Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 6, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
JVM 4, THI LITHMIOOI HIRA16 DAVID LIVINGSTONE: hero seen best at long range7 By CAROL KENNEDY (CP) David the dour Scottish missionary explorer ;mmor- talised in one of history's most famous greetings, is being explored himself in a flood of books, articles and television programs commem- orating the centenary of his death. Although President Kaunda of Zambia, where the town of Livingstone is one of the few in black Africa to retain its colonial name, paid tribute to him recently as "one of the greatest men" ever to go to Africa, the consensus among Livingtone's British asses- sors is that as a hero, he was best at long range. The Victorians saw Living- atone through the hero-wor- shipping eyes of Henry Mor- ton Stanley of the New York Herald, who slogged for months through uncharted Af- rica on a hunch of his publish- er's that the elusive Living- stone was ripe for a big story. Stanley's eventual discovery Of the old, sick Livingstone, I came stock material for mu- sic-hall comedians. But the reverent portrait he drew of the indomitable man of God- Livingstone even died in an attitude of for almost 100 years. Harsh to family Reassessment was only a matter of time, and a new bi- ography by television writer Tim Jeal strips away much of the Stanley mystique to dis- close a man who had many unpleasant character traits. For all his affections for simple tribesmen, Livingstone cDuld be harsh to his own family. He drove his wife to drink and a premature grave, drank liberally himself while deploring the habit in others, bullied his children and be- haved callously, even vindic- tively, to his colleagues. The wife of a fellow-mis- sionary called him "shabby, ungentlemanly and un-Chris- and one reviewer says it is possible to suggest his real motive was "lust for per- sonal glory-" Yet this same reviewer con- cedes that the man't essential greatness keeps breaking through. In his book, entitled Living- stone, biographer Jeal pro- vides a scarifying chapter on the Scotsman's harsh child- hood, working in a cotton mill at Blantyre, which helps ex- plain his subsequent severity toward anyone who failed to show similar resilience and resourcefulness. And although paternalistic in the manner cf his time, he did win the sympathy and trust of Africans. The odyssey of the two black porters, Susi and Chuma, who buried Liv- ingtone's heart in tre African bush and carried the mummi- fied body on a nine-month trek to the coast for shipment to England, demonstrated a loyalty no other white ex- plorer could evoke. Africans loyal But beyond this, Livingstone saw mere clearly than any other man of his time that co- lonialism, however benign, must sooner or later provoke impatience for independence. He condemned "that stupid color prejudice" and per- ceived one important fact which escaped generations of Whitehall mandarins, that Western ways could not take root in Africa without displac- ing the tribal structure and leaving a dangerous vacuum at the heart of African soci- ety. Failure Technically, in many wavs, Livingstone was a failure. He was disowned by the London Missionary Society which could not reconcile his explor- ing activities with those of a dedicated missionary. H e thought he had found the source of the Nile but it turned out to be that of the Congo. One major expedition was cut short by the home govern- ment because of fatalities, ruined equipment and Living- stone's ceaseless quarrelling with his colleagues. Even the Christianity he so carefully cultivated has evaporated in all but a few pockets of inde- pendent black Africa. But he did help abolish the central African slave trade, and among the less-critical centenary writings is a collec- tion of essays from Malawi, the former Nyasaland, where the town of Blantyre still com- memorates Livingstone's Scottish birthplace. The Livingstonia Mission, set up in 1875 in his memory, transplanted the Scottish sys- tem of education to Nyasaland and produced such notable al- umni as Dr. Hastings Banda, now Malawi's president, and Rev. David Kaunda, father of the Zambian leader. In 1874, soon after Living- stone's heart- had been interred with impe- rial pomp in Westminster Abbey, the president of the Royal Geographical Society, Sir H. Bartle Frere, said prophetically: "Ages may elaps before the full measure of his services to Africa can be accurately measured." aears Jet water pump at exceptional savings 114 98 Reg. R 82781. ideal pump for 90% of Canadian domestic water supply re- quirements. Convertible for shallow or deep well operation. h.p.; 13-gal. tank. 620 G.P.M. at 5' depth. Save a lot! Homart 75 plastic pipe e-42 R 18861. Reg. Sale 3.59 d-42 R 18862. T'xlOO'. Reg. Sale 5.49 e-42 R 18863. Reg. Sale 8.59 f-42 R 18864. Reg. Sale 8.99 A.B.S. drainage pipe g-42 R 12452. 3" x 12' length. Install yourself, Reg. Sale 7.99 Save! C.P.V.C. pipe h-42 R 12600. Save 91c length. Easy-to-install. Vi" x 12' length. Reg. S2 90. Sale 1.99 copper pipe k-42 R 10257. SovelOc per ft. In foot or 12' Type Reg. 39c. Sale 294 Save 50% Save Flush value R 16691. Positive seal volve. Plastic body non Corrosive. Reg. 1.69 Save! Closet auger n-42 R 16891. Save Clears plugged toilets. Heavy steel construction. Reg. Sale 1.49 Save Drip tray p-42 R 16940. Stops water drip from tank to bathroom floor. Keg. Sale S1.49 Magic Float bollock r-42 R 16697. Completely rvist- proof. Fits most toilets. Reg. Sale 2.99 Save! Flapper value R 16704. Use as replace- ment value for most toilels. Reg. Now Save. Toilet plunger v-42 R T6705. Save Idpal household plunger. Save now. Reg. Now Cascade 40 QJ98 7 w-42 R 73673. Lots of hot water at very low cost. 40-gaI. tank. 3000 watt immersion elements. Cascade is quality 49 Medicine cabinet 49 Reg. 6 x-42 R 91810. All steel, economy cabinet with white enamel finish. Two shelves and sheet glass mirror. Friction door catch. Save-780 White or "Colour 84" 89" Colour Reg. R.0. Good quality wash-down toilets of vitreous china for easy cleaning. Won't stain or discolour. y-42 06 94914. White z-42 06 94915. Colour. Seats sold separately. Plumbing and Htatlng Good fishing is not free. It costs a lot of time and ef- fort and money taxpayers' money to maintain good fishing amidst the pressure of "civilization" upon the fish- ing streams and lakes origin- ally provided by nature. Part of the price of good fishing is red tape. Anyone fishing the northwest branch of the Oldman should involve himself in that red tape. Duane Radford, regional fishery biologist at Lethp- bridge, explains why: "Personnel of the Alberta Fish and Wildlife Divis i o n tagged several hundred cut- throat trout, Dolly Varden, and mountain whitefish in the N.W. branch of the Oldman River from April 24 to May 3, 1973. Most of the fish were tagged downstream of the falls to the junction of the Oldman and Livingstone Riv- ers though some fish were tagged upstream of the falls. "These fish were tagged with Tagging Guns just below the dorsal fin but above the lateral line. The plastic tags used in the operation are yel- low and each has a different number, pre-fixed by ALTA LFWD: the tags are about three inches in length. All fish were caught by angling and were tagged and released within 10 minutes following capture. The tagging needle was disinfected before each operation with an antiseptic and germicide solution. This operation does not harm, fish nor do the tags used im- pede their swimming ability. Study "These fish were tagged as part of a study our division will undertake on the N.W. branch of the Oldman River this year, a census trailer, similar to the one located on Dutch Creek last year, will be in operation on the form- er river daring the period from June 1 to September 7, this year. "Returns of tagged and un- marked fish by anglers to this station will enable us to determine (a) the approxi- mate number and percent harvest of catchable size cutthroat trout, and the per- cent harvest of mature fe- males of this species, and mountain whitefish and (b) movement patterns of fish in the Oldman River. Report "For these reasons we will request that all anglers who fish this stream report to the census station when through fishing, even if no fish are caught. Anglers who catch tagged fish may keep the tags as souvenirs if they wish but we would like information on the tag number and location where tagged fish were caught to compare with the release point. "Some good sized fish were tagged in the Oldman River; for example some cut- throat trout, mountain white- fish and D.olly Varden were in the 14-16 inch size class. Most of the tagged fish were about 8-12 inches in length although we also tagged some as small as 4-5 inches. "Co-operation from anglers in this study is essential and we look forward to the sort of assistance given by almost all anglers during last year's study on Dutch Creek. Many anglers go out of their way to provide information for us and this help is certainly appre- ciated." THE MOUNTIES Written by members and ex-members themselves. Royal visit It b not too often that the RCMP is called upon for spe- cial duty with visiting royal- ity. So, It was a big thrill for us In the Dauphin sub-division in Otober, 1951 when we were informed that we would be on duty at Rivers for the royal visit. This was the occasion when Princess Elizabeth, the fu- ture Queen of England, and her husband Prince Phillip were making a brief stopover at the airport as part of their royal tour of the country. A large number of officers and men from both Brandon and Dauphin were detailed for duty at Rivers. In the early hours of the morning seven car loads of us gathered in full dress uni- form to travel south through the Riding Mountain National Park on provincial highway 10. Just about this time, an- other much smaller party from Dauphin had left a little earlier with other business in mind. These gentlemen had thought that early fall ing would be an excellent op- portunity to get some free meat. Petrified A tow mites inside the park a nice fat cow elk was stand- ing unconcerned along the side of the highway. The poachers piled out of the car and dropped her right in her tracks. Wasting no time, they bled her, gutted her and took off the hide. Then they cut the carcass up in quarters. They had just finished load- ing one quarter into the car when another vehicle appear- ed around the corner to the north and stopped right be- sid? them. Five members of the force stepped out and surveyed the poachers work. Right behind them six more cars, all load- ed with palice, pulled in. One of the poachers Just stood there with his mouth open, caught literally red handed. The other two bad taken to their heels as soon as the first car arrived and had hsaded deep into the for- est. Escort duty I happened to be the most junior constable in the party so it fell to my lot to take the poacher in custody and cirive him back to Dauphin in the confiscated car, along with the meat and rifles. The rest of the party head- ed on to Rivers to assist in the welcoming of the royal couple, but I went back the way I had come with my prisoner. It was the only time In my career I brought in a prison- er in full dress uniform.