Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 5, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Fii June 5, Tim TI'd ynor Nixon's Progress Report i The American I'rc.sidunt's TV ad- dross was in the nature of a pro- gress report and a promise reiter- ated. The Cambodian operation had Ijecn a tremendous success, lie said, backing up his statement with pictures and statistics to prove it. Many American lives have been saved as a result of the destruction of North Vietnamese military sup- plies in Hie border areas, and U.S. troops would be withdrawn from Cambodia by June !iO as promised. But all this leaves many ques- tions unanswered. What for instance does the U.S. intend to do to protect the Cambodian people from possible victimization bv South Vietnam- ese forces who remain in their coun- try? What will be the extent of Am- erican advisory assistance to the South Vietnamese remaining in Cambodia? 1C Hanoi increases its at- tacks on South Vietnam so that safe- ty of American troops is jeopardized what, specifically, are those "strong and effective measures" the Presi- dent says lie will take? On the whole it was a defensive s p e e c h. unlikely to have a pronounced effect on the deep trau- ma affecting the American people because of U.S. involvement and lack of success in the Vietnamese venture. Courses Pressure on gulling facilities is acute in most urban centres. In- creasing popularity of the game along with increased population lias brought about this situation. With only one regular course in Lethbritlge open to the casual golfer it at a fairly stiff is not surprising that there should be some stirring for a change. A third course has been proposed by Mr. Reg Turner. He has in mind a course for young people. The scheme is appealing and will likely reach fulfilment in due time. Eventually this could simply ag- gravate the problem of pressure on the single semi-public facility. The young people who have learned to appreciate the game on their exclus- ive playground will want lo gradu- ate somewhere but not necessary expect to play on a regular basis. It is inevitable that some ques- tions should be raised about the leasing of city property to the Hen- derson Lake Golf Club. When the initial proposal of substantial in- creases in greens fees came before City Council it resulted in a request for a review of the terms of the lease. Although the fees were sub- sequently somewhat modified the matter of the request was not with- drawn and is being pressed again at this time. The operation of a golf course is a costly business if properly done. It might not be in the interests of the city and the taxpayers lo be- come saddled with such an expense. On the other hand, it might be right and reasonable for an agreement to be readied that a certain portion of the playing time be guaranteed to casual players at a modest rate in exchange for the rights to the prop- erty. Frustration would still be rampant since there would likely not be enough playing time available for all who would want to take advantage of the modest fees. But, at least there would be no comeback on either the City Council or the directors of the club. Looking to the future it might seem there is a need for someone to invest money in the development of another golf course in addition to the one proposed by Mr. Turner. What it would do to the Henderson Lake Club and might eventually mean for City Council is a guess. It might, undermine the club and force the city to take over the oper- ation. And whether that would be good or had is unknown at j'his point. Art Buchwald If anyone has any doubts that this counlry is uptight, he should read the mail that's pouring into the newspapers, television stations, networks and politicians' offices. Not since I proved conclusively that there was no such person as J. Edgar Hoover (I said he had been invented by The Reader's Digest) have I received so many lelters from people wauling to give their opinions of "the si- tuation." The mail breaks down something like this; Those who agree with what I have been taying have been writing highly intelligent, pithy letters and indicate they represent the same true honest American spirit that has made this country great. Those who disagree with1 me have written idiotic missives that are pointless, repetitious and disappointing in conlenl. One can only gainer Uiat the people who have laken issue with me are bigoled, nar- row-minded and are unable lo grasp the ''big picture." There seems to be a trend these days, when wiling a letter, to send copies of it to 10 other people at the same time. For example, I am receiving copies of dozens of letters that people have sent to President Nixon. I feel embarrassed read- ing Ihese letters, because I'm certain Pres- idenl Nixon hasn't read Ihe originals, and I hate lo read his mail before he does. The obscenity count, both from the ex- treme right and extreme left, is up 23 per cent since the NLxon Administration took over. The four-letter word has come into its own and the sexual act now precedes tho name of any person in the public eye. You can usually tell how worked up 3 country is by how many letters you re- ceive from people who write on the en- velopes after they seal them. Lately Ibis percentage has reached a new high. It doesn't bother me too much, but it's been really shaking up my mailman. In a recent survey, CBS discovered that less than 50 per cent of the American people believed in the Bill of. Rights. I can confirm their survey. The solutions that people have for dissenters in this country are as follows: "All blacks should be sent back to Af- "All students should be sent to "All liberals should be senl to and "All protesters should be sent to jail." I have discovered that there is a shortage of writing paper in the United States and more and more people are scrawling their thoughts on the newspaper itself and send- ing it in. Also many people are saving money by signing one letter with six or seven signatures. I don't mind this but I'm hard put to know which person de- serves an answer. These are the conclusions that can be made from my mail: More and more people are taking an in- terest in what is going on in the world and getting involved. This is a very dangerous thing because you can't have a democracy if everyone wants to participate. The Silent Majority is not now and never has been silent. Educated people can't spell. This is par- ticularly true of students and secretaries take dictation. People who enjoyed humorous articles about President Johnson find nothing funny when someone makes light of President Nixon. Spiro Apncw's fans arc legion. Martha Mitchell has her own following. Editors do not see any humor in mail from their readers about anything. (Toronto Telegram Spi'vicr-) All The Way By Dong Walker R. and Mrs. Warren Russell and their 1 reached the back of the firs' green in ''M to ly allowed me to join them for a game of golf at the Henderson Lake course. We exchanged comforting confessions of our duffer status and set out. Mrs. Russell came along lo help hunt balls. Three duf- fers ami a ball hawk make a perfect four- some. The game got oif to a shaky start when out in six. Warren and Tim were able to match that kind of performance. Warren proved lie was in my league ill more ways than just duffing shots. On one of his flubs he mildly exclaimed. "Oh Then he grinned and said. "I should have been able lo ihiik of a better word Ihan thai." have that in common, too. Taking Soundings On U.S. Seabed Treaty Tcstimo n y before Congress h a s served to clarify U.S. thinking on recent far-reaching initia- tives on the ocean. .Moves lo combat oil pollution up to miles offshore have been fol- lowed by proposals for the es- tablishment of tin international framework to regulate the de- velopment of the floor of the world's oceans. The U.S. has also formally declared its support for a treaty exteixling lerrilori a 1 waters from three to 12 miles, provided there is provision for unobstructed passage through international straits. The disposition of the min- eral rich outer reaches of the continental shelf has assumed ever greater importance as the demaid for resources like oil has soared and as technologi- cal advances have opened new possibilities tor deep-sea ex- ploitation. The impulse of coastal' states is to project themselves further outward, but this threatens to give rise to an anarchic situation. It also conflicts with the demands of landlocked countries lor a share in undersea resources. The situation is further com- plicated by a confusing jumble cf claims and disputes related lo oilier aspects of the ocean, notably fishing and pollution. These may or may nol figure directly in seabed claims and odinler claims, bill the lire- occupations in themselves im- pinge since seabed mineral ex- ploitation lias also to be con- sidered from the point of view of pollution control and the im- pact on fisheries. This has proven the basis for an over- lapping of the U.S. seabed pro- posals the Canadian Arc- tic claims, which are not pri- marily concerned with the sea- bed. The central feature of Pres- ident Nixon's seabed plan is a division of the ocean floor info three sections. Outright nation- al possession would end 12 miles offshore from coastal states, or where the depth ex- ceed 200 melres or whichever was further. In the intermediate area out to the edge of the continental land mass the so-called 'con- tinental margin' the coastal state would act as trustee for the international community, exercising control in accord- ance with the provisions of an international agreement and handing over a share of min- eral royalties to international agencies for allocation to un- derdeveloped countries. The re- mainder of the seabed would be straightforwardly interna- tional, although some authority might initially be delegated to coastal stales. As explained to the special Senate committee on the con- tinental shelf, by Under Sec- retary of State Elliot Richard- son and an associate, the U.S. sees the trusteeship zone (which would extend 50 miles offshore on average) as a means of reconciling coastal state interest in exploiting the outer continental shelf and the international desire for a stake. The coastal nations would, as the president said, "renounce all national claims" over the resources of the margin, but the provisions of the trustee- ship would be such as to maxi- mize their rights, the aim being lo make the proposal as palatable as possible to the coastal slates. They would ben- efit directly from royalties, would have control of leasing, and would be able to exclude nations considered hostile from their trusteeship zone. They could levy additional taxes and enforce national regulations on such matters as pollution con- trol, even if those were more stringent than what the treaty set forth. The coastal states would stand to benefit from the exis- tence of agreed procedures for handling disputes and from a broadly stable framework for seabed development and the passage of shipping. (The U.S. foresees freedom of passage provisions in a seabed treaty as well as in the treaty extend- ing territorial The U.S. itself looks to the trusteeship as the basis for proceeding with outer conti- nental shelf development with- in a multilateral framework. Prior to the conclusion of a treaty, development would go ahead under an interim agree- ment between "a sufficient number" of coastal states. They would proceed as if the trusteeship had been establish- ed, channelling some of their revenues to international agen- cies. This is seen as a way around United Nations moves to freeze development in the outer shelf. Despite attacks from some b "And next, Mr. Speaker, another one of me skindiving off the Great Barrier Reef in Congress Senator Stevens of Alaska lias said a Pandora's box has been opened the ad- ministration hopes to reach ti basis for discussion by the fall. Soundings are being taken among major coastal states, including Canada. It is not yet clear how the U.S. approach to the seabed, as such, relates to Canadian policies, but the U.S. is evi- dently eager to make the nlpst cf openings for harmonization en pollution. Mr. Richard son made this explicit in comments lo the committee in the pres- ence of Jean Chretien, Cana- dian Minister of Indian Affairs and Ncrlhern Developmenl, who was in Washington for Cabinet level discussions. Mr. Richardson said, in ef- fect, that tile U.S. plan would underwrite Canada's deter- mination to take measures to control pollution in waters up to one hundred miles off the coast of the Arctic archipela- go. These were mostly within the 'continental margin' and Ihus would fall- within the Ca- nadian trusteeship zone, under the U.S. plan. (More precisely, the outer reaches of the area would fall within the Iruslee- sbip, and the inner reaches, including most cf the North- west Passage would fall within the inner zone dearly belong- ing lo Canada for the purposes of the proposed Though the relationship was indirect, Mr. Eicliar d s o n agreed that the approaches to pohulion were "in concert." The significance of this will not be clear, however, unlil the re- spective disposilions of Hie two countries becomes clearer. The Canadian government has indicated a general eager- ness lo proceed on pollulion Ihrough international agree- ment, but it remains to be seen how willing il will be to regard the proposed seabed trealy as an acceptable ve- hicle. Also, Canada is not will- ing to await the consummation cf a treaty before acting, and this raises Hie question of U.S. readiness to encompass pollu- tion control in its proposals for an interim agreement on con- tinental shelf exploitation. The same questions arise out of the administration's support: of treaties authorizing coastal state action against oil spills 50 miles oul lo sea, and extending territorial waters from three to 12 miles. The U.S. looks lo in- ternational agreement while Canada has moved unilateral- ly. In weighing the U.S. seabed proposals the focus of Cana- dian attention is likely lo be the areas of the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic coast where oil and gas exploration is taking place, or is in prospect. It will have to be determined how these would figure in a move to a Irusteeship. (Herald Washington Bureau) Dave Humphreys NATO: More Jargon For A Cluttered Lexicon "HOME: The NATO foreign ministers decided at their semi annual meeting here to go for the "individual mulli- not be too con- fused with the "bloc multi- laterals" and certainly not with the "bilaierals." The meeting, just ended in the polished efficionl surround- ings of Ihe Palace of Congress on the outskirts of Rome, suc- ceeded in adding jargon lo the already cluttered NATO lexi- con. The hilatcrals, diploma I i c talks between two govern- ments, were well established when the ministers assembled. It remained for them to pro- nounce their blessing on the present masters, Ihe West Ger- man government of Chancellor Willy Brandt. Confusion sets in with the because they can be different things. The minis- ters have really approved a series of hilalerals all going on at Ihe same lime, hence their term multilateral. And since bilaterals are deeply rooted in diplomacy and well established on the question of East-West relations, what, one may ask, has all the fuss been about? What has really happened is lhat the ministers have ap- proved and agreed to step up the pace of talks already going on for a year. But now, just in case the message failed lo fil- ter Ihrough to the other side, it will be delivered right into Soviet hands, wilh a smile, from the amiable Italian, Aldo Moro. Presumably the Communists will be expected lo reply, jus- tifying the dressing up of the basically old NATO position on European security in new clolhes. Yet another form of multi- lateral may lake place, (he bloc multilaterals. In mailers of European security this would mean the NATO powers and the Warsaw Pact countries facing each other as groups at the conference table. In the ease of mutual and balanced force reductions it would mean the NATO powers and the Warsaw Pact meetings as groups. Taken logether, and 'Good Stories' Krmn (ircr.'. Kalis Tribune writing an editorial honors .students arc receiving, we had a call from an indignant woman complained about way ''newspapers play up bad news all the time.'1 When asked if there v.as any specific story she objected to, she answered that newspapers ignored gccd, construc- tive news in of crime, violence and sordid events. "Why don't you ever write something good about t li e young people for a she asked. We atteir.pted tr point we carry at Ica.sl nine favorable stories about young people for every unfavorable one and asked if she had noted the stories about college scholar- ships local students were re- ceiving. Explaining forcefully t h a I. slic wasn't interested in such stories, she declined to say whai, shp, considered "good" stories. "Quit telling me about Camp Fire Girls and Eagle Scouts and stop all that writing alxnit kids being picked up for speed- Jug or careless she snapped as she hung up her phone. in the still doubtful event of progress in the preliminaries, there is likely to hs work a decade. Doubt about progress per- sists because of the negative attitude of the Soviet Union. While they may have given some encouragement to the West German government, de- spite the lack of any agree- ment at the second summit be- tween Chancellor Brandt and East German Premier Willi Stoph, there is still no evidence of their genuine interest in changing the status quo in Eu- rope. Secretary General ManlJo Brosio said it again quite clear- ly at their meeting: "as mat- ters stand at present, a Euro- pean collective security sys- tem, or a plan to transform the Atlantic or Mediterranean into 'seas of peace' could only mean withdrawal of United States forces and, therefore, the mili- tary and political domination of; Europe by the Soviet. Union." The time scale for the ap- proaching talks raises some further pertinent questions. Ob- viously it will take years to negotiate a reduction in forces that, is mutually acceptable to both sides, as distinguished from the unilateral halving of forces imposed on the alliance by Canada. While these negotiations are proceeding, any further uni- lateral withdrawals by Cana- da, (he United States or any- body else would be irrespon- sible. They would upset iho basis for negotiations. If and when negotiations open, is there to be a freeze on NATO forces in Europe? This question may help lo ex- plain the presence on the side- lines last week of British De- fence Minister Denis Hcaley, concerned that A m e r i can troops should stay in Kurope and that the present strength of conventional forces in Ku- rope be not disturbed. These are "just sufficient" for the purpose intended, altho u g li "there is a need for'improve- ments in quality and equip- according to the latest U.K. white paper on defence. The main achievement of this jargon conference is sum- med up in Frederick S, Wylie's phrase "the appearance of pro- not to be confused with the real thing. Mr. Wyb'e is a former U.S. deputy assistant secretary of defence for Euro- pean and NATO affairs, now- vice president and general counsel of Schroeders Inc., New York. Writing in the latest issue of the London quarterly Round Table, Mr. Wylie found very little room for progress on eith- er a "security settlement" or for changes in the military sit- uation. He did forecast considerable activity in the "etiquette of such things as cross stationing of observers, mentioned in the new NATO declaration on security. The virtue of this wound be a marginal improvement in the political atmosphere and the appearance of progress "and so will respond to the political desires of most Eu- ropean governments." That judgment has been confirmed by the latest round of circum- locution in which we are as- sured Canada played her full part and got the results want- ed. (Herald London Uurcau) LOOKING BACKWARD TIIliOUGII TlIE HERALD American Federa- tion of Labor, presently holding a convention in Montreal, has publicly slated lhal il unani- mously supports Ireland's fight for home rule. m.'lO Prospectors, lured by the discovery yf 3 large body c-i" ere containing copper, gold and silver worth a ton, are rushing io the Cassiar district cf northeastern British Colum- bia. ID-Sir Stafford Cripps was named British ambassador to Russia last night. Sources say lie was charged with the mis- sion cf improving Anglo-Soviet relations. 1050 The Social Christian party, victorious in yesterday's Belgian parliamentary elec- tions, embarked on a program today to bring the exiled King Leopold III. back to the throne. Castro's regime is getting ready lo establish diplo- matic ties with Red China it was announced today by The New York Times. The Lctltkidcic Herald 504 7th 51. S., Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mat] Rertstralion Number rol2 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dady Publishers' Association and Iho Audit Bureau of Circulations CI.EO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS !L ADAMS, General Manager JOB DAU.A WILLIAM KAY Manai-'ins Kdl'.nr Associate Editor HOY r. MILKS K WAI.KT.R Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"