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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 3, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 18 THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD Monday, June 3, 1974 Ask Andy WORMS' AIR Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Jimmy Robinson, age 14, of Santa Maria, California, for his question- How can a worm breathe undei ground? This problem requu es some imagination, plus a magnifying glass or a helpful hand lens We are used to a world filled with objects that human eyes can see anrd other human senses can perceive The earthworm lives in a world of smaller proportions and we must use our imaginations to share his point of view By magnifying his worm sized surroundings we see that his problems come in much smaller sizes than ours When we walk around on the ground we tend to assume that the whole thing is made of dense solid material And, indeed much of the earth's crust is made of dense solid rock But the earthworm does not live inside solid rock He lives in the earth in the crumbly soil which is made of solid particles and porous pockets And all those tiny pockets are filled with air, the very same air that we breathe above the surface Actually, one needs to magnify a sample of ordmarly soil with a lens to get a true picture of the numerous air pockets mixed with the crumbs of dirt Maybe to an underground earthworm, the soil seems like a room partly filled with a lot of bouncy balloons There is plenty of air around for him to breathe What s more it is the most shady air that his sensitive skin requires Naturally, his body plan is designed to make the very best use of his earthy environment His breathing system does not require a nose or even lungs for he absorbs dissolved oxygen straight through the surface of his skin The catch to this convenient system is> moisture His skin must remain moist to dissolve the oxygen he needs The earthworm is tinted pink by countless tiny blood vessels that come to the surface of his skin There they absorb the dissolved oxygen through the thin surface and with the help of five pairs of simplified hearts his circulatory system pumps his bloodstream throughout his body Along the way, his bloodstream gathers up waste carbon dioxide from his living cells This is exchanged for fresh oxygen when the tiny capillaries bring it back to the surface True, the worm s breathing system is very simplified But it works and there are plenty of air pockets in the soil to supply his worm-sized needs However the whole system depends on keeping the skin moist, and for this he does not depend entirely upon the dew His skin is riddled with mucus glands and more moisture is added from pores, especially between the segmented rings Other land animals have tougher skins, but they have lost the earthworm's talent for breathing through the skin He can, in fact, live for months submerged in water But a dried-out skin is fatal to him This is why he shuns the dry air and spends the daylight hours in his shady burrow surrounded by plenty of pockets of breatheable air Questions Mktd by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach. California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN c TIM Ckicno BRIDGE QUIZ ANSWERS Q. Both vulnerable, as South you hold 4KQ10 3 J 0 AID 9 3 7 2 The bidding has proceeded West North East South 1 A 2 M Dble. What action do you take9 A Redouble Something's rot ten in the State of Denmark, and there is no reason for you to suppose that it 15 >our partner vtho Is experimenting Even if trumps are stacked it seems im possible that partner could go down in his contrari and >ou a-c readv to handle any escape the opponents mav contemplite Q 2 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold 495 ou to a possible misfit, and three small trumps could prove to be a remarkable asset on defense A pass therefore Is clearU indicated Q. 4 As South, vulnerable, you hold TAK52 0984 The bidding has proceeded North East Sooth Wrst 1 Pass I Pass 1 4k Pass What do you bid now' A Our soes to Of course, we are relucUnt Jo partners serond suit mlh onU three trumps fait the qua] iU our support should the lack of length and no other ing bid attractive Q. 5 Neither vulnerable, as South you hold Ul What is your opening bid? A Should oprn one spadr. have rrbid problem if partner at Jhr an a red vuit tou do not trails 1i tour anemar ma Jor For the sake of comemenoc, it oJIrn to treat a ftvc card MjjJ as if it a four card vuit If vou applv this jile here should rnmhidc Iha1 Ihr convenient orwninc hid ii onr club which all e rebid problems Your horoscope By Jeane Dixon TUESDAY, JUNE 4 Your birthday today: Is characterized by an eclipse of the full moon at 6 10 p m EDT, beginning a year of intense personal experience, strong responses to whatever your environment provides as materials and tools This is a time for breaking away from out-grown habits, acquiring better ones Today's natives are often proficient writers, good talkers, who like to travel ARIES (March 21-April Now is a time for facing old issues, a day of reckoning, Give up long-standing illusions Forgive, ask for forgiveness, go on with things as they develop TAURUS (April 20-May Don't let anybody persuade you to abandon sound financial arrangements Influential people aren't necessarily a good example their life circumstances are different from yours GEMINI (May 21- June Take nothing for granted about incoming news it's incomplete Reasons for behavior are likewise not visible Exempt yourself from cinticsm by doing good work CANCER (June 21-July Expect a heavier burden on the job, decide on ways of getting done on schedule You're on your own resources and later can claim full credit for the achievement LEO (July 23-Aug. Social action plunges ahead whether you're ready or not The more in the center you are, the more likely the ruffling of your dignity Let somebody else do the honors for the moment VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. You express yourself too sharply or in humorous terms Either extreme takes your remarks out of context if you overdo Later hours are exceptionally lively, busy LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Being unwilling to take sides yet is normal for the preliminary, tentative state of affairs existing today Forgive yourself and others for being human SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Put aside cash to settle old scores, at a discount Important new moves are easily upset Everybody seems to have a different theory on how your money is to be used SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec 21) What is done right for you today consists mostly of what you do for yourself, giving others very little chance to interfere or interrupt Do what you can to be tactful, discreet CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Your emotional orientation to commonplace activity brings unexpected reactions from all concerned The less you say about financing of your personal ventures, the better AQUARIUS ou hold two strong four card majors for on many hands partner is forced to re spond one no trump over a spade tho he holds a heart suit, and game prospects may not he rr mote if vou uncover d 44 111 Q. 6 As South, vulnerable, you hold AKQ765 064 The bidding has proceeded North East South 1 NT Pass What do you respond' A -Tuo clubs Holding a fm card suit and a uorthless douhli ton some effort should be made to the hind in s.nt Since an imrmdiili hid of tun spades show i weak hand .md suite xou are not quite Looct to m.ike a forcing jump to thrtt spades we snccest vou compromise h> employing the Staxman contention If partner two spades rtise to three. If he bids anything else you can hid two spades, inviting him to continue Q. As South, you hold The bidding has proceeded South West North East 1 NT Pass 2 4> Pass 2 0 Pass 2 A Pass What do >ou bid now' A Three spades Altho part ncr s bid is not forcing. >ou better than minimum no tnimp and three card support Vou should offer partner one more oppnrtttnitx in tasc he has suf ficicnt allies to go on to game in the light of Ihe new informa tion he acquires Q. Both vulnerable, as South you hold Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb J have had a heart murmer at least 16 years Four years ago I developed cardiac insufficiency The left side of my heart is much weaker than the right side The heart beat is soft and around 100 times a minute If I get extremely tired it will go up to 140 for a time The murmur is growing steadily worse I'm having chest pain frequently and my left arm hurts Will a fast heart rate lessen the life span' Does the heart ever strengthen after cardiac insufficiency9 I'm past 50 Is surgery indicated7 Dear JReader Cardiac insufficiency means heart failure Doctors use this term to mean the heart muscle is weak or not able to contract hard enough to pump blood in the most efficient manner Failure or weakening of the heart muscle can affect either the left side of the heart (the most common problem) or the right side and eventually both the right and left side of the heart Failure of the left side causes shortness of breath from the accumulation of fluid in the lungs Failure of the right side causes swelling of the liver, abdomen, feet and ankles There are many causes for failure of the heart A bad valve from old rheumatic heart disease can be one cause It can also result from overloading the heart muscle Stress from high blood pressure and the fatty deposits m the arteries to the heart muscle are common guilty factors It is important to know just what causes heart failure in GUIDES IN CANADA There are members of the Girl Guides of Canada order to treat it propertly If the problem is a damaged heart valve then in many instances heart surgery with valve replacement is a good idea If heart failure is caused by disease in the arteries to the heart there is relatively little can be offered surgically to treat the Medical treatment can do a lot to help strengthen the heart Digitalis and related medicines are first and most important Many people who have had heart failure can return to normal living patterns by taking these medicines This, however, doesn t mean that you shouldn t have surgery if you have a condition that warrants it Eventually the problems from bad valves can't be managed by medicines alone, and there often comes a time when surgery is needed and advisable, provided the patient's over-all condition can tolerate it The fast heart rate you have is common in the presence of heart failure It sometimes slows as the problem is corrected The murmur can be either from a bad valve or caused by the dilation of the heart from the weakened heart muscle I think you ought to find out why you have heart failure Ask your doctor if you have a valve that should be operated upon or what the problem really is I'm sure you should be on rcedicme at least to help control the problem, and perhaps >ou are But you need to know this and what the medicines are Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this newspaper, PO. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on cholestrol, send 90 cents to the same address and ask for "Cholesterol" booklet. TH' RAZOR DOME STOPPED b 3 WHAR IS AT IT MOW HE LI d5t A HKWPERMIC NEEPLE, ANP AV0IP INFECTlOM, HE'LL TUBITV-RMJ KARAT SOLP BARS IN WR FOR TEN PAMS UNTIL HEAL t, i PfttBAWtf TWENTY WILL HE POLLARD TUB CHAR6E' OFFICE CALL TUENW FOR TWENTY POUAR5 HE SHOULP PIERCE EARS CHECK 40UR E'i'Ee ANP CURE WM? ASTHMA.' 1 JUST ONE OF BEST SPEECHES EVER. J HI AND LOIS BUT IT MADE THE PEOPLE BKAUSE nS THE SPEfiCM M3U MADE BEFORE THE RLOOD ANP BEFORE THE" FAMINE" ANP BEFORE? TMET PLAGUE. I JUST LOST APPETITE (F YOU BRING THE PICNIC TABLE UP FROM THE CELLAR, WE CAN HAVE SUPPER OUTSIPE BUGS BUNNY MEV BOSS I GOT A 6KEAT IDEA JUST A MINUTE WHAT'S A FOUR- LETTER. WORD MEANING ONE WHO INTERRUPTS, ANNOYS AND IS A GENERAL NUISANCE NOW, AS I WAS SAYIN1 BLONDIE MR BEASLEY WHAT ARE YOU DOING WITH THAT ICE CREAM ,r WAGONJ I THOUGHT I COULD PICK UP A LITTLE EXTRA MONEY BUTWHATARENOJ GOING TO DO IN THE WINTERTIME ARCHIE 'VOLUNTEER IN SERVICE CAN YOUl TO HELP MEV IDENTIFY THESE WORDS WHAT'S A IT'S F CAN YOU HE'S A IDENTIFY HAVING V A WASP? TROUBLE, A WHITE ANGLO- SAXON PROTESTANT.' JUST GOT STUNG BY HAGAR THE HORRIBLE HAVE. To GO APoUMP AFRICA MAPE BEETLE BMLEY WWAT HAPPENED BEETLE? HAP ME A TO BEAT ME TO A PULP AND I A6REEP AGREED TO LET BEAT -jo A PULP? ASREEP ME MAP HALF A MIND TWWIWttDS mn WOK so GOOI? 60 OUT ANP ARREST SOMEONE ;