Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
14 THB IETHBRIDGE HERAID Monday, Juna 4, 1973 Babies' graves neglected By NOEL BUCHANAN Herald Staff Writer A tangle of weeds festoon- ing graves of unbaptized in- fants in St. Patrick's Ceme- tery, Lethbridge, is starting to unearth charges of negli- gence from churchmen and city officials. "The graves are not for- gotten." city parks superin- tendent, Bill Brown reports. "Most of the concern for their physical conditions comes from city staff. As funds become available, the area will be improved." Mr. Brown says a section in the northwest corner had been excluded by the Roman Catholic Church "outside the cemetery proper" when the city assumed responsibility for the ground in 1957. "Funds were requested in this year's city park budget to fix the north Mr. Brown said. He explained the first step toward rectifying the situation has been get- ting the graves within the ce- metery boundary. "About all we can do is level the area and put a new fence around it. When the city took over, the church provided very limited rec- ords of who was buried there." Across a small crest atop the coulees, two dozen or more markers lie scat- tered among weeds. The graves appear to be tucked deep into one corner, as far down the slope as possible away from the main ceme- tery. One or two graves have stone markers arid iron fenc- ing. The balance are mere mounds overlooking a harsh, open-cut clay soil digging beside a brick works across the coulee. STARK The contrast is stark when compared with pleasantly- watered lawn trimming the children's area within the main body of the cemetery. Groundkeepers report the neglected area receives a few visitors but nothing in the way of a clean-up, trim- ming or flowers on the graves. One groundsman said he thought children buried there are "being punished" because they weren't bap- tized. He said he was reluc- tant to touch the area for fear of disturbing the graves. "Human negligence may stem from a misinterpreta- tion of religious says Rev. J. A. Carroll, par- ish priest at St. Patrick's Catholic Church. "Until 30 or 40 years ago, children were supposed to be baptized within a month of birth. At that time there was a high infant mortality rate. Beyond a month was a risk, and parents were at fault if they neglected he said. Father Carroll said the Catholic Church has wrestled with baptism since about the fourth century, without fully resolving the issue. "The Bible teaches except a man be born again of waiter and the spirit, he can- not enter heaven. Yet we know God is not willing any be lost, so some provision must have been made for the unbaptized. This does not negate our position for those of us who have the revelation of God and know what we should do. But for young innocent children there could be something different." Father Carroll continued, explaining how St. Augustine proposed that perhaps when iciTants die they enjoy a full, perfect state security, no sickness, sin or sorrow while missing the superna- tural experience of the faith- ful who live a mature life. "In the past, unbaptized in- fants were buried and left at the mercy of God to achieve their Father Car- roll said. "Today, conditions are different. Priests con- duct regular funeral services for stillborns and young in- fants and the babies are bur- ied alongside the rest at the cemetery." Li the mind of the church, Father Carroll said, there was set aside in Catholic ce- meteries a plot for baptized youngsters. Distinct from this area used to be a section for unbaptized offspring. St. Patrick's Cemetery was consecrated for Christian burial June 22. 1889. The property was donated by Northwest Coal and Naviga- tion Co. and was reserved for Catholic burials. "Today, some priests would refuse to baptize children." Father Carroll claimed. "Their reason is the ritual should not be interpreted as a mere superstition by which to get saved. Baptism is a commitment, an initiation in- to a way of life. Parents are saying at baptism they will provide a Christian home and influence for the growing child." When parents are not pre- pared to make this commit- ment, the church is starting ask why they want bap- tism, he said. "It's time to cut out the shenanigans. Maybe this posi- tion will mean a smaller Catholic church. But if peo- ple want the privileges and trimmings, they should also be prepared to live as part of the Christian community.'' Strike will have litte effect on rural school marks By HERB LEGG Herald Staff Writer Principals at rural Southern Alberta schools say the three- week teachers' strike early this spring will have little af- fect on the nearly stu- dents in the area. Teachers, who struck March 12. were ordered back to work by Labor Minister Bert Hohol April 2. Some concern had been ex- pressed by parents in the dis- tricts that student achieve- ment would be slowed by the absence from school. But failure rates are not expected to be any higher than usual this summer. Harold Huntrods, principal cf Kate Andrews High School at Coaldale, told The Herald final examinations will be based on only work covered during the year not studies missed during the strike. "A number of students en- joyed the holiday, but most came as willing to work ES before. "The failure rate, usually small, is not expected to be any greater than usual. Ex- aminations will be based en the amount of work covered in the courses. will be more em- phasis on the basic subject matter and a little less on Mr. Huntrods said. George Hanna, principal of the Picture Butte High School. said the major factor of the strike is that it disrupted stu- dent routine. He doesn't except a high failure rate. "Courses were adjusted to retain the meaty issues so there will be no significant ef- fect on the failure rate. There will be a significant effect on total education for the stu- dents. "When credits are equated with time, taking 15 days out will have an effect on the over all Mr. Hanna said He said final exams will be based on the material cov- ered prior to, and after, the strike. At Cardston High School, principal Hubert West says sn assessment will have to be made at the end of this school term. "It appears the same per- centage of students will pass as previously. "It is difficult to assess the contribution of the strike to the failure rate. There seeems little change in student attitudes in the Mr. 1 West said. Vulcan principal Archie Husby, of County Central High, says attitudes of both students and staff have de- teriorated "to the detriment cf the school but not educa- tion generally." Mr. Husby said there has been a reluctance by stu- dents to "dig in" and make up for lost time. "Academic accomplishment will suffer somewhat. Stu- dents won't get down to work. However, the strike won't affect the failure he said. Mr. Husby said students seeking scholarships will write departmental exams. "The balance will write teach- er exams and will be tested on material covered in he said. Yosh Kabayama, principal of Foremost School, says the strike slowed education and his staff is not expecting as much from the students tliis year. "There is no time for depth studies, how ever students have received the best pos- sible in the time left. "Their attitudes don't seem to be affected, at least it dossn't show. have a non- failure policy in Grades 1 to g. strike may affect the departmental, but students caa also cheese a teacher mark based on the work Mr. Kabayama said. At the Champion Element- ary Junior High School, principal Czaba Lorinczi said the strike forced teachers to shorten courses at the junior high level. "The options will not be af- fected but we can't offer as much enrichment material in any course. "'Students have adjusted well to the change. Students don't fail in this school. Tins is a continuous program type school. soon as the required work is covered, the student is promoted to the next level." Mr. Lorinczi said. Warner School principal Jciin Mosurchuk says students will be able to finish required courses but will have no time for review. "There has been no change in student attitude. Students here have a good attitude to educc.'.ion and the school. They are not belligerent. "We don't talk about the strike anymore. It won't ef- fect tre failure rate Ma-. Mcsurchuk says. Jim Blumell, principal of Raymond Junior Senior High, says prior anticipation of the strike made it possible to continue studies with little disruption and adverse ef- fect. unfavorable attitudes cf some non achievers may have been amplified. But the strike will have little effect on achievement. "It is difficult to assess, but students generally have a positive attitude and study habits. There will be little or no effect on the failure Mr. Blumell said. History of its oivn A registered trade mark of Lethbridge and historic- ally authentic, the Whoop-Up flag rising high above the fort in Indian Battle Park has a history of its own. Con- trary to popular belief the fur traders of Fort Whoop-Up did not fly the Stars and Stripes. The double H in the Whoop-Up flag is thought to be symbolic for Healy and Hamilton the founders of the fort. Lethbridge Kinsmen built their fort in 1967 and it is almost a replica of the original Fort The fort opened Saturday and public hours are from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily except Tuesdays. Experts take stock of Alberta's resources Panelist advises overcome difficulties and develop tar sands By ANDY OGLE Herald Staff Writer What are Alberta's energy reserves and how long are they going to last? These -were questions fac- ing a session on the future of our non renewable re- sources of the Association'of Professional Engineers Geolo- gists and Geophysicists of Al- berta which held its annual convention in Lethbridge on the weekend. The panelists dealt with what is really a rather com- plicated matter interwoven as it is with a wealth of poli- tical, social and economic issues and emerged with some tentative vantage points from which to assess the situation. As most people know we are rather well endowed with tar sands and coal deposits. According to panelist R. D. Humphreys, vice president and general manager of Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd., there are an estimated 900 billion barrels of oil lock- ed in four tar sands deposits and about 330 billion barrels are considered recoverable using today's technology. By comparison, present proven conventional crude oil reserves are estimated at 7.1 billion barrels. Mr. Humphreys said the newness of the tar sands ex- traction industry makes it difficult to estimate life of these reserves, but put the figure at several hundred years to give an indication of the magnitude of the re- source. Mr. Humphreys said in light of the current energy short- age a major tars sands in- dustry should be developed as quickly as possible despite the sizeable financing, tech- nical and manpower problems to be solved. Production from the GCOS plant north of Ft. McMurray, now in its fifth year, is about barrels per day a relatively small amount. Coal reserves, according to the general manager of Lethbridge Collcries Ltd., R. D. Livingstone, are more than 18 billion tons. At the 1972 rate of produc- tion the proven recoverable reserves of coal will last some 840 years, Mr, Living- stons said. "I would recommend that the exhaustion of our coal re- serves is well down the he said. Mr. Livingstone predicted an increasing demand for Al- berta's coal, however. The demand for coal in Alberta for thermal power plant needs can be expected to increase eight-fold to 40 million tons by 1990, he said. An increasing demand for coking coal by Canadian and overseas steel companies is also seen, while the gasifica- tion of coal may be a major growth area with the first coal gasification plant already under construction in the United States. The major problems facing the coal industry, Mr. Liv- ingstone said, are manpower and convincing over-active environmentalists that rec- lamation is now an accepted part of mining practice. Conventional crude oil and natural gas reserves present a slightly different picture. Panelist A. W. Farmillo, president of Brascan Re- sources Ltd. in Calgary, told the session that according to figures used by the Energy Resources Conservation Board of Alberta, the proven recoverable reserves of Al- berta crude of 7.1 billion bar- rels will last for 17 years at 1972 production rates. Pro- duction in 1972 was 1.3 mil- lion barrels per day. Proved remaining recover- able reserves of marketable natural gas at the end of 1972 totalled 47.5 trillion cubic feel. Based on 1972 production rates this will last approxi- mately 24 years, Mr. Far- millo said. A significant occurrence in the gas industry last year was that for the first time there was a decrease in the reserve of 300 million cubic feet that is for th first time production exceeded dis- covery and development of new reserves. Mr. Farmillo also summar- ized National Energy Board studies and three studies by the Canadian Society of Pet- roleum Geologists to make some statements about Can-- ada's energy resources. The total reserve cf proven and potential recov- erable Canadian fossil fuel is equivalent to a total of 567 billion barrels of oil. Less than or.e par cent of C: ada's reserves of fossil fuels nave been produced. Canada has on band proven recoverable reserves of conventional oil and gas capable of meeting her needs for the next 10 to 15 years. Development of Can- ada's additional oil and gas reserves and those of Al- berta will necessitate increas- ed costs, long lead time and stable political climate. Mr. Farmillo noted the im- portant rols that Alberta has played to date, because of its being the source of im- mediate conventional and synthetic crude and natural gas is clearly evident. He said: "We must take a positive approach to the energy shortage 'syndrome'." "We must be given the opportunity to search for new sources of supply, to de- velop better recovery tech- niques to improve efficiency in all operations, develop new tools and improve equipment.