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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 7, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITORIALS Anthony Westell It's a privilege M. Pompidou speaks no English, Mr. Heath is reported to speak a potatoes - in the - mouth quality of French that neither M. Pompidou nor any other Frenchman can understand. Expert interpreters and the will to understand bridged the language gap for these two leaders of government when they talked about British entry into the Common Market. This proves little except that on the highest level the language barrier can be hurdled without too much difficulty. But the question of linguistics is becoming more and more a subject of controversy in Europe. The French are particularly alarmed about the declining use of French as the language of trade and commerce. They are bringing pressure to bear on the Germans to study French as their primary second language, rather than English. They say that the Germans are not carrying out the commitment written into the 1963 Franco - German treaty to promote the teaching of French in German schools. German elementary students start learning English two years before they study French and a very large percentage of them emphasize facility in English over French. The byword is "learn English; for little investment you get greater dividends, for less trouble you go farther." The German reply is simple: how about the French themselves? Given the choice of studying German or English, 82 per cent of French students choose English. The Germans thus far have not objected. For Europeans the choice is growing more important than ever. Most of them will have to know, not only one language other than their mother tongue - but two at least, if they are engaged in business. And in Canada, an officially bilingual nation, voices of protest from British Columbia to Quebec, from the Maritimes to Montreal, can be heard. Why should we burden our schools and our children with a second language? Because it's not only a necessity in a bilingual nation, but because it's a privilege they should not be denied, that's why. British drug control British drug experts were left shaking their heads over remarks made by U.S. Attorney - General John Mitchell at a police dinner in Atlanta. Mr. Mitchell had said that the British system of making narcotics available free to addicts under medical supervision was "proving to be wrong" and that drug-pushers had moved into Britain "in a big way." Typical of British reactions was that of Lady Wootton, a former member of the official Committee on Drug Dependence, who said, "he does not know what he is talking about." The British system is aimed at controlling the problem of drug addiction by treating addicts as sick people to be helped rather than hounded. By providing narcotics free to registered addicts it is hoped that drug-pushers will stay out of the British scene because the usual profitableness of the illicit trade will be absent. Mr. Mitchell apparently thinks the British have deluded themselves and should be following the American system of treating narcotics as illegal and trying to stamp out the black market supply. That such a judgment should be made in the face of an estimated 250,000 heroin addicts in the U.S. as compared to under 3,000 in Britain is ironic. When the British system came into being there was not much of a heroin-addiction problem. The addicts were mainly people whose addiction had followed medical treatment for complaints in which heroin was given. But in the early 1960s the situation began to change as people began to use drugs as part of a new culture. Between 1964 and 1966 the number of addicts nearly doubled, and by 1968 they had quadrupled. Perhaps this is what led Mr. Mitchell to think the system was failing. At that point it was failing, but the British have done something about the situation. The law was changed in 1968 because it was found that some doctors were wittingly or unwittingly prescribing excessive amounts of heroin which was being employed to produce more addicts. Now only doctors at specially-designated treatment centres are allowed to prescribe for addicts and the situation is under control again. The British system sounds so sensible and humane that it is a wonder it is not more widely adopted. Certainly it is difficult to see why the system of trying to stamp out the black market in drugs should be defended since it is a task that gets harder as world communications improve. ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON - "The people who at-" tack the FBI ana its leader, J. Edgar Hoover, are doing the country a terrible disservice." Thus spoke Prof. Heinrich Applebaum, chairman of the criminology department at the Bonnie and Clyde Institute for Advanced Studies. "How so?:' I asked. "There are 8,400 FBI agents in the country," Applebaum said, "including 57 blacks and no women. These agents are desperately needed in the war against crime." "No one disputes that," I said. "But why would criticism of J. Edgar Hoover affect our country'3 battle against the forces of evil that would attack us from within?" "Because," said Applebaum, "every time someone attacks J. Edgar Hoover, which is synonymous with attacking the FBI, two agents have to be assigned to the case to find out who made the attack and what is behind it. So far this year there have been 4,166 attacks made against Mr. Hoover in the press and at universities and in Congress. This means 8,332 agents nave had to be taken off their duties, which has left only six agents free to fight criminals." "You mean the FBI has to devote most of its time these days to defending itself from attacks on the bureau?" "That is correct," said Applebaum. "There was a time when the FBI was completely free of criticism. Then it was passible far Mr. Hoover to devote all his energies to capturing public enemies, Nazis, Communists and those who would destroy our way of life. "But recently the attacks in the FBI director have made the bureau switch its game plan. Now hundreds of thousands of man hours must be spent finding out who is saying what about J. Edgar Hoover. As the criticism escalates, more and more people have to be assigned to making out reports on the attacks, and the backlog of criminal cases is building up." "Professor," I said, "do you believe the criticism of the FBI director is a plot by criminal elements in this country to detract from the work the FBI has been chartered by Congress to do?" "There is no doubt about it," he said. "Any time a professor, student or a former FBI agent says something uncomplimentary about the FBI director, everything stops and hundreds of bureau employees are involved in the investigation." "Now, these attacks are no accident. They are inspired by people in this country who are aware that the more agents and employees are assigned to tracking down critics of J. Edgar Hoover, the less law enforcement people will be available to go after them. The time will not be far off when all the resources of the FBI will be used for only one purpose: to get people who are demanding Mr. Hoover's retirement." "This is the most insidious plot I have ever heard of," I said. "Surely the FBI must be aware of what is going on." "They are," Applebaum said, "but the first priority of any law enforcement agency is to protect its leader from attack, particularly from those who want to force him to resign." "What is the solution?" I said. "We must persuade the media that every time they print a story or an editorial attacking Mr. Hoover, they are taking two agents off a criminal case. If the media want law and order in this land, they have to knock off their criticism of the FBI director so the bureau can back to its original business, which making America's streets safe after dark (Toronto Telegram New* Service) go is Graduation date By Dong Walker ALICE MacAULAY was having coffee with Elspeth one afternoon when Keith arrived home from school. She asked him if lie had a date for his school graduation. Can Trudeau-Bourassa deal save Canada? QTTAWA - Shortly after Robert Bourassa was elected premier of Quebec, a year ago, Prime Minister Trudeau invited him to a private meeting and explained firmly how the two of them should go about settling the confederation crisis. Trudeau assured Bourassa that despite his reputation for rigidity on Quebec's place within Canada, he was in fact anxious to be flexible in meeting any reasonable and precise demand for reform of the constitution put forward by Bourassa. But what he would not tolerate were open-ended negotiations - a continuation of the process in which every concession by Ottawa, is met by a new demand from Quebec - with no final settlement. In effect, Trudeau told Bourassa: "Tell us what package of reforms you must have to persuade French Canada to agree to a new constitution and we'll do our best to satisfy you." Bourassa replied without hesitation that the essential area was control over social policy. If Quebec could be guaranteed the power to shape its own society so as to protect its own "Yes," he said, without hesitation. Then while Elspeth figuratively picked herself off the floor, he told Alice when the graduation would take place. culture, it could 8""�^ a new constitution - a pact of confederation. The leaders agreed at that private meeting to concentrate on the search for a settlement in this social area, and it thereupon became - unheralded and almost unnoticed - the make or break issue for the constitutional talks and probably for Canada. Trudeau summoned Ottawa's senior mandarin to be his special aide on the issue. Stepping down after a career as cabinet secretary and deputy minister of finance, Robert Bryce did not retire, as the press release at the time suggested, but moved quietly to Trudeau's staff. Far from serving as a part-time and semi-retired adviser to the Prime Minister, he was installed in a suite of offices tucked away in an old buildings and given the intricate task of exploring how to integrate federal and provincial security programs to produce the type of comprehensive plan desired by Quebec. Bourassa, at his end of the negotiations, bad taken into his cabinet as minister for social affairs a tough-minded actuary, Claude Castonguay, who had served as head of a royal commission on social policy and knew exactly the policies he wanted for Quebec. In Quebec city, Castonguay is known as social technocrat determined to obtain the power to put his ideas into practice. In Ottawa, there are some in high places who regard him as a dangerous nationalist, but nevertheless a man of integrity who will honor any deal that he makes. Behind Bourassa and Castonguay in this negotiation with Ottawa is Claude Morin, Quebec's deputy minister of intergovernmental affairs. The ubiquitous civil servant who many believe has provided the thread of nationalist continuity for a succession of Quebec governments. The crucial importance of an agreement on social policy first became apparent at the constitutional conference of Trudeau and the provincial premiers in February. When the heads of government seemed to be on the brink of agreeing on a formula for bringing the constitu- tion from Britain and establishing it in Canada, with a formula for making changes, Bourassa was seen to be insisting that he must have, as quid pro quo, a social settlement. The Quebec premier was not engaging in a last minute manoeuvre, or holding the conference to blackmail. He was simply insisting on the deal be had made with Trudeau months before. In fact, substantial progress had been made on integrating social policy, and the February conference approved a carefully worded section of the communique which recorded the tentative agreements and the problems still to be negotiated: "In regard to the Quebec proposals in particular, the federal government noted that what was suggested in regard to family allowances was very similar to the proposed federal Family Income Security Plan. The Quebec statement also indicated that the old age security pension and the guaranteed income supplement would fit into its plans. "Similar improvements in the Quebec and Canada pension STAMPS I 'JUST MBrk I ff> mi by NfA, let In spite of the benefits, Lord Fairbanks, I still maintain it would be 'unBritish' to join anything called the COMMON marketl plans have been proposed. Already decisons have been made to modify certain features of the proposals for amending the Unemployment Insurance Act on the basis of the information and arguments advanced by Quebec ministers. "Only in the case of the Gen-erJ Social Allowance Plan does there appear to be the necessity for further time and study to ascertain what is practicable during the near future." The GSAP is Castonguay's version of a guaranteed income plan for all Quebeckers, the crown of his plan for comprehensive social security. Ottawa's first objection is that it cannot at present afford to finance a guaranteed income, either from its own revenue or by turning over tax resources to Quebec. Castonguay has indicated that he is prepared to phase the plan in over a period, but he does want a definite timetable. The current negotiation, at the federal-provincial meeting of ministers today and the Trudeau-Bourassa dinner talk last night, is thus partly a financial argument: how much and how soon? But beyond the figures, there may be another and more difficult debate. Will Bourassa and Castonguay be satisfied with a bargain which gives them effectively the social policy they want, or will they insist that Quebec's priority powers in this area be recognized in a new constitution? Trudeau has already backed away from the One Canada vision to the extent of conceding: "There is and should continue to be room for different social policies in different provinces." But can he afford to award primary constitutional control to the provinces without endangering federal fiscal and political control? These are the critical and still unanswered questions as Ottawa, Quebec and the other provinces move through preliminary meetings toward the constitutional summit at Victoria. A settlement on social policy will mean, barring accidents, that Trudeau and the premiers will triumphantly agree to bring the constitution to Canada at last and set about practical reform. A failure will put a quick and ugly death to the long series of constitutional ne-ogotiations, leaving confederation in a deeper crisis than ever before. Joseph Kraft Pattern of events works to advantage of both sides WASHINGTON - Two for-eign visits by Soviet party leaders clear up a mystery that had been building about recent Russian policy. There has not been, as many supposed, a deviation in favor of detente with the West. On the contrary, the Russians are very much in form. Only now it is more clear than ever that there are important areas where Soviet interests are not necessarily in conflict with American interests. The first visit was the trip to Czechoslovakia by Party Secretary Leonid Brezhnev. In a brutal speech, Mr. Brezhnev made it plain that he had not abandoned in any way Russia's claim to interfere in the policies of the East European states. On the contrary, he made it seem that the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia was an admirable precedent. But extending Soviet control over Eastern Europe in the postwar era requires three things. One is recognition of the present frontiers, including the division of Germany, in the centre of Europe. That much is achieved by the treaty signed with West German Chancellor Willy Brandt last year. So it is not surprising that the Russians are now moving forward towards a Big Four agreement on Berlin which Chancellor Brandt has made a condition for ratification of the treaty. A second requirement is parity with the United States as a world power entitled to those special privileges known as "spheres of influence" Parity is enacted by the arms-control agreement the Russians are now negotiating with the United States, By that agreement the United States will level off its development of defensive missiles where the Russians are ahead, while the Russians will be very little restrained in the development of offensive weapons where the United States has the edge. The third requirement is the maintenance of a major Soviet troop presence in Eastern Europe. That presence, which Moscow in fact requires for internal police purposes, has been justified as an offset to the ' American military presence in Western Europe. When pressure began to build up in this country for a unilateral cut of American troop strength in Western Europe, the Russians became subject to pressure from the regimes of Warsaw and Prague for a withdrawal of their troops in Eastern Europe. By coupling their own withdrawal to American withdrawal, the Russians can now stabilize the process. And it is a safe bet that the mutual troop withdrawals between Letters to the editor the Big Two will be one of the marathon talks of all history. The prospect is for a pullout that takes place only in the never-never time, say around February 30th of some year. The second Russian trip abroad was the visit made by President Nicolai Podgorny to Egypt. The fruit of that trip was a 15-year treaty of "friendship and co-operation" signed with President Anwar Sadat. The treaty gives the lie to those Arabists who were pleased to think that Russia was in the Near East only because the Arab states needed support against Israel. It is simply not true that, if the United States only squeezes the Israelis bard enough to force an agreement in the Near East, the Arabs will send the Russians packing. On the contrary, the Podgorny - Sadat agreement is plainly designed to go beyond any local settlement between Cairo and Jerusalem. The treaty is an insurance for Moscow that such a settlement will not jeopardize the Russian presence. Carping at U.S. indefensible Commenting on Paul Kaza-koff's letter in the June 2nd Herald. First of all, I must say that I am overwhelmed by Mr. Kaza-koff's bravery in advocating that stupidity be made a capital offense. Some of us are leftists and some are moderates and Mr. Kazakoff has well defined his political orientation before this. When I go to the market to buy lemons and I find a fruit that looks like a lemon and smells like a lemon and tastes like a lemon I assume that it is a lemon, and when some per- 'Crazy Capers' son always supports the extreme left or bitterly attacks those who disagree with the extreme left, then I assume that that person is a leftist. When leftist governments must build walls to keep their victims in and when these leftist governments never ever dare to give their prisoners a free vote, then I believe that anyone supporting them, whether editorialist or otherwise is traitorous and stupid. Constant carping criticism of the U.S. is not done by friends of the U.S. or of Canada, but only by enemies who may by hypocrisy pretend to be friends. Those who support these hypocrites are themselves enemies of freedom and democracy. RAY KEITGES. Lethbridge. Nothing to worry about Have you been whistling in Granny's hearing aid �War*1 If you've ever read Machi-avelli, every question on the 1971 census is a suspicious question. On the other hand, if you live in 1971, every question is a suspicious question. If you're a peasant, all questions are suspicious. I'm a bachelor, so it follows that I got the long form. I suppose the government wishes to know whether Iceland has pushed Canada to 5th place in the standard of living. I understand the S w e d e s, Danes, and Americans all have higher standards of living, while Iceland is very busy. I certainly hope the government sends them a note of congratulations as they go by. We, however, have nothing to worry about. We Canadians have more Arctic islands, more Canadian Rockies, more American branch plants, more fresh air, than any place on earth.. We also have the jolliest government. It seems, hee-hee-hee, that the economic policies are not helping, ho-ho-ho, the unemployed, but the banks, ha-ha-ha, are doing well. GEORGE BYE. Milk River. The treaty also shatters the illusions of those Satanists who like to believe that a Soviet presence is dependent upon Communist agents in the press and security apparatus. The agreement comes right after President Sadat's purge of the supposedly pro-Communist elements in his government. Moreover, Moscow gives President Sadat a free hand, even blessings, for dealing as he may see fit with anybody in Egypt he finds subversive. What all this means is that Russia is pursuing great-power interests in the Near East. The Soviet leaders seek above all things to legitimize Russia's presence in the eastern Mediterranean, along the SUez Canal and the Red Sea, and in eastern Africa. So long as those purposes are served, Moscow doesn't mind all that much if leftists are butchered in Egypt or even if peace prevails be-between Israel and the Arabs. The curious thing about all this is that satisfying Russian interest does not necessarily mean damage to American interest. Moscow's gain does not have to be Washington's loss. On the contrary, the pattern of events shaping up in Europe . and the Near East works to die advantage of both the United States and the Soviet Union, This parallelism, to be sure, is not automatically realized. The Russians have to be shown by firm American behavior that they cannot get away with small gains. But once that is clear the itch of the big grab is dulled, and then mutual interests assert themselves. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher] Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dalr Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of iiy Newspaper Circulation* CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" 39 5544 ;