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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, Junt J, 1972 Letters to the editor Massacre in Tel Aviv The slaughter of the innocents at the Tel Aviv airport is almost beyond human belief, even in this world of violence. Premier Golda Meir's fury is understandable. The headlines in Cairo newspapers cheering the great "achievements" of the terrorists are revolting. It is impossible to predict what form Israeli reprisals will take; it is equally impossible to believe that there will be no reaction. It is true that in this case, the slaughter could have been prevented by tighter security measures. Metal detectors and examination of hand luggage had no effect. It is usual, when a bomb threat has been made or there is reason to suspect trouble, to examine all passengers personal- ly, to go through the hand luggage, and subsequently to request each passenger to identify his checked lug- gage before he is allowed on the plane. The assumption is that no passenger is going to commit sui- cide. The case of the Tel Aviv horror brings a new dimension to the ques- tion of security. The three terrorists were evidently quite prepared to risk death to do what they did. Further, the weapons were sub-machine guns and grenades carried in checked lug- gage which was not examined. From now on in, all luggage will have to be searched a laborious time-con- suming procedure. To add that the Palestinian guer- rillas have lost any respect for their cause they might have had prior to this unspeakable act, scarcely needs mention. Unfortunately terrorists don't give a tinker's dam for world opinion. Will it work? Most men who are still in posses- sion of physical and mental vigor at 80 years of age might think of retirement from active business, pro- fessional or political life, taking their ease in thoughts of the past and savoring the delights of leisure. But Marshal Tito, Yugoslavia's president, who celebrated his 80th birthday May 25, cannot look forward to a restful old age. His country needs him now as much as it has ever more. Tito is the focal point of Yugo- slave patriotism, the cement which has held it together during the years when destruction threatened. It was Tito who rallied the people to cour- ageous resistance against the at- tempts at Italian and German dom- ination during the Second World War, and it was Tito who has suc- cessfully repulsed Soviet attempts to interfere with Yugoslavia's right to determine its own future under Com- munism. Nowadays the divisive forces of ancient ethnic rivalries threaten to fragment Yugoslavia's unity. Its six- republics and two autonomous prov- inces, all of them speaking different "mother" tongues, all of them with varying historical backgrounds, have prospered reasonably well under Tito's road to communism, but in recent years dissension has become all too apparent. Recent riots in Croatia resulted in the replacement of the entire Communist hierarchy of that republic. Injesser degree rumb- lings of discontent have been heard from Serbia, Slovenia, and the prov- ince of Kosovia where the minority peoples of Albanian origin have their home. The Marshal has dealt firmly with these forces of "counter-revolution- ary nationalism" but there are ris- ing fears that his successors will not be able to do the same. Anticipating death or incapacity, Tito has provided for a 23 man presi- dency in which the six republics and two autonomous provinces will be represented. Generally spea king these republics and provinces will be given more freedom in the con- duct of their own social and econo mic affairs with the federal author- ity directing defence, foreign affairs and the general direction of econo- mic development. But will it work? This is the ques- tion which must loom large in the thoughts of the man who has spent the talent and energy of a long life trying to assure that it does. ART BUCHWALD Universities need you W WASHINGTON There was a time, not long ago, when parents lived in fear that their children would not be accepted in college. They made the rounds of col- leges and universities with their offspring, submitting to countless interviews by hard- faced directors of admissions, who always told them, "Don't get your hopes up." Well all this has changed, and most schools are desperate for students to fill their freshman class. Many colleges are now recruiting high school graduates in the same manner they used to recruit high school athletes. I know a young man who has been ap- plying to colleges this spring and the re- sponse has been phenomenal. He wrote to one school asking for infor- mation and a brochure and received a sponse in two days: "We are happy to in- form you that you have been accepted in the freshman class at Zig Zag College. The school term will begin on Sept. 13. Kindly send your deposit of in the enclosed self-addressed envelope." The young man and his parents thought there was some mistake so they sent off an inquiiy to another school, Lieba Tech. A week later a man showed up at the door. He said he was an alumnus of Lieba Tech who lived in Washington, and had been asked to come over to speak to the young man about the school. The alumnus said, "You're just the kind of man Lieba has been looking for." the boy said, "you don't even know me." "What is there to know? You're a fine- looking student. I can tell by just looking at you that you would be a credit to the school. just sign the application blank. The school will bill you later." "I'd like to think about the young man said. "Of the alumnus said, "this is a very important decision. Think about it, and I'll call you in a couple of hours." A week later a man who said he was director of admissions of Sara Lee Uni- versity showed up at the door. "I just wanted to tell you personally how happy are to have you as a student at Sara Lee." "But I haven't applied to Sara the boy protested. "We got your name from a spy In the Lieba Tech admissions office. You'd hate Lieba Tech. It has no student parking fa- cilities at all." the mother said, "isn't Sara Let a girls' "If your son agrees to go there, we'll make it coed." "Do you have soccer the boy asked. "You want a soccer have a soccer team. You can choose your own uniform." "I smoke the boy said. "Who doesn't smoke the director of admissions asked. "Don't you even want to look at my school "School records the director of ad- missions yelled. "We want the all-around type of student who is interested in some- thing besides studies." "I don't know what to the boy re- plied. Suddenly the director of admissions start- ed to sob. "I don't want to beg, but I have a quota to fill. Give me a break. Come to Sara Lee. My job depends on it. I need you, boy. Why can't you understand the father said. "Get off your knees. I assure you we will give Sara Lee our consideration." As the family led the sobbing director of admissions down the walk to his car, the director asked, "When will I hear from The boy shook the director's hand and said, "Don't call call you." (Toronto Sun News Service) The truth is out By Dong Walker JVTO doubt there are lots of reasons why people build fences. They may put them up to keep kids and dogs out; they may want a little privacy; there may be some satisfaction in maintaining the things. Our neighbor Louis Svrcek has finally let the cat out of the bag. He didn't build his fence so that people could drive by and admire it; he doesn't dislike his neighbors; he wasn't thinking about giving me some- thing to write about. Louis built his confessed this to to hide the junk in his back yard. Challenge and reply on Herald survey Many students and graduates of the University of L e t h- bridge have asked the students' society council to indicate to the Herald their concern and to express their anger and dis- approval of the series of arti- cles which has been recently published in the Lethbridge Herald under the guise of a "survey." What does this reporter know about universities? Students at the U of L are angered by the implication that their institution is a "mickey mouse" univer- sity. (Tuesday, May 23rd Her- Graduates have sweated out hours of term papers, ex- aminations and study to obtain a degree which is accepted at any university in Canada, the United States or other countries in the world, in graduate study programs. The implication in the article is an affront to the intellectual ability and aca- demic achievement of over a thousand graduates of the U of L, many of whom have been granted national and interna- tional scholarships to continue their study and research. (At least one course being taught at the U of L is offered only in the graduate study program of the University of Calgary.) It is true that the U of L dws not have the variety of courses offered in larger universities but this is beyond the control of the U of L's administration which, like all universities, is limited by the funds provided by the government agencies. However, the 1972-73 calendar shows that 502 courses are of- fered in over 20 disciplines and a pre-professional transfer gram is offered for those dis- ciplines which are not avail- able at the U of L such as den- tistry, etc. No stu- dent has had any trouble trans- ferring to other universities. While larger universities have almost ten times the number of students served by the U of L, they do not have ten times the number of course offerings. All universities find that num- bers of students must transfer because of lack of courses in certain disciplines, e.g. if one studies oceanography or marine biology, he cannot do it in the Prairie provinces. It was stated in Thursday's article that "this is regarded as a true representative sam- pling." The students' society council would point out that it is definitely not regarded as such by them. We cannot ac- cept as a "random" sample, the group of 10 students from Stirling who were interviewed when the total graduating class consisted of 12 students. We also question how many stu- dents were actually interview- ed. Friday's article gives infor- mation about 11 Milk River students where only two stu- dents were interviewed. One of these students is planning to at- tend an American college to follow a career in music and this was not mentioned in the article. Other schools have also indicated that their offices were contacted by telephone and in- formation was given to the re- porter by the school authorities. One school Indicated that they were asked to select a couple of students who were NOT planning to attend the U of L as the reporter was not inter- ested in interviewing those who were. So much for the "ran- dom sample" and the validity of the "true representative sampling." If one takes the trouble to check the reporter's figures, one finds that 181 students were supposedly interviewed and not 186 as stated. Only 58 per cent plan to attend university at all and not 68 per cent as reported in Tuesday's article. The re- porter did make more accurate calculations in regard to the number planning to attend the U of L 20 per cent but if one takes into account the num- ber of this figure quickly climbs to almost 26 per cent. However, when one begins ''checking with various schools and finds out that not all the students were interview- ed face to face; that much of the information obtained was Herald sampling techniques faulty and misleading The Herald and Mr. Caldwell are naive to think he has ob- tained a "true representative" sample of the population of grade 12 potential university students in southern Alberta. His sample may or may not reflect the feelings and plans of the students of southern Alber- ta. Neither you at the Herald nor anyone else can know. If anything, because his sam- ling techniques were so poor, it is most unlikely that Ms sam- ple represents accurately the population it is supposed to be drawn from. As a result, his percentages are meaningless. I cannot go into all of the problems, but I would like to point out a couple. First, the Herald obviously do not know what random selec- tion means. Strict rules of sampling must be followed if randomness and representative- ness are to be assumed. Ran- dom does not mean calling 18 principals and asking -them to select a "random" sample of students. How each of these 18 princi- pals made his selection is any- one's guess. Since it is unrea- sonable to expect them all to be trained researchers, each prob- ably had his own method. And each method was probably un- related to randomness. Random selection means that each person in the popula- tion being sampled has the same probability of being se- lected for the sample. One method of doing this would have been to select students as if, they were in a raffle. Put within a specified probability of error. The fact that Gallup uses 850 people to represent Canadians is irrelevant in this case. Gallup's sample is select- ed by highly sophistiacted sam- pling techniques that allow him to use a relatively small sam- ple. He does not call mayors in various cities and ask them to "randomly" select people to be interviewed. However, it is unlikely that simply increasing the size of the Herald's sample would have increased its representativeness very much. Sample size, in it- self, is not an adequate substi- tute for proper sampling dures. A classic horror story is that of the Literary Digest poll. On the basis of a stagger- ing sample of (25 per cent or the electorate) the magazine predicted Alf Landon would win the U.S. presidential election in 1936. Of course, Roosevelt won by a landslide, and tbe magazine went out of business shortly after. Their basic problem was similar to that of the Herald's survey. They used faulty sample pro- cedures. Unless the aim of the Her- ald's survey was to get people excited, it was a waste of time and money. And that is too bad. We could have used some reli- able information about how students view the university and what enrolment this fall is like- ly to be. Instead, we have large num- bers of people arguing the sur- vey's content, when that con- tent and the conclusions drawn from it are worthless. In this the Herald has done the com- munity a disservice. Both this survey and the re- cent one on drugs make it clear that the Herald does not know what it is doing. It is time to either learn how, get someone who does know how to help, or stop making surveys. Other- wise the Herald is guilty of quackery and is misleading the public. HAROLD R. WEAVER, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Lethbridge. Takes exception to student survey We take issue with Ron Cald- well's articles concerning the Universijty of Lethbridge, at least insofar as the Crowsuest Consolidated High School is concerned. First, let us assure Herald readers that had we known the nature of Mr. Caldwell's cru- sade, he would not have been granted the opportunity of in- terviewing students in our school. The impression given us was that the interviews were to have been conducted on behalf of the U of L. Gallup Polls notwithstanding, the statement that support of the U of L is practically non- existent in tbe Crowsnest Pass is totally erroneous. As a mat- ter of fact, of approximately 35 students who plan on attending some university, five have in- dicated that they will enrol at the U of L. Another seven are interested but undecided. Any or all of these seven could en- rol at Lethbridge just as readily as at Calgary or Edmonton. We take our strongest ex- ception to the statement that the U of A and the U of C have done a better job of keeping our students informed. The truth of the matter is that in the two years that our consolidated high school has been open, we iourc vu a slips well in a bowl, and have gle slip of paper, mix the a blindfolded person select the sample. There are .other methods of random selection, but they all would have given each student in the population the same op- portunity (probability) of being selected. If this condition was not met (and it apparently has not been) Mr. Caldwell has no business calling his sample "random." Another problem is that of sample size. The size of a sam- ple is related to its probable representativeness of the popu- lation in complex ways. There are statistical procedures for determining the size needed for a sample to provide confidence that it represents tbe populatiot articles We regret that a community paper, such as the Herald, has seen fit to run a series of arti- cles which were completely negative in every aspect. This is not an example of respon- sible journalism! Contact made with our school simply requested potential uni- versity attenders. The informa- tion garnered from them, or the rest of the sample, is not indicative of results which might have been obtained from a more thoroughly researched study. People from the University of Lethbridge have always been most free with time, effort, and information about the courses .they offered. Mr. Mike Suther- land, information officer, as- sisted and promoted the South- ern Alberta Careers Fair, which played host to well over people. Cooperation from the university is always a positive expectation, and we have no reason to believe otherwise. The university is a major positive force in the commun- ity educationally, culturally and economically. It is too bad that writers on the newspaper staff do not realize this fact. K. C. SAUER, Principal, LCI Letiibridge. have had four visits from rep- resentatives of the U of L, one by the U of C and none by the U of A. The fact that Mr. Cald- well's visit took place prior to the latest scheduled visit of U of L representatives, and the one that the ten students inter- viewed later did attend, is hope- fully only coincidental. The consensus of the majority of students who attended the latest meeting is that the U of L is doing a superb job of keep- ing them informed. We can only echo this sentiment. We find it difficult to under- stand Mr., Caldwell's or the Herald's motives in printing these articles. Surely our fine fledgling university deserves better than this from its own constituents. ERIC PRICE, PRINCIPAL ANDREW STOJAK, COUNSELLOR Crowsnest Consolidated High School 'second-hand' from school of- fices and that large samples were taken from small gradu- ating classes and vice-versa, the figures mean virtually noth- ing. "Padding" survey figure! completely invalidates the re- sults, but a survey conducted by a biased collector of the data has little validity to begin with! Students at the U of L art saddened and disillusioned to find that a local newspaper would carry such negative and derogatory articles about an in- stitution which is supported by public funds. It needs the en- couragement and support of the entire community of south Al- berta as an emerging universi- ty at a time when monetary cut-backs threaten the many innovative programs instituted here. The U of L has also con- tributed to the community. The ten million dollars annually that the U of L has brought to Leth- bridge has affected almost every area of the city's econ- omy. It is indeed, dishearten- ing, to read what can only be described as vicious criticism from an obviously uninformed reporter. The U of L has attracted many students from Calgary and Edmonton, as well as from other Canadian provinces. A fairly large number have come to the U of L from the United States and other countries in the world. Many of these non- resident students have been at- tracted by the inaovative pro- grams offered by this univer- sity. The colloquium and inde- pendent study programs can be found in only a few other uni- versities in the world. The ad- mission policy has been design- ed to assist all persons who wish to enter university and this has been of great assist- ance to students who left high school before matriculation and returned to university after a few years of employment It must be noted that, without ex- ception, these students have done exceedingly well and many have won national and International scholarships en- abling them to continue in graduate study programs. The student council wishes to endorse the programs offered at the U of L as being com- pletely adequate for a liberal arts education and also for stu- dents wishing to pursue a ca- reer in teaching. K any student or parent wishes to discuss programs or facilities, students of the U of L and will be glad to talk with them and Introduce them to the appropriate faculty members. Just call 329-2332! JESSIE M. SNOW President, Students' Society Council, University of Lethbridge. Editor's Note: Mr. Caldwell was asked to comment on Mrs. Snow's challenge of the accur- acy of his survey. He states: "Each school was contacted by telephone. The principal was told The Herald was con- ducting a survey .of southern Alberta high schools to deter- mine what universities and col- leges graduating students were planning to attend this fall. Principals were asked if they could arrange to have 10 or 12 matriculating students ready to be interviewed when the re- porter arrived. They were asked not to hand-pick the stu- dents to be interviewed. "In several schools the prin- cipal, over the public address system after the reporter ar- rived, asked for some grade 12 matriculation students to come down for an interview with The Herald. That fortifies my state- ment that no bias or prejudice was involved. "At no time was any school official asked on the telephone for information on student plans. "The Milk River survey was done by my associate, Richard Burke. Only two students were interviewed there, and then school officials produced their own survey of the plans of each of the entire list of graduating students. "Students in all of the 18 schools were interviewed face to face. "Mrs. Snow, adding our fi- gures, says 181 students, not 186, were interviewed. That is not correct. In one instance five students who were interviewed said they were not going to any but we did not mention them. "I stand by my arithmetic. The figure is 68.3 per cent." The Lethbridcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD HO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. WILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;