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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 7, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta v, Jung 7, 1972 THE IfTHBRIDGE HERAID _ 35 Legacy many bestoiv on Canada's watenvays A matter of sewage, garbage and litter DOUBLE HEADER The little lizard known as a skink showed up when Don C. Grayson was cleaning up his driveway in Jacksonville, Fla. When it tried to run, the legs worked in opposite directions, he said. An expert at the Jacksonville Zoological Society said he has known of two-headed skinks before but the heads were the Society same end. Machine plays new role in alcoholism treatment MIAMI (AP) Contending that alcoholism is nn. a disease but a habit, scientists arc trying to modify the behavior ot alco- holics through a machine that makes them work hard or face electric shocks to earn a drink. Dr. Robert Davidson, psychol- ogical research co-ordinator for the Miami Veterans Hospital, says about 75 chronic alcoholics have gone through the behavior modification program. The re- searchers view alcoholism as a learned behavior that can. be changed by breaking the habits that reinforce the drinker's use of alcohol. "About one-third of the pa- tients have achieved total absti- Dr. Davidson said. "Be- tween a quarter and a third have reduced their alcoholic in take to an occasional beer or a drink at a other words, they've learned to be- come social drinkers again." MUST MOVE LEVER Part of the behavior modifica- tion process involves a machine which will give tlie alcohol w a drink if he moves a lever back and forth long enough. "At first, tho patient migh' a shot of liquor by working at the handle for 15 aid Dr. Davidson. "Later, we'll nuke him work for 30 minutes' ir more for one shot. "If we make it hard enough, 10 might say 'to hell with it' nd do without a drink for a while. Eventually, the intervals drinks reach the point where the habit is gone and he doesn't need tho drink any more." The machine-also offers the alcoholic a shot of soda for less work than required for a shot of whisky, but Dr. Davidson said that system has not met with too much success. The device can use punish- ment: to reinforce the alcoholic's desire not to drink. The normal whisky shot glass is -eplaced with another glass which has a switch in its base. The alcoholic voluntarily place; electrodes on his arm, and when he tilts the glass to drink, he gets an electrical shock. "We only use this tecliniqui when all others fail, as a sort o court of last resort." He said the shock Is intro- duced at a low intensity and Corruption high in Bangladesh By WILUAM C. MANN I DACCA (AP) Like buses that wheeze through Dacca, Bangladesh society, running on foreign largesse and little else, appears ready to collapse mo- mentarily. Yet somehow it sput- ters along to the next stop. Corruption and high prices are causing discontent among Bengalis. Governor leaders of the governing Awami discord by calling for virtual vigilante action against "collaborators or con- spirators against the state." Village vendettas become more plentiful as the justice system fails to assuage quickly grievances against landgrab- bers or corrupt officials, and public order suffers. The battered buses are rigged with wire and cannibalized parts. Bangladesh society is held together by Sheik Mujibur Rahman, the prime minister. "Without the sheik, there would be said a Ben- gali journalist who n.ight fall in the category of "conspirator against the state" because he has lost faitli in the govern- ment. THERE'S NOBODY ELSE A Westerner asserts: "I think it is safe to say that, although some of the Awami League young lions would prefer some- body stronger or more asser Prisoners help to fight fores I fires iu north CALGARY (CP) Forty prisoners left Calgary's Cor- rectional Institute here to help forest fires near the northwest crn Alberta community ol Swan Hills. adually increased until t'l dtient decides he doesn't wan drink or doesn't want to con mue the treatment. By THE CANADIAN PRESS Sewage garbage litter. That's the legacy that many i boaters bestow on Canada's pleasure waterways. As the new cruising season opens, what is being done about it? Not much new, a Cross-Can- ada Survey by The Canadian Press shows. Laws against polluting the water vary widely. Some provinces have no legislation. Some officials say that care- use of tho water can be not only an environmental hazard, but also an immediate danger to life. E. L. L, Rowc, chairman of the Nova Scotia Water Re- sou r c e s Commission, says Halifax with yachts and ocean shipping- must be the top recipient littering and pollution. He wonders why there have not been more small-craft ac- cidents caused by garbage, barrels, fuel drums and drift- ing limber. Bill Linder, commander of Orillia's power squadron on Lake Simcoe in Ontario, says a glass-fibre cruiser travelling fast could be holed by a float- ing beer or soft-drink bottle. JUNK PILED ON ICE Ontario lias legislation aimed at controlling litter sewage and other waste mate accommodation must have holding tanks for sewage, which can be pumped out in major marinas. Summer boaters are not the only problem. In the area of Kenora on Ontario's Lake of the Woods, an increasing problem is junk left on the frozen surface dur- the winter. With the spring thaw, it drops into the water. Newfoundland has littering, though a spokesman for its Clean Air, Water and Soil Au- thority blames industry for much of it. Spokesmen for Prince Ed- ward Island and Nova Scotia say it lias not yet become a serious Art Hiscock of the P.E.I. Environmental Control Commission adds: "The habitual litterbug is al- ways with us." In Quebec, there is no pro- vincial legislation to control cluttering the watenvays. The provincial department respon- sible for environmental con- trol says discarded bottles and cans are the main prob- lems. "I think littering by plea sure craft is a highly over rated says Russe Scrim, commodore of the Royal St. Lawrence Yach Club. Merle Bell, a motel man rial. Water craft with sleeping ager in Manitoba's Whifeshe irovincial park, says littering n that area is getting worse. I a n i t o b a has regulations iroviding fines up to SIM for ndividuals and for cor- porations for polluting the en- vironment. "There are problems in en- Arcing says Georgo Balacko of the province's en- vironmental protection branch. Saskatchewan has few rec- reational watenvays but has 1971 legislation enabling the government to set up regula- tions concerning boat sewage. M. H. Prescott of the govern- ment's water pollution control branch says there is no seri- ous situation hut "we want to be ahead of them." In Alberta, Cecil Ross, chairman of the pollution committee of tho Calgary Fish and Game Association, describes litter as "a terrible problem" on that city's two rivers. Picnickers cause most of it. E. E. Kopchanko, director of the pollution control divl sion, adds a postscript to the Lake of the Woods situation by saying that trash left by ice fishermen is one ot the most serious problems in thai province. An Alberta Litter Act was announced recently but its terms have not been specified. The Vancouver-based Sod ety for Pollution and Environ mental Control states that lil- .ering is a big headache In 3rilish Columbia though not a jrime cause of pollution. The SPEC spokesman adds that, while soft-drink bottles, beer cans and discarded gar- bage are found in abundance, increasing use of plastics in containers ranging from bleach bottles to garbage bags poses the most serious poten- tial problem. The B.C. Litter Act makes It illegal to dispose of garbage or human waste on water or land unless it Is buried at least ]2 inches deep. Penalties range up to six months in jail or fines of The problems vary from, province to province. "Just when you think you've finally found an isolated spot, there are beer cans that some fisherman has says a spokesman for the Keep Nova Scotia Beautiful Society. In Ontario the OrilUa mu- nicipal council has taken steps to legislate for control of tho waterside areas of Lake Sim- coe. Ross Wiegand of the Kawar- tha Tourist Association says the extent of littering on On- tarios Kawartha Lakes will not be known until divers start scraping up tho bottoms. The Trident Undenvater Club is starting a cleanup. In Northern Ontario, with the exception of some o! the larger of Uie thousands of lakes where power boats fall under provincial regulations, most water travel is confined to canoes. Campers travelling some of the routes are prov- ided with plastic garbage bags and asked to leave them at designated spots. Third prisoner recaptured WADENA (CP) HCMP have recaptured the last of three prisoners who escaped escaped from Prince Albert Penitentiary's farm annex last Wednesday. Earl John Desjarlals, 21, ot Wadena was picked up early this morning near the Fishing Lake Indian Reserve. He offer- ed no resistance. Two others involved In the escape, Joseph Lewis Manito- pyes, 28, of Lcstock, Sask., and Peter Makokis, 26 of St. Paul, were arrested Friday near Pun- nichy, Sask. RCMP said the three men will be flown hack to Princo Albert. They responded to a call for help from forestry officials. Warden J. S. Jackson said "most of Hie men were volun fccrs although some of them had to be dratted." "They will stay there as long as the emergency The men, all trained in fire fighting, have been drawn frorr four forestry camps maintain cd by Hie department of cor rcctions in the Calgary area. live, they recognize that there 1 nobody else." Rahman's strength apparent! Is unaffected by widesprea criticism voiced against his gov eminent. The latest Indication that h retains absolute authority, if not control, was last week's signing of a grant agreement with the U.S. government. The sheik has insisted since he returned from a Pakistani prison in January that Bangla- desh must accept aid from any- body "as long as there are no strings attaced." Retaining control ot the coun- try is another matter, and there are signs that the sheik may re- ort to strong-arm tactics to achieve it. The first overt censorship of he press appeared last week in he shutdown of a weekly that refused to use the word Bangla- desh in its columns. The govern- ment issued an arrest order for ;ts editor, Mohammed Toha, at- :ached his property and interro- gated lu's two daughters. The uper referred to (lie country as East Bengal, because Toha con- ended it had shucked one colo- j nial master, Pakistan, for an- other, India. President Abu Syeed Choud- hury issued an order banning strikes and job actions by gov- ernment workers. That came the day before a planned strike by the largest government union, and warrants were issued for the arrest of four union lead- ers. The strike went off as planned, almost paralysing most government-operated in- dustries for a day. Unionists who held a public rally in defi- ance of the warrants were not arrested. A public rally In Dacca, where speakers proposed Marx- ism as the answer to the coun try's problems and criticizied the government and India, was disrupted by men who beat up the rally organizers. Many Bangalis feel that cor- ruption and other problems are making life in Bangladesh less than what they had expected. "A basic problem is that tho politician promised too said a member of the intelli- gentsia." They told the pcoplo that with independence our problems would be solved." Save to MOO on Sean-O-Pedic. A mattress designed to give you firm support where its most needed- in the centre 3rd. And It's luxuriously quilted for dreamy surface softness. In 4 sizes. At sensible prices. This is your Kind of mattress. One thai gives you firm support as well as comfort. Firmness with sprlngsthat support you. The more you compress them the more they light back-won't sag. And, to maka doubly added more support In the centre third of matlress where your body weight is greatest. 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