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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 7, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LE1HBRIDGE HERALD Wodnosday, Jum 7, 1971 Joseph Kraft Time now ripe for settling Vietnam war _ i A a nrmt rial A disguised blessing? The U.S. Coast Guard estimates that at least barrels of oil a year will be lost in accidents along the Pacific coast, causing untold damage to fishing and tourist in- dustries. Canadian conservationists claim that the Coast Guard esti- The disastrous oil spill on the Pa- cific northwest coast could be a blessing in disguise, bolstering the case of Canadian and American con- servationists who have been witting in their opposition to the __......------- Alaska pipeline. mate probable damage is not high The Nixon administration has ap- f TJ-U_ proved the building of the pipeline which would carry two million bar- rels of oil a day across 780 miles of Alaskan wilderness to the port of Valdez for loading onto a fleet of colossal tankers plying down the coast. Some of this oil would be refined at the Atlantic Richfield (ARCO) refinery at Cherry Point, Wash., which at present is used to process crude oil from the Persian gulf If the Cherry Point refinery were enlarged, as it would almost certainly have to be, to accommo- date the vastly increased oil ship- ments from the port of Valdez, the danger of spillage would be in- finitely greater. Canadian and American conserva- tionists, realizing that the oil must be got out of Alaska somehow, have PARIS A long talk with the chief Norlli Vietnam- ese negotiator at the peaco lalks here in Paris combines with my sense of (lie Moscow summit to convince me that a ripe time for settling the war has at last come round. The play of events has smashed on both sides the mood .of overconfidence that has foiled all recent efforts at settlement. While basic nego- tiating positions seem far apart, the differences can In fact be reconciled by folding political change in Saigon into the envelope of a double cease- fire. On the North Vietnamese side) the Moscow summit plain- ly dealt a hard blow to the supreme cockiness that has characterized Hanoi's outlook In the past.i I asked Le Duo Tho, the chief Communist nego- tiator here, two questions about the summit. One had to do with the brief, and rather cold, two sentence formula employed by Russia to summarize her position on Viet- nam in the communique from the Moscow summit. I also ask- ed about the fact that the So- viet authorities had concealed from the Russian people word that a Soviet ship had been sunk and Russian.- lives lost during a recent American raid on Haiphong harbor. In response to these ques- tions, Mr. Tho showed none of the exuberant and surefooted capacity for expression that stamps him as a man of gonu- ino political authority. He merely said: "You cannot draw conclusions from such petty events." Mr. Tho went on from there argued that the McKenzie valley route presents less danger from earthquake damage or oil spillage. They claim that the U.S. depart- of the interior has given in- sufficient study to the Canadian route. enough, and further that the Brit- ish Columbia coast would catch the brunt of it. In the coming months a complex legal battle will be fought in the American courts as both U.S. and Canadian conservationists present a case against the trans-Alaska pipeline to the U.S. Court of Ap- peals. Whether Hie McKenzie valley route to Edmonton presents less danger to the ecology will have to be thrashed out further. The Cana- dian government has said it is "ready at any time" to examine applications to build the line. The outcome is, of course, un- known, but at the very least the legal battle will delay beginning of the pipeline construction for a year. The Cherry Point spillage will not help the case of Mr. Rogers Morton, U.S. secretary of the interior, who has insisted that danger of vast ecological damage and oil pollution to the Pacific coast resulting from possible spillage, is minimal. Misspent AIMS Information Canada has launched a brand new project in an attempt to justify its existence. The latest innovation is called AIMS, an Auto- mated Information Monitoring Ser- vice. "This will provide efficient monitoring coverage of 76 daily pa- pers, 11 AM radio stations and 44 TV stations including the national interested government departments. The estimated cost will be an extra million a year added to the mil- lion Information Canada budget. But those who dreamed up this unique idea forgot that there are al- ready well established private firms who have been in the clipping ser- vice for years. Furthermore, many networks It will provide a unique government departments prefer to service that will enable the policy collect their own clippings. makers and administrators of Can- ada's federal government the better to tune into the mood of the na- tion." In language stripped of officialese, what that all means is that Infor- mation Canada is branching into the clipping service. Personnel in the AIMS department will be supplied with scissors, the latest newspapers and broadcasts, and will presum- ably spend their days snipping out stories and articles. The intention hopefully is to sell the clippings to The real problem here is the ba- sic usefulness of Information Can- ada. Having failed to do what it ini- tially set out to do keep Cana- dians informed on what their gov- ernment is doing it now wants to reverse the role and tell the gov- ernment what Canadians are doing. But this surely is the function the MPs and government depart- ments. Why not simply pack up In- formation Canada altogether as a misspent cause and save the million? "We appreciate your concern about much violence on TV, ma'am, but the program you refer to as having reached a high in savagery happened to be a Letters To The Editor Articles on V of L can do nothing but harm ANDY RUSSELL End of the trail CHE came slowly dropping her head the trail to head down the ravine. It was 3 and there to sniff the trail left easier that by the'rest of the herd that had passed before her. The trail was next to invisibly on the tops of the rocky little ridges run- ning down off the Hanks of the mountain, but a deep-cut trough in the soft melting snow still lingered in the hollows. She was old and the long cold winter had weakened her so that she picked her way slowly up the slopes, resting often, and sometimes stumbled on the slippery, steep places where the trail plunged into the draws. Her bones stuck out, even showing through the thick hair on her sides and she favored a front foot that had been hurt when she slipped on a patch of ice and fell among jagged rocks the previous day. The herd she had been running with had) passed here early in the morning as tho sun was just tipping the peaks with rose and gold. They were heading. for lower ground at the head of Cottonwood Creek and now they were a mile ahead of her, spread out and feeding on the new green grass just beginning to color the bluffs along the stream. The old cow elk had been left behind when she fell on the far side of a high pass to the south. Now Ehe was slowly catching up and she knew it, for the warm wind left a message in her nostrils telling her the herd was waiting where the spring sun was bringing the earth to life. After a long pause on the comb of a little ridge she moved down the slushy trail into a steep-sided draw where only the tops of alders showed sticking up of a deep drift filling its bottom. Here in this shady spot the snow had been hard enough to carry the herd in the morning and their trail was just a white scar on iis grey surface. It was still hard enough to carry her although her hooves cut deep tracks. But where the alders broke above the snow her hind legs suddenly cut through causing her to struggle hard be- fore she finally regained the hard crust. While she rested, the wind came blowing straight up tho draw loaded with the pun- gent, smell of her kind. Turning, she- quit _________way, for she was feeling the fatigue of her struggle in the drift and be- sides the elk smell drew her. Fifty yards below the ravine narrowed allowing her no Choice but to thread her way down over the steepening drift. She was committed to her choice of trail. She came to a spot where the tops of buried willows protruded shoulder deep above the snow and again she stopped to nip off some twigs. Then the snow under her collapsed like a trapdoor letting go and she fell chin deep into a hole where the little stream running underneath had un- dermined it. She was trapped, but did not panic. Rather she seemed to accept her fate and stood there all the rest of the day partly supported by the snow as though resting and waiting. Next morning when the sun rose, she was dead. But the moun- tain was not finished with her yet. A day later while a warm rain was fall- ing and the forest dripped, a huge old male grizzly slid down a steep drift at timber- line on his broad bottom, and stood up to shake the moisture out of his heavy silver- tipped fur. Again the wind brought a mes- sage making him pull In his nostrils in a long sniff. His great head swung as he sniffed again to check his bearings and then he'struck out following his nose in a straight line as though drawn by a string. When he came to the carcass of the dead cow he immediately claimed it and without preamble or any circling just grabbed it by the neck and heaved it out of the snow. With his teeth still locked in hide he back- ed up the side of the ravine into a clump of pines and then fed hungrily till his belly bulged and he could hold no more, Laying sprawled across the remains of the car- cass, he slept till sundown, woke up and fed again. There he stayed guarding his find, and alternately snoozing and eating till nothing was left but scattered hair and a few of the larger bones. Death had visited the cow and filled his belly. When he left he headed up along the side of the mountain treading with that long arrogant stride that spells Grizzly, As a graduate of the Univef- city of Lethbridge I was rather disturbed and annoyed by a se- ries of articles published in tha L e t h bridge Herald between May 23 and May 27." The ar- ticles were biased in the ex- treme and can do nothing but harm to the university. Prior to attending the Uni- versity of Lethbridge I attend- ed the University of Alberta for two years. I have also attend- ed Grant HacEwan Commu- nity College in Edmonton for one trimester. I found the Uni- versity of Lethbridge to be su- perior to the other institutions in matters regarding staff, course selection, and academic, standards. Constant references were made to tha lack of course se- lection at the U of L. -This is not true. Other than in the area of professional schools which the U of L does not have due to a lack of size, it has as good a selection of courses as the U of A, if not a better one. Al- though the U of A supposedly offers more courses, the stu- dent docs not choose the courses he wishes to take. The courses are selected by depart- mental committees or advisors. The options are restricted to ones chosen by the faculty or school. I found that the U of L offers a much better selection of courses in fact rather than on paper as other institutions do. It is the only institution 1 have attended where I was al- lowed to take the courses which I wished to take, not the 6nes that the faculty thought I should take. When I attended, it was lha only institution in the provinco which offered courses on a credit-noncredit basis. This en- ahled me to take courses which I would not normally have taken for fear of damaging my academic average. I found the size of the in- stitution to he an asset rather than a liability as some of the people surveyed thought. It is possible in a small university to at least know your instruc- tor which is something which cannot be done at a larger in- stitution except under the most favorable circumstances. It is also harder to learn when one is attending classes of 75 to 100 students or more as I did while attending the U of A. Question and answer periods are next tn impossible with a class that size, and it is not always pos- sihle to obtain an appointment to talk to an instructor. At the U of A the majority of intro- ductory courses are taught by graduate students who have their own problems to worry about without adding the bur- den of teaching classes. I found this system to be unsatisfac- tory for all concerned. The use of students for marking papers is also more prevalent at the larger universities. The result of this is that the instructor ne- ither knows who you are nor cares. This Is a far cry from the situation at the U of L. Per- haps the greatest selling point of the institution is that you are treated as an individual, not as a number. Contrary to popular belief, the academic standards at tha U of L are as stringent as those of the other two Alberta uni- versities. They are utilized, however, to aid the student, not to hinder his progress. I would consider the staff at the U of L to be better than that at tho University of Alberta. The U of L is lacking in some areas. Transportation in _the evenings and on weekends is a problem unless you have access to an automobile. There is also a need for more student activi- ties, but these problems can be overcome as the university grows. Articles like the ones published will in no way help this growth come about, how- ever. There Is also a need to pub- licize the university, but this costs money which a develop- ing campus cannot afford. This lack of information has prob- ably a f f e c t e d the outlook of some students towards the uni- versity. It should be pointed out that one of the most prevalent rec- sons for students attending oth- er institutions was to get away from home. This reason does not justify headlines or articles like the ones published. I feel the university has been done a grave injustice by the publication of the articles. It is only just that the other side of student opinion be shown as well. After my attendance there for two and one-half years I would not hesitate to recommend the university to anyone who wished to obtain an education as well as a degree. The U of L is one campus where the two are not mutual- ly exclusive. ROBERT MILTON. Edmonton. Canadians have investment chances Mr. Jim Burness id his let- ter of Monday May 29 titled Foreign investment as it re- lates of the stock offerings to Albertans only of Alberta Gas Trunk and Great Canadian Oil Sands, states, the key word is "the chance" that people had to invest in the initial offering of stock in these companies. He apparently assumes thai if you didn't get in on the initial offer- ing that was it. Not so. For example, reading the paper a little further one would see on page 11 stock quotations from our two local brokerage houses, Doherty, McCuaig Ltd. and Richardson Securities of Canada, both firms located right here in Lethbridge to serve people, and daily listing over 300 stock quotations for in- formation. Let's just take a run back on Great Canadian Oil Sands. In 1966 the year of initial offering at per share the stock ac- cording to my high and low book between and 1967 and 1968, and 1969 and 1970 and May 29, 1972 So there you are, and it's the same with any of the thou- sands of slocks In Canadian companies listed on the Cana- dian stock exchange. They all have their tips and downs ev- ery year, and as you can sea from tlu's one example there were buying opportunities ga- lore even if one missed the ini- tial offering for some reason or another. Canadian per capita invesU ment in the U.S. outstrips U.S. per capita investment in Can- ada by a whopping almost five- to-one. It's a fact, according to the U.S. commerce figures. Ca- nadians invested per head ta V.S. the U.S. had only per capita Invested here. Canadian Investment in the U.S. works out at per head of the American popula- tion, whereas U.S. investment in Canada works out at per head. By this reckoning U.S. investment outstrips ours 30 to one. These figures are for 1969 three years old but they are the most recent ones I have to offer to prove my point that Canadians do have the chance to Invest anytime they wish in Canada. Most seem to prefer to Advocacy D. N. PR1TT, Esq., Q.C. died in England the other day. He was a brilliant lawyer but ex- treme in his political views. I listened to him open the case against Lord Kylsant in t h e Guildhall in London, England in 1931. It was wonderful! As an example of his advo- cacy, note the following argu- ment: In a cause celebre he said to the highest court, "A convic- tion arrived at by a mixture of good and bad evidence is exactly like a milk pudding which Is made of good rice and good milk' and also contains unfortunately a little strych- nine. There is no way so to reject it. In tho face of all doubts, uncertainties and defects, concluded Mr. Pritt, is it really possible for you in accordance with tha strict rules of British justice and the strict definition in tha Ibraham case to say here that all is clear on the evidence and the judgments below so that a young man quite likely inno- cent and never properly tried on a correct body of evidence should go to his death." A CITY LAWYER invest in a mutual fund, rather than to deal directly with a broker themselves and the mutual fund because of Its and need to be able to make changes in its portfolio as its directors see fit selling this block of say Co. X and buying shares of Co. Z in Its place. They apparently find the Canadian exchange somewhat small for their needs so invest In the American market. You just can't drop shares in a quiet Wednesday afternoon on the Canadian market with- out depressing it somewhat if you're selling, or driving it up if you're buying at least that's how I sec it and I'd be the first to agree there may be many more reasons but that one will do from me. The part that really gets me is the absolute ignorance of any Grade 12 graduate I have had the opportunity to talk to when it comes to anything to do with just haven't a clue Who says Canadians dont have the "chance" to invest In Canadian companies and keep them Canadian? Any time they jolly well feel like it, they can invest. HARVEY V. DAVIES. to voice a now familiar claim that Hanoi has no Intention of installing a Communist govern- ment in South Vietnam. He added that he believed that the right way to end the war was by negotiation in Paris. He said he looked forward to an early resumption of secret talks with President Nixon's chief foreign policy adviser, Henry Kissin- ger. My strong impression is that, far more than ever in the past, the North Vietnamese feel themselves diplomatically iso- lated. They seem willing to set- tle, provided there can he some signs of political evolution in Saigon centering around the resignation of the South Viet- namese president, Nguyen Van Tbieu. As to the American side, Mr. Nixon scored an undoubted suc- cess at the Moscow summit. But he and his advisers know that the Russians are not going to let Hanoi down to defeat. They also know that there is no military magic in the bombing of North Vietnam and the blocking of its ports. More than ever, in other words, they are aware that they can only settle tile war by negotiation. As to terms, Washington Is not opposed in principle to po- litical change in South Viet- nam. The sticking point is how to make it come about. The Communists believe that Wash- ington should simply change the government. Mr. Tho, in- deed, talked about Washington naming ministers in Saigon as though it was a matter of turn- Ing on faucets. In fact, for moral, psycholog- ical and practical reasons, President Nixon cannot simply torpedo the head of an allied government, He had Insisted, rightly I believe, that any change should be made by the Vietnamese themselves. It is at this point that the double ceasefire idea becomes relevant. The basic notion is that there would be one cease- fire between the United States and Hapoi. As part of that ceasefire agreement, the United States would permanently .withdraw all troops from Vietnam, end cease all offensive military op- erations in Indochina, on land, sea and in tha air. The North Vietnamese would return the American prisoners of war. A second ceasefire would be worked out between the Saigon government and the South Viet- namese insurgents who call themselves the Provision a 1 Revolutionary Government. As part of that Thieu would step down as president. There would be formed a new South Vietnam- ese regime grouping represen- tatives of the present govern- ment, some Communists and some neutrals. In that way, the war In china would be brought to a halt. There would be an. open- ing towards the political change Hanoi seeks to accom- plish The change would be ac- complished by the Vietnamese themselves without the im- position of any regime by United States. There are plenty of un- certainties hi this plan, and It could surely be refined and im- proved. But the big thing is to get matters rolling now. For the present favorable climate could be altered by events on the battlefield or in the diplomatic arena. More- over, there is the shadow of the forthcoming presidential elec- tion. Between now and November, both sides will have maximum incentive to reach agreement. The president is under pres- sure to settle, the better to as- sure victory at the polls. The Communists are under pres- sure to settle because they be- lieve that alter the electoral period the president will be un- der almost no pressure to come to terms. Once the pre electoral peri- od is over, in other words, the odds tip dramatically against an agreement. It is not wrong to say that it the way is not ended in the next few months, it will probably not be ended in the next few years. And as a final point, it is worth ponder- ing another observation made by Le Due Tho is our talk. "I he said, "that except for the Second World War, the Vietnam war is the worst that has ever occurred." (Field Enterprises, Inc.) 504 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0013 Member ol Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newunixr CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY editorial Pag. Editor THE HERALD UXVES THE SOUTH' ;