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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta BUNNY HIGH FORECAST FRIDAY 75. The Lethbridge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, JUNE 2, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 22 PAGES Food prices increase not farmers fault By STEPHEN SCOTT OTTAWA (CP) The Commons debated inereas- mg food prices for five hours Thursday and managed to agree only that food prices are up and fanners aren't to blame. The New Democratic Party, sponsor of the debate, blamed supermarket chains which it said were mak- ing unprecedented profits. The Conservatives blamed the government and the government and Social Credit tended to blame no one, while defending supermarkets and farmers. The government also said food-price increases are not all that much when compared with those for other goods and services. At the end of it all, the government majority voted down attempts to have the matter investigated. Today, the House debates housing prices, by Con- servative choice, in advance of new government hous- ing legislation, expected Monday. Both Thursday and today were devoted to debating motions from the opposition. Thursday's debate came on a want-of-confidence motion by Grace Maclnnis Kings- way) which said the government "has failed to cope with the problem of steadily rising food prices, which seriously affect Canadian living standards, or with the fact that supermarket profits have increased simulta- neously at an unprecedented rate." It called for investigation by a special committee of the House, which would report back by June 26. It was defeated 99-49, with the entire opposition, except Social Credit Leader Real Caouette and Leonel Beaudoin (SC voting against the gov- eminent. A Conservative amendment which would have blamed transportation costs along with supermarket profits also was defeated. Standing in the 264-seat Commons Is Liberal 148, Conservative 72, NDP 25, Social Credit 13, Independent S and vacant 3. Out of a welter of statistics used during the day, only one was solid. That was a Statistics Canada re- port that grocery prices have climbed by 7.4 per cent in a year. Enrages opposition Agriculture Minister H. A. Olson enraged opposi- tion MPs by charging that they were attempting to make fanners the culprits for the increased costs. In fact, most of the speakers from both sides of the House specifically mentioned that farmers must be .exempted from blame for increased food costs. In summary, the parties made these points: New Democrats, led by Mrs. Maclnnis and Ed Broadbent Food prices are rising to the greatest heights for items as meat, fish and fresh produce that pro- vide proteins, minerals, vitamins and body building foods. Meanwhile, supermarket chain profits have been going profits this year for Safeway were up 4 per cent, George Weston Loblaws 50 per cent and Dominion stores 30 per cent. Mrs. Maclnnis said the government replies that supermarket prices look high now because of price wars in 1970. But this is a red herring. Price wars are phony wars fought for supremacy and not for the benefit of the consumer. FOOD RATES HIGHER Mr. Broadbent said Statistics Canada figures ns- leased Thursday showed the rate of return on a dollar invested was 5.36 per cent for all industries during the first quarter of 1971, 5.93 per cent in the second, 6.35 per cent in the third and 6.44 in the fourth. Food industry increases for the same quarters were 8.05 and 7.87 per cent. Liberals, led by Pat Mahoney, minister of state, and Mr. Olson: "Supermarket prices have not been rising steadily and chain store profits have not increased at an un- precedented said Mr. Mahoney. There is no evidence that supermarket chains are either profiteering or "are solely responsible for the increase in food prices." Increases in profits for the first quarter of this year make up, he said, for considerable reduction in profits resulting from a price war hi late 1970 and early 1971. Investigators of the Combines Investigation Act had kept a watching brief on the retail food industry for years. There was recent evidence that there had been a resumption of the price war. Atlantic and Pacific Tea and a discounting program in all major centres in Ontario and Montreal. Dominion Stores, Steinberg's and Loblaws had indicated "that we may be hi for another supermarket price war similar to the one in late 1970 and early 1971." Five hours for food Mr. Olson said that only 17 or 18 per cent o! the available income of the average Canadian was reeded for food. Only five hours of work a week -was required to fill the average food basket. These were better statistics than anywhere in the Western world. Conservatives, led by James McGrath (St John's East) and Walter Dinsdale The NDP motion, which "we have no difficulty sup- emphasized supermarket profits as the cause of increasing food prices, but did not mention such equally important matters as transportation. Transportation and distribution costs hurt areas, such as the West and the Atlantic provinces, far away from manufacturing and processing centres. Something had to be dont to curb freight rate. war WASHINGTON (Reuter) President Nixon made a trium- phal return from Moscow to tell the American people his summit talks with Soviet leaders have reduced the threat of war. "The threat of war has not been eliminated, but it has been he told a special joint tells Congress real reduced session of Congress Thursday. Nixon urged quick congres- sional approval of the first agreement to curb the nuclear arms race, which he signed in Moscow last week, "to check the wasteful and dangerous spi- ral of nuclear arms." Nixon called congressional leaders to the White House today before heading for a Flor- ida vacation. The treaty the president signed on limiting de- fensive anti-ballistic missiles (ABMs) requires a two-thirds Senate vote, while the accompa- nying e x e c u t i v e agreement curbing offensive missiles can Horner ignores suggestion farm population to decline A STANDING OVATION President Nixon receives a standing ovation from a Joint Session of Congress Thursday night as he prepares to report on his summit journey. Vice-President Spiro T. Agnew stands at left. The diplomatic corps and Senate leaders are in the first rows. (AP Wirephoto) Lebanon-Israel tension mounts By GREG McINTYRE Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON Agricul- ture Minister Dr. Hugh Horner turned aside the pessimistic suggestion that Alberta's farm population faces severe depop- ulation with news Thursday that gross farm income in Al- berta rose 17 per cent in the first two months this year. Income from wheat and live- stock rose, he said, but earn- ings from barley declined in early 1972. The minister glossed over a question from NDP leader Grant Notley referring to a re- port that Mr. Notley later said concluded that farmers are 'doomed.' The report was a two-year study tabled in 1970 on informa- tion sendees provided to farm- ers by the department of agri- culture. Mr. Notley said the study, called "transition and tradition" and prepared by Farm and Ranch Management Consultants Ltd. of Calgary, the Legislature is expected to end sessions until fall From AP-REUTER BEIRUT (CP) jets swooped over southern Leb- anon and troop movements reported along the border Thursday night, heightening ex- pectation of an attack in repri- sal for the massacre at Tel Aviv's Lod International Air- port. In Israel, fear of another ter- rorist attack sent extra troops and ambulances racing to the airport Thursday night, and passengers and all baggage on at least six incoming flights were searched thoroughly. Un- official reports said the lona survivor of the three-man Japa- nese suicide mission told inter- rogators that another slaugh- ter was planned. There was no attack. In a radio broadcast, Transport Minister Shimon Peres said that "increased security mea- sures have been put in force" and will continue. A state of alert was still on at the airport today. Israeli Skyhawk and Mirage jets spent 15 minutes over southern Lebanon, and Arab Palestinians in Beirut said at- tack on the area appeared evitable. Some Lebanese, however, predicted the Israelis would hit neither guerrilla bases in the south, scene of many Israeli New wheat sale to China made OTTAWA (CP) Another Wheat sale to China valued at about million was an- nounced today by Otto Lang, cabinet minister responsible for the Canadian Wheat Board. A maximum 58.8 million bushels or 1.5 million metric tons are involved in the deal, which will mean accelerated shipments to China this year. Including shipments under a contract negotiated previously, it might put the total shipment of wheat to China this year at about 145 million bushels, "an all-time high." Half of the wheat sold under today's announced contract is to be shipped during 1972, Mr. Lang said. raids, nor the Beirut airport, where security has been tight- ened considerably. "The Israelis must use the element of one ptn server said. "They will form of A main thorouglifare in Bei- rut and a refugee camp on the road to the airport were men- tioned as possible targets. Women and children have been evacuated from some guerrilla camps. The Lebanese armed forces and Palestinian Arab comman- dos based in Lebanon were on full alert. Armored cars patrolled the approaches to Beirut airport. Extra anti aircraft guns were set up at the in December, 1968, of a devastat- ing Israeli commando raid in retaliation for an attack on an Israeli aircraft inAthensby Arab guerrillas. The Israeli government blamed Lebanon for the Lod Airport attack Tuesday, charg- ing that it harbored the guer- rilla organization which hired the three Japanese terrorists, the EDMONTON (CP) Thirty- two bills were hustled through committee study Thursday night as the Alberta legislature hurried toward adjournment. Committee study is the last step before third reading and royal assent would make the bills law. Tie House adjourned shortly before and sat again at p.m. today, two hours earlier than usual. It was ex- pected to adjourn late today until Oct. 15. Included among bills going guard killed ALEXIS CREEK, B.C. (CP) A prison guard was beaten to death early today as two teen-aged prisoners escaped from the RCMP jail in this north-central British1 Columbia community. John Starchuck, a 55 year- through' committee study Thursday night were repeal of the Sexual Sterilization Act, es- tablishing a Senior Citizens Shelter Act and amendment to the Ombudsman's Act and the Margarine Act. ACT CRITICIZED The Sexual Sterilization Act, which under severe criticism from the government as well as the public, permitted sterilization of "mentally de- fective" persons where it was suspected their children would inherit the deficiency. The Senior Citizens Shelter Act removes a 30-miG. provin- cial education tax from residen- tial property owned by persons 65 and older and provides for an annual grant to senior citizens who rent accommoda- tion. The other two would permit margarine to be, a similar col- or to butter and would increase Ombudsman's annual sal- ary to from "accepted the view that small farmer is doomed." It was based on a federal task force on agriculture study in 1969 that concluded that two out of three farmers will leave the land, said Mr. Notley. The New Democratic MLA asked Dr. Horner whether, in light of a review of the T and T study tabled in the legislature a few days ago, the govern- ment proposed any "major overhaul" of the information branch as recommended in the report. Dr. Horner said a major re- organization of the agriculture department that will emphasize marketing is nearly complete, and the overhaul of the infor- mation branch will be included. He added, "interestingly enough, I just have the figures for the first two months of 1972 and gross farm income is up 17 per cent." r- _ Outside the House, Mr. Notley said Dr. Horner declined to an- swer the question directly and will the issue again on future1' occasions. The review of the T and T report, by a committee charred by deputy agriculture minister Glen P a-r n e 11, recommended that communication between farmers and the government be improved. Among recommendations were suggestions that the 4-H program be administered by the agriculture department so that young farmers could have a "working relationship" with government officials, that branches of a national farm data bank be established in Al- berta and that information cen- tres be created at Vermilion, Fairview and Lethbridge. pass with a majority in the Se- nate and House of Representa- tives. Nixon said he had brought back from Moscow the begin- ning of a process that could lead to a lasting peace. FOUNDATION LAID "The foundation has been laid for a new relationship between the two most powerful nations on earth." Nixon said in the half-hour televised speech. "Now it is up to us to join with other nations in build' ing a new house upon that foun- that can be a home for the hopes of mankind and a shelter against the storms of conflict." Deep philosophical differences remained, however, between the United States and the Soviet Union, the president said. During his speech he made it .clear he had been unable to ar- rive at any agreement with the Soviet Union on the issue of ending the Vietnam war. "The problem of ending the Vietnam war was one of the most extensively discussed subjects of our Nixon said. But he said that "it would only jeopardize the search for peace" if he were to report more than that "each side ob- viously has its own point of view." "Both the United States and the Soviet Union share an over- riding desire to" achieve a more-stable peace in the world." The president received the loudest welcome he has ever been Congress. It's General Motors, U.S.A. Your present from Nixon fas been Huge crowds pay homage and farewell to late Duke WINDSOR, England (AP) The who be- first hour, according to official ambassador to the United Na- tions denied Front had in Beirut. Israel's UN ambassador, Jo- seph Tekoah, said that Egypt as well as Lebanon bore a spe- cial responsibility for the at- tack, in which 26 persons, in- cluding two of the terrorists, 'were killed and about 70 wound- ed. Among the dead was a Mon- treal woman who emigrated to Canada from Israel. of Williams Lake, and Gary this, saying the John McNamara, 19, of Orillia, a press office only Qnt., escaped. Borkowski, who was serving a jail term, with a further six-month indetermin- ate sentence for breaking and entering and tbtft, was recap- tured by RCMP a short time later three miles east of Alexis Creek. McNamara was still at large, with RCMP scouring the thinly- populated area. and farewell today to the Duke of Windsor. Prime Minister Edward Heath, Baroness Spencer- Churchill, widow of Britain's wartime prime minister, and Earl Mountbatten, a cousin and childhood friend of the former king, were among mourners to file through St. George's chapel of Windsor Castle. The coffin lay on a royal blue catafalque close to the royal Seen and heard About town OETURNED vacationer ..Ray MacPhereon sport- ing scars from an encounter with an automobile in a small Austrian town Native philosopher Keith Robin com- menting daylight saving time is just the rest o.e Canada cat- ching up with ludiaa time. be laid to rest Monday hi a mausoleum in the castle grounds. Lady Spencer-Churchill stood for five minutes, her head bowed, in front of the coffin draped with the duke's personal standard of red, white, blue and gold, topped by a single wreath of lilies, the tribute from his wife. The duchess arrived in Lon- don from Paris as the crowd of mourners began filing past the coffin of her husband, who died Sunday ha Paris at 77. MANY FILE PAST More than people filed oast the catafalque during the countries were in the crowd. The duchess arrived at Buck- ingham Palace shortly before lunch. She looked pale and wan and wore a simple black coat, dress and a tiny hat. She went directly to the suite on the first floor of the palace made available to her by the Queen. She lunched with the Queen. It was the first time in the 35 years she was married to the duke that the duchess has stayed at the palace. She had been there as a visitor, how- ever. Saturday is her 35th wedding anniversary. Decision on oil tax at month end GUARDS COFFIN A guardsman stands at the coffin of the Duke of Windsor in St, George's Chapel in Windsor today. The 4 Chapel is inside Windsor Castle, (AP wirtphoto via cable) from London) EDMONTON (CP) The Al- berta government will decide by the end of this month wheth- er to impose increased taxes on crude oil reserve, Bill Dickie, minister of mines and minerals, announced Thursday. Mr. Dickie told the legisla- ture he will evaluate numerous briefs submitted to a com- mittee of the whole legislature by the oil industry and other parties last week at a public hearing and then the 48- member Progressive Conserva- tive caucus would make a de- cision on the proposal by June 30. The government, in a tenta- tive position paper, has pro- pofeed to raise between mil- Hbti tad million a year by crude oil reserves. those still in the ground. Mr. Dickie's statement came during second reading, approv- al in principle, of a bill to amend the Mineral Taxation Act. James Henderson Wetaskiwin Leduc) said the Progressive Conservative gov- ernment already has made up its mind to impose.the tax. Mr. Henderson, a petroleum engineer who was environment minister in the previous Social Credit administration, said leg- islative approval of a bill set- ting up the legal machinery for the tax would show that the government no longer has an "open mind" on the tax and that the only thing left to de- cide is whether the revenues from the tax will be closer to million or. to million. ;