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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 5, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE May Soviet Arctic build-up The Multilateral Balanced Force Reductions (MBFR) talks in Vienna, which deal with disengagement in central Europe and withdrawal of Soviet and American forces, are thought to be partially responsible for a Soviet build up in the Baltic and in the Arctic which is worrying NATO strategists. It is known that the Russians have more than 100 landing craft capable of carrying 10.000 men and equipment in the Baltic and their training exercises are the ultimate in brinkmanship. Several hundred incidents have occurred in the past year in Swedish coastal waters. Sweden is ostensibly neutral and NATO, as a defence, has only the small West German and Danish navies permanently stationed in the Baltic. In the Arctic, according to the Norwegian press, the Soviets have about 500 vessels and men in and around Murmansk. This force includes 170 submarines, more than a third of which are thought to be nuclear-powered vessels with missiles of the to mile range. An amphibious force in this area is also considered a threat by Norway. Since that country's allies are not allowed to station troops permanently on its soil, NATO has to depend on local Norwegian troops, which indued border guards and 4.000 Arctic troops. Unidentified submarines regularly appear in Norwegian waters. In the spring, the fjords make ideal hideouts since sonar and other detection devices can't penetrate the insulating layers formed by torrents of melting snow water. A foreign submarine surfaced recently, and briefly, in Hardangerfjord, south of Bergen, at about the same time as the incident in which the Swedish navy blocked a foreign submarine of unknown ownership in an inlet of the Swedish island of Gotland in the Baltic and, after dropping depth charges as a warning, diplomatically allowed it to escape to sea. In addition to naval pressures and a troop build up in the far north, Norway faces a Soviet demand to share in running a new Norwegian airport on the far northern island of Spitzbergan, which was awarded to Norway by treaty in 1920 but which guarantees all the 39 signatories, including Russia, right of access for economic and scientific purposes. The Soviet Union has maintained a presence there, outwardly for mining purposes, and now is to have personnel stationed at the airport to look after Russian traffic. All this means that the Russians have pushed their naval power into the North Atlantic and this will no doubt be a major topic of discussion when NATO ministers meet in Ottawa later this month. To solve the problem By Louis Burke, local writer To solve the impossible just takes a little basic principle of today's science which might easily be applied to political science in many parts of the world. This should be kept in mind where Northern Ireland is concerned, too. It will take a little longer, but it is not impossible! With the collapse of an interim trial government, all parties are back to square one again. In those recent moves, which failed, only the extremists on both sides made any gains and these were enormous, but the solution is as much a British one as it is an Irish one. The simplest solution would be the immediate withdrawal of British troops. The province would flash into fire instantly and many would die needlessly. Yet. that is exactly what happened when the Republic came to birth in the twenties. Hundreds died in ghastly civil war, but afterward people learned to live with each other, though it tock decades. For many reasons Britain cannot afford to allow this to happen in Northern Ireland. In India and East Africa, the British provided millions to buy out white plantations, farms and other interests. Even though many had been fourth and fifth generation people, they took their money, bitterly perhaps, and left. The British taxpayers pour many millions into Belfast and other centres to prop up an economy based on religious discrimination, bigotry and prejudice equal to anything in the southern section of the African continent. This false prop could be removed. Actually. Northern Ireland could be turned off fairly quickly. The world has two perfect examples where hate was turned off within a year or two. These events occurred, not in ancient history, but in our life time and given the machinery, personnel and programs, it could be done in Northern Ireland if the British politicians so wished. During the Second World War the British were taught to hate the Germans: the Americans were taught to hate the Japanese and vice versa. After the war. the propaganda machinery was reversed. Thousands of British soldiers married Germans while the flood of marriages in Japan was so great the U.S. Congress passed a bill forbidding Americans to bring home their brides. This love-hate relationship stems from the same emotional root, like determination and stubbornness and many others. Instead of being poles apart, these emotions exist divided only by a paper-thin line. They were successfully bridged on a world scale amongst four powerful nations who had massively damaged each other, suffered blood-baths, in fact. The peoples of Ireland are not poles apart. The problem was solved world-wide and it can be solved province-wide given high- voltage communications, the programs and the personnel. The schools are really the biggest battleground. The storm-troopers for tomorrofo are created therein today, and so it will go on if radical changes are not made now. Changes, however are evolving. Today, there exists a combined north-south committee for the teaching of Irish history, culture and other elements essential to the correction of the curriculum. But this is looking to the future. Most certainly, labor leaders need to re- think their philosophy. Their most recent moves showed the world just how bigoted they were. This is the area where massive new communications, programs and personnel must concentrate on. The whole problem is a gut issue, bread and butter, jobs and dignity. Labor is responsible to establish a middle ground. All leaders not working for harmony ought to be jailed immediately, or put away in some rest camp for the insane. This includes men like Paisley. Craig. Cahill, and the Englishman Stevenson. They only intend to gain glory for themselves: to keep the populations at each others' throats and to finalize it all with their own little nitch in Irish history where they may be worshipped by historians forever. Leaders who deliberately agitate, sensationalize and hog the lime-light should be confined for inflamatory statements. Those who refuse democracy to others ought to be allowed none for themselves. The only solution for Northern Ireland lies in massive educational reform at the student and adult level. The world has ample evidence it can be done. The Irish are not some special kind of creature on which education will not work. It can be done: peace can reign in Ireland if British politicians so wish, and they do have all the machinery, personnel and programs to do the job. Soldiers, bombs and bullets will never solve anything: they ne' r have! AFTEK SIX YEiARS AS PRIME MINISTER, ALL OF A SUDDEN, R16HT OUT OF THE IN THE MIDDLE OP AN ELECTION, HE SETS AN IDEA HOW TQ CONTROU INFLATION... BUT ONLY IF RE-ELECTED... Letters Government promises By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator MONTREAL Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield says you can't believe the Liberal government: that they say one thing and do another, that they break promises as easily as they make them. Judging from the display of federal liberal-ism in the past few weeks, Stanfield is on safe ground. Item: When the Canadian government implemented the flexible export tax on western oil shipped to the Americans, Energy Minister Donald Macdonald made a special trip to the U.S. to point out that Canada raised its tax only after the price of eastern imported oil had been raised by foreign suppliers. Canadians, Macdonald told the Americans, don't lead the way with price increases, they only follow what others have done. But two weeks ago, in anticipation of further Middle East oil price hikes, the federal Liberals increased the oil export tax from to a barrel. Thus, eastern Canadian oil importers are being compensated for price hikes that haven't even happened. And what if the Middle East doesn't raise its prices? Macdonald assured the industry that he would then refund the extra tax. Two days later he said he might keep it anyway. Item: The government says it wants lower consumer prices. Yet Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan has managed to bring Canadians significantly higher meat, egg and poultry prices by banning the amounts we import from the U.S. Because of the production dislocations caused by the American wage price controls last year, the U.S. is now practically inundated with poultry, eggs and beef. Consequently, prices across the border are very much cheaper than they are here. Even the mild mannered Consumers' Association of Canada has accused the government of using monopoly power to keep Canadian food prices high. Not only does this policy NOT help to reduce prices in Canada, some observers think Canada may have broken its agreements under the provisions of the international General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Item: Liberal housing policies, as stated, do-nothing for the other stated policy of reducing costs. Despite the rhetoric. Canadian building materials are still taxed at an 11 per cent rate, federal investment in land banks, which would eliminate land value speculation, is still minimal. None of the foregoing is to suggest that a Conservative government would be any more believable than a Liberal. Even now, if the Conservatives become the next government, a promise may be in the breaking. The Conservatives have been differentiating themselves from the Liberals in their attitude toward inflation control. They have been campaigning for a wage and price freeze, followed by vaguely defined controls or guidelines or something. They will probably continue to step heavily on the freeze controls plank of their platform, but within the party there is nowhere near the solidarity Stanfield would like or would like us to see. Stanfield committed himself to a freeze and controls over a year ago. Now, it seems that as his chances for election strengthen, the conviction with which party faithful and economic advisors espouse controls weaken. First the freeze was to be up to 120 days and the controls total. Now freeze is to last "At most 90 days'', and the control system is getting increasingly muddy. The likely Conservative finance minister, James Gillies, seems to be having second and maybe even third thoughts about the program. There was a time when he like many other economists, was not at all convinced that controls would be effective. After the American experience with controls, Gillies decided a system could work. Now he seems to be wavering. Last week, in responding to an inquiry about a'possible rift within the party over the controls issue. Leader Stanfield conceded that controls won't solve all the problems. What kind of controls Canada will have under a Conservative government whether strong or weak, whether total or selective, whether believable or supposed to be decided last week within the confines of a high level Conservative meeting. All we know now is that the freeze will be "flexible" too. THE CASSEROLE Much as one deplores the attitude of the Middle Eastern oil producers, it isn't easy to suppress a tiny bit of a smile on hearing that the once-despised Arabs are considering a loan of hundreds of millions of dollars to once-mighty Lockheed Aircraft Inc., to get its C-5 cargo jet production line moving again. Recent news from the bond market should help readers understand why securities men don't seem to be surprised at anything. In the week following the government's recent announcement that it planned to increase the interest yield on Canada Savings Bonds from per cent to 9 per cent, the public cashed in three times as many of the bonds as usual. Both major parties show campaign weaknesses By W.A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA During the 1960s it became part of the political folklore of the nation that the Liberals always started strongly in election campaigns but then began to make mistakes and lose ground before polling day. This time around, it seems to be the Conservatives who are having their decisive or even so important that, as far as things have gone, the ultimate outcome is likely to be affected but, nonetheless, the worrying, unexpected developments that upset organizers. The most dramatic, but probably not the most serious, was the Moncton upset where Mayor Jones won the Conservative nomination against the sitting Tory. Charles Thomas. Mr. Stanfield promptly intervened, disowning Mr. Jones because of the intolerance on the language issue he has shown as mayor of Moncton and accepting Mr. Thomas as the official candi- date The Tory leader comes out of this very well personally, so well indeed that some Liberals have cautiously wondered whether it could be the "turning point of his campaign." He acted quickly, showing the decisiveness of a leader, and the action he took will appeal to all those who believe that language tolerance is essential to Cana- dian well-being. Not all Cana- dians, of course, do believe that. Some have very strong contrary views and would be solidly in Mr. Jones" camp. Some moderate people may well be put off by Uie fact that the Moncton Tories chose Mr. Jones in the first place, as they may be by Gordon Fair- weather's difficulties with tlie Orange community in a neigh- boring riding. The pluses and minuses seem likely, though, to cancel each other out if the Tories do not get involved in more internal difficulties over the language issue from Ottawa, the Liberals seem to have got off to a very good campaign start. It can be Liberal campaign personalities are in fact arguing about the party is being too slow in in- troducing policy content into its campaign. What we really know about the Liberal bid for renewed power at this moment is that Pierre Trudeau is prepared to fight hard for it. That is no doubt interesting but by itself it is no reason for re-electing the Liberals. The decision to hold off on policy announcements seems to have originated with Sen. Keith Davey, the party's campaign chairman. He has some of his colleagues worried because he has never enjoyed a reputation for sensitive nick- named The Rainmaker, he is considerably better known for his boundless enthusiasm and optimism. For maximum public impact, the Liberals should have had a major policy announcement last week. The greatest campaign weakness to show up so far, however, has been the Conservative difficulties with Mr. Stanfield's proposal for price and incomes controls. It may not matter too much that his followers are a long way from united behind this scheme. What does matter is that, after plugging the idea for well over a year. Mr. Stanfield and his advisers are far too vague about their pro- posal. They have had more tfnn enough time to think out the specifics of Jhe scheme and Uie worrying part of their position is the strong indication that they actually have not thought it through. This is seriously disturbing because it is entirely possible that Mr. Stanfield will be the next prime minister and that we will have to live with his proposal in practice, some- thing imposed in our daily Jives and pay-cheques, not just as a whip with which to flog the government. The toughest set of questions about this scheme were put last week in a hard- campaign speech by the minister of finance, John Turner. Much of that speech consisted of good rousing partisan stuff for a Liberal audience and displayed Mr. Turner as an accomplished campaigner. The questions he posed about the Stanfield scheme, however, were the tough-minded ones that any good finance minister would put forward, whether the proposal came from a political opponent or in confidence from a depart- mental adviser. These were the questions: "How long will the freeze last? What prices and what in- comes will be frozen and what prices and what incomes will not be affected? What about the prices of the one-third of the goods we consume in Canada which are imported from abroad during and after the freeze? What about rents, dividends, interest payments, professional incomes and incomes from piece-work and commissions? What happens lo labor contracts already negotiated providing for increases in wages and other benefits? What happens to inventories already on the store-keeper's shelf? By how much will wages, prices and profits be allowed to increase after the freeze? Those are only some of the important questions to which Canadians are entitled to have answers after the election." And. although their purpose was political and partisan, those are perfectly fair ques- tions which must reflect the worries of electors as they consider the experiment which Mr. Stanfield wishes to try out. James Gillies, who will probably be finance minister if the Tories win, and Mr. Turner should debate this on television because it is really a finance ministers" issue and it is not enough just to listen to the party leaders argue. As a summing up of the campaign at this stage: The Liberals badly need more policy content and they need it now; the Tories should stop being so vague about their most important and far- reaching economic proposal. Gait Garden's state From a person who has frequented Gait Gardens for a number of years and spent time there with each visit, I feel that I am qualified to say that this park has progressively lost usefulness to the general public due to bad behavior by drinking and drunk persons, of which most are Indians. An occasional stroll through the park does not always reveal the usual conditions. More often than not when I come here I must witness either drinking in the open or dirty fighting with kicks to the downed person and I am usually accosted for money or smokes. I am told by the oldtimers that they are often insulted or threatened when they refuse this endless nuisance of shelling out to the drunk Indians. The situation has now degenerated to the point where few white persons spend time here and this is both pitiful and disgraceful because the oldtimers and others should be able to count on Gait Gardens as a pleasant change from the confinement of winter. The treatment received by the local citizens is also directed to tourists and it is doubtful if any would have a good word for this place or plan to return in the future. Much of the cause of this deplorable state of Gait Gardens is due to the lack of a proper place for drinking or drunk Indians to go to. As we know they do have legal access to government vendors and saloons. As I see it this first class park can be permitted to become further debased and useless to the public or it can be saved and restored to its former reputation and value by employing full time representation of law and order within its borders during the summer. The periodic checks by the police help but do not effectively remedy the situation; for as soon as they leave, the bottles are brought out of hiding and the drinking resumes. I see this repeatedly. Finally we are given to understand that the local force is such that it cannot spare full time presence here and if so I suggest that if local institutions and stores can afford a commissionaire in uniform then surely the city could provide one full time for a few months in this park. I believe this would bring about a welcome and much needed improvement in the state of .this park. LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge Editor's Note: The Herald tries bard not to aggravate or underwrite racial prejudice, and in publishing the above letter we repudiate any inference that all Indians and only Indians give offence of the kind reported. Nevertheless there is a problem, peculiar in both kind and degree, with Indians and alcohol, a problem that worries the responsible Indian community more than the non Indians. With that understanding we decided to publish the letter, knowing it will offend some of our readers. Main teacher concerns The mysterious and knowledgeable Early Bloomer has written two letters about objective based education; unfortunately his thinking is a little wilted. He criticizes Jim Grant because his article, Tiger by the tail, may stir up controversy. What's wrong with controversy especially in an area as important and expensive as public education? Let me explain in very simple language two of the main concerns teachers have expressed about objective based education. (1) Will it help students? As far as can be ascertained. OBE was originally started by school administrators with a strong assist from university personnel. The scheme has been very profitable for some of the early adherents but no one is clear about the advantages to the students. What will happen to students who cannot reach the magic pass mark? Will schools become factories turning put students like production line puppets? Will objectives be stated in a few clear sentences or are teachers expected to produce volumes of minutely detailed trivia? Is there any evidence that the large number of teachers and educational institutions supposed to be working on OBE have done anything to assist students in the school obstacle race? The reluctance of the hierarchy to provide answers suggests they are not too clear themselves on where they are going or are fearful that explicit statements about the scheme and its possible merits will not bear scrutiny. (2) Will it help teachers? We fear the paper work involved with OBE would be so time consuming there would be little time left for lesson preparation and professional development. I have seen many school systems in operation and I doubt if one could find a more hardworking and conscientious group of people than our Lethbridge teachers. In addition to teaching they devote countless hours to professional activities and extra curricular work and they have an absolute right to protest the infliction of OBE if they feel it will hinder them in their work. Why couldn't teachers be given release time to write out objectives or even paid a professional fee to do the work after hours? Compensation for extra work is an accepted fact of life and school trustees appear'to support that idea. If OBE will help teachers provide a better education for students it will get their fullest support but trustees should provide us with adequate information and the resources to implement the scheme. TERRY MORRIS Lethbridge Machinery satisfactory The council of the Municipal District of Willow Creek No. 26 feels that the recent comment about the I.H.C. motor scraper purchased and used by the County of Vulcan was inaccurately reported. The County of Vulcan is quite happy with the performance of the I.H-C. scraper and the damage sustained to the transmission was a result of the type of earthmoving being done, not a defect or inadequacy of the equipment. The council wishes to stress this point to clarify the matter to (lie public and company concerned. Also, it was not the transmission that was damaged but the transfer rase. Further, the council feels that manv of the articles written are incorrect and comments made improperly quoted. For example: "Secretary Ruben Hartfelder said a general rule for arriving at an expropriation. price is 12 times the assessed value of the land." The statement made was that the Municipal District's policy to purchase right of ways was arrived at by using 12 times the assessed value per acre. The matter of purchasing right of ways and expropriation are two entirely different matters. The council requests that more discretion be used by the reporter when writing these articles. R. R. HARTFELDER Secretary-Treasurer Claresholm The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh SI S LefrbTidge. Alberta LETMBR1DGE HERALD CO ITD Prooncitors and Publishers Second Oass Mail Registration No D01.2 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manage' ROY f MILES Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M fENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH BAHNETT Business Manager THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;