Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - June 4, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta
SERVANT PROBLEM NEVER SO SERIOUS IN CITIES Mousclioid Help of Any Kind Exceedingly Hard Co Get, and Harder Still to Keep, Though Wages are High-Many of Wealthiest Homes Boast 3]Ut Two Maids-Butlers Few. iHF. Bcrvnnt sllu^tion lias never been bo bad In Toronto as It i� nowV 'I'Aat in to siiy, It'has never been Rob'ud '�ps so many men from (liriiig out to farmers-they hate to live under the samo roof as their Miployer. It is that, and not any-'iiliiK with regard to caps and aprons nnil so forlh, lhat they regard as the 11 ill liHilgc oC servitude. But once i"t a girl'leavu domestic service and i;(> into a factory and she is spoilt fur i;ome�tic service thereafter. This is not because of any snobbishness on llio part of mistresses of house-iKik'.s in Toronto. In their dealings wll'.i their servants they aro more Unmocratic than are women, similarly placed, anywhere else. But manners which '^inay be winning enough In tho factory employe are impossible in the household help." In Our Bif Hoiuca THAT Toronto people do not go in largely for domestic help is iriio enough. The majority of people who can be'considered fairly well-off keep but one servant-^^qulto a. few of tlicm keep 'none. Rtally rich households, often, boast but two maids. The household staff (^f one of the very richest men In Toronto-a man wiiose. fellows of equal means In tlic Old Country woiild have (at any rate, botore the war) * staff of servants totalling at least twelve or fifteen-consiats of a. butler, a parlor niuid, a.housemaid, a cook and a seullery.-^uad. Speakiiie of butl�rs, by tho way, there ax'jf probably not more than a do;-.nn otj th4S0 to be found in^ Toronto hoaseholds. There is one at Governirajnt House. At least three of imir Toronto knights maintain these living' InBisiilaii of greatness. Tho romninde? belong to the households cC some of the older faiiiliies of Toronto, IneldenJ^Uy, H occurs to one that now that prohibition Is Dominion-wide tho name "butler" should be changed to something., mora In- accordance with Ihe spirit of the present day. It Is too reminiscent of tlie 'spirits" of other days-"spirits far above proof," as Dickens said of ghosts. For the word Is derived from tho Latin, butlcula, which moans a bottle. Can It bo that-? But, perish the thought! "Monl solt qui mal y pensc!" Is ono to suspect every household tliat keeps a butler of hav. ing "stocked up" in view of tho dry days In which we live?' It there are few butlers In Toronto, there aro certainly fewer footmen. Indeed, outside Government House, tho species wems as extinct as tho Dodo. This la a pity from the point of view of joyousness and pictur-esquoncss. For tho footman, whose full dress livery Is tho Court dress of a hundred years ago, affords much Innocent gaiety to' the commonalty privileged to view the calves with which nature (often not unas."?isted by arO has endovved him. Wages are High WHAT .is perhaps the largest household establishment maintained in Toronto., consists oC a secretary, a governess, butler, four or five parlor and housemaids, a cook and two or three scullery maids, besides several out-door servants in the garage and garden. But the head of this houscliold is a man so wealthy that if be lived in Kngiand he would find it necessary (or usual) to maintain a regiment of servants. Kow, as to servants' wages. It seems almost sacrilegious to enquire as to the wages-perhaps one had better say the emoluments-of a butler. But a well-posted society lady tells the writer that she imagines these would jiot, geiieially, be" less tlian $600 a year "and all found," that is to say, his buttlership, if of an economical turn of mind, could easily put away five-sixths of his stipend per annum. As regards general scivanis, the average wages of the "genera!" in Toronto just now amount to i2o or 130 a month. Perhaps It would be more correct to say that they come to JC.25 or 17.50 R week. For the Toronto "general"-like Qeneial Maurice when he joined tho staff of the Daily Chronicle-has resolved to shed old traditions. She wants her money-in very many cases, at any rats-by the week instead of by the month. For one thing, she likes to touch real money and to touch It often. For another, if she leaves-as jis not infrequently the case-at a moment's notice, she does not stand to lose so vast a sum when she "packs up her troubles in her old kit bag" and gets out. In the bigger house, the parlor maid gets, �,s a rule 125, and the housemaid J20. a month, while the cook would get |35. In these houses. It appears, the majority of servants just now arfe not Old Country girls (as one would have supposed, seeing what a tradition hangs about domestic service in the Old Country) but Canadian girls from rural districts. SOLDIERS' DEPENDENTS ARE The British Pojicy Is Belter Than Ours in the Maltcr of Pcn5ion.s, Bui on the Whole the C.inadian Syslein Is Quite as Fair and in Some Rcfpecls More Generous. UK follov.iiif.T itifi'-rni.'iliuu vr-K.ivilim? I ho C'aiiu.ili.Tii Hcnar.i- T �^i"!'^^. II v.-iini.'^ to l^n.iw In a^.tufii i')ii:n-H nliil rnnts wli.'il war^ Iho r.\-t ion Allow nni-c r.o.T 111 ;;i nil ils,lriit n( Die iiri'-cnlLslinriit c'nntrllni-;policy, tnkPM from the .Mny hiill'lin ili.'.ii !nv.,'irils ih-s "re tlifl woman without!'"-" dcpemlcnt^ to 1 i: Co-opera/iVc Plan h\) Which Red Cross Sell Soo/i','; of Coupons to Ji.inl( Dealers, Who. Give Them in PaVnicnl lo Householders--$2,S27 Realized From Salvage in March. By ImprcMionutic .VXiTMlSTLiBR once.undertook to get a fellow artist's work into the autumn salon. He succeeded, and the picture was hung. But the painter, going to see his masterpiece with Whistler on varnishing day, uttered an'exclamation of dismay. "Good Heavens!" he cried, "you're exhibiting my picture upside do.wn." "Hush!" said -Whistler. "The committee refused It the other way."- Boston Transcript. J^bor "Bureau exprobscs the' wish that girls w.quUI look at the demand for domestic help on tho farms in a patriotic light and offer their services. From this we gather that tlie response has been disappointing, .lust why do girls who are free to do It hesitate to enter kitchens where their help i.s so sorely needed? 1 urn afraid It is because of the llglit in wlilch we ourselves have-regarded domestic labor, it is our own estimate ot tlic maul tlunt confronts us and hoUis us liaclt. TUcy have always been isolated, and we would hate to be Isolated even in the cause of economy and greater production. Kitchen work luis never had any social status, and ii, inu.it be given an attractive status of some description before the call will be responded to cheerfully �nd generously. It was Daniel Webster, I believe, who said, "L,abor in this country Is independent and proud." Do we here In Canada endorse him when It Is a question of kitchen labor? Now, how aro we going lo recruit kitchen lieip on the farms for the summer months? How were frult-piokers recruited last year? Why are girls responding_so well for farm work this summer Patriotic reasons? Most certainly, but wo must admit that the-ever alertness of woman to welcome a departure from the beaten path is no small factor. Would women haunt the stores If each season brought the same stylos" No, Indeed. It is the change, or In other words, the fashion, tliat attracts. So while ostensibly patriotism is the compeliing force in 'the spring drive to tho land, incidentally fashion has played a telling part, yes, fruit picking, harnessing horses, running tmctors, etc., has been popularized, advertised and fashion-ahlized; and with what splendid results. ' � But Kitchen work I i Alas, it haS nolther novelty nor' uppoal, and whoever hoard of a dcmoctlc getting credit for her work? However, why not crcato an original note by niaUins It tremendously fnshionalilo and surely as uiich It will not fail to nppeal. Hut who iir.ave enough to set the fashion! Why not one from the realm ot hiirhcr education and Olio from that loudly despised but secretly envied' lucre bunch? J.,et iSllsK Hovythot, the alto,5.fither delighttut and frivolous danghter oC Prof. Hovytliot, and tiio Hon. Hynd Saltaporque's only child volunteer for service in tho farm Uitchfcii. Give .tliom n uniform tliat for maximum smartness and practicability, and minimum cost cannot bo improved upon. Next tip the Sui)diiy III. to snap them stepping info their car, Jliss Saltnporque's of ^ourso, to le'iivo for T.'nrniBr llardasiiayles on thii 'Ijake Siiore, there to bal.'a scrub and deelaro it faaoinntlngA-and It ethers don't follow In their wake, then I'm no judge ot human nature. Kashlonatie Itltchen work; Advertise kitolien wori� Topular-ize* kitolien- work; and there will be no dearth ot volunteers. Tn this way yoii will awaken among girls ' a broader realization of tlieir patriotism. A distl'ictlve uniform I would urge, by all means, and why not a Clovornmont bestowed badge with that the wearer Is a member of tliat latest and ultra-fashlonnblo patriotic, relief organization-The Kitchen War Auxiliary. L. c. WEBi;|.:i;. �T. J^AL'I., .Mi.V.N'. CO-OPKRATIVE saUagu plan; organized in St. i'aiil in February, Is not onl.\. proving a source of revenue for tho .\niorii! frum tlKOi by the eniistlncnt ot their, sons. It may satoly lie said. hov.i.\|.r, that when due r(uisid(.'r;'tiiMi has hrcu irivcii to all liie arran^i.nu nts that h.-tvi. hecn mad'', soldiers' lUp'.iidrnts aio Cully as wt.il provided for in Can-ad.-i. as In the Uiiitfd the Jatlor country har otli'.r dcpondfiits ah.'o rrcolve fon-sidc-raiion if the circ'.inisirincos are KlUli that lo withhold tlie allowan-.'o would constiliilf Kravc hardshiii. �I.yir.rc aiu luany rfi'poiidont sisters and r.illifrs. In deiilinK with appli-(..'ilioiis from thr.'u' the hoard is n �(.f?ssai ;1.\" niMch strit tor than in coii-irrln:; claims from mothers. Reasons for Refusing Allowance IIMKI'] are \or)- mjiny clas..?-'s in which finanuia! hardsliip ha.T l.:inKdoiii. if jlKr.n cri'iscil hy ilir enlistment of a ludvcd nunc iton. liut In wlr.i.h the circ'.imstanc-..s IT' progri'ssive in any pliasi- ot this ;do not Justify liio granting of s-'ji.-prohlem it is in regard to its iicnsion jaialion allowaiic". Patriotic rund legislation. In the United l-;iimdom icommlttci.s sometimes niaUo such on the peddler's list-one ot which is worn out electric bulbs. Tin foil, ot wliich tev/ families have sufficient on iiand to make a sale worth while, taken in small quantities, by ciill-dren to Public schools, then delivered to tho Red Cross, was piled so hfsh in'one window thattwo men were I shovelling itout like coal, into boxes, j In the other window, old number plates ot automobiles "were stacked ,|fj-j|,j, mo pri^-eniistinc nt earning pov.crs are now taken into act.ount. in t'anad.'i this most imiuirtant factor is Ik-nored. In Canada sc.iiar.-itlon iillowaiK.r. is Kiiinted to two main classes of de Iiendenls - w;\es and widow(.(t tiioi's. It is jiaid to all wi\cs, irrc-spcctlNe ot* tlu.-ir financial circuni-staiices, prosided thf.y ^'cre (l(.p(.nd-cnt ui..im or living w.llli Ihecr husbands at tlie time ot the lattefs enlistment, and ar.' of Rood charaetf.r and worthy oC tli- allo-,vancp. It is (i.aid to w'idij.,ve.i inotliers iirovidc.d tli(^ sons v.'lio liav'e enlisted were or an� liieir sole support. The polic.\' in respect of wives admits ot liille controversy. The decisions of tho Separation .Miouanee litoani i^.e.,'ard lo widow.ed motlier.s, however, are |Somctiiiies criticized. Many claims from sueii Ueiiendoms aro rejected. ca:!es tlio snli.ject ot complaint and eritlt.isin, it must he home in niind, Iiiiwever (hat the functions ot the I'airiotic l.'nnd are not merely to sn|ipl'^me|..t separation allow.iiice, hut to render as.;istan>.|i where separa-nio- I lion allowance cannot V>o paid. 'I'lie grounds tor retu.sing separation allowance to widowed motliers may lie hrleriy stated as follows: 1. linsbaiid of applicant living and not incap.'tciiatcd. -. .�\pidicant lia.i substantial means of her own. , .Vindicaiit iiiis other able-bodind. !sinpilo sons ni;ed IS or o\er who have 1101 I nlisted. 'i. Holdler, in respoc.t of ^7hom the application is inado, has not ns-siciied any ot' liis pay. a. .\ppllcaiit derived no sujiport. or only siiji'it support .from the soldier prior lo (.nlistmeut, and (.ircum- Mr.iiy allowances paid to..siich.di'pen- istances have hot clmnged .since un- dents' liav(i Iiocii discontinued. - What Is "Sole Support"? u NTH, tlie ation allow a widowed motiier on tlie Strength of a certificate from a clergyman sig-llio soldier son was his iport. Clergymen of listinoiit. tying that llio onicr'.s .vole snj and .a printed card advertised tlie j fact to passers by that the plates i.^n denominations seem-to liave giv-are worth 10 cents a pair to the i p,, t|,o pimise "solo support" the 3^ sale for w'hlch coniions aro also liscd in settlement. Satiff�ctory AH Round COI..t>ECTION ot junk is continued by. the do.aler, at his own expense; until bo is ready to dispose of th^ goods at various markets with wiiich he is taniliiar. A margin of profit is allowed on the lislet^ articles for ilie man's ex-pcaise oC handling tiio yoods-and to give Ijim the privilege ot earning a living for his fainiiy as woil as ids horse. The Rod Cro;:s lake abso^ lutcly no risk-all resiionslbllity of buying, carting and selling is assumed by the dealer in Junk who, be-cause ot being trained to the busi- 'j,'^'\''^' ^ ness, knows the marliotablo value ot 'uishig'i wastage and that which may bo used to advantage. The Junk man is evidently making good nt. present in hi.. Paul because o� the demand for scrap and tiio Red Cross. The use of tho store is donated. Mr. Smith, together with two of the other three workers, are giving voluntary service ItT'tho office work which is : practically all .that Is required In this method* ot saving waste. For the nast month, they have been taking in, rrom tho sale of coupon books, an average of $150.00 a day, and tliese coupon books are printed in large iquantities at a cost I of H cents each, I Koine other cities are already adopting the plan-and CaMgary is one ot them. A profit of ?2S27.'J6 was realized through the sale of co-operative salvage coupons, at St. Paul, Minn., .during the month/o� March. Didn't Matter to Him iiiiddlo of Ml"' seiiar-, j. \ x Iri.-iimaii occupied a h.Trb^i's iwance wa.s.j;ranU,ni to-j*' ehair. and he was drowsy. Ills eye's could not l)0 Uept/>pen and Ids blind. roll>�d aliout and dropped ov^'r hi.s siiouldcr and down upon his cliest in a way that made shaving a dilfi-eiilty for the knigiit ot the lather and a. dangerous one for the patient. .M i last the barber said gently, but tirni-ly: "l.ooke. (icrc, sir, I can't possilily shave yon unless you hold up your head." To which the responso was niado with drowsy indifference: "Well, thin> cut mjr hair. pm-ase I broadest ]inssil)le interpretation. The. ICanadian Patriotic Fund brought to the attention ot the Militia Department many cases in wiiich sueii certificates of solo siii^lio'rt had been given witliout the least justification, and it became obvious tliat liundreds of women were receiving* separation allowance to wiiich, under the regulations, llicy were in no sense entitled. "Witii the advent of the Separation Allow*.ince .]>oard, however, steps were lalcen to remedy this slate ot affairs. Instead of a certificate stating, ill general teyns, that the applicant is solely dependent upon her enlisted son. tlio board' requires a very conipiete statement of Presence of Mind That Got Him T AiJY Conductor (to passenger who ' is monopolizing more than his share of room in Ihs car)-Move up," there, please. Tlii^ liasscnger unconcernedly continued to spread out. , "Will you move up and maK* room for (he other passengers, please?" But the passenger was atill Indifferent. I'onductor (as a last resort)-"Can any passenger tell me the German for '.Move up,' please?" .V T the burning of a provision sliop the crowd � helped themselves freely. One man grasjicd a huge his share of the plunder, g up with it, ho found himself face to face with a iioiiccmaii, and with bis admirable iircscnco ot mind init the plunder into the officer's arms, saying: "Yow iiad better take care ot that, iioilceman, or some ono will be walking oft with it." JUNK COUPONS USED BY ST. PAUL RED CROSS WORKERS Toronto G^l Wew* "Comfy" Gurdm CoatawM rrms yoHPjr iiwly was snappod l/ya star Weekly pliot6gropl>er at Uie cor-nor ot'Ht'.'fJIftIr iivemiff'lind'Avonuo Uond, w'here'Hho was "carrying on" Jier gardenlnfi 1" yr ^ j-^aex"- Homeppathic Codume A NIDRVOUS Old beau enlcred iv ciistumer's and said: "t want a little help In the way ot a.iugs'es-tlon, T am going to t,ho French. Btuttonts'' mhsttuerade ball torilgh.t, and I want a distinctly original costume-somoll)UiB 1 can ho cfullosuro'' no one else will wear, IVliat can you BUg�SBt7" 'fho coKtumor looked htm over attentively, bestowing spoolal notloo un ills gloaming, bald, and .ahlnJng Head. (' �' . , ('Well, I'll tell you," ho said, IbnughUully. "Whj''ilon't ,vou Hugnr your, head and go as a plUV','r7rSftu iT'.augJW.u Argtyytut. --.-'�i=-iji>'-toj Germuit Gai British Women, �l the JFront riXHBSB twij British women are now in a London 'hospital recovering from - the eftebts of beliig gaa.sed hy the Om-mnna. They had gas ^nasks as tills British official photograph shows, hut had not tlnio lo don tlioin when a fas shell burst in their dug-put. Known as Ilie "Women of Porvyse." those two ambulftneo drivers. lived ,at Porvyse, but 000 yards from lliu Uonmv* [ U.p(;�, unti.l they-wy.re tiei)t to'"I3nBJil>''.'"�CCei' bclnj,' b'M^eiV *' '"*-�-.