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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 WE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, Juno 3, 1970 Joseph Kraft 'Saving' Cambodia President Suharto of Indonesia startled a distinguished gathering at a White House dinner in his honor during his recent, visit to the United States. He told the guests that "we cannot afford just to wait for the sake of peace and stability in South- east Asia. All efforts should be taken to prevent the war from widening and to ensure the preser- vation of Cambodia's right to sov- ereignty and neutrality among oili- er tilings, by effecting the withdraw- al of all foreign forces from Cam- bodian territory. Views of the Indonesian president must be accorded the respect and serious consideration they deserve. He is leader of the largest, albeit not the most prosperous of all the Southeast Asian nations. Further, his anti-Communist views are impec- cable. Suharto sees clearly, as other Asian nations do, that there is great danger to Cambodian sovereignty in the present situation. Although there is little fear that the United States wants to extend its influence into Cambodia after its troops are with- drawn, the South Vietnamese intend to stay for how long no one knows. Now Thai volunteer troops of Cambodian origin will be taking part in Cambodia's "defence." Un- der present circumstances it is dif- ficult to see how the origin of the volunteers can be guaranteed. In this connection a statement in a very recent editorial in the New York 'Times is worth quoting. It speaks of the efforts of the recent Jakarta conference to "initiate a broad effort to reinstitute the In- ternational Control Commission for Cambodia and to convene a new Geneva Conference If this move could gain enough support from other nations in Asia and Africa and perhaps elsewhere, it might help persuade the reluctant Rus- sians to join Britain in reconvening the Geneva Conference. The United States could give a push in this di- rection by re-considering the ill-ad- vised attempt to 'save' Cambodia through the use in that country of troops of Cambodia's traditional enemies, South Vietnam and Thai- land." But the wheels of the invaders' machines grind faster and with more deadly precision than the del- icate vehicles of diplomacy. It is imperative that the U.S. use its im- mense influence and power to pre- vent now a loss of sovereignty to an innocent, proud and defenceless nation, whose only sin is its loca- tion on the map. Monetary Mystery Those who are puzzled by what the freeing of the Canadian dollar on the international money markets means don't seem to have anywhere to turn for enlightenment. A glance at the various reaction stories car- ried in The Herald indicates that the experts are far from agreement as to whether it is a good move or a bad one. Some economists have damned it while others have praised it; some industrialists are crying that they have been ruined and others.are glee- ful about the prospect of reaping sub- stantial gains; some labor leaders have said it should not aggravate unemployment but opposition politi- cal leaders warn that it will. It might be if anyone really knows what effect the decision will have. The members of the cabinet can certainly be credited with having at least a general idea of the effect it would have. They obviously had some objective in mind with respect to the economy. But how and wheth- er it can slow the inflationary trend remains a mystery to the uninitiated in high finance. All the many ramifications of the decision could not possibly have been conceived or considered by the cab- inet. The effect upon the British pound and the ultimate influence of even a temporary depression of that currency on the outcome of the up- coming election, for instance, is not likely to have been canvassed. At any rate, a decision was made to release the dollar from the rate fixed in 1962 to find its own level. When that level has been reached the dollar will likely be brought under a fixed rate again. Then perhaps the effects of the decision can be truly assessed. Meanwhile, every one seems to be entitled to have a say as to what it means and to indulge in a prediction of where it will lead. I appreciate only too well that we want to beat the world in all forms of competitive sport, but frankly the only competition really worth win- ning is the provision of facilities for everyone who wants to take part- Prince Philip. Art Buchwa d WASHINGTON Your used to meet them everywhere at cocktail parties, dinners, the beach club and col- lege reunions. Although they came in all shapes and forms, they had one thing in common. They were the people who had invested in Xerox when it was a share, Litton Industries when it was and Gulf and Western when it was They used to tell you how they had first heard about Texas Instruments when it was selling for a song, how they had gotten into Ling Teir.eo Vought through a fraternity broth- er; and how they had bought Penn Cen- tral, Computer Data, FaircMld Camera against the advice of their brokers. They weren't unfriendly people. They al- ways had time to chat with you and tell you how well they were doing in the mar- ket. They implied that they had a sixth sense about investing in Wall Street and a talent for these matters that you, the av- erage person, would never understand. Without intending to do it, they made you feel completely inadequate as a bread- winner, and a sucker for holding onto a salaried job. But in the last few months something had happened to these people. For one thing, you hardly see them any more and Vv hen you do they're very quiet. Their clothes have gotten seedy the bounce lias gone from their walk and when they hold a drink their hands shake a lot. I ran into one the other day on the plane. His name was Simpkin. The last lime we flew up lo New York, a few years ago, Simpkin was dropping names liko Planet Oil, MGM and Boeing Aircraft. This time I hardly recognized Mm when I sat down. His hair was completely white, his eyc.s were bloodshot and he had a tic in his right check. "How are things I asked plea- santly. "This seat is he snarled. "It's me, Simpkin. You know, from tho Washington Athletic Club. Remember when we had that nice talk about Ameri- can Nursing Homes merging with Rorshach Matches1? whatever happened to "If you say one more word to me, I'll Mt you in the he said. "Good heavens, Simpkin, you're over- wrought. Are you still in the He raised lu's fist, but the stewardess came by and asked him to fasten liis safety belt. Simpkin wiped la's brow. "I'm he said, "but National General is down to two and one half." I said. "1 didn't know. Were you big in National "Not as big as I was in Commonwealth United and Chrysler." "I don't follow the I said. "But I understand there have been some re- verses. Would this be a good time to buy "As soon as the 'Fasten Your Belt1 sign goes Simpkin said, "I'm going to kill you." "Grab hold of yourself, I cried. "After all, money isn't everytMng." "Do you know how much I was once worth on Simpkin said. "A lot, I'm sure." "Would you believe I whistled. "I would have never known it." "Do you know what I'm worth on paper "I won't gnc.s.s." ''I owe and they're still asking for margin." "You don't look replied. "You Simpkin yelled, "yoij ably had your money in a savings and loan bank all this time." "As a matter of fact I did. And you know .something, Simpkin? When I opened the account, they gave my wife a 30- picce set of Pyrpware dishes." Simpkin cried all the of She way to New York. (Toronto Telegram Service) Israel: Business Booms Despite Crisis JERUSALEM Tile slra- tcgic balance in the Near East may have been decisively altered by the latest Soviet moves in Egypt. But you'd never know it by the looks of daily life here in Israel. Tel Aviv is alive with enough original activity in theatre, music, poetry, and films to make Paris look like an ob- scure provincial town. There is an especially big buzz about the closing of a obv cyl'ed "Queen in the Bathtub" which lampooned Prime Minister Golda Meir and had Abraham sacrificing Isaac in order to be the father of a hero. In Jerusalem, the building of a united city of Jews and Arabs goes on apace. The great tourist hotels have never bccu fuller. After dark tho streets are far safer than they are in Washington or Saigon. The sense of crisis is further dimmed by popular faith in the military. Recent attacks on Egyptian military targets have inflicted very heavy losses on the other side. Defence Minis- ter Moshe Dayan. a chronic pessimist in the past, is report- ed to be optimistic about chances for working out a mil- itary modus -vivendi whereby the Russians stay out of the Canal Zone where Israeli ac- tivity is concentrated. "Everybody thinks Dayan is going to find some tactic for neutralizing the a local journalist said the other day. And an official from the foreign office blandly contem- plated the possibility that there might be some brushes with the Soviets. "Our pilots are the he said. "But what's so good about the Russians? They haven't fought since the Second World War. Their ex- perienced pilots must be over 50." Military confidence works against political movement. Mrs. Mcir came out of virtual retirement and took the top job in order to avert a battle between two' younger claim- ants Gen. Dayan and the deputy prime minister, Yigal Allon. Their rivalry continues unabated. So Mrs. Meir is, in effect, locked into office. At 72, she still has immense stamina as witness a speech for an hour and 40 minutes to the par- liament last Tuesday. Beneath this great vitality on the surface, to be sure, there are worries aplenty. Israeli casualties have not been light, and they are keenly felt in a country that is as tightly-knit as a family and has as Its founding rationale a concern for human life. Everybody knows thai, as Mrs. Meir ac- knowledged in her speech, the Soviet takeover of Egyptian air defence marked "a serious de- terioration in the security situ- ation." Nobody is happy about the slow American response to Use Soviet moves. And, put to- gether, all these factors make a smoky picture. Privately, some Israelis arc even saying that this May resembles the May that preceded the June war. In these circumstances some thought is being given to pos- sible new departures in pol- icy. Former Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion has been pushing for a strategic with- drawal from all the lands oc- cupied in the six-clay war ex- cept for Jerusalem and the Golan Heights opposite Syria. Men close to Foreign Minister Abba Eban speculate about ex- pelling the right wing from the present all-party government to permit a more peaceful- looking regime. There is con- tinuing talk of helping the Pal- estine Arabs set up a state of their own on the West Bank of the Jordan River a move, that would supposedly satisfy the chief Arab grievance and take the play away from Cairo and the Russians. But there is no handle for such moves, no dramatic occa- sion, no overwhelming sense of necessity. The feeling here i> that neither the Arab leaders nor the Soviet Union want a settlement. Any concessions st this stage, it is argued, would only whet the appetite for blood. The Israelis1 have the sense that they will have to pit their skills and lives against Arab pressure for years and years of more or less constant military encounter. They re- gard that prospect not happily, but as certain destiny. And they are moving toward that destiny, convinced that they have no real choice, that there are no other good paths worth exploring. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Anthony Westell Drury And The Times Have Been Well Matched TJUD Drury was a hard-driv- ing brigadier in his early thirties, winning a row of med- als for gallantly in Europe, and he still looks the part today: stiff back, close-cut fair hair, cool blue eyes and a way of wealing his suits like a uni- form. His riding is Westmount, Ms roots are deep in English-speak- ing Quebec, he went to Royal Military College, Ills brother-in- law in the Toronto establish- ment is Walter Gordon, and the family firm is Avis Transport of Canada. At 68 and President of the Treasury Board, Charles Mills Drury is a uniquely Canadian type. After the war he worked for the United Nations in Eur- ope, returned to Ottawa as top civil servant, became a prom- inent Montreal businessman, and then entered politics in 1962 at the behest of who else? Lester Pearson. When Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Roland Hanlford the swinging new leader, was forming his government two years ago, Drury looked very much a man from the political past: able, admirable in char- acter, but a conservative in a conventional society going out of style. That of course was more a misreading of the prime min- ister than of Drury, who has since quietly become one of the most powerful figures in the Cabinet. Left-wing Liberals complain that Trudeau listens more to advice from Drury than to any other minister, and treats him almost with deference. In the Cabinet, Drury is the leader of the economic bard- liners, taking a tougher atti- tude to inflation than Finance Minister Edgar Benson, for ex- ample, and being more unyield- ing than Postmaster General Eric Kierans in the battles with the Post Office workers. A shy man in himself, wilh none of the easy charm, of the professional politician, Drury nevertheless typifies more of the style of the government than any other ministers, short of Trudeau. He is crisp in the Commons, reserved almost to the point of being curt in con- tacts with newsmen, hard-work- ing and efficient in Ms depart- ment, and he gives the impres- sion that he is far more in- terested in figures than in peo- ple. When Liberals complain that thejr government is without a social policy, they sometimes go on to blame Drury's auster- ity, and when they say the image cf the Cabinet is loo cold, they may mention the Drury style. But IMs is merely to say that Drury is doing well the job which Prime Minister Tru- deau gave to him. Trudeau first entered the Cab- inet, as justice minister, oniy three years ago, when inflation- ary pressure was already ris- ing swiftly, and the Canadian East And West Go-Between TIELSINKI About a year ago, the Finnish Govern- ment approached 31 countries with a suggestion for holding a European security conference in Helsinki. Twenty-eight have so far replied, Albania provid- ing the only rejection and all the others reacting with vary- ing degrees of indifference or approval. Since the replies were received about six months ago nothing further appears to have happened, and lo give at least an appearance of activity, Fin- land has appointed a roving am- bassador, Mr. Ralph Enckcll, to promote the security confer- ence plan. Mr. Enckclt's appointment is believed to be due in the first place to Russian concern over the lack of progress towards a conference: It is generally as- sumed, at least in Western capi- ilals. that flic 1'inns took the initiative only in order lo do something thai they believed the Russians wanted. And this almost certainly explains why, of all tlie replies so far receiv- ed, those of Britain and the United Stales are the least en- thusiastic. Between and IMS, tho Soviet leaders had pressed the Finnish President, Dr. U h o Kekkonen, pud the Foreign Min- ister, Mr. Ahti I" call a European security con- ference. If the Soviet Union pre- ferred not to do it directly, doubtless it was because of a feeling that Western suspicions might be set at ease by a neu- tral intermediary. The purpose of the proposed conference is to clear up the legacy of The Second World War. Chiefly, of course, this concerns the division of Ger- many and the status of West Berlin. It would he a device to 'Crazy Capers' Where have you' litinrj. that picture of mother? legalize the existence of two German States, and secure tlie recognition of East Germany by the West and for tills rea- son the Western Powers havo treated the idea cf the confer- ence with reserve. It was believed in Helsinki that once the invitations had been sent out and Western re- actions had shown that a con- ference would have little chance of success, tlie Russians would drop the idcr And so they did, until recently, which explains Mr. Encksll's appointment. It is possible, in fact, that Mr. 15 n C k c 11's appointment may be a move connected with the succession to U Thanl at the United Nations. A Finnish diplomat, Mr. Max Jakobscn, is a strong candidate for the Sec- retary-Generalship, since it is believed that the organization would want a European, after an Asian or at least that the Great Powers would. And a Finn would be acceptable lo both East and West. But Soviet approval, as the Finns well know after 50 years of war and tortuous diplomacy, cannot be taken for granted. Pressing tlie idea of a security confer- ence will indubitably keep Fin- nish stock high in Moscow. (Written (or The Herald The Observer, Londou) dollar was coming under pres- sure. He was, as he has since said, traumatized by the finan- cial crisis in early 1968, and ut- terly convinced cf the need to bring the economy back under control by almost any means. That was Ms priority when he became prime minister and he needed, above all, a man- ager to take a firm hold en government finances. He wasn't looking for a new economic thinker or a polished politician or any sort cf a wonder boy. He wanted a competent, con- servative, conventional admin- istrator and negotiator. Drury met the specifications. In addition, his integrity was such that he would never be accused of playing favorites or of harboring secret political am- bitions when he trimmed the programs proposed by his fel- low ministers. At the treasury board where he supervises government spend- ing and manages the public service, Drury has lived fully up to Trudeau's expectations. Federal financial estimates are under close control for the first time in years, the civil service is effectively frozen and wage guidelines have been imposed. Drury has earned the PM's admiration and merited lu's rise to discreet eminence {n the inner circles of Cie administra- tion. He has in fact helped lo dem- onstrate once again that Lib- eral government in Canada can be most conservative govern- ment. But Drury and the times have been well matched in Tru- deau's Cabinet. But now a change may be corning, inflation psychology has been broken at least to the where more people now expect recession than contin- uing expansion, and relaxation of economic restraint in likely by the fall. The Cabinet's left wing, led by Regional Expansion Minis- ter Jean Marchand and includ- ing such men .as Health and Welfare Minister John Munro and Labor Minister Bryce Mac- kasey, feels that its time is near. White Papers on expansive plans for social reform are in preparation, and the political tacticians are beginning to lo think cf the 1973-74 election year. Within the next few months, Trudeau will make major changes in his two-year old Cab- inet, probably shifting the bal- ance cf power away from Drury and the old guard by bringing in a few new and younger faces. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD TIIROUpH THE HERAI n 1920 Today was King George A''s 55lh birthday. Cele- brations were planned all over the British Empire in honor of tile occasion. Buchanan, pub- lisher of The Lcthbridge Her- ald, has been chosen to reply to the Rt. Hon. Ramsay Mc- Donald, prime minister of Brit- ain at the Empire Press Con- ference in London. 1910 An earthquake tremor shook Aklavik, Arclic post miles north of Edmonton with- out doing much damage. 1930-Hcavy black stone from erupting Kauna Loa covered hundreds of acres cf Hawaii's Kona coast today. Almost ICO families have fled their homes and the Java has eaten into parts ol many villages. There is no sign of the volcanoe's force decreasing. 1900-The Saskatchewan Col- lege of Physicians and Sur- geons was told (cday that it could lose its licensing powers if it intimidates doctors into op- praing the CCF's proposed medical care plan. Tlie Letltbtidge Herald 7th vSf. S., Lelhbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Gluts Mail Registrati ber of Ths Canadian Prcsj and tho Publishers' Association and the Audit Number 0012 Canadian Daily Newjpn Bureau of Circulation! CI.EO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Manager JOE BAU.A WILMAM HAY Managing Avsociatn Editor HOY MILLS miUULAS K WAl.KF.R IveriiFini Kflilum) EtJilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE ;