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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Thursday, Juno 4, 1970 Joseph Kraft, Loss Of Life Human slaughter is occurring on an unprecedented scale in the world today. Nobody has even the vaguest idea'of how many lives are being lost in the wars, rebellions, insurrections, and other violent conflicts taking place. The U.S. Pentagon has kept a tab on the casualties in the Vietnam war. Their latest figures give the "body- count" as Americans killed, South Vietnamese, and enemy troops. Civilians are not counted, but in the kind of war that is being fought the number must be very high. In other situations it can only be guessed how many people have died and are (lying as a result of man- made violence. Out of the arms con- trol project at the Massachusetts In- stitute of Technology have come guesses that as many as peo- ple have been killed in the internal wars of China in the last decade, in the Indonesian massacres and in the Nigeria-Biafra civil war. That the figures for the Nigeria- Biafra war are at such variance with other estimates reaching into the millions is an indication of how much guessing is involved in this grisly numbers game. Whatever the real statistics may be, (he slaughter around the world is appalling. Columnist James Reston of The New York Times has suggested that the explanation of tlie toleration of so much pointless killing can be found in the decline of religious faith. With- out the essentially religious view that each human being is a unique and precious symbol of some kind di- vine order there is not likely to be horror of war and its slaughter. Unfortunately it may be true that the decline of religious faith can, in part, be attributed to disillusion- ment over the distance between pro- fession and practice on the part of many religious people. Even if many adherents of religions were not so often disposed to support war there would still be the apparent impo- tence of religious faith to prevent bloodshed, to cause depression. Yet, Mr. Reston is probably right in the long run. There might, not be any lament over the loss of life i-f belief in the sanctity of individuals had not emerged and survived. Beets Where California table grapes are being boycotted in centres inside and outside the United States there will have to be a shift in emphasis. In- stead of a completely negative ap- proach to the buying of California table grapes the slogan will have to be "buy only union picked grapes from California." There has been a small break- through in the five year struggle by the grape pickers, led by Cesar Chavez, for recognition of their union and for contracts with their employ- ees. An agreement was reached first with owners of three vineyards in the Coachella Valley in southern Cali- fornia. This was followed by an agreement with two bigger growers in the Delano area of the San Joaquin valley further north. The struggle continues, however, since the great majority of growers show no sign of being ready to nego- tiate with the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee representing the workers. But the breaching of the hitherto solid front of the growers is encouraging to those who have work- ed to improve the lot of a class of people who historically have been at the absolute bottom of the American work force. Contracts negotiated provide a min- imum pay scale this year of an hour, which is 10 cents higher than current rates. The rate will in- crease to ?1.SO an hour next year. In addition the workers have won guar- antees of advance notice when pesti- cides are used. Several factors appear to have brought about these concessions by the few growers who have signed agreements. The by trade unions all over the world- has hurt the growers. Church groups have championed the cause of tlie workers with the National Conference of American Bishops (Roman Cath- olic) having recently given formal support to the drive for union recogni- tion. Growing alarm over the hazards of pesticides to human beings has created a great deal of sympathy for the workers in one of their demands. There have been attempts to com- pare the situation of the grape pick- ers in California with the beet work- ers in southern Alberta. An oppor- tunity is being provided next week for concerned people to weigh the truth of charges of inadequate work- ing conditions. If the investigation re- cently reported by the Rev. Ron John- stone of Coaldale is indicative, no crusade is likely to ensue. He dis- covered that a CBC documentary had falsified the picture given the public by distorting statements made by farmers and by showing a shack un- used for several years as typical of the living condition of beet workers. How long would an adult tolerate a corporation which withheld his pay for passing notes to a friend, or judged his achievement on the basis of one assignment, or detained him from going home because he giggled in the library? A. J. lanni. director of Horace Mann-Lincoln Institute, Co- lumbia University, with a supposed explanation for student unrest. Book Supplies And Creative Freedom By Peter Hunt, Catholic Central High School A READY supply of a great variety of books is essential to the best teaching and learning. We do not have this in Leth- bridge. Sets of books for class use have to be ordered from Edmonton by arrange- ment with the Alberta Education Depart- ment which, in turn, has certain under- takings with publishers and book-sellers. In other words, Lethbridge depends on Ed- monton for an essential resource. This es- sential resource is often not readily acces- sible. In English teaclu'ng, for example, we have sometimes waited for months to ob- tain sets of books wliich are actually pre- scribed as possible alternative texts in lists of literary works drawn up by the Edmon- ton authorities. Last semester, in Litera- ture II, a course (at least in designed for the "more able" students of the humanities, the books selected as suit- able for the class were simply not made available. Fortunately, we have at Catholic Central n fairly good supply of book sets in poetry, drama and fiction, so we were able to make do with what wo had on the prem- ises. One of tlie books not available either this year or last year is Grove's 'Over Prai- rie Trails.' One would expect that at least Ibis book would be available in a Prairie province. In the early stages of secondary .school, reading habits and tastes are still in the more plastic, formative stages and a great deal depends on what happens in those years. Kach year, a number of students enter Grade 8 without much skill in. or taste for. reading. They need special atten- tion. It would be a big help if sets of books suitable to this age-group were obtainable as needed. Libraries can only do so much; teachers and students need more tiooks at this level. Ultimately, of course, a reading consultant will be needed in every school, although OIK; hopes that such a person will not be simply an expert in S.Ii.A. and mul- tiple choice reading tests. The fragmenta- tion of English that takes place at elemen- tary school level these days should not be repeated at secondary levels. What is need- ed is a person in each school who is able to create an atmosphere; an environment of reading enjoyment and exploration in a room suitably designed and equipped for the purpose. But that is not the main proposal of this article. What I want to propose is a move- ment towards independent book-supplies for Lethbridge. Flexibility and freedom in teaching demand it; enterprise in develop- ing Lethbridge identity and experimentation demand it; ordinary professionalism, espe- cially in English teaching, demands it. When one has been used to ordering whatever books were suitable for secondary English classes from all over the country and the world, one feels the abnormality of the present state of book supplies in Alberta. Of course, there are bound tn be set texts and someone has to organize Ibeir supplies; but, often, enrichment depends on other sources; and at least the books prescribed ought to be available. Why net set up a co-operative book-.slore for all the schools? Why not challenge the monopoly of book-supplies? It is a venture that could be undertaken by co-operatives that already exist in this city, or it could be a joint venture of school boards and other associations. If .such a move wero made, no doubt there would be complica- tions arising from the curricuiar decisions now made by the education department; decisions that ought lo involve teachers more than ?.t present, do. This has implications for subject associations such as Ihe English Teachers' Council of Alberta. So a move intended to bring about, more educational freedom for teachers and sludenls in Ihi.s city could also help to has- ten other changes which are long overdue. Israel's Cool Game Of Brinkmanship 'PEL AVIV Israel is play- ing a cool game of brink- manship against the latest So- viet moves in Egypt. And the United Stales seems to be play- ing it equally cool. But llm situation is so chancy that it is a question whether Jerusalem and Washington aren't indulging in over-cool. Certainly if there is no change for the better soon, more dra- matic efforts will be required both to strengthen the Israeli position militarily and to make Israel more flexible in dip- lomacy. The latest Soviet moves amount to an assumption of Egyptian air defence. The Rus- sians have installed the newest surface-to-air missiles the SA-3-in the Nile valley. They arc protecting tiicsc sites with lIiG-21 jets manned by Soviet pilots. These pilots rise when- ever Israeli planes approach the Nile valley. As a next step, the Russians arc even now trying to place KA-3 missiles in Ihe Suez Canal zone. After that they might pro- tect them with Soviet planes and pilots. And then the Egyp- tians would be assured a pro- tected position from which to bleed Israel white in a cam- paign of attrition across the canal. Israeli Defence Minister Moshe Dayan has reacted to this challenge in a character- istically daring way. He has signed off any Israeli air ac- tion against the Nile Valley where the Russians are now op- erating. But Israeli bombing of tlie canal zone is goi'jg on with redoubled fury. The Defence Minister has indicated that Is- raeli planes will hit Russian planes if they move into the canal area. Thus he has left it up to the Russians to go over tlie brink. Tlie United Slates lias moved in tandem with Israel. Without being precise, Washington has indicated a general willingness to help Israel in the supply of aircraft. American diplomats in Moscow and Washington have asked the Soviet Union to explain its intentions in Egypt. There have been high-level warnings from President Nixon in his May 8 press con- ference and from Secretary of State William Rogers during tlie Home NATO meeting that Washington would take very seriously any deepening of Soviet military action in Egypt. Thus the net effect of Wash- ington's action, like that of Jerusalem, has been lo put the next step up to Russia. Now matters hang in the bal- ance. It may be that the Rus- sians will take the plunge and engage the Israeli planes in combat. In that case there will be a serious clash and every- body will have to reconsider their positions. But tlie best guess is that the Russians will also play it cool that they will let mailers hang in the bal- ance for weeks, and maybe months, to come. If that is the case, then there 1970 ty Ntt, he, "Sut if we sWe off our rausfocfies and beards and cut our hair so that we con worJr the system, how we know who's are two actions that should be taken lo ease the danger. First, there is a need to keep Israel supplied with aircraft. If Cool Hand Moshe is to keep playing at the brink, he will need more of the Phantoms and Skyhawks Israel has had on request from the United States for months now. Secondly, there will have to bs some more give on the Is- raeli diplomatic position perhaps a discreet acceptance of the principle enunciated by Secretary of State Rogers that Israel should withdraw from most of the lands occupied in the six-day war in return for a negotiated peace settlement. Such a move is partially im- pcrlant for the Arab countries. Colonel Nasser and the more moderate leaders especially should at least have a clear op- portunity to go for a political scttlcme'nt. So should the Rus- siars. Moreover, by a gesture of flexibility, Jerusalem could begin to woo back the good ooinion of the nlany persons in the Western democracies who have been turned off by Israeli militancy. Finally, and perhaps most important, there is the matter of opinion in Israel. The rigid positions taken by the govern- ment of Prime Minister Golda. Meir are not going down well with the younger people. Tha frenetic nationalism of the el- ders is being displaced by an- other element of the Jewish tradition the sense of moral behavior. Many of the youth, far from wanting to die for lands taken from the Arabs in the last war, feel a more se- rious effort must be made to meet Arab grievances. If this country is to survive, if it is to maintain its' dyna- mism and progress, attention must be paid to that feeling. The vital fact is that the Jews who have made a religion of justice in so many countries of the world also exist here in Israel.- (Field Enterprises Inc.) Anthony Westell Greene's Nationalism Stance Puzzles Cabinet Canadian and U.S. cabinet ministers meeting here in June will be dealing mainly with pollution of the Great Lakes, according to a draft agenda approved by officials. The full-scale ministerial con- ference at which there was hope of negotiating a new ener- gy policy has been postponed from June until the fall. While Energy' Minister Joe Greene may like to the impression that the delay is due to the tough, nationalist line he is taking with the Yankee traders, the fact is that Ihe Canadian government badly needs a few months to clarify its own policy. Greene's contradictory state- ments have confused not only the U.S. government and the Canadian public, but also some of his own colleagues in cab- inet. They want to know where it's at with Joe this month. Is he a continentalist or a national- ist? Docs he want lo make an energy deal or not? Some things he has said: great advantage would accrue to both coun- tries and certainly to the State of Alaska from a close- ly co-ordinated energy policy between our two countries this continental approach, if you at a press Letter To The Editor conference in the Canadian embassy, Washington, D.C., Dec. 4, 1969. Continental energy policy? "I don't think there is such an animal. It is a term used by journalists. at a press "conference in Washington, April 23, 1970. "I think the age of 'Little nationalism' caused a great deal of trouble and many wars and very little improve- ment to people's economic Dec. 4. "There is a great resur- gence of Canadian national- ism. A nationalism that is not directed against, anyone, or any nation, or any Greene, April 23. "We make the rules as lo how people behave in Can- ada, whether they're corpor- ate or individual. And who- ever owns it (a so long as they behave in the Canadian interest here in Canada, that's the important thing to me. Not who gets the dividends, Bay St. or Wall St. I don't think there's much difference between the Dec. 4. "Canadians are more cer- tain than ever that they want to build something of their own, not a microcosm of what you have Greene, April 23. "If we'd followed Ihe 'na- tional policy' until now, we would be just a little banana republic. Yes, we'd have ev- erything of our own, but we wouldn't have much of any- Dec. 4. "Canadians are determined to participate to the full in the tomorrows, and give to their gifted and able young people the opportunity to participate to the full as Canadians, in Canadian en- tities, which will compete in this new kind of business in a speech to the Independent Petroleum Association of America, Den- ver, on May 12. As John Diefenbaker would have put it in one of his rollick- ing campaign speeches, it's the greatest conversion since Saul's on the road to Damascus. To hear Greene tell it, it is not so much that he has changed as that the Canadian people have. Up to about the end of last year, Canadians wanted to be like Uie Ameri- cans, and more so, putting jobs and material prosperity before everything'. This year they have become nationalists. Greene sees his duty as a politician and a minister to re- flect and articulate what tlie people want, rather than to teach or lead. So now he is a nationalist, and he's got all those letters and all those ap- proving editorials to show he is right. But what was right for Greene in December, was wrong by April. So what is right in May could be wrong for Greene in a few month's time, depending on how he reads public opinion. This is why some of his cabinet colleagues and advisers are nervous about trusting him in negotiations. These cynics tend to the theory that Greene's conversion to nationalism had more to do with politics than policies. They suspect that Greene has decided to promote himself as a patriot primarily to secure his position in the cabinet. The Prime Minister will probably be looking for resig- nations lo make way for new men some time this summer, and his eye might easily have fallen on Greene, the victim of several heart attacks. But the removal of Greene now might look uncomfortably like a re- jection of his nationalism. The plausible explanation of Greene's astonishing conver- sion, however, is that he is per- forming a shrewd manoeuvre designed to get him out of poli- tical trouble at home and strengthen his hand for the bar- gaining with the United States. In Washington in December, Greene went much farther than he intended in endorsing the continental market. He identi- fied himself in the eyes of Ca- nadian nationalists as a man about to sell 'their birthright. When Canada later failed to live up to its agreement to re- strict oil exports to the United States, and President Nixon imposed his own quota, Cana- dian nationalists immediate- ly interpreted it as a device designed to pressure Canada into a continental energy deal. There was no way in wliich Greene could begin to nego- tiate, in tlie circumstances, without being accused of selling out. As he put it in his Denver speech: "Canadians interpret the unilateral oil cutback as the elephant rolling over on top of the poor Canadian mouse. A physical condition which is hot only uncomfortable, but a diffi- cult posture for the mouse, from which to begin long-term energy discussions." But the discussions are coming, as Greene acknowl- edges, and Canada will want to sell its surplus energy. For all the talk of nationalism, in fact, the policy has not really changed. Greene's conversion, in other worris, is largely a matter of disarming the nationalists cri- tics in Canada and persuading public opinion that he can be trusted to drive a hard bargain with the U.S. Now all Joe has to do Is to persuade his doubting col- leagues in the government. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Basic Lesson In Human Behavior Children of all ages must rely on their parents and other adults to provide with the values, good manners, and other trails of character which will enable them lo live in peace and harmony with Iheir fellowmra. Aware and respon- sible adults try to leach tiro children to think, speak, and behave toward other people, with courtesy and respect. Grown-ups do not teach these tilings, ottcn because no matter bow old they arc. they have not learned these lessens them- selves, or else they consider them unimportant. Half the trouble and unrest between people on this continent and elsewhere, stems from kindly but thoughtless people, perpe- tuating the insulting images and stereotypes of other people, who happen to have skin colors, and different cultural customs. I feel compelled to say to the children I.clhbridge: if Iho responsible for your education and character train- ing are failing to teach you some of the basic lessons in human-relations, then on your own initiative, learn them now. LOOKING BACKWARD Don't botlier--'.viv'fc too laid Terms such as "nig- "b o h u n "wop." "square-head." "half-breed." and the like, are worse titan profane. They arc hurtful and disrespectful to the people they supposedly de- scribe, and what is more, like a boomerang, these .words lash back to degrade the who uses them. Train and discipline yourselves never to use any word, which puts down any person's clhnic or cultural ori- gin. Remember that even in stories they are in extremely had taste, and can always be substituled will) a decent word. If you retain words like these in your vocabulary, then all life long you will inevitably re- veal in your speech, that you lack understanding, respect, or eveii good manners toward your fellow human-beings, let alone compassion and love, and your life, however full of glory, w'ill .ccem tarni.shed and sad to who hcr.r you. llliS. KNII) WKATK. THROUGH THE IIEHAI P 1020 The trcaly of peace' with Hungary was signed in Ihe Grand Trianon at Vcrsail- Jes today with the Hungarian, French and British delegates present. has been a radi- cal in tlie number of scierJifically-lraincd men leav- ing Canada for employment in the U.S., it was reported at the Canadian Manufacturing con- vcnlion in Toronto. June 15, all able-bodied, single men aged 18 snd under 60 will be struck off relief, it was decided unani- mously by city council today. throe mu- nicipally owned utilities have netted a profit of dm'- ing the first four months of 1950. I Ihe entire na- tive population of Tibet was re- ported in revolt tcday in an all- cut bid to stop the overloading of the Communist Chinese. The Letlikidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HEUALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN 'Second Class Mail Kcgjeir-Tlion Nimibcr 0012 Member n! Tlio Press ami Hi? Onadian D.nly I'ublisticrs' Association mil the Audit Bureau of Circulation) CUCO W. MOWERS, Editor find Publisher THOMAS II. ADAMS, Gen era I Manncer JOB BAI.LA WH.M.VM HAY Managing nditnr Associate Editor ItOY I-1 Mtl.ES K WAI.KRI Advertising Manner Kditorial I'ane Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;