg, recently filed an impressively meticulous account of what the States has done to Cam- bodia in these last months. "Sometimes the devastation Js continuous for several he wrote of a trip along a road from Phnom Penh. "Ashes, broken cooking pots, shattered banana and mango trees, twisted corrugated iron roofing and sometimes the con- crete stilts of a house reaching toward nothingness that is all that is left. A few people wander forlornly through the rubble. I came back to my said a fanner from the On the Hill By Joe Clark, MP for Rocky Mountain People who live outside of BE- 1963-1973, at a total cost of tional parks think the claims of parks' residents against the federal government are exag- gerated. I did, until I became more actively involved in parks' policy. Seven months in Ottawa has changed my mind. Certain problems are ines- capable. Simply because Jas- per, Banff and Waterton town- sites are within national parks, they cannot be exactly like other towns their size. Most townsite residents ac- cept that fact. Some want more self-government; others don't. But there is a very general rec- ognition that Ottawa, on behalf of the nation, must have some special authority over the de- velopment of a town within a national park. The quarrel is not with the fact of Ottawa's presence, but with the way that Ottawa be- haves. Let me cite some ex- amples. Park officials must approve new construction or improve- ments which, in most commun- ities, would be approved by lo- cal authorities. On any major matter, (and most minor ones) an applicatn must go through three levels of federal public servants, starting with the local superintendent's of- fice, then going to a regional office, and finally to Ottawa. Young men can grow old wait- ing for an answer. And often, when that answer comes, it is framed by an Ottawa bureau- crat who knows more about the Gatineau River than he does about the Rocky Mountains. Again, studies of "the future" of the townsites are conducted intermittently, by park officials or hired consultants, who then hide the results. In answer to one of my ques- tions, the minister, Mr. Chre- tien, admitted the government contracted 13 reports by "con- sultants" on Jasper, Banff and Waterton parks, in the period 678. Five of them were released to the public. The rest have either been scrapped or, more ominous, are being used as the secret basis to plan the lives of park residents. (Those figures refer only to consultants' reports on public matters. There is no way of knowing how many secret re- ports have been prepared by regular park officials, or by federal consultants on private development A third example is the de- partment's habit of treating people as though they were pawns on a chessboard, to be moved as the government de- cides. The most recent case is in Jasper. The minister, without consultation with either the CNR or affected residents, an- nounced in a parliamentary committee his preference to "find a new home" for the 1200 people who work with the CNR division point in Jasper. When I asked him to hold a public hearing in Jasper, he de- clined. So I arranged my own meeting, and invited him. He refused to attend himself or to send officials who might be able to tell Jasper residents what was being planned for them. This arbitrary treatment of people is not restricted to the mountain parks. In August, 1972, (three days before Mr. Trudeau called the election) the minister announc- ed the creation of a new na- tional park called Ship Harbor in Nova Scotia. The hitch was that he proposed to expropriate immediately some 380 fisher- man families, some of whom had been living there for 10 generations. Similar things happened when the government establish- ed new parks at Gros Morne in Newfoundland and Kouchi- bouguac in New Brunswick destroyed village of Svav Meas, "There was no sound. No peo- ple. No children. Not even a dog. It was all quiet. I wanted to cry. Everybody wanted to cry." Cambodia is a small peas- ant country in a far-away place, and few Americans know or care much about it. But we might care about the reputa- tion the United States is acquir- ing as the country that over the last decade has killed more innocent people and destroyed more homes and crops than any ether. And above all, at this time of heightened con- stitutional sensibility, we should care about what this lawless war-making is doing to our own institutions. Even President Johnson, when he began bombing North Vietnam in 1965, did not do so as an act of naked presidential fiat. By whatever means he had persuaded Congress to pro- vide it, he did have the author- ity of the Tonkin Gulf resolu- tion to attack North Vietnam. Indeed, he was so conscious of the problem of authority that he used to keep a copy of the resolution in his pocket and bring it out when he was ask- ed questions about the bomb- ing. There is no Tonkin Gulf res- olution any more; with the agreement of President Nixon, Congress has repealed it. There is no other law that anyone has interpreted to authorize war on Cambodia. The U.S. is not party to any treaty covering that country. It may be reiter- ating the obvious to say so, but, but there simply is no basis in law for the current bomb- ing. The lawyers of the United States government have made no serious effort to justify the war on Cambodia in terms of our constitution and laws. The one person I know who has is Professor Eugene V. Rostow of the Yale law school, who tried the other day in the New York Times. His argument was an object lesson in self-destruction. It is an "inappropriate mo- to stop bombing Cam- bodia, Professor Rostow ar- gued. We cannot "assure the security of South Vietnam" un- less we get "hostile forces" out of sanctuaries in neighbor- ing countries. The Cambodian government, like others, is en- titled to call in otters for help in collective self-defence. As a matter of military pol- icy, those arguments would doubtless persuade some peo- ple. But inconveniently, the United States constitution does not confide such judgments to the president. The power to de- clare war is committed to Con- gress. How sad it to read such stuff from a man who once understood that the end can- not justify the means in this country, that the constitution is for bad times and good. Eu- gene Rostow was eloquent when he fought the internment Japanese-Americans in the Sec- ond World War. Now he tells us that it would be "constitution- ally irresponsible" to stop the president from waging his own war. Congress Is at last moving to stop the unlawful American destruction of Cambodia. But as it does, it must beware of an effort by t h e president's men to reverse the constitution- al burden of proof. They want the constitution to read: "The president may wage war unless Congress stops him." But it does not say that. It does not put on Congress the burden of overcoming inertia, and pos- sibly overriding a veto; it is up to" those who want war to ob- tain congressional authoriza- tion. What has gone on these last three months is in its way more serious than Watergate, more depressing in its demonstration of how far we have gone in the corruption of our constitutional ideals. For the most eminent men in our government not just policemen and political hatchetmen have carried out acts that they well knew were illegal. Like Adolf Eichmann, they can argue that they were only following orders. But in this country no superior's order is lawful if it is in fact unauthor- ized by the constitution and laws. Law students learn early that killing without lawful author- ity is murder. The point has es- caped the White assist- ants and Pentagon and state department officials who have carried put the president's un- constitutional orders to bomb Cambodia. But some less ex- alted men have begun to un- derstand. One of the B-52 crew members on Guam, a Sergeant Simerly, said: "We're still kill- ing hundreds of people every day, and for what? When I came into the air force, we had a mission: Peace. Bight now I'm a paid killer." Even the popular papers have correspondents at Brussels to report the implications for Bri- tain of decisions by the Euro- pean partners. A student archi- tect I met was planning to work in Berlin and Helsinki to en his experience. A friend who used to sell British cars has switched to a German line and talks enthusiastically of CSS marvellous service he gets by telephoning the factory in the Rhur. The bottle of wine I men- tioned at the beginning was bought at a local cooperative society store, and that was in- teresting for two reasons. co-op is a branch of the social- ist movement and is supposed to be the store where the work- ing class does its shopping. The fact that the co-op now has wine counter indicates way in which incomes have risen and tastes have broadened. The point of these notes is to suggest to Canadian nationalists that they are fighting a hope- less battle if they expect to pre- serve a distinctive economy. Business is increasingly inter- national, merging the Western vcrld into one huge market, in- fluenced by the same adver- tising to desire the same goods and services provided by the multinational corporations. A country which shares the conventional goals of full em- ployment, rising production and increasing material prosperity can do no other than become part of the international econ- omy. It can and should seek to ensure that it gets a fair share of international business, by po- licing the activities of foreign- owned corporations and by en- couraging the growth of its owfl multinational enterprises, but it cannot get too far Out of line with standards and conditions in other countries. But as business overrides na- tional boundaries and limits the freedom of action of national governments, there is a grow- ing interest in minority cul- tures and local administration. The desire of Quebec to have enough political authority to preserve its language and tra- dition is a familiar story. Most of the English-speaking prov- inces are now demanding a degree of administrative auto- nomy which 10 years ago would have been regarded as destruc- tive of national unity. The same trend is apparent in Britain. Prime Minister Ed- ward Heath recently reaffirm- ed his decision to grant Scot- land some form of represen- tative assembly with limited powers. The latest adventure series on BBC-TV, incidentally, deals with Scottish separatists who are represented as a mix- ture of idesflists and terrorists not unlike the FLQ. At the oth- er end of the United Kingdom, there is the beginning of a na- tionalist movement hi Cornwall, which has cultural links with Wales. In France, Spain and other countries of Europe there are ethnic groups demanding politi- cal power. Even in the United States, President Richard Nix- on is seeking to return revenues from Washington to local gov- ernments, and the demands of blacks, Indians and other groups are all linked to the de- sire to maintain cultural iden- tity. So there seems to be several currents flowing through the so- cieties of the western world. On the economic level, the movement is toward interna- tionalism and the consequent limitation of the power of cen- tral governments within nation states. Perhaps, in response to tnis erosion of central govern- ments, local governments are demanding and receiving more authority to administer national programs according to local needs and are becoming stead- ily bolder in challenging na- tional policies. But as business and modern communications h o mogenize the of life in different countries so that national boun- daries no longer define cul- tures, ethnic groups within the nation states are becoming more insistent on preserving their cutlural identities. In short, we seem to be mov- ing toward a supernational eco- nomy within which there are regional administrations and ethnic cultures but not much room for the nation state. So why in Canada are we focusing so much effort on trying to achieve economic indepen- dence? The Lcthbruigc Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stand Clan Man fttgHrratlon No. 0012 TIM Canadian Prm and the Canadian Dally NtwtotMr htri' AMoclatien and ttw Audit Burwu of clraihrtBIi eteow.MOWMS. Editor and Pubflihtr THOMAS M. ADAMS, Otntral PuMbhtri THE HERAIP IMVfS THE SOOTH" ;