Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 6, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
CLEAR HIGH FORECAST TUESDAY 75. The Let lib ridge Herald VOL. LXV No. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JUNE 6, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS -24 PAGES Govt. may change news election ban By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA The federal government is having sec- ond thoughts about its proposal to ban political com- ment in the country's newspapers on polling day and the day immediately prior lo voting day, In a general election. The provision contained in the bill that would amend the Canada Elections Act seems to have been dropped into the proposed legislation without too much thought having been given lo its implications. Sur- prisingly when it was drawn to the attention of several members of Parliament, they were far from disturbed. Nothing ivrong They saw nothing wrong with the move and said so. It was not until newspapers began to criticize the pro- posal in their editorial columns and the Managing Edi- tors' Conference passed a resolution protesting the pro- posal, that the government agreed to review the amend- ing bill. A spokesman in Government House Leader Allan MacEacjicn's office expressed surprise over the vehe- ment protests Irom the press about the ban in the bill. Queried as to what had given rise to the decision to widen Ihe prohibitions in the Election Act he could only suggest that it originated in the findings of the Barbeau Commission on Election Expenses and the Chappell Committee that inquired into the same subject. However tha Barbeau Commission makes no such recommendation. The Chappell Commitlee recommend- ed that the existing restriction on political broadcasts on polling day and on the immediately preceding day, be extended to newspapers. The Broadcasting act ns It now stands prohibits radio or television stations from broadcasting pro- grams, advertisements or announcements of a partisan character on voting day or the day before. Tha thinking In government circles when the amending bill was drafted appeared to be that if radio or TV stations are not allowed to broadcast programs of a partisan'nature for 48 hours newspapers should also be banned from publishing "articles, editorials, ad- vertisements or announcements of a partisan political character." This constitutes unwarranted interference with the freedom of the press. Hornets' nest The government, aware that It has stirred up a hornets' nest, is backing off. There are suggestions that it will be re-examined and possibly altered when the bill is referred to a Commons committee for detailed Etudy. Sources in the privy council office have hastily ex- plained that there was no intention to prevent "straight" newspaper reports of election meetings. But who is to decide that a newspaper report of a meeting is "straight" and not "partisan." The famous incident In Montreal when Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau won thousands of votes on the eve of the 1968 election by refusing to be intimidated by terrorist tactics during the St. Jean Baptiste parade was widely reported. It was comment- ed on In editorial pages and by columnists across tha country. Would that fall within the description of artic- les of a "partisan political At the annual Managing Editors' conference In Saint John, New Brunswick, In May a resolution was passed unanimously branding tha new ban as an "in- fringement on freedom of the press and the public's right lo full information." The editors protested that the bill would limit newspaper coverage of federal elec- tions in an unprecedented manner. They sent the reso- lution to tho prime minister, Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield aud every MP. Protest noted Tlie protest resolution has been duly noted in the prime minister's office and the office of the Opposition Leader. It will come under discussion at the commillee hearings on Hie amending bill when changes may be made'in Ihe proposed amendments. The idea of imposing silence on radio and TV stations on the day before voting day was apparently designed lo prevent damaging or false reports being broadcast by an opponent at a period when the party or candi- date Ihcy were aimed at would not have the time to contradict or deny them. This strategy was used long before the electronic media came into being in the United States. It was known as a "roorback." The ban on "political broadcasts" in Canada had its origin in the report of the special committee on broadcasting in 1936. At that time there was no move made to impose a similar ban on (he print media. Now ttie move has been made in the bill to amend The Canada Elections Act and the Income Tax Act in re- spect of election expenses. In the broadcasting business "political broadcasts" are taken lo mean speeches by politicians, or partisan programs put on by a political party. Docs it include comments by a station's own non-political commenta- tors? That is now being tested. The Canadian Radio-Television Commission is prosecuting radio station CFRB in Toronto because oE a broadcast by commentator Gordon Sinclair, on tha ove of the Ontario election last October. The case will heard in provincial court on June 25. It arose as a result of a listener's complaint. Newspapermen will watch (he outcome of that casa with interest. 468 miners trapped in coal mine blast From AP-REUTER SALISBURY (CP) Rhode- sia launched a massive emer- gency rescue operation today after an underground explosion entombed an estimated 448 un- derground workers at the Wan- kie coal mine. The Rhodesian ah' force dis- patched emergency flights carrying special rescue person- nel and supplies of oxygen lo the mine, about 200 miles north of Bulawayo. Technical personnel are standing by lo fly to the disas- ter area if required. The county's chief mining en- gineer, Bernard Davey, and other top officials said the res- cue personnel had been ham- pered by gas and damaged ven- tilation fans. An Anglo-American Corp. spokesman said no further in- formation was available and no new statement was expected for several hours. Anglo-American operates the mine. It was feared the disaster would be the worst in Rhodesian mining history. The world's worst mining dis- aster occurred in Manchuria in 1942, when workers were killed hi the HonKeiko Colliery. A spokesman at the Wankie mine hospital said only four miners have been admitted. They were four African surface workers who were injured as a resull of the explosion. Other mine spokesmen de- clined to give further details on the disaster, saying they must Canada gives its approval to anti-pollution proposals (CP Wirepholo) HOW SWEET IT ISNT A young girl grimaces os she helps a group of school children clean up Montreal's Fletcher's Field Park Monday. The pork has been used as a clumping ground for garbage during a strike by the cily'l blue collar workers now in its 26th day, Cleanup started on big oil spill CRESCENT BEACH, B.C. (CP) Car headlights lit up the scene as more than 200 vol- unteers and municipal workers labored into the night Monday trying to sop up oil settling along beaches near this small resort community close to the U.S. border. The oil was spilled Sunday morning from the Atlantic Rich- field Co. refinery at Cherry Point, Wash., about 15 miles south of here. U.S. Coast Guard officials es- timated between and gallons crude oil dumped into tho water when a valve broke aboard the World Bond, a Liberian tanker un- loading at Cherry Poult. Marine experts termed the Crescent Beach slick minor. Work crews tried to spread bales of hay along beaches before incoming tides brought more oil in. TIDE MOVES SLICK Coast guard planes reported the high tide was carrying the last of the oil slick to the beach. Several Washington stale re- sort beaches were hit earlier Monday. Cleanup work began Monday afternoon in this area 20 miles south of Vancouver. Volunteers filled more than sacks with oil-soaked sand and seaw- eed. Mayor Bill Vander Zalm of Troops arresl IRA fugitive BELFAST (AP) British paratroops spotted a M-anted member of the Irish Republican Army on a Belfast street Mon- day tight, chased him into a house and arrested the fugitive and seven other men found in- side. The army said the captives included a ballalion commander and Iwo senior company officers of the IRA Provisional wing, all high on the wanted list. The capture touched off at- tacks against the soldiers by mobs throwing rocks and an hour-long gun battle between troops and snipers. Sporadic fights between soldiers and gun- men continued throughout tha night. No casualties were reported. Surrey municipality called an emergency session of council and called all available munici- pal workers to. the scene. Tha mayor charged that Atlantic Richfield had been "totally un- the spill. When the spill was first re- ported, Atlantic! Richfield offi- cials said most of it was con- tained with plastic booms insida the wharf area, and that a marine vacuum de- being used to clean the water's surface. Garbage strike ended TORONTO (CP) Garbage collections, cancelled Monday because of a 13-hour strike by Metropolitan Toronto civie workers, resumed today in dis- tricts normally served on Mon- day. The regular Tuesday collec- tion will be made Wednesday. The strike ended Monday night when Local 43, Canadian Union of Public Employees, ac- cepted a management proposal to seek a solution to the prob- lem w h i c h precipitated the suspension of ona man. By HAROLD MORRISON STOCKHOLM (CP) Canada moved today to the centre of the United Nations environment stage with a sweeping endorse- ment of virtually all the major anti-pollution proposals, calling also for development of global environmental standards b y which countries must abide. Environment Minister Jack Davis, elected as one of the con- ference's 11 vice-chairmen and speaking for Canada, also in- vited the UN to hold a second human environment conferenco in Canada in 1977 with an aide suggesting privately later that Montreal might be the Eita Davis has in mind. As the chief delegates began outlining their countries' poli- cies on anti-pollution control, Premier Olaf Palme of Sweden made what' appeared to be an obvious attack on United States bombing North Vietnam. "The immense destruction brought about by indiscriminate bombing, by large-scale use oi bulldozers and herbicides, is an outrage sometimes described as Palme told the delegates representing about 110 countries. "It is shocking that only pre- liminary discussions of this matter have been possible so far in the United Nations and at the conference of the Interna- tional Hed Cross where it has been taken up by my country and others." BACKS PROPOSALS Palme also strongly endorsed the UN preparatory proposals developed by Secretary-General Maurice Strong of Canada and Killed in crash ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) U.S. air force C130 Her- cules, equipped with skis, crashed on landing in Green- land Monday, killing a Danish civilian passenger. Seven air force crew got out of the burn- ing plane safely. He said the plane caught fire. The crew was extricated wilh minor injury to only one man but the Danish civilian died from back injuries. an international team oi ex- perts. But none of the endorsements at the first working plenary ses- sion seemed as strong as that voice by Davis with his call for worldwide anti-pollution stand- ards some experts figure may be hard to devise for uni- versal acceptance. "The case for worldwide standards is, I believe, incon- Davis said. "Pollu- tion havens are not for us. They are inexcusable in a compara- tively affluent country like Can- ada. They are inexcusable also in the less developed parts o[ the world." Daris accepted for Canada all of the UN proposals to control marine pollution and ocean dumping. He called for confine- ment of big tankers to areas where they cannot hurt sensi- tive coasts; supported a morato- rium on commercial hunting and fislung of endangered spec- ies; endorsed the proposed per- manent UN environment agency, and suggested the Can- a d a -U .S. International Joint Commission be used as a model for wider international anti-pol- lution control. But perhaps more controver- sial, In relation to positions of the big powers at the environ- ment conference, was the Cana- dian proposal to give the devel- oping countries more financial help to cover their environment costs. The U.S. has indicated it won't go that far. Seen and heard About town TJACE car builder Davo Slilgoe questioning me- dia race driver Johnny Walker about where the rest of the auto was Merlon Vaile claiming four gophers with one shot and Peter Wainzer checking to make sure it wasn't ona gopher with four shots. come from the head office hi Salisbury. The Wankie Colliery produces about 3.5 million tons of coal a year, and supplies all Rhode- sia's coal needs. The Wankie mine also produces about tons of coke a year which supplies Hho- desia's needs and which also is exported to South Africa, Eu- rope and elsewhere. Rescue teams from neighbor- ing South 437 coal miners were killed in a January, I960, disaster that ranks as Africa's en route to the Wankie, the spokesman said. Weeping wives gathered by the mine, anxiously waiting for news of the fate of the trapped men. Rescue teams were working under chaotic conditions to try to reach the miners, reports reaching here indicated. A mine spokesman said two teams were already burrowing underground. H was still impossible to tell precisely how many men were entombed, he said or give de- tails of deaths or injuries. 5TH LARGEST TOWN Wankie, centre of Rhodesia's coal-mining industry, is the country's fifth largest town. The colliery centre was founded in 1903 but enormous deposits were first found In 1895 by a lone prospector. The first mine at Wankie, which takes its name from a former Bantu chief, opened in 1900 and production finally reached four million tons a year. A recent census gave the po- pulation as including whites. Wankie, which lies at (he rail- head from the south lo the giant Victoria Falls, Is also In heart of one of Africa's finest game reserves. Wild animals roam uncontrolled and unmo- lested by man. Confusion still evident on K-rail line decision Press argues funeral for Duke net appropriate Policeman shot NANA1MO, B.C. (CP) An TICMP constable was shot and wounded early today at tho police offices here. Constable Donald Drudgsietd was reported in good condition in hospital. A spokesman for the RCMP said a man entered the detach- ment offices about 3 a.m. and after a brief conversation, shot the constable in the left thigh wilh a hotgun. The man fled in a car and a 28 year old suspect was ap- prehended n few hours later. LONDON (AP) The Duke of Windsor, the former King Ed- ward VIII, was buried Monday and liis countrymen were argu- ing today whether the funeral was appropriate. British press accounts of tha funeral were divided on whether the king who gave up his throne for love was sufficiently nored and" whether his duchess was properly treated. The then king was forced by church and state in 1936 to choose between his crown and marriage to a divorced Amen, can unacceptable lo them as queen. Although the duke was given R small private ceremony in Windsor Castle, with the Royal Family attending as mourners, he received little of the pagean- try that setting affords kings. More circumstance than pomp, The Guardian says. Tha Daily Mirror describes It as an occasion for the establish- ment "lo despatch finally a troublesome king." "There was a minimum of fuss.....No eulogy, no word about what be bad done." The Daily Telegraph approves the funeral arrangements ns "hrlef but sensitive" and says they were carried out "wilh dig- nity yet restrained pageantry." The Times calls it "the sol- emn, truncated ceremonial due the death of a former king." Most papers contrasted tha composed dignity of ihe Duch- ess of Windsor, who returned immediately to Paris after tho ceremony without a royal escort to the airport, and Ihe govern- ment's grudging inclusion of her name in a message of sympathy from Parliament lo Queen. The Sun says the duchess car- ried oft her widow's role at tho funeral with "a dignity that could not have been more regal even had she been queen." In the House of Commons a government motion of sym- pathy to the Queen over the death of her uncle, the Duke of Windsor, was worded to ap- ply as well to the members of her family. It made no specific mention of the widow. After a furious debate, the name of the Duchess of Windsor was included in the motion, tho first time the British Parlia- ment has officially recognized her existence. By STUART LAKE OTTAWA (CP) There still appears to be some confusion over just what the Supreme Court ol Canada decided in its decision May 1 on an applica- tion by the Kootenay and Elk Kailw'ay Co. The B.C. railway wants to build an 80-mile line from Lino Creek to Roosville within the province and thus give CP Rail some competition in hauling coal to Roberts Bank. Transport Minister Don Jamieson said in the Commons May 26: "The effect of the Supreme Court ruling was to permit tho applicant (Kootenay) to go back and reapply to the Canadian transport commission." However an official of ths railway was quoted in Vancou- ver as saying the decision was a green light allowing his com. pany to hook up with Burlington Northern Railway. It then would carry the coal through tha northeastern U.S. and then bacH into B.C. to Roberts Bank su- perport for transport to Japan. COMMISSION CONFUSED The Canadian transport com- mission admits privately that it is somewhat confused over tha court decision. For example, the court ren- dered an opinion, rather than a judgment. It is generally con- ceded in legal circles that an opinion has less weight in law than does a judgment. The court opinion said tha transport commission, in ing the Kootenay application, made a major legal error. Tire commission had ruled (hat (he Railway Act barred common carriers, such as Bur- linglon Northern, from inter- changing traffic wilh railways that are not common carriers, such as Kootenay and Elk. Mr. Justice Roland Martland said this was not so. The act doesn't prohibit such transfers. But the Supreme Court opin- ion was silent on what the com- mission saw as another major obstacle to the Kootenay appli- cation. This was the authority tho ilurlington Northern has to cross into Canada to pick up coal from Kootenay, Normally, U.S. lines apply to Parliament for the right lo enter Canada. Burlington North- ern made no such application. Burlington Northern told the commission it intended to use only a spur line at tho border to pick up coal from Kootenay. The commission ruling said the border spur-line arrange- ment could be used only be- tween a railway and an indus- try. It said Kootenay was not an industry and some other author- ity must be found. The Kootenay application also depended upon crossing or run- ning along CP Rail tracks. Such an arrangement was dependent upon an agreement between CP Rail and Kootenay and no such arrangement had been made. For these reasons, the trans- port commission says It will await a further application from either Kootenay or CP Hall be- fore varying its decision. There is no sign yet that ei- ther railway intends to make such an application. California voters to decide today LOS ANGELES (AP) Ths hopes of Senators George Mc- Govern and Hubert Humphrey for the Democratic presidential nomination rested heavily with California voters today. The winner of today's presi- dential primary carries a bioo of 271 delegate votes into tho Democratic national convention at Miami of the total needed to win the nom- ination. The polls are open from 7 a.m. until 8 p.m. PDT (10 a.m. to 11 p.m. Tha vote count may be because of a long ballot in some areas and a write-in campaign on be- half of Gov. George Wallace of Alabama. President Nixon is challenged on the Republican ballot by Representative John Ashbrook of Ohio but Ashbrook is not con- sidered a serious threat to Nix- on's winning California's 96 del- egate votes to the Republican convention. Wallace failed to file in time to make the Democratic ballot, but a write-in campaign was under way on behalf of the Ala- bama governor, still in a Mary- land hospital recuperating from gunshot wounds suffered at a shopping centre rally in Laurel, Md. May 15. There was no chance of Wai- lace'i collecting any In California where Ihe winner reaps the entire 271-vote bloc. But his campaign managers hoped for an expression of Wal- lace strength. New Jersey, New Mexico and South Dakota also are holding presidential primaries. After today's four presidential primaries, only one will remain New York, which will elect 238 of its 278 delegates on June 20. McGovem, virtually unop- posed in more lhan one dozen New York congressional dis. tricts, expects to win at least 200 delegates there.