Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 5, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Bureaucracy reviewed: Ottawa 'Mandarins' quake at Tory threat OTTAWA Deputy ministers who have been living high off the hog and busily expanding their departmental empires during the past six years of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's tenure are uneasy these days. They are hoping for a Liberal win. They like their fancy offices, handsome furniture and huge staffs. They like being able to call up an automobile with a driver to take them to lunch and back again to the office, or out to the country club for a long afternoon break. Best of all they like the large salary and the fringe benefits. When Progressive Con- servative Leader Robert Stanfield talks about a review of all the deputy ministerial appointments it sends shivers up and down their spines. They are known in Ottawa as the most of them live in lovely homes in the beautiful: expensive Rockcliffe area, homes that sell well into the six figure category. They have their private exclusive fishing club and form a clique that wields tremendous power and authority. The cost of the constantly growing bureaucracy is one of the major questions that has been raised in the election campaign. In Ottawa there is a vested interest in the public service because the government is the main industry. But outside the nation's capital there is increasing apprehension about the size and scale of the bureaucracy multiplying and spreading across the land. Halt Mr. Stanfield has talked about putting a stop to this phenomenal growth. That is encouraging for Canadian taxpayers. They would welcome such a move by a prime minister. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau imposed a "freeze" on the public service during his first term of office as part of his campaign to fight inflation. In those days he did not talk about inflation being caused mainly by external forces. The "freeze" was in effect for a while but when the prime minister proudly announced that his government had "licked" in- flation, the freeze was lifted and the spiral of Brings took on new momentum. Mr. Trudeau appears to have thrown in the towel. Mr. Stanfield has assured civil servants that there will be no mass firings. He intends to embark on no repeat no wholesale purges of the public service. He has had to repeat this assurance several times as Liberal candidates running in Ottawa seek to frighten civil servants into the belief that the Tories would swing a broad axe through the dense ranks of the government employees. Smilingly Mr. Stanfield said recently for the benefit of pub- lic servants: "If you fear that I'm determined to lop off heads in the public service, throw widows and pensioners out into the snow and freeze mother's milk it's not quite true." While there will be no wholesale purges Mr. Stanfield has said he will apply the breakes to large scale hirings. By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau The Conservative leader has made a reduction in govern- ment spending and more econ- omy and efficiency in govern- mental operations, a major part of his campaign. He gets a wanfi reception to his calls for greater economy in government wherever he in Ottawa where conscientious public servants are fed up with waste and extravagance. This year, is expected to mark the occasion when the employee will be en- rolled in the government serv- ice in the national capital. Sta- tistics Canada claims there were more than 77.000 public servants in Ottawa in fall of 1973 when it took a" survey. That does not include the huge army of special consultants, those on contract, the special and casual employees. In addition there are the large number of agencies, board and commissions along with crown corporations. Last year the National Capi-" tal Commission did a survey on Ottawa and came up with a figure of in the Ottawa- Hull area alone. That does not include the vast army of public servants working for the government across Canada. There are others in the NCC who claim that the total num- ber of public servants already exceeds in Ottawa- Hull. Whatever the total it has climbed at an astonishing rate, and the government unlike years ago is a good paying employer. It is not niggardly in its salaries, pay or expenses. The growth of government in Ottawa far exceeds the growth of Revenue Canada Customs and Excise CANADA CUSTOMS INFORMATION SHOULD YOU REQUIRE IN- FORMATION OR ASSISTANCE RELATIVE TO CUSTOMS MATTERS, YOU MAY CALL YOUR LOCAL CUSTOMS OFFICE. IF THERE IS NO LOCAL OFFICE. ASK YOUR TELE- PHONE OPERATOR FOR THE FOLLOWING ZENITH NUM- BER AND YOUR CALL WILL BE PLACED WITHOUT CHARGE. MONDAY TO FRIDAY OSOOh 1700h 66200 1700h 2400H 66201 SATURDAY AND SUNDAY 0900h-2400h 66201 Revenu Canada Douanes et Accise DOUANES Ml CANADA INFORMATION SI VOUS DESIREZ DES REN- SEIGNEMENTS OU DE L'AIDE EN CE QUI CONCERNE LES DOUANES DU CANADA, VEUILLEZ TELEPHONER LE BUREAU DES DOUANES DANS VOTRE LOCALITE. POUR UNE COMMUNICA- TION 1NTERURBAINE, DE- MANDEZ A VOTRE TELEPHON- 1STE POUR LE NUMERO ZENITH SU1VANT ET VOTRE APPEL SERA TRANSMIT SANS FRA1S. LUNMAUVENDRED) 0900H ITOOh 66200 1700H 2400h 66201 SAMQN IT DIMANCHE 0900h 2400h 66201 'P government across Canada and the growth of the national product. It was back in 1969 that Mr. Trudeau declared bravely that there would be ten per cent less employees in the whole federal establishment across Canada authorized in 1970-71 than were authorized in 1968 He talked boldly about the new "maning techniques" his government would introduce. He hasn't talked about it since. The total number of federal government employees five years ago was It has crept steadily upwards, some- times surging ahead. By the end of 1973 the total had reached over and still climbing. It may help reduce unemployment but it speeds up inflation. All this adds up to a fantastic cost of government one that must make the late Rt. Hon. C.D. Howe whirl in his grave. He believed in spending to get results, but he also believed in efficiency and no waste or extravagance. Clarence Decatur Howe were he alive today would be horrified at the lavish scale of spending in various de- partments. Canada's key war- time minister and adminis- trator, he worked in a wooden frame temporary building in downtown Ottawa in a small office with utilitarian furniture and a hole in the rug. Scoffing There are many in the public service who think a change of government would be good for the top echelons of the departments. Mr. Stanfield likes to say in his campaign speeches that during the Trudeau years of high spending and growing bureaucracy the government expenditures were an "engine of However he adds that while proposing necessary cuts in government expenditures "I'm not talking about running around with an axe chopping people off as Mr. David Lewis would have you Finance Minister John Turner along with the prime minister, Mr. Lewis and. Liberals seeking re- election in Ottawa seats, have scoffed at the Conservative claims that they could cut expenditures. Mr. Stanfield's predecessor John Diefenbaker, when he was prime minister, made a determined effort to hold down spiralling costs. He wag not nearly as successful as he would have liked, but he made the effort and Mr. Stanfield is convinced a government formed by the Progressive Conservatives would be able to curb spending. Somebody needs to make the effort again and soon. Wednesday, May IETHBRIDGE New rules sought to combat cancer Rare breed A six-week-oid Chinese fighting dog is one of a litter of four pups born to par- ents imported from Hong Kong by Vancouver residents. Several Canadian and American owners hope to preserve the breed from extinction. GENEVA (Reuter) F6r millions of people throughout the world, occupational can- cer is the hidden danger in their workplace. Hundreds are known to die each year of cancer con- tracted through substances or processes with which they deal, and the number could be much higher. Now governments, labor and industry are about to unite their efforts to make life safer for such employees. Delegates to the annual Inter- national Labor Conference- main congress of the 125- country International Labor Organization ex- pected to create a series of standards to reduce the scourge of occupational can- cer. Figures released by the ILO show that employees in cer- tain industrial sectors face high cancer risks because of the nature of their work. The rate of lung cancer among workers at one chrome production plant in the United States was 40 times the standard rate for white and 80 times that for black workers. Occupational cancers occur mostly where the action of cancer-producing substances (carcinogens) is most intense and prolonged, mostly affect- ing the skin, lungs and blad- der. Many industrial products and consumer goods hold in- visible dangers, containing oc- cupational carcinogens either as impurities or as parts of compounds. These include an- iline dyes and rubber antioxi- dants, which release their .cancer-causing component in the body under the influence of metabolic processes. Workers engaged in every- day tasks face the risk of can- cer, the second most frequent cause of death in the Western world, if precautions are not taken in the workplace, an ILO spokesman said. Tar, soot, paraffin and min- eral oils can attack the skin of petroleum workers and road builders. Chrome, nickel and its compounds can act in the same way on electrolytic platers, causing cancer of the lungs, jaws and nasal regions. Delegates to the Inter- national Labor Conference, which will meet here June 5- 26, will consider a draft text for international standards, drawn up on the basis of re- plies from 59 countries, which suggests that carcinogenic substances and agents to which workers may be ex- posed should be replaced as far as possible by less harm- ful ones. Protective measures should be prescribed by the com- petent authorities in each country. Employees should be medi- cally examined before start- ing work on a potentially haz- ardous task and examined regularly afterwards, the draft report said. The expected new standards will also contain provision for the keeping of medical records for assessment by re- searchers. 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