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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 5, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TNI LtTHMSaCI HERALD Tuttdoy, 5, 1973 I'lHIOItlM.S Argentina symbolizes domestic malaise Disclosure rules needed Mr. Grant Notley, Alberta leader of the New Democratic Party, says that at the fall session of the pro- vincial legislature he will introduce legislation to require full disclosure of political contributions and expendi- tures. Such legislation is badly need- ed, and it is hoped the idea will re- ceive something better than the knee- jerk rejection usually accorded legis- lative proposals that emanate from "socialist" sources. The case for disclosure is a com- pelling one, on several counts. First, there is the obvious and direct rela- tionship between size of budget and scale of advertising, publicity, person- al favors, special services and all the other expedients that go to enhance political prospects. Like it or not, ad- vertising works. So do the procedures and techniques employed by public relations people, with the total effect in direct proportion to the amount of money available. The public is entitled to know at least the extent to which a candidate is the product of this kind of image-making. Then there is the unfortunate but undeniable fact that some people just aren't constrained by the usual ethical or moral considerations; when it comes to getting themselves or their chosen candidates elected, just about anything goes. But political wheeling and dealing always costs money, and it would provide at least some mea- sure of control on these people if details of their spending had to be made public. While public knowledge of political expenditures is needed, it must be rec- ognized that truly effective legislation will take time to develop. A candi- date might produce a complete and fully audited statement, showing ev- ery last cent of expenditure, without telling the whole story. He might have had a hundred or a thousand people working for him without cash com- pensation, free or nominal rent of property or facilities, contributed transportation, printing at cost or less and a hundred other discounted or complimentary services. Nonetheless, if ever there is to be control of elec- tion expenditures, a start has to be made somewhere. Knowing where the money comes from is even more important than how it is spent. Time and time again it has been shown that money can be decisive in an election campaign, that a contributor with a large enough bankroll can influence or even decide who gets elected. It seems unlikely that such contributors will al- ways be motivated solely by concern for justice and democracy. But wheth- er they are or not, if in effect legisla- tive seats are being bought, electors are surely entitled to know who is buying them. A favorite argument against dis- closure is that if voting is secret, financial contributions should be se- cret too; i.e., if a voter needn't reveal he supports with his vote, he shouldn't have to say who he sup- ports with his dollars. This is not an honest argument. At best, it is a non sequitur. The secret ballot is not intendefl to facilitate covert support of a parti- cular candidate; rather, it is a de- vice to prevent votes being bought or sold. If voting were open a voter could offer his vote for cash or some other consideration, and then dem- onstrate that he had delivered. Sim- ilarly, an unscrupulous candidate or his agent could buy or coerce pledges of support at the polling station, and then ensure that such pledges were redeemed. The secret ballot pre- cludes this kind of skullduggery; there is no point to buying a vote without a means of telling whether it is cast as arranged. Hansard should make interesting reading, next fall, when this legisla- tion is debated. However it fares, the public will be interested in noting who opposes it, and on what grounds. Family life education Strong feelings are evident almost every time the subject of family life education in the schools surfaces which' it seems to do with increasing frequency. The latest reaction a decidedly negative one came from the Lethbridge separate school board when asked to support the resolution of the Alberta Medical Association calling for total family life educa- tion, including contraceptive coun- selling. Members of the separate school board are not necessarily opposed to family life education, including infor- mation about sex. The fact is that three of four trustees had earlier in- dicated support for a "balanced" family life education course proposed by Alberta School Trustees' Associa- tion president Harald Gunderson. It is quite consistent for the sep- arate school trustees to reject a reso- lution calling for contraceptive coun- selling as part of a family life educa- tion course. Even if the trustees pri- vately had sympathy for such a feso- lution they would be bound to oppose it as contradictory to the teaching of the church to which they belong. At the same time it is logical for the members of the medical associa- tion to call for contraceptive coun- selling. The doctors know that there is no way to effectively combat the business of unwanted pregnancy short of providing information on con- traception. Even that will not entire- ly solve the problem since there are always some who run risks despite knowing better. As commendable as moral indoc- trination may be it is neither a guar- antee of sexual restraint nor is it available to all. Those who have the benefit of strong moral sanctions against pre-marital sexual relations may nevertheless yield to physical drives if they make the mistake of getting into compromising situations. Statistical studies on illegitimate births, abortions, and "premature" first births after marriage would probably not prove very comforting to many church groups. For the present a family life educa- tion program stopping short of what the doctors want may be the wisest course. At least it would go a long way toward filling a gap in the educa- tion of many young people and the birth control clinics which have sprung up in many centres could sup- plement the school program for those with the drive to complete that part of their education The casserole The Russians certainly do things in a big way, according to a couple of recent an- nouncements from their embassy in Ot- tawa. One tells of an immense new irri- gation project, that will move water "sev- eral thousand meters long" to irrigate a tract of 25 million acres of Soviet Central Asia. The other concerns the natural gas reserves of Yakutia in eastern Sibsria; proven reserves now amount to eight tril- lion cubic feet, and geologists working in the field expect to develop it to more than 35 trillion. In presenting his case against busing school children from one district in Cal- gary to another, the chairman of a citi- zens' committee argued that "a travelling school as he calls it, is bound to receive inferior quality education. If this is so, one is moved to wonder about the quality of education experienced by hun- dreds of thousands of rural school children, and how their parents feel about it. U.S. Interior Secretary Morton appears ideally suited to his high-level Washing- ton appointment in at least one respect; he is a thoroughly typical North American. He is an enthusiastic advocate of mass transit trains, buses, etc. for long trips, as a means of conserving fuel and reducing air pollution. For short trips, he favors walking or riding bicycles. He also believes automobiles should be made small- er, and that there should ba limits on energy-consuming accessories such as air- conditioning, s He goes to and from his Washington of- fice in a chauffeur-driven, air-conditioned Cadillac. Stories concerning the British prostitute with the prominent clients frequently em- ploy the term "affair" when speaking of their fascinating relationships. Some deli- cacy may bz indicated when cabinet min- isters are involved but considering all those Victorian novelists and their many read- ers, one would have thought "transactions" might have done as well. Those who still wonder if there really is a population explosion may be interest- ed in figures from Pakistan's last three censuses, those of 1951, 1961 and the latest which was completed late in 1972. The fig- ures are for >hat used to be West Paki- stan, before East Pakistan broke away to become Bangledesh. In 1951 the population was In 1961 it had reached and by 1972 had risen to Those figures show an increase of 51 per cent in the last ir years, and a staggering 90 per cent rise in just two decades. The British government has been widely congratulated on the forthright way it han- dled the recent sex scandals that touched a couple of its ministers. Some poeple will be upset, though, including the underworld types that had planned to blackmail those involved. How can you make money threat- ening to repeal secrets that have been splaslied all over the front pages of the paper? By Carl Rowu, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON A Bell and Howell executive telephoned me from Chicago a couple of months ago for help in settling an argument about what the elections in Argentina really meant. This executive was having trouble convincing some of his colleagues that in choosing Dr. Hector J. Campora as presi- dent, Argentina had taken a giant stride to the left. Because Campora is a onist, and Peron is remembered as a dictator of alleged pro- Nazi sympathies, some execu- tives thought U must mean that Argentina was moving toward right-wing totalitarianism. I asured the caller that Cam- pora's election was a major move to the left and that, based on what I had seen and heard in Argentina, the world wouldn't b% long discovering that. Campora took office May 25 and wasted no time in freeing "political lifting the ban on the Comnumist party and resuming diplomatic rela- "Waiter! There's shrapnel in my fish and chips West Germany becomes self-reliant By Leslie Colitt, London Observer commentator BONN West Germans have discovered that in a rather short space of time they have become the most eagerly court- ed people around. It has come as a pleasant surprise to a country which only moments ago in history was still being regarded as one of the world's darker characters. The country's chief new suit- or, Leonid Brezhnev, ended his breathtaking four-day trip to Bonn recently wreathed in smiles and leaving his hosts slightly dazed. Despite official West German descriptions of the chancellor's sessions with Mr. Brezhnev as at times "resembling family Herr Brandt was clearly aware of the dangers of too much euphoria. As one Bonn aide explained: "He's ccme to like Brezhnev as a hu- man being, that's all. He doesn't think Nixon is the most endearing man he knows, but he has a deep love for Amer- ica." In recent months Brandt has shed modesty and called his Ostpolitik the key to detente be- tween East and West. However, fostering a myth about a "spe- cial relationship" in the offing between Moscow and Bonn is quite another matter and the chancellor did what he could to deflate it. Repeatedly he stress- ed West Germany's firm ad- herence to the Atlantic Alliance and the West European Com- munity. Mr. Brezhnev, having already decided to accept the realities of the Common Market, took a new tack in the 20-odd hours of talks. He treated Herr Brandt as a kind of super-chancellor for Euorpe, a spokesman for some kind of "West Reich" de- veloping in Russian eyes. No matter how much Herr Brandt tried to make it clear that he was speaking as "one of the spokesman" for Western Eur- ope, Mr. Brezhnev insisted on regarding him as the spokes- man." Aides to the chancellor found it a highly paradoxical situation. They recall what happened when Herr Brandt was sudden- ly invited to Washington for talks with Mr. Nixon last month. The American president left no doubt that Herr Brandt was only one of many Euro- pean statesman he was con- sulting before Mr. Brezhnev's trip to the U.S. next month. In Nixon's view, European politi- cal unity is a far-off vision. What counts is the relationship between the super-Powers. Mr. Brezhnev, while actively seeking detente with the U.S. is simultaneously appealing to Western Europe's psyhcological needs. In Bonn one felt at every turn the keen interest of Soviet representatives in the growing economic and political strains between the U.S. and the Com- mon Market. It was second only to their interest in the reaction of Western Allied diplomats to Mr. Brezhnev's Bonn visit. As an open shouting match threat- ens to develop across the At- lantic, the Soviet switch from confrontation to intimate co-op- eration with West Germany makes even more sense. But the calculations being Letter to the editor made in Moscow and Washing- ton about West Germany and its future role tend to ignore one important phenomenon. The West Germans have become self-reliant for the first time since the Second World War. As a group they no longer feel the need to show varying degrees of shame when they travel abroad. Some of them may still dislike certain as- pects of Willy Brandt's politics but they have all benefited from his enormous popularity outside Germany. West Germans and their country have come of age pol- itically. Even while Mr. Brezh- nev was stil] in Bonn, Foreign Minister Walter Scheel flew off to Cairo where hopes were voiced that Bonn would exert its influence on the Middle East deadlock. Herr Brandt is sched- uled to visit Israel soon ana" plans to visit Cairo in the fu- ture. In any event, the Nobel Peace Prize-winner could do no worse than the others who have attempted to mediate between Arabs and Israelis. The purpose of friendship centres Sherleen Hunter, in a letter to The Herald (March 10) stated the purpose of a friendship cen- tre to be "to assist people mov- ing from rural to urban life; to assist transient persons; to provide counsellors whenever necessary; to encourage new friendships; and to assist those in need of a friend; it offers friendship and a place to relax to those who have no permanent quarters and who cannot afford the price of local entertainment centres." What she was referring to is really some of the services of a friendship centre, but certain- ly not the purpose of one. I am the person who started friendship centres in this prov- ince, with the sole purpose of breaking down or minimizing piejudice and discrimination which was, and still is, ramp- ant in this province. At the time, 1959 there was no such thing as a Human Rights Bill or the Individual's Rights Protection Act. This meant that victims of prejudice and dis- crimination had no place to complain or get retribution. Take the Assault and Battery Act it doesn't mean that you have to love everyone, but it does mean that if you get a punch in the nose or a black you have a place to com- get some kind of con- sideration. There are eight friendship centres in this province. In each of these communities, there are bound to be different races of people living there; different religions and denominations; and service clubs, etc. In Leth- bridge there are four races. The real purpose of a friend- ship centre is to program it in such a way as to bring peopb together as persons. This is done through food, music dances, handicrafts and arts, dress, faith and custom. A com- petent director and staff of a friendship centre, together with the board, will program the cen- tre activities so as to give peo- ple in the community, the chance to mingle and speak with each other. Knowing one another, definitely will remove discrimination and prejudices, thereby eliminating somewhat suspicions, resentments, hat- reds, and jealousies. It is impossible to bring peo- ple together in a centre when liquor and drunkenness is al- lowed. It is impossible to con- verse with a blubbering smelly, individual with a distorted face wiiich is repulsive. For 14 years, I've been in- volved in friendship centres in one way and another, and since I've lived in Lethbridge I've ob- served that the citizens of this city and area, don't seem to know what a friendship centre is supposed to do. They think it is for Indians only; is "a drunk hang-out; there never has been a program that I can find which has involved all the peo- ple and I wonder if Lethbridge really needs a friendship centre at all, or is something else needed? An Indian drop-in centre, perhaps? Although the centre is spoken of as the "Lethbridge Friend- ship it's registered name is "The Native Friend- ship Society of Southern Al- and In its constitution it stipulates that the president of the board must be native, which in this part of Alberta means Blackfoot. Regardless of the applications that are received for the posi- tion of director of the centre, the end result is Blackfoot. Tlus to my mind is ultra vires of the Individual's Rights Pro- tection Act and it deprives this centre of a director suit- able for the post. It has been difficult all along to get a workable board for the centre, therefore I have seen no program which warrants the expenditure of the funds allot- ed for it by the federal and pro- vincial governments. Friendrnip does not commence at 9 a.m. and stop at 5 p.m., and a centre to be a centre, should be prepared for twenty- four hour service. If this can- not be done, then this commun- ity does not need a centre, but may need some other kind of service. No person who comes to a friendship centre with a problem, should leave without getting an answer because somewhere in every commun- ity, the answer is there. The staff should be knowledgeable of the facilities in their own communities otherwise what good are they. Governments fund friendship centres, and friendship centres should be a factor in building a better community through un- derstanding, respect, and loy- alty. If friendship centres can- not carry out proper programs to eliminate prejudices and dis- crimination, then a friendship centre is not needed. MRS. J. DARYL STURROCK Lethbridge tions with Cuba. He hero's welcome to Cuban Presi- dent Osvaldo Dorticos and to Chile's Marxist President Sal- vador Allende. I mention that telephone call from Chicago because it illus- trates how woefully little even well-educated Americans know about trends and within the countries of Latin America. U.S. businesses especially seem to plod along in an ideol- ogical, intellectual fog, assum- ing that, no matter what goes wrong, the CIA, or the Marines, or some branch of the U.S. gov- ernment will bail them out. What American businessmen need to face up to is that not just Argentina but almost all of Latin America is moving left politically, a reality obscured by the fact that military gov- ernments hold sway in so many places. The irony is that even Latin military leaders (many of them trained in the United States) are moving left when it comes to developing their econ- omies or their dealings with the United States. American big business must share with our government the major responsibility for the facts that U.S. prestige is down, capitalism is cursed, the Soviet Union has made remarkable in- roads and Castro's Cuba is scoring one quiet triumph af- ter another in the hemisphere. Secretary of State William Rogers has just completed a tour of Latin American which was badly needed but, thanks to Watergate and other evidence of domestic malaise, got about the same attention in the Am- erican press as would a trip to the bathroom. Rogers sought to convince Latin leaders that the era of U.S. paternalism in dealing with smaller, weaker countries of the hemisphere is over. Cam- pora's swift resumption of re- lations with Cuba was a test as to whether Rogers was an- nouncing a genuinely new pol- icy or just dealing in rhetoric. It is the poorest-kept secret in Latin America that, but for pa- ternalistic "guidance" and out- right pressures by Uncle Sam, all the Latin countries but Bra- zil, Bolivia and Paraguay would long ago have welcomed Cuba back into the family of American states. After all, the president of Venezuela states flatly that the original reason for banishing Cuba (attempts to subvert Venezuela) vanish- ed long ago and that Venezuela has established fairly good rela- tions with Cuba. But the Nixon administration, busy courting the giant Com- munist powers, Russia and the People's Republic of China, has a mind-set against any change of attitude toward the Cuban Communists. So we sit obdur- ately as Peru, Chile, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and now Argentina join Mexico in full relations with Cuba. The more the U.S. twists arms to try to maintain sanc- tions against Cuba, the greater the loss to U.S. prestige and leadership when, one by one, Latin countries abandon the sanctions. Yet, feelings about U.S. gov- ernmental paternalism a n pressure are minor compared with the burgeoning Latin hat- red for U.S. business, especial- ly the multinational corpora- tion. The kidnappings of execu- tives of international corpora- tions and the extortion of mil- lion dollars' worth of charity from the Ford Motor Co. only begin to illustrate the rising feeling that foreign corpora- tions are not developing Latin America, but in fact bleeding it of wealth and resources to the point of making develop- ment all the more difficult. Violent Trotskyite rebels in Argentina have warned Cam- pora that they will continue their attacks on "imperialistic corporations." It will take more than gift ambulances and charitable do- nations to convince Latin ac- tivists that giant American corporations no longer are ex- ploiting Latin America. The grave challenge is for U.S. busi- ness interests to fashion new policies and procedures to give Latinos that kind of The Lethbridge Herald _____ 7th St S.t Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PublUMV Published 1906-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stcond CttN MM Ktghtrttkm No. Mil Mtmbir cT TM Canadian Prm and Canadian Daily Nmnpamr MMMan' Attoclation Audit BurMu of ClrctMtloM CLEO W MOWERS, Idltor and PuMlthW THOMAS H. ADAMS. Omwal Manager DON PILLING Managing Editor F. MILfS_ WILLIAM HAY Editor DOUGLAi K. WALKER MfKAIO fMVB THE tOUTHV ;