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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 26 THE LETHBIilDGE HERAID Wednesday, Juno 3, 1970 Despite Tola! Trade ttoycoll Rhodesia Is Outcast Of Many Nations By HOON LEWA1.0 SALISBURY (AP) Rho- desia is an outcast in (lie eyes of many nations. Ycl KluKle- sia and lias just pro- claimed itself a republic in UK face of the lota! trade boy- cott of the country proclaimed by the United Nations two years ago. No one can be sure of the future, but even- trade boy- cott has its leaks, and life goes on. There are inconven- iences, some of them minor and others more consequen- tial. Even the mailing of a letter abroad can be a nuisance. Britain, once the mother coun- try, does not recognize Rhode- sia's new decimal stamps. A businessman in the eastern border town of Umtali adver- tises a daily mail service via neighboring Portuguese Moz- ambique. For an extra 14 cents he puts Portuguese stamps on letters and mails them across the frontier. This is one of many devices Rhodesians have found to evade international sanctions since Prime Minister Ian Smith unilaterally declared independence from Britain Nov. 11, 1SGS. But imported goods from Japan, West G o r m a n y, France and Italy are on sale in Rhcdesian shops. They indi- cate the volume of trade through Mozambique and South Africa. Rhodesia itself lias no ports. The three white-ruled coun- tries at Africa's tip are allies in a hostile world. South Af- rica maintains a diplomatic mission in Salisbury. Every other consulate closed after Rhodesia cut the last ties with Britain and became a republic March 2. Guerrillas are busy in Por- tugal's African territory. Infil- trators, called freedom fight- ers by their supporters, some- times try to enter Rhodesia through the steamy Zambezi River Valley, the border with black-ruled Zambia. So far these have been kept at bay by Rhodesian troops in co-operation with paramili- tary' police from South Africa. More than 170 infiltrators' have been killed and many rsemc Levels Y E L L 0 W KNIFE, N.W.T. (CP) Follow-up tests are to be conducted here shortly to determine arsenic levels in leaf vegetables grown in the North- west Territories capital. Arsenic is used in a refining process in both Yellow knife gold mines and escapes into the atmosphere as part of the mines' effluents. Dr. Gordon Butler, director of northern health services, said INSURANCE LIABILITY BONDS AUTO FIRE ROSSiTER AGENCIES 1TD. ESTABtlSHED 1911 tower Floor 517 4th Ave. S. Phone 327-1541 here tests conducted in 1967 showed same vegetables con- tained "excessive" amounts of arsenic. Although the amounts were above the allowable limit, a person would have to eat "an awful lot" before becoming ill. The amount of arsenic escap- ing from the gold mines' smokestacks bad been reduced drastically in the last few years and studies show that ar- senic levels in Great Bear Lake, adjacent to the town, have been lowered. "We're not worried at this stage. Further tests are re- quired because of the changing emissions from the mines in the last three years." Dr. Butler said studies also will be conducted shortly on ar- senic levels in fish in Great Bear Lake. Yellowkndfe gets its water supply from the Yellow-knife River, which flows into the lake. others captured, the Rhode- sians say. Rhodesia and South Africa have lost about 20 men. Few infiltrators get far south, although the airport at Victoria Falls was damaged and railway tracks were dy- namited in small-scale Janu- ary raids. "As long as Portugal and South Africa support us we can probably last indefi- says an industrial economist. "Sanctions forced the gov- ernment to protect local in- dustry. More than new industrial projects have been licensed since 1965 and we arc now making many goods we never used to. Tex- tiles, non-metallic mineral products, wooden furniture, foodstuffs, chemical products, all have been stimulated by the need for local manufac- ture. "The steel industry is going in for a lot more fabricating. We now make our own rail- read rolling stock, for in- stance. Heavy industry is up and we will soon make tube mills, furnaces and bores for the mines." Outside his office window, new buildings reach into the sky above Salisbury's boule- vards. Neat, spacious suburbs reflect optimism among busi- nessmen. HOUSING A PROBLEM The building industry' is struggling to cope with hous- ing demand generated mainly by a settler influx which in- creased immigration recently after a post-1965 drop. House-hunting Rhodesians complain that settlers get preference and push up costs. Even so, the living is still cheap for whites. They can get a four-bed- room house with two bath- rooirs, two-car garage and swimming pool, with anything up to two acres, for A similar house rents.for around a month. Cars are the one conspicu- ously expensive item. Local factories assemble knockdown kits of 13 models imported through South Africa from Europe and Japan. Heavy ex- cise duties push the price above the small man's pocket, so second-hand autos are in demand. Servants are no problem. One family pays its black houseboy a week plus food and lodging. Many languages can be heard at Rhodesian airports The wine that's winning the West! Calona Red Dry is winning new friends every day. The reason: superior quality and consistent good taste! Calona Red Dry is a dry, velvety, full-bodied dinner carefully vinlcd from specially selected grapes and aged to perfection, Once you've tried Calona Red Dry, you'll want to serve it as the perfect complement to roasts, chops, steaks and game. It's the one red dinner wine you'll always want to have on hand. Canada's leading Cradling While, Cracklln; Ind try these other Italian Red, Royal Red, R( fine Cnlona Wines f Swnct Sherry, Muscatel, While I'nrt, Itnlinn Vermouth, as the customs men greet tourists. "Whoever heard of Rhode- sia before asked a sat- isfied Salisbury hotel mana- ger. "Now it's a household name among millions of peo- ple the world over." Almost tourists flew in hist year to see wild life in game reserves and take snap- shots of the imposing Victoria Falls or northern Lake Kar- iba, behind (he world's big- gest man-made dam. Another favorite spot is Zimbabwe, where an unknown race left huge, neatly stacked walls of unmortaral, dressed stone which puzzle archeologists. ELEPHANT RUBBERY To cope with the tourists the Rhodesian Breweries group is building seven new hotels. Others have been larger. One chef added cooked ele- phant's trunk to his menu and reported quite a few visitors trying it. One found it "sort of rubbery." Most towns are on a central plateau where the summers are bearable and the brief, short and rainy. For- eigners find the sweltering heat of the northern lowlands hard to take, but feel at home in tha scenic eastern high- lands. There's a boom in mining and prospecting for Rhodesian minerals. The mines ministry says output increased by to last year. Besides nickel, copper, as- bestos, coal and gold, Rhode- sia claims the richest chrome reserves in the world. The unhappicst whiles are farmers wild feel the govern- ment has not done enough to protect them. Prime Rhode- sian tobacco leaf, as the main crop before 1965, made up CO per cent by volume of pre-in- dcpcndence exports.' After their market was cut off by European reprisals, many tobacco farmers diver- sified into wheat, cotton, com, peanuts, soybeans and tea, but these are not as easy to grow nor as profitable as to- bacco. The tobacco industry is being kept alive by fixed- quota b u y. i n g. How much of the vast stock- pile is sold at periodic secret auctions is not announced. It is known that the buying quota plummeted from the 1965 level of pounds to pounds this year. Most of the wliites who control the destiny of blacks seem con- vinced that their present lead- ers are the only ones who can ensure political and economic survival. .Smith's Rhodesian Front is the only white party left in Parliament. He was chosen as the country's first republican prime minister in April elec- tions. The only elected opposition in the Wi-seat House consists of eight blacks chosen on a segregated slate by the few blacks eb'gible to vote. Eight oilier blacks were chosen by tribal leaders. Representation for them will only bo in- creased as they pay more in- come lax. The ruling party's resound- ing wins in all 50 white dis- tricls came as no surprise. At one campaign meeting black students heckled Smith, and his supporters immediately shoved them out of the hall. As the hackers left, Smith in- vited the audience to join him in Bobbejaan Klim die Berg, a South African song about the troubles farmers have with crop-raiding baboons. Denying the "baboon" taunt was a racist barb, Smith said later the whole incident was c a u s e d by trouble-making white "puppeteers" who ma- nipulated black "puppets." Smith 's SO-to-16 majority gives him a free hand in mov- ing toward racial separation in the South African style. The new constitution provides the legal framework. A Land Tenure Act divides the coun- try into acres for blacks and acres, including all major centres, industrial areas and main highways, for the white mi- nority. Asians and mulattos, though regarded as white for voting purposes, will be affected when the government intro- duces more legislation aimed at moving them out of white neighborhoods. The Land Tenure Act is op- posed by most major religious denominations. Under the law, white missionaries need government permission to live in black areas and vice versa. Churches must register as "voluntary associations" to own land on either side of the racial fence. T e n a n t s on church land must be regis- tered. ItCs STAND FIRM "The Catholic Church can- not in principle and will not in p r a c t i c e divide itself ra- Rhodesia's five Roman Catholic bishops say. They have until Sept. 2 lo comply, but show no signs of backing down. More trouble looms over a cut in government grants to church missions which run primary schools for blacks. The government for- merly paid leaders' salaries in full, but now wants the churches to pay five per cent themselves or collect it from black pupils. The Roman Catholic Church also faces pressure to segre- gate 14 private schools. The formerly ail-while schools have admitted a few blacks in recent years. Population growth promises lo double Ihe number of blacks in 21 years and causo massive unemployment. The younger generation no longer is satisfied with village life in largely undeveloped re- serves called tribal trust lands. A drift lo the black townships at the edge of white cities brings about exlra non-whites lo the labor market every year. The government is putting its faith in a massive popula- tion control program to bring the number of blacks down to what Labor Minister Ian Mc- Ijf-an calls "the right ratio for the economy." The govern- ment expects a report soon on feasibility of "massive in- centives and distinctives" io regulate the size of black fam- ilies. QUALITY DENTURE CLINIC 324 Stri St. S. Ph. 328-7684 Above Capitol Furnitura EDDY DIETRICH, C.D.M. EACH PER MONTH SECRETARIAL SERVICES ALSO AVAILABLE Contact 2618 S. Parkside Drive LTD. Phone 327-6747 MISSES' STRETCH NYLON KNIT Kresge Price Sleeveless tops witti-mock turtle necks and back zipper feature white and color stripes! S-M-L, MISSES' SHORTS Kresge Price Stretch nylon favorites in solid shades of Navy, Pink, Yellow, Gold, Blue, lilac and Coral Sizes 10-18. S-M-l GIRLS' NYLON TfiHKTOPS T-SHIRTS Reg. Kresge Prices 1.59 1.79 SHORT SHORTS AND Kresge Pric9 1.37" PLASTIC FLORAL PADS CHAIR SEAT and BACK PAD 18" X 36" Kresgs Price CHAISETTE PAD 20" X 72" Kresge Price 3 IT eijr Bright Daisies in yellow and blue are splashed on white background. 1" solid foam filled. Ready to Plant, Basket, THUH5.FRt.SAT. fl 17 OZ. m STYLE SHAMPOOS CREME RINSE HAND LOTION Eacli PRESS HOSE FITS 10.12 Reg. Kresgc Price 98p Pr. SPECIAL While on gold color Reg. Kresge Price 4.17 T1IURS. FRt. SAT. DUCK SURF SAND SET SET LIGHT BULBS 40-60-100 watt 6QO0 bulbs 2 THUKS.FRI.SAr. Reg. Kiesg8price3.27 SPECIAL 2.37 THUKS. FHI. SAT. DANISH EVERYDAY GIFT WRAP 2 Sheet Fold Kresge Price COFFEE STILL 15c AT KRESGE'S LUNCHEONETTE! SATISFACTION GUARANTEED OR MONEY CHEERFULLY REFUNDED ;