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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THf IITHMI09I HIRALD Saturday, 1, EDITORIALS Unpredictable issues stalk government There'll be no impeachment There has been a lot of chatter ibout the possibility of impeaching President Richard Nixon over his all- but-adrrutted involvement in the mess Such talk is straight hogwash, and it's time the press, es- pecially in Canada, stopped titillating itself and :ts readers with this kind of nonsense No one is going to impeach Nixon, even if his connection with the bug- ging and the double-dealing and the financial hanky-panky and the lying turns out to be all that his worst enemies claim and his best friends fear Why not' Simply because Water- or no Watergate, the basic political process in the United States is still what it has always been, a function of the unending contest be- tween those imjnenselv powerful political machines, the Republican and the Democratic parties Neither seeks impeachment, and neither will countenance it Except for the occasional crick, every American politician of any stature at all belongs to one party or the other. So il Nixon is to be impeached, there must be consent to the impeachment among either Democratic or Republican politicians, and in all probability it would have to be both. It exists with neither. From the Republican point of view, scarcely any event could be as dam- aging as having their best and brightest, the man they chose unani- mously for the highest office of all, subjected to the indignity of a public oh, how public it would examination of his integrity as a political leader, a public sen ant, and a citizen. So regardless of the right- eous pronouncement made from time to time by prominent Republicans, the party itself would be mad to seek im- peachment. The position of the Democrats is a bit more complex, but any senous examination of it compells the con- clusion that they are even less likely than the Republicans to force such a trial. For the Democrats, impeach- ment would present political risks that are simply too great, with almost no possibility of the party coming out ahead, whatever the outcome of the impeachment proceedings. First, supposing they were to fail and Nixon were found to be not guilty of the misdemeanors with which he has been taxed. His vindication and that of the Republican party would be a severe enough setback for the Democrats, but this would be as nothing compared to the opprobrium that would fall upon his accusers, his fa'se accusers as the Republicans cenainly claim. For years (and several to come, they would be known as the evil men who attacked not just the man Richard Nixon, but the presidency it- self, and for solely political ends. For the Democrats, then, there could be senous long-run risks if im- peachment should fail. But in the short lun which is the time span for politicians Isixon's conviction and re- moval fi om office could be even more risky. It could cost them the presi- dency in 1976 If Nixon were removed, Vice-Presi- dent Spiro Agnew would succeed to the presidency, in itself probably nei- ther a better nor a worse situation for the Democrats. But putting Agnew in the White House would do some- thing else; it would give the Republi- cans the enormous advantage, very likely a decisive one, of having an in- cumbent president as their candidate for the 1976 presidential election Of course there is no guarantee that the Democrats can take the pres- idency in 1976, whatever happens to Nixon or whoever represents the Re- publicans. But at least with Nixon completing his normal term, who- ever the Democrats select won't have to face a Republican candidate with all the prestige and resources of the White House at his personal com- mand. In summary, then, both the Re- publicans and the Democrats have sound political reasons (would they have any other for wanting Richard Nixon in the White House until the end of his term. In those rare instances when both parties happen to want the same thing, the electors can be assured it will hap- pen. Note that appointment Punctuality is important. When employees are late the work day moves off to a hamperred start; tardy pupils disrupt classrooms, late clients hold up business and late pa- tients can upset a clinic's schedule. In the working or educational world punctuality evolves from familiarity with one's schedule. Lateness hurts the worker in loss of pay and the student in learning disadvantages but in the case of clients and cus- tomers it is the business proprietor who takes the loss. Appointment time is valuable and cannot be recycled unless the client indicates his inabi- lity to attend. When he misses an appointment the time slot allotted for him is wasted and time wastage means dollars. Forgetfulness Is the prime thief of Weekend Meditation appointment time Often a client has no recollection of his appointment or the designated day or hour. If he is alert he will check by phone, but in many cases he forgets to do even this. One local proprietor reported recently he had received no less than 120 phone calls in one day from cus- tomers checking on their appoint- ment time. Such a practice could keep a switchboard operator busy all day. The practice of keeping an appoint- ment notebook handy in one's pocket or handbag would eliminate this time consuming business and also the anxiety experienced dering whether or not that appoint ment is indeed today or tomorrow. It would certainly leave the phone lines freer for those making new appointments. A light in A woman complains that she cannot fol- tew any religious faith because there is so much she does not understand! The great- er part of wisdom is knowledge of ignor- ance. What a person must do is accept humbly and gratefully the truth he has and walk by faith One is reminded of John Bunyan's story in Pilgrim's Progress "Then said Evan- gelist, pointing with his finger over a very wide field, 'Do you see yonder wicket The man assured, 'No' Then said the other 'Do you see jonder atoning He said, 'I think I do' Then said Evangelist, 'Keep that light in thine eyes, and go up directly thereto' John Henry Newman had this truth in mind when he wrote his famous poem out of his mental and spiritual anguish when his ship was becalmed in the Straits of Bonifacio. Lead, kindly Light, amid the encircling gloom, Lead thou me on' The night is dark, and I am fai fiom home, Lead thou me on' Keep thou my feet I do not ask sw The distant scene, one step enough for me. Thomas Edison on one occasion pointed out that scientists do not know the mil- lionth part of one per cent about anything. They do not know what water is They don't know what light is They don't know what gravitation is. They don't know what us to keep on cur feet when stand up They don't know what electricity is. They don't know what heat is. They don't know anything about magnetism. They have a lot of hypotheses about the things, but that is all. He concluded, "But we don't let our ignorance about these things deprive us of their use." The famous scientist, Sir Arthur Edding- ton, has pointed out the very same ignor- ance Fritz Kunkel in his book "In Search of states the mystery in which all scientists live. All substances will be split up the stone into atoms, the atoms into electrons, and only energy remains What these energies are and why they move or do not move, nobody knows, says Kun- kel "So the familiar things become weird and incomprehensible, just as tliey were ten thousand years ago, when religion be- gan Tins world is full of mystery and the moie one thinks the more profound the mystery appears. Jesus had something of this in mind surely when he said that ex- cept you become like a little child you shall not enter the kingdom of heaven Children live by faith ?nd see magic and mystery everywhere So William Blake maintained that the greatest wisdom was "To see a World in Grain of Sand, And a Heaven in a Wild Flower; Infinity in the palm of your hand, And Eternity in an hour." PRAYER- Guide me, 0 Thou Gteat Jehovah, Pilgrim through this barren land. r. a. M. By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA After all the months of head-shaking and speculation, the dreaded "crunch" in Parliament turned out to be a generally hilarious bedroom farce. The winner, obviously, is John Turner. By a rather neat to the intense relief of his more nervous col- has secured the es- sentials of his tax policy at the expense of a concession to Rob- ert Stanfield which has little more than symbolic signifi- cance Mr. Turner's problem was the proposed reduction to 40 per cent in the rate of corporate tax applicable to manufacturers and processors. For David Lewis, this is a "ripoff." Mr. Stanfield's position has been slightly more complex. He rec- "The obvious step acupuncture or voodoo. No house calls." Progress today may hurt us tomorrow By Rob Bull, Herald Quebec commentator MONTREAL Place d'Armes is a small square in old Mon- treal bordered by a 17th cen- tury monastery, Notre Dame Cathedral and the head office of the Bank of Montreal. To mark the founding of the city in May 1642, there was a small ceremony in the square a few days ago near the statue of the Sieur de Maisonneuve, Montreal's first governor. In the spring of 1644, he is supposed to have fought a bat- tle against hostile Indians somewhere in the immediate neighborhood. A few blocks to the east, in the new, high-rise, provincial justice building, Quebecers have been fighting another bat- tle against the Indians for the last six months. This is where Mr. Justice Al- bert Malouf of the Quebec Su- perior Court has been hearing evidence on an application by Quebec Indians for a tempor- ary injunction to stop the James Bay hydro-electric project The French Canadian com- munity's interests are now being defended, not by a dedi- cated soldier but by a high- powered team of lawyers In the back of the small court-room, during every day of the hearings there have al- ways been at least two or three Indians, watching quietly while their younger legal representa- tives argue their case. In every courtroom battle, there are basic principles and questions hovenng in the back- ground But in this particular case, one of the longest hearings on an injunction application in Ca- nadian history, there are many. What are the rights of Can- ada's native peoples' When land is given by the federal government to a provincial one. what rights does the province have over those lands' There are questions about the treatment of minorities, the justification of economic expan- sion which upsets the environ- ment, the validity of conclus- ions made by economists and engineers about the needs of a developing society. The shape of the James Bay project has changed substan- tially since it was first an- nounced by Premier Robert Bourassa at a Liberal rally m 1971 At the present time it calls for the construction of four dams on the Grande River about 600 miles north of Mon- treal, the floorlmg of square miles of land and the di- version of water from three riv- ers flowing into James Bay and another into Ungava Bay far to the north. Besides increasing the prov- ince's power consumption by 7 8 million kilowatts, the proj- ect was also planned to open a region of square miles of land, one-fifth area of the province, to min- eral, forestry and tourist in- dustry exploitation. About Indians and Eskimos live in the area. The hearings have gone through five main stages. The natives' spokesmen argued that Quebec could not develop the territory because the land still belonged to them and the pro- vincial law creating the project is unconstitutional In the next stage of the hear- ings, they said that the project, through its effects on the envir- onment, was affecting and would further change their tra- ditional way of life. Then lawyers for the govern- ment tried to show that the way of life of the region's natives is no longer the traditional one and the project is one way of giving them the benefits of modern society. They further argued that if Quebec as a whole is to meet the growing need for jobs and industry, the province needs the power from the project. This Letter to the editor has been disputed by the other side. The province also tried to in- dicate its willingness to develop the region with as few negative effects to the environment as possible. The Indians gained an ini- tial victory when the judge agreed the native peoples have an "apparent" legal title to the land Federal government officials said no record of a treaty has been found between the natives and government and Quebec cannot dispose of the territory without such a treaty. Evidence has also revealed that the effect of the project on the delicately balanced northern ecology is not fully understood. Quebec argued that it com- puted its need for power after examining past trends and al- ternative power sources. Lawyers for the natives brought in experts to show these computations did not take into account possible changes in Quebec's growth patterns and the alternatives to the James Bay project had not been fully considered. Outside the quiet courtroom there has been a storm of con- flicting emotional outcnes. There is the gut feeling of guilt many Canadians have for the way their natives have been treated, the growing concern for the environment, the con- flict between Ottawa and Que- bec and the political campaign atmosphere in which the pro- gram was announced, and there are other Indians and other development projeote in other parts of Canada. Since December, Mr. Justice Malouf has heard testimony from about 160 witnesses. When the hearings resume again June 13, lawyers for the two oppos- ing sides will summarize then- case Then the hearings will ad- journ again until judgment is made Whatever the decision, it will be an important one for all of us. YMCA enhances Lethbridge I find it difficult to under- stand the motivation behind the editorial, The collapsed tri- angle, which appeared in The Herald (May It is perfect- ly obvious that the editorial staff has no appreciation of the function of the Lethbridge Fam- ily YMCA in this community and has made no attempt to do so. Reading the very mis- leading and inaccurate article by Jim Grant, which appeared on May 30. could only lead to misunderstanding. Presumably this must be the editorial writ- er's only source of information. It is time for someone to shout to the rooftops that the local YMCA serves a total of about persons in a year's time And no one is turned away for lack of funds. A member- ship costs the association about a year in overhead, salar- ies, and all other costs. It is perfectly obvious then that in addition to those members of the "Y" who are sponsored (pay no dues) all youth mem- berships are also members Adult and sustaining memberships, in addition to the United Way, are providing for this subsidy. How does one determine from the fee structure that the "Y" caters to middle and upper class? It is fairly obvious, to borrow a phrase from the edi- torial, that an institution with a budget cannot operate without funds. I am sure that the board of directors of the "Y" would be happy to learn of a way to operate such a fa- cility without the membership charges, which to the eyes exclude the "lower class people" (Maybe this means lower income I would suggest that the writ- er might sit down and evaluate the program of physical educa- tion earned out in schools and by the city recreation depart- ment. Sure, the kids get a smid- gen of activity while schools are in session. This is good and better than nothing. But, is there any program after the formal school day, on Saturday, or dur- ing the summer? Just what are the programs of the city recre- ation department? Go over to the Civic Sports Centre and make a record of its use aside from swimming. And what ahout adults who not only pay taxes but support the United Way as well? Are the schools or the city doing anything signifi- cant for the encouragement of adult physical fitness? The Family "Y" is encouraging adult physical fitness and is earnestly striving to find a means of serving three or four times as many adults. Mean- while, most adults are eating and sitting themselves into early senescence accompanied by various other degenerative diseases. Finally, let me assure t h writer that the emphasis on phy- sical programs intended by the Family "Y" has nothing to do with emphasis on spirit, mind, and body, as implied. It is a recognition that we have cer- tain physical facilities, certain staff with expertise, and, most of all, a community need which together mean programs relat- ed to physical fitoeaa, tecrea- tion, and for some, competitive activities. The "Y" will still op- erate other programs, such as Kids Town but we do not in- tend to compete with the Com- munity college, the YWCA, The Bowman Arts Centre, The Boy Scouts, the churches, or anyone else. For many of us, the city of Lethbridge would be a much less attractive place to reside were it not for this institution. Why not come over and find out what it is all about' I am sure the "Y" would be thrilled to provide the writer with some education. He'd be pleased to learn what a bit of physical fit- ness could do for him But, we will expect him to get off his chair and wore a bit. He'd be surprised what a mile run in eight minutes or less can do for his spirit and there is some evi- dence that it might aid in clar- ity of thought as well. ROGER B MEINTZER Member of the YMCA Board of Directors Lethbridge ognized that a good deal of business planning had taken this measure of relief into con- sideration. But be was uncon- vinced that it should be im- planted permanently in the tu system and declared that ha would not support it beyond tht end of the present year. For the Minister of Finance, who maintains that tax reduc- tion has become even more nec- essary in consequence of the rise of American protectionism, so limited a change was unac- ceptable. Thus it has been freely predicted tor months that the minority Government must eventually (after afl the post- ponements) come into collision with a hostile majority in the House of Commons. There is no collision and not much evidence that the Con- servatives, lacking a surge of support in the country, were at all eager for one. Mr. Turner, in a polite gesture to Mr. Stanfield, has agreed to submit an interim report on the oper- ations of the tax measures by April 1, 1974. At that time, if 60 members so request, the Gov- ernment will provide an occa- sion for Parliament to ine the changes and, in effect, to cancel them if it so decides. Thus, in form, Mr. StanfteM Is asked to support the meas- ures only for fiscal 1973-74. In fact, the onus will be on the Conservatives to move for an increased tax on business. It will be a event in our politics if the Conservatives do any such thing. Mr. Stanfield poked gentle fun at the Government, remarking in light-hearted comments that even a cat deserves three months The way was clear for Mr. Lewis to announce his party's bold and principled de- cision to oppose the ripoff at all costs; a stand greeted with gen- eral mirth by the Liberals and Conservatives. Mr. Lewis, tong accused of being the political bedmate of the Prime Minister, denounced both parties and said that Mr. Stanfield was a con- senting adult. Real Caouette brought the entertainment to a conclusion by observing that, in these circumstances, Mr. Trudeau must be a bigamist. And that was the long-pre- dicted crunch! One conclusion to be drawn from the affair is that the ob- sessive search for predictables in a House of Minorities is an unrewarding business. But this is not to suggest that minority Governments are stable. The record suggests that they more commonly meet defeat on is- sues which develop suddenly (and may develop at any issues which cannot be plotted in advance by attentive observ- ers and on which Ministers can- not buy insurance through long months of careful planning. Of the three cases in this cen- tury, all are in this pattern. Mr. King in 1946 fell on the customs scandal which had not surfaced when Parliament met. Mr. Die- fenbaker's defeat in 1963 was the result of a chain of unex- pected events: a Liberal switch on nuclear policy; revolt in the cabinet and an apparent change of mind over a famous supper hour by Robert Thompson. No one expected the Liberal defeat on a 1968 tax bill; least of all Lester Pearson, whose troops were simply missing when ttw roll was called. As a result of Mr. Turner's symbolic concession, the Gov- ernment can probably took for- ward to a quiet June; it would not appear at the moment that any group is much interested in disrupting it. But this does not necessarily mean much for the longer term if the Prime Minis- ter decides against an early and voluntary dissolution. The vul- nerability remains; any of Gie issues currently troubling the perhaps one not fore- explode into a new crisis in the House of Commons. In what was predictable the Government, admittedly after a very long delay, has managed with skill. What it must always fear, while it remains depend- ent on disunited enemies, is the unpredictable. Tax money nowadays provides Ministers with retinues of advisers; it has yet to provide a crystal baU ca- pable of foretelling in reliable fashion the shape of troubles to come. The Uthbridge Herald 7th St.- 5., letUbfldtfe, Altartt IXTHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietor, and PuUltbtifl Published 1906-1954, by Bon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stand OM Mm Hagbtrnflan No. Mil MMMMT of TM Canadian Pitts and tlw Canadian Dally Navnpon Pennon' AaMctatiM and Ida Audit Buraaw of CLEO W MOWCRS, Editor and PuMtohor THOMAS H. ADAMS. Gttwral Managtr CON PILLINfi Manatlnt editor HOY F. MILES flMPJWMAQ WILLIAM HAY Editor DOWLAS K. WALMft MtarM ;