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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 7, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta A "skeleton" for a foundation caisson, U of L site. A major slump near Bow Island - a result of instability. - Photo by Bryan Wilson - Phofo by Ric Swihart No Virginia, the U of L will not slip into the river By HERB JOHNSON Staff Writer With the first phase of the University of Lethbridge west side campus Hearing completion, it is obvious that a very .large and heavy building is go-ing up amongst the river valley ! coulees. How long will it stay there without sliding down into the river? Theoretically, forever. This, despite the fact that the coulees can be unstable. Small "slumps" can be detected throughout the valley; a larger one is evident on the west side of the river just south of the CP Rail high-level bridge. The above picture shows what can happen when about six or seven acres of river bank starts sliding. This slump, just north of Bow Island, is the result of river erosion, with irrigation another possible factor. Ecology corps keeping busy building river valley fences Amid reports of high turnover in the Alberta Ecology Corps and some apparent reluctance by students to accept jobs, 15 members of the corps are earning their $250 a month building fences in Letbbridge's river valley. Inspecting the caisson hole. ART DIETRICH DENTURE CLINIC Certified Dentol Mechanic Metropolitan Bldg. 328-4095 THE START Natural gas was first discovered in southern Alberta and southwestern Ontario during the later years of the 19th century. graduating is just a beginning Going out Into the world from school is an exciting time... and you want to look your very best. Come Into the Merle Norman Cosmetic Studio and let a trained Make-up Artist teach you the latest techniques In make-up artistry designed Just lor you. In private. Without charge. You'll then face your future In a more confident and beautiful way. MERLE NORMAN COSMETIC BOUTIQUE COLLEGE MALL - 328-1525 Gifts  Costume Jewellery - Perfumes Scholarships for students of academy Three former students of the Jolliffe Academy of Dancing have been awarded a total of $725 in dance study grants from the provincial cultural development branch. Jane Lee, currently completing the second year in a three-year course at Ballet Rambert in London, Eng., received a $375 grant to continue her studies. Esther Murillo, concluding her second year of dancing and regular school classes with the National Ballet School in Toronto, was given a $300 grant. Elizabeth Zalys, a student at the University of Alberta in Edmonton who has continued dance classes privately, has been awarded a $150 grant for further dance courses. The 1971 study grants are provided by the department of culture, youth and recreation. Salvation Army changes Captain Harold Cobb, commanding office of the Leth-bridge Salvation Army Citadel Corps, is to assume the additional responsibility of public relations director for Leth-bridge and district. Capt. Cobb will be responsible for publicity, statements on Army policy and the coordinating of fund-raising for area Salvationists. Auxiliary Captain Keith Sayers will continue as officer in charge of family and emergency services, anti-suicide bureau and correctional services. Announcement of Capt. Cobb's increase in responsibilities, effective July 1, was made* by Major Clarence Burrows, divisional commander for the Salvation Army in Alberta. I A recent story from Calgary said the high turnover rate, combined with some students not accepting the jobs offered, had forced the government-sponsored summer work program to ask for more applicants. The locally - employed students, while not overly - vocal about imperfections in the project, point to things they see as possible causes for the reported lack of response to the government's work program. One complaint was that the work didn't seem to be directly related to the field of ecology. (The students are currently fencing off an area intended as a nature preserve). One student recounted a story about a friend who was spending his summer counting the number of fish caught in a certain lake-ecology perhaps, but not too exciting. There were also comments about the wages, which were felt to be minimal. Some of the students, encountering for the first time the ways of the bureaucratic process, wondered when their first paychequea were going to arrive. By and large, the complaining appeared to be the type that can be encountered on almost any job. The students, having signed on, seem to be making the best of the situation. And, as one student put it, "if we weren't doing this, we wouldn't be doing anything.'* ' Bill Brown, parks and recreation superintendent, points out that if the students weren't do- ing it, the job wouldn't have been undertaken. His comment was in response to suggestions by labor officials the students had been hired at "scab wages" to do work that could be done by union men. "There is no way we could have funded this' project without provincial help," Mr. Brown said. The city is supplying materials and a supervisor; $10,000 has been allocated by council to cover the cost. Wages are paid by the province. Mr. Brown said he anticipated about 1,600 students hours of work for the summer, with the number of employees eventually rising to about 25. Right now the students are building a wooden fence intended to keep motor vehicles out of a nature preserve. The area extends from the CP Rail trestle north to the Highway 3 traffic bridge. The road through the park parallel to the river will remain open, but side roads (trails, actually) will be blocked, except to pedestrians. Plans also call for a section of coulees on the east side ot the main road to be similarly blocked off. .. CONSTANT PRODUCTION Because of their peculiar continuous growing and producing habit, a few papaya trees will give some of their fruit every day throughout the year in Hawaii. Why are the university planners confident that something similar will not happen at the university site? One reason, a major one, is that geological features that can contribute to major instability are not present at the site. The Bearpaw formation, for example, was discovered during testing to stop north of the campus. The formation, a particular type of subsoil structure, has been related to problems of slope instability in many areas, including the coulee near the CP Rail trestle, according to a study by the consulting firm of Ripley, Klohn and Leonoff Ltd. The study also showed that undermining from coal mines stopped north of the university campus. Another important factor is that the buildings are set back about 1,000 feet from the river itself - far enough away that landslides in the bank would not affect the campus. Undercutting on the outer bank of a river curve can contribute to such slides (such as the one at Bow Island) but the university is further protected by the fact that it is situated on a fairly straight stretch of river. No immediate problems are anticipated in this area, but steps can be taken to handle undercutting problems should they arise. ..Other major concerns in ensuring that the university buildings and campus stay put are protection against erosion and establishing the stability of coulee slopes. The erosion problem is being handled by a complete drainage system to take storm runoff. Drains will carry water right to the river. Catch basins will ensure that run-off travels only a short .distance before bitting the drain. Ground cover will also be maintained so that there will be no bare areas that might be susceptible to erosion. Some seeding has already been done. In line with the basic plan of disturbing the site as little as possible, a study was done FOUND SALES EVERYDAY at STERN'S CUT RATE FURNITURE 314 3rd STRUT $. PHONE 3274024 SAVE X 60% ON MUFFLER REPLACEMENTS WE HAVE)  A $9.95 MUMIW FOR MOST CARS  RH INSTALLATION  10 MINUTi INSTALLATION  UFlTIMI OUARANTIID MUFFLERS  Mil INSMCTION AND ISTIMATIS AU AT IIMUTB UFFLBA on the types of plants that grow in the area. The kind of grass that is being seeded, while not exactly natural prairie grass, is a type that requires very little water and does not grow to great height. It will not be cut and maintained like an ordinary lawn. Some areas within the campus (includingthe athletic field) will need watering, but this will be kept to a minimum University planners, aware of the fact that the coulee slopes are 1 e s s stable when wet are also restructuring slopes around the campus to conform to a three to one 'grade, which means they will be stable even when wet. (The coulees are City studies grant bids The city budget committee tonight will consider requests from about 20 local organizations for grants for this year. The groups are requesting a total of nearly $60,000. Among those seeking financial aid are the Lethbridge Sugar Kings, Lethbridge Ki wants Band, Allied Arts Council, John Howard Society, Lethbridge Symphony Associa tion, Victorian Order of Nurses, St. John Ambulance, Salvation Army, Canadian Mental Health Association, the Alberta Association for the Mentally Retarded, MAYDAY Campaign, and the Agricultural' Institute of Canada. Ask About The NEW INVISIBLE MULTIFOCAL LENS (MULTILUX) considered to be completely stable only when dry if they have a two to one slope. A one to one grade is not particularly stable). The land under the site, according to soil studies, is composed of stiff glacial till - a silty clay considered to be a good foundation. To ensure the stability of the Project One building a total of 151 caissons (poured-in place concrete piles) were used for the foundation. Their diameter varies from Vf* to four feet and they go down into the glacial till from 30 to 70 feet. Each is "belled-out" at the bottom to a diameter of from five to 11 feet. Each was checked out by an engineer who was lowered to the bottom to make sure the caisson would be sitting on sol* id material. While not the kind of job that would appeal to the average person, it is typical of the careful attention to detail that has gone into ensuring the stability of the university. fethbhidye 'i .i, ^ FURRIERS FUR COAT STORAGE TIME THE LETHBRIDGE FURRIERS PHONE 327-2209 Here's Great News For Car Owners Who Couldn't Afford A CAR STEREO Before Now! 4? LLOYDS CAR STHIO CASSETTE PLAYER With record, complete wlf-h mlkei, twin speakers and 3 C 60 cat* Mttes. INTRA SPECIAL SUPER LOW PRICE ONLY PHONC 327-5767 Use Havre Own Charge Nan or Your Chargex Card! OPEN TILL 9 P.M. THURS. AND FRI. NIGHTSI DOWNTOWN 606-60S 3rd Ave. S. Phone 327.5767 ;