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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 6, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 IITHM1DOI HMALD June imiom vis Crack in the Gclden Bowl A worrisome prohibition Bill 181 is entitled, An act to amend the Narcotic Control Act; it proposes drastic increases in the penalties for various offences relating to narcotics, including importing, trafficking in, or simple possession of substances so clarified. The bill is an item in the government's legislative pro- gram for the present session of Par- liament. One part of this bill repeals the old section seven of the Narcotic Control Act and substitutes a new section, a clause of which reads, provisions of the Bail Re- form Act do not apply to this act, and bail shall not be granted to any person charged with an offence under this act." If this particular sub-section be- comes law, the simple laying of a charge will be enough to ensure the jailing of a suspect; in any case where a prosecutor feels there is evi- dence not proof, just evidence of an offence under this act, he is empowered to imprison whoever he thinks may be responsible- No one m his right mind can have very much sympathy for those vjho traffic in hard drugs, or care very much how long they rot in jail. In this country and in the U.S., sober legislators have senously proposed the death penalty for dope pedlars, without evoking any great outcry from the public. But surely the denial of bail, under a prohibition so absolute that not even a high court judge has discre- tion in the matter, is simply too dra- eoman. To eliminate the possibility of bail means that once charged, rightly or wrongly, the accused per- son must remain in police cells or the local jail until he or she can be tried. This could be a matter of days; it could also be a matter of months. Imprisonment is regarded univer- sally as a form of punishment, sec- ond only to tiie death penalty in order of severity. That is why most civilized countries have a bail sys- tem, and only incarcerate accused persons if there is strong doubt that they will appear for trial. Usually the degree of doubt is assessed by a competent judge, who decides wheth- er the accused can be admitted to bail, and if so the amount of that bail. The abrogation of an accused per- son's right to bail, as proposed in the sub-section quoted above, is, in ef- fect, a denial of one of the princi- ples upon which this country's con- ception of justice is founded, the pre- sumption that anyone charged with a crime is innocent until a competent court has found him or her guilty. It compounds this error by providing that a prosecutor, or anyone compe- tent to lay a charge, is authority enough for confining a person to prison- Abhorrent though drug offences are, ignoring the principles of jus- tice is no way to deal with them, es- pecially when such drastic measures are unnecessary. If Canada's judges are competent and they are among the best in the world they should be able to decide whether persons charged under the Narcotic Control Act should be granted bail, just as they do for those charged under the Criminal Code. A practical approach Reading about job opportunities in career manuals is a poor substitute to viewing first-hand on-the-job prod- duction, be it factory, office, hospital or bank. The student, toying with many careers often has difficulty pin- pointing his choice because although he knows a lot about many possible goals he actually knows very little about any one specifically. It is for this reason Canada Man- power is repeating its summer Ex- posure program for students be- tween ages 13 and 15, to acquaint them with local offices, stores, factor- ies, banks and schools of post-secon- dary learning. Arrangements have been finalized to accommodate 125 students on the one-week orientation program this summer, compared to 47 last year. Mr. Mike Clemis, co-ordmator of Hire a Student program, reports the goal of the project funded by the province in collaboration with Can- ada Manpower is to provide a first- hand exposure to the business and career world. Experience will be of- fered in a variety of fields. Ap- plicants will be invited to state their preference with arrangements made to give them the job exposure of their choice. With "school's out'' enthusiasm gen- erally waning after the first or sec- ond week of their vacation stu- dents should welcome the opportuni- ty for a glimpse into the business and professional world, plus a look-see on classes at the U of L. The week-long orientation program carried out on a half-day basis with applications ac- cepted until June 30, brings an honor- arium of per student. The fact Exposure 73 will accommodate more than double last year's registrants is a strong indication of its popularity. The project promises to be a good one. Many of the pitfalls accompany- ing high school graduation devoid of definite goals could be eliminated if students were exposed to the variety of career opportunities available to them, such as Exposure 73 plans to present. ART BUCHWALD Watergate Day WASHINGTON In just a few days, on June 17, the United States wiU celebrate the first anniversary of the breaking of the Watergate. A group of patriotic citi- sens under the leadership of a friend mine, Julian Stein, are urging President Nixon to declare it a national holiday. Re told me, "The one thing England has that we don't is Guy Fawkes Day. For more than 365 years the British have in- dulged in all sorts of shenanigans in mem- ory of the man who tried to blow up Par- liament in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Among other things they burn Guy Fawkes in effigy, make huge bonfires and set off firecrackers. In further commemoration of the Plot, a formal ritualistic search of the vaults beneath the houses of Parliament is made each year at the opening of their sessions. "We tirink that June 17 should be duly celebrated in ttns country as 'Watergate Day.' "It swards I said. "What would people do to observe "On 'Watergate Day' Americans would memorialize this historic event by taping other people's doors, tapping telephones, spying on their neighbors, using aliases, wearing red wigs and making inoperative ''You mean peopto could ue to each I "Of course. Parents would not have to tell the truth te their children, bosses would not have to level with their employees, and husbands would be permitted to make up stories to tell their wives.'' "June 17 would be like April Fools' I said. "It would be much wilder. Anyone break- ing into a office would be grant- ed immunity. People could raise money for phoney causes, and only cash would accepted as legal tender." "Would you have I asked Mr. Stein. "You bet we would. We would have plumbers' parades all over the country, honoring the plumbers in the White House who were supposed to turn off all the leaks. "In Washington the president would re- view CIA and FBI bands as they marched down Pennsylvania Avenue leading the loyal members of the Committee for the lie-Election of the President. "In the afternoon the presidtent would lay a wreath at the Watergate complex just under the window of the former head- quarters of the Democratic National Com- mittee." "That would be I said. "In the evening there would be a fire- works display in every town to remind us all of the fireworks the Watergate has caus- ed in this country." 'I get chills just thinking about I admitted. "If the president declares June 17 a na- tional holiday, you could have 'Watergate Day' sates in the department stores with giant savings on burglary tools, shredding machines and lie detectors. And grand juries would only have to work a half- day." "Of added Mr. Stein, "the churches would remain open for people who wanted to pray for their country." "I don't we anything wrong with I said, "there's only one question. In Eng- land on Guy Fawkes Day, they burn Guy Fawkes in effigy. Who would Americans burn in effigy on 'Watergate "We may have to wait until June 1974, before we figure that one out." Zambia deaths corner Sharp By Paul Jackson, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp, who has often been accused of moral hypocrisy in the past over Can- ada's foreign policy but by a mixture of diplomacy, quick wits and a certain charm has usually managed to come out on top, now appears to have been backed into a corner over the Zambia shootings incident. The editorial pages of news- papers as varied as the Globe and Mail and the tabloid To- ronto Sun have already con- demned Mr. Sharp for his ac- rather the incident. The Globe calls the external affair's minister's behavior "pathetic." The Sun says it simply emphasizes the emptiness of this country's for- eign policy and the double- standards the government ap- plies in its international deal- ings. The situation developed from an incident May 15 when black Zambian soldiers slaughtered two young Ontario girls who were visiting the Victoria Falls on the Rhodesian side of the border. Mr. Sharp immediately said he had asked Zambian au- thorities for an explanation, but emphasized once again his gov- ernment's dour view of Prime Minister Ian Smith's so-called 'illegal' government in Sa- lisbury. Zambia authorities have offer- ed sympathy and their own ex- planations. Mr. Sharp has, m fact, said he isn't entirely satis- fied with Zambia explanations but has stressed he doesn't want to condemn Zambia out- right. The man who has more or less kept the issue to Mr. Sharp's embarrassment and the House of Commons is Alfred Hales, Con- servative MP for Welland con- stituency where the girls lived. Mr. Hales says Canada should seriously think about cutting off millions of dollars in foreign aid to Zambia. He says Mr. Sharp is being "too soft' on the black- governed country's government. Other MPs, such as Ontario Conservative Douglas Alken- brack and former Quebec jus- tice minister Claude Wagner, are now begining to question Mr. Sharp's calmness about the entire matter. Mr. Wagner has pointed out that while external affairs offi- cials haven't been able to get an investigation into the matter successfully concluded, Reuter's news agency and the Johanes- burg Star have reported that "about 50 people watched in horror" while five Zambia sol- diers shot dead one girl, wounded an American tourist and then spent two hours try- ing, and finally succeeding to gun down the terrified other girl who was hiding behind a rock. Part of the Zambian reply to Mr. Sharp caused some chuckles in the Commons. The Zambian government, attempt- ing to quickly dismiss the situ- ation, said that recently a Cana- dian and a Zambian lost their lives in this country "in the cause of strengthening our rela- tions." No one quite knew what that was all about until it turned out a Zambia police offi- cer, in Canada on a three- month training exercise, was killed in a car accident while returning from a football match! The Globe and Mail, in criti- cizing Mr. Sharp, says the ex- ternal affairs minister must know that the Zambians are ly- ing. The Zambian behavior is outrageous, says the paper. The Globe also points out that Zam- bia's actions in this incident now "cast grave doubts on vari- ous Zambia government state- ments about tension along the Rhodesia border, its allegations of Rhodesian raids into Zambia, and its denials that it has been giving aid and encouraging ter- rorist activities against Rho- desia. The Sun, a lively, easy-to- read but excellently written newspaper that rose from the ashes of the dead Toronto Tele- gram, condemns Canada for failing to recognize Mr. Smith's government which has, after all, been in power for the best part of a decade. It says Mr. Sharp shouldn't confuse recog- nition with approval, and points out that Canada recognizes the governments of many countries which seized power by illegal or violent China, Cuba, all of Eastern Europe and most of Africa. The reason Canada won't rec- ognize Rhodesia and takes a soft line on the Zambian mur- ders, says the Sun, is primarily because it is "fashionable, easy, cheap and opportunitistic to gang up with Third World dicta- torships against Rhodesia. And it is also Ironically, while Mr. Sharp and Zambia were coming under increasing criticism, Doug Row- land (NDP with only a 20-vote margin over his opponent in last Oct. 30th's fed- eral election can't really afford to upset out in the Commons and casually sug- gested that Rhodesia was to blame for the incident since "racist regimes" create ten- sions and cause borders to be closed and troops to patrol those borders. Mr. Rowland, saying it would be "doubly tragic" if Canada allowed the deaths of the two young girls to affect our rela- tionships with Zambia, urged that Canada continue to provide foreign aid to that country and rejected suggestions that we should stop training Zambia po- lice and military personnel in Canada. All in all, considering the fact that the Zambians did kill the two young girls and then tried to cover up the more con- troversial aspects of the in- cident, Mr. Rowland's com- ments can hardly be expected to gather him much sympathy or support. NATO drift poses dangers By Paul Whitelaw, Herald Washington commentator NORFOLK, Va. Problems of Western European security and the mutual defence of na- tions in the NATO alliance could easily have seemed dis- tant as the Atlantic Treaty As- sociation held its annual spring seminar in this American city with its miles of beaches, balmy weather, and easy-gong southern life-style. But, in two days of dis- cussions involving delegates from 12 NATO nations, there was a clear and sombre mes- sage: That the continuing drift and disinterest in the fate of the alliance pmses a fundamental danger to the political security ar.d economic interests of the Western allies. The rapid pace of change in world politics, and the world economy, have resulted in di- vergencies of outlook among the nations which formed NATO nearly a quarter century ago. The unanimity of purpose prompted by the tense days of the cold war is no longer present. Neither are the West- ern European allies dependent any longer on the vast flows of American capital that led to the post-Second World War "eco- nomic miracle" in West Ger- many and other nations Indeed, the United States, by necessity, has retreated from its once-dominant economic role in Europe and would like to re- duce its military involvement as well. On questions of world trade and the international monetary arrangement, its mili- tary allies not adver- competitors who view each other with strong suspicion. Canada, along with the European members of NATO, is not an exception in this regard. These realities which have transformed the West since the immediate post-war era, com- bined with a realization of ten- sions as progress is made to- ward "detente' with the Soviet Union, have diluted the former urgency of the NATO alliance Attitudes to the alliance are shaky, at best, in both Europe and North America. Yet there remains an important need for collective defence. This background of events hardly led to a euphoric mood among delegates to the Atlantic Treaty Association seminar, which in many ways reflected the problems of the alliance. Any meeting of the sort held here in Norfolk naturally cen- tres on the problems of East- West security, but as Johan of the Norwe- gian Institute of International out, the most immediate and difficult prob- lem for the Western allies is "West-West relations.' A recurring theme among speakers from the European delegations was suspicion of American motives, both in its desire to reduce its armed forces commitment in Europe, and the ultimate objectives of "Year of Europe' of President Nixon and Henry Kissinger. There were repeated ex- pressions of fears that the U S. will trade off the European need for security against Soviet power with American demands for trade concessions. Some delegates privately suggested to this correspondent that the mu- tual balanced force reduction (MBFR) talks with the Soviet Union will be used as an eco- nomic and monetary bargaining tool by the U.S. with its allies. The United States, of course, has a legitimate claim that it should no longer be obliged to carry such a major share of the conventional (i.e. non-nuclear) defence of Western Europe. In this climate, it is easy to understand, as British delegate Alan Lee Williams pointed out, that the public and many politi- cians on both sides of the Atlan- tic have an ambivalent attitude toward the concept mutual defence. Letters The futility of effort In the spring of the gov- ernment shipped seed wheat into Medicine Hat to relieve the plight of ttae dried-out tamers who hadn't threshed kernel in 1937 or '39 and virtually noth- ing in '35, '34, or '33. The relief seed was liberally laced with wild oats and weeds of every kind, plus a goodly portion of coal. Somebody had been too busy to finish unload- ing the coal from the boxcars. No one had any money so that "seed" was charged against the land at about twice the market price, and to this day there are titles to some of the farms in that country still encumbered with the generosity of a long ago gift from the government. The wild oats are still there. The coal was burned in kitchen stoves to cook breakfasts for dads and grandfathers gone now to their rewards. It was good stuff, as it should have been at three cents a pound when we could buy all we need- ed for three dollars a ton. There isn't any doubt that those hardships and lessons and anxieties inspired some of us to the prudence and ambi- tions which make our produc- tivity a menace to society to- day. As we grow older and achieve a degree of success, and pay more and more taxes, we wonder what it's all about. We're bewildered at the gener- al absence of any .respect to- day for the fruits of the labors of others. The idea is to grab whatever is loose with no thought of how or by whom it was earned. Public money stead of being guarded with judgment and esteem is watted and squandered in grants, gifts, and handouts designed to do more harm than good; create some problems so that more money can be spent in wan- dering attempts at solution. No real or effective solutions, just attempts. We would like to see a gen- erously financed OFY survey and report on the stupidity of work, the futility of effort, the confiscation of savings and the utter insanity of any man who thinks he should be allowed to make an honest living. Every- body knows there's a bright fu- ture for the lazy and the shift- less, the crafty and the sly, so our governments are directing our young people in those dir- ections. But what of someone who might choose the other, road? Every grant, every gift, every handout, every drug camp must be paid for double by somebody somewhere. An ambitious and earnest young person today will expect to pay his own way, but how many of his inspired fellows must he be prepared to carry on his back for the rest of his life? L. K. WALKER Milk River. Realistic understanding The recent editorial "The collapsed triangle" provides the reader with a rather inaccurate analysis of the YMCA move- ment in this city. Some clarifi- cation and futher information for the benefit of the reader might provide a more realistic understanding of the role of the "Y" in the community. At the present time the Leth- bridge Family "Y" has a total membership of approximately 2500 of which 1600 are under the age of 18. Although a wide range of programs is offered to the total membership (and non-members) I would like to specifically mention those in- volving the youth. A total of 23 physical pro- grams and 43 aquatic classes were regularity scheduled dur- ing the last 10 months and had a total attendance of over 000. Due to the great interest shown in many of these activi- ties, and with the expert in- struction and supervision pro- vided, competitive teams of judo, gymnastics, swimming, weightlifting and racquetball have participated in local, pro- vincial, national and interna- tional meets representing both the city of Lethbridge and the As well as a strong dedica- tion to physical activities the staff and board of the Family "Y" continue to encourage and promote leadership develop- ment among the youth mem- bers. Many of these youth lead- ers continue to work with youngsters in the community outsiJc of "Y" programs. The policy that no youngster will be turned away, has been, and will continue to be an im- portant part of the philosophy of the YMCA. It is through the kind donations to the IT n i t e d Way and the sustaining mem- bership program that such op- portunities can be made avail- able to youngsters. In conclusion, physical activ- ities have always been an integ- ral part of the "Y" triangle. When these activities are pro- vided with the leadership and dedication that our staff dem- onstrates it is obvious to the board that the two other areas of the triangle, mind and spirit, are being well served and that our triangle is indeed very strong. DWIGHT JENSEN President, Board of directors, Lethbridge Family "Y" Unreasonable rejection The audacity of Lethbridge separate school board trustee Steve Vaselenak is appalling. (Herald news story, May He was quoted as saying: "If we're going to teach these boys and girls of age 12 all about contraception, all it's going to lead to is promiscuity. And you know what promiscuity leads to: veneral disease. And you know what starts venereal dis- ease, teaching contraception." Hopefully, these statements are not the rationale for the board decision to withhold sup- port of the Alberta Medical As- sociation's resolution advocat- ing availabilitiy of contracpe- tive counselling in schools. John Boras' (board chair- man) appeal to the canons of the church for guidance in forming the decision is hardly more palatable this does not absolve the board from respon- sibility for their policies. Mr. Vaselenak's claims are totally unacceptable. Besides the pedantic point: teaching contraception does not start yeneral disease, his argument is ignorant. Before the total argument can be acceptable both prem- ises must be unquestionable truths. Yet Mr. Vaselenak dis- regards any need for evidence. The contention "you know" does not serve as evidence, and cer- tainly does not suffice as basis for decisions affecting the edu- cation of students. Surely Mr. Vaselenak could favor the pub- lic with citing at least one well- conducted study that definitely links contraception instruction to promiscuous behavior or high incidence of venereal disease. Without supporting evidence, "you know" has the cogency of "I but not its candid- ness. My remarks would be more scathing but presumably Mr. Vaselenak's statements do not totally reflect the board's rea- soning. They do reflect a lack of responsibility. Board mem- bers should make an attempt to present reasonable and sound bases for education policy, and, if these are not available, do some homework' H. W. SCHULZ Coaldale The news is SO bad days I sometimes think you must running the country. The Lethbridge Herald _____ 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LCTHBRIDOE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher Pttblitbed 1906-1964, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Claw Man Ragmrattan No. 0012 af The Canadian Pntt and the Canadian Dally Nawipapar AtMclatton and me Audit Bureau of Circulations CLBO W MOWERS, Editor and PuMlihtr H. Otnaral Manager DON PILLIMO WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor f MILES OOUCUAi K Mvtrtiilng Managtr Editorial Edtttr THE HEIAU) 3MVES THE SOUTH" ;