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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, Juno 1, 1970 Vancouver Editor Regains His Voice Ottawa Takes The Lead Earlier this year the Alberta Gov- ernment gave "a much needed boost to the minimum wage. But now, before the an hour rate comes into effect on October 1, Ottawa has taken the lead away by announcing it will raise the minimum wage to effective July the government bill is approved in time. Although the increase will affect only federally employed work- ers, it will undoubtedly exert a pres- sure on the provinces to catch up. It is to be lipped that they will react to such pressure speedily. There is some criticism that the in- crease is too little. A an hour rate has been advocated in some circles endorsation was recently given this objective by the Alberta Confer- ence of the United Church, for in- stance. From the point of view of need, Limit Election Expenses While sweeping changes are being made in the Canada Elections Act it is certainly in order to do something about limiting the amount of money candidates can spend attempting to get elected. The need for such legislation has been widely recognized for a long time. It is disturbing to think that a person could almost literally buy a seat in Parliament. Yet it has often looked suspiciously as though the per- son who spent the most money had the best chance of getting elected. Danger of abuse is very great in the present system of unrestricted election expenses. Patronage payoffs may not be as common as was once the case but the pressure to look out for tlie interests of corporation bene- factors could be a more serious mat- ter. If the great majority of people are to be truly represented in govern- ment, the trend toward Parliament becoming a rich man's club must be arrested. Already there is a dispro- portionate number of wealthy men who have won election partly on abil- ity, of course, but also because they had plentiful resources at their dis- posal with which to put themselves before the public. The decision to allow young people to stand for election at the age of 18, in accord with the lowered voting age, could very well prove to be a mocking of youth if changes are not made to limit election expenses. Young people unless staked by wealthy parents would be grossly disadvantaged in attempting to com- pete with candidates unrestrained in the amount of money they could spend. It is unfortunate that this matter has not yet received the attention of the government but there is hope in- asmuch as a promise has been made that a Commons committee will be asked to bring in recommendations. Rice Vote Political turmoil is over in Cey- lon, at least for the present, leaving a stunned former Prime Minister Scn- anayake licking his wounds and a lot of forecasters with very red faces. Most of them had predicted that the election would be a close one, end- ing in a slight majority for the Sen- anayake administration. It was a landslide victory for for- mer Prime Minister Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike and her leftist coali- tion. (When she was elected, for her previous term of office, following the death of her husband, Mrs. Bandara- naike became the first woman in the world to head a national government) The Srik Lanka Freedom party which she heads, could, if it so chooses, form a government without the support of all members of the left wing coali- tion which she heads. Out of a total of 151 seats, the SLF won 87, with the two other coalition members taking 21 between them. Political differences had split the Senanayake administration, but this was not the principle reason for its defeat. The SFL promised that if elected it would restore the subsidized weekly rice ration, which the gov- ernment had cut in half. It campaign- ed for the farm vote, arguing that increasing the ration would reduce the price to the fanners. But city dwellers eager for more and cheaper rice came out to vote in full force. The power of the full stomach over the empty one restored Mrs. Ban- daranaike to office with a thumping majority. Quality Control By Joyce Sasse My fellow chaplain's eyes, more than his tired voice, told me the story. He'd just come from a baby's funeral. Two days ago the parents detected a fever, and decided lo go for medical help. The doctor had insisted, as they always do here, .that the child needed a few injections. In less1 than twenty-four hours the infant who had just passed Ms first birthday, died. Had he not been taken to the doctor, he might yet be laughing, and crying, and demanding his parent's attention. The dosage was adul- terated. Stories like this can be told over and over again in developing countries like Korea. They all stem from the same dis- ease complete and total disregard for quality control. Maybe, by now, you're lured of the relentless haggling of con- sumer critics like Ralph Nader and Sally Merchant. They've taught you that when a can of peaches gets bashed in, and when bread is a day old, you should get it for half price. They've beefed enough lhat, when auto manufacturers detect struclural deficiency, the vehicles are recalled and repaired. Children's toys have to meet, Che highest safety standards, or they just don't sell. But it's not until you get away from being cushioned with these standards that you see what progress has really been made. Who knows what was really in the injection that child received? Outside of parents and a few close friends, wbo'.s go- ing to bother themselves about it? I bought a package of cookies the olhcr day only to find that one had a piece of metal in it from a dclapidated I had a small glass of wine wilh my dinner, and was until morning nursing a head thai pounded incessantly because of additives used lo increase tiie bulk, I bought my spring supply of coal (a form of fuel that consists of a little coal dust and a lot of ir.tid pressed together to make a brick) to find that you had to use equivalent amounts of charcoal lo keep il burning. Quality control affects every aspect of life. On these warm spring days it be great to turn Ihe tap on and get a long, cool drink of water without first having io boil it. It would be a Ireal lo palronize Ihe kid selling "ice if you didn't have lo worry about where the ingredients came from. Oh, to pick up some fresh lettuce for a salad, and not have to Ihink about how many parasites have been deposited by Ihe human fertil- izer Hie farmer used. I'd love lo go after a really big catch of fish, but when I get them home I'm not sure I'd know how to prepare them hi such a way to guarantee safety from the liver flukes they've picked up in contaminaled water. Everywhere you turn in developing countries, the story is the same. In the on- rush for development, qualify has been by-passed in favor of quantity. I see it in education, where sixly lo seventy students are put into a classroom, talked at for a year, and pushed on to the next grade. And once they've passed their entrance examinations to university you can't deny them a degree, either. 1 see it in the mechanic who's willing to pass my car's safety inspection if I pay the right num- ber of bills. And he doesn'l even need to see the car, to boot. I see it in the medical centre where I get the stamp in my Inter- national vaccination booklet for a cholera vaccination and I don't even have to bother having Ihe shot. I've bought a scat on l.lic (rain, and found dial, the same scat was sold to another couple of people as well. J'vc Iricd malm brown sugar sauce will] products from the market, and ended up throwing tlie whole Uiing out be- cause the mixture was like water, no mailer how much you tried to thicken it. The next time you hear consumer prod- ucts being criticized because of inferior quality think about us. Remember the child who because of an adulterated injection, and be thankful for the blessings that are yours. By Paddy Shcrnir.i, Editor, The Vancouver Sun there is no question but that even an hour is little enough, especially if there is only one wage earner in the family. At that rale a family would still be close to the poverty level set by the Economic Council of Canada. Yet the difficulty is that there are many small businesses that might not survive if wages were to rise too rap- idly. II is necessary, therefore, to compromise and move the rale up more slowly than the sense of justice and idealism demand. Tlie introduction of a provision for an annual automatic increase tied to the annual rise in the cost of living and to a national productivity index is something of a breakthrough. It should mean that the minimum wage will not get so hopelessly behind the wages negotiated by the unions for their members. AN editor without a newspa- per is a sad creature to behold. He is not really sure who be is; why he is; or even at times, without his buttress of bold black type, if ho is. lie feels on different days, as useful as a crab without claws, a jockey sans horse, or at his lowest, like a politician who is dumb physically, too. He never realizes, until it stops, that each day the world flows into his newsroom. Some- times it's turbulent, occasional- ly terrifying, full of joy or phil- osophical, but always alive. When the newsroom dies, and Hie bodies who shape the tor- rent of words depart for months, funeral is too weak a word for the gloom that's left behind. The irrational feeling grows that not only have the words of the world stopped dead, but so has the world itself. It doesn't help to watch the fleeting image on television, which serves only to make Mm wonder how much that would change the picture was left out of tlie 30-second report. And ra- dio makes things even worse. At 10 comes an apocalyptic flash; by 11 it has vanished, never lo be heard again as he whips in vain around Ihe dial. At limes like this he wonders just what a journalist really is. Was Gay Talese right, in his book about the New York Times when he called us "restless voy- eurs who see the warts on Ihe world, Ihe imperfections in peo- ple and and added that "gloom is Iheir game, the spec- lacle their passion, normality their nemesis." For three months I have been, in effect, out of journal- ism, acling as a sort of spokes- man for Pacific Press Ltd. dur- ing the rather aiiguished period when the community was be- reft of its newspapers. I wasn't involved in bargain- ing, and I have no'inlenlion of reopening the freshly healed wounds caused mainly, it seems to me, by unccrt a i n I y, fear, misunderstanding and emolion, all of them exerting their dis- torting effect on a system now inadeq u a I e for Ihe stresses placed upon it. In retrospect, it seems that anybody who leaves the ivory lower and wanders around the edge of labor management re- lations in British Columbia is even more likely to see Hie warts on the world, the imper- fections in people and and institutions. The labor management cha- os that is rampant all over B.C. awl beyond ss we return to pub- lication empliasiz-cs my point. It hardly seems far fetched to suggest that there is a plot afoot to reduce the whole prov- ince to a state of general strike "This Place Is Alive With Them Did You Have Any Particular Damsel In Distress In without ever going through tlie formalities. Both sides, it seems, can speak no common language. Communications barely exist amid a torrent of words sig- nifying nothing except that per- haps, Stage 3 or Stage 33 of a complex ritual battle has been reached. If a management suggests one figure, clearly it must mean something else. If a un- ion speaks, the sound is its own, but the words come from tbo B.C. Fed e r a li o n of Labor's back room s. Thus, wilh each side convinced that the other means little of what it says, the chasm widens. Tire picket lines lengthen; animosities harden; and Ihe public suffers. Much of Ibis is, and should be, blamed on our governments. So long as they let inflation soar they will frighten every man who can, into looking after his own problems, regardless of what this does lo Ihe spiral thai hurts all society. But where we need tough- minded, feet oriented leaders speaking for all society, we have too many vacillating, vote- oriented leaders speaking for segments and Irving to speak to a public kent m short of relevant imcrmaiiun as pos- sible so that it won't be encour- aged to rise in protest. It may make a reactionary employer feel good to know that the law will doubtless send lawbreaking employees to jail. But it is normally too slow a process to ensure justice. And when he knows thai those left outside will not seltle with him so long as the others are in jail, what has been accomplish- ed towards Ihe goal of har- mony between labor and man- agement? Yet if he doesn't use the law, he helps push il further into social disrepute. A nice prob- lem in ethical and practical bal- ancing. In the last three months I have talked lo many people in- volved in labor management affairs, quite outside Ihe realm of our own problems. I've heard some disquieting comments. Ono management figure said bluntly: "By July we'll have a depression here in B.C. Then we may start to gel some sense from the unions." A union man said: "If there's a depression en filing on, but in- flation continues, we're going to gel as much as we possibly can for the people who still have jobs." One well known labc-r lead- er tcld me, when 1 tried to wax philosophical: "You're a fool. The only language the unions really understand is a b 1 o o d y big club." So you can see that as the newsman's world begins to flow again, 1 feel rather pessimistic cbput tlie rest of the year in British Columbia generally. 1 don't feel our political lead- ers will have the courage to step in early enough to protect the public. I tlie insti- tutions they have established are not strong enough to pro- vide such protection anyway. But worst cf all, after all this criticism, I cai'l suggesl any- thing practical lo replace the present system. I have Ihe un- easy feeling that B.C. is head- ing for unavoidable confronta- tion and violence of a sort un- seen here since Ihe 30s. Cath- artic, perhaps. But also chao- lic and a confession of our so- ciety's failure to recognize soir.e basic truths. Must we reach anarchy be- fore we discover that the Dur- ants were right in the lessoni they drew from history: "The first condition of freedom Is its limilation; make it absolute and it dies in chaos." Anthony Westell Moving Into The Big League Of Research Spending problem, says William David Hopper, is to think "outside the dots" about the questions of how to feed a hungry world. He means that tils need is to imaginatively, creatively, about the development of less- developed countries, arid not merely to keep pouring more money and technology into pat- terns of foreign aid established, not very successfully, over the past 20 years. Now, as president of Can- ada's new International Devel- opment Research Centre, Dr. Hopper has been promised 30- million dollars ill federal funds over five years, and more later, to search for break-throughs in economic development. He is moving Canada into the big league of the research pro- grams financed by the Rocke- feller and Ford Foundations in the United Stales and he hopes to improve on the techniques of the famous problem-solving think-tanks in the United States. Part of the program is to build a small, international community of scholars and re- searchers around a first class library in Canada on economic development; Letters To The Editor Another scheme is to place six or 10 bright young Cana- dians in the famous Hudson In- stitute think-tank outside New York to work on problems of economic development and absorb new techniques of problem-solving. A third and major part of the program is to assign Canadian researchers and advisers to less developed countries to tackle over periods of 10 years or more the complex economic- s o c i a l-cultural problems sur- rounding development which are largely ignored by short- term technical experts working under conventional aid pro- grams. The International- Develop- ment Research Centre could made Canada a focus of atten- tion among less developed countries and help to provide a new orientation for foreign policy. Already it is part of the Trudeau government's answer to critics who accuse it of with- drawing from the world into continenlalism. But new institutions depend for success more oh the abilities and personalities of then- lead- ers than on the hopes and good intentions of governments put- ting up the money. Hopper, 43, has been hand- picked [or the critical job of launching the IDRC because he has expertise and slature in the world community of foreign aid experts coupled with the inde- pendence of spirit needed to break loose from the bureau- cracy and because he has a good record of thinking outside liie dots and drawing new pat- terns. After taking a degree in agri- culture at McGill in 1950, he lived for two years in a village in India to gather material for a PhD thesis. The experience led him to challenge the con- ventional wisdom that Indian peasant farmers lacked llie am- bition or were too unintelligent lo accept the advice of western experts on how to improve llieir crops. The trouble was not with the Indian peasant, announced Hopper. It was with the west- ern experts whose ideas did not work in Indian conditions. He argued that the best of the local fanners could produce more on their own land than the ad- visers using modern methods, and experiments proved hia point. People 01 The World In Trouble Tlie people of the world are complex world we live In and in serious trouble. This is the this belief keeps many from at- tempting any action toward a cure. Others tend to oversim- understatement of the year. The troubles are more serious than the man-on-the-street is aware plify and pass tilings off as un- of. Everyone speaks of tlus important and hence do nothing. Only Doing Their Job Referring to file letler from A. Malcolm Gimse in The Her- ald of May 19 and alleged "har- rassment" by the Lethbridge City Police, I should like to hear the police officer's side of Ihe I notice Mr. Gimse makes use of the word "pig" which he says is the word used by Ihe young people he works with when de- scribing (lie police, and I no- tice in The Herald of May 21 (page 8) that it is illegal to use this word in the U.S. now, ie. Buffalo, N.Y. and Clarcmont, N.H. I believe Mr. Gimse is a member of Ihe slaff of Ihe U of L and the young people he refers lo must be U of L students. Before I retired, I worked on field service for a farmers' com- pany in mosl parts of Alberta, often holding night meetings and I have been stopped a good many times by the RCMP. This certainly did not bother me. The police were only doing their job. G. KENNETH WAITS. Lethbridge. Care, Centre Needed 11, this lime lo full support, of Die proposed day care ccnlJC. This cenlre will iiil a very real need in our community. One can't help hut be sur- prised al Ihe strong opposition from the private nurseries. They argue that they have va- cancies, therefore no olhcr fa- cilities rre necessary. This ar- gument would seem quite legi- timate if Uicy were willing to accept sonic children at a low- er fee. The proposer] day care centre is subsidized by cily and province to allow a sliding scale fee schedule. This will give the low income or one parent fam- ily the opportunity to work, ra- ther than be forced to accept welfare. There is surely room for both and a great need lor this pro- posed service. BETTY AFAGANIS. Lellibridge. Between these two schools of thought are Ihe plain, simple facts. They are plain and sim- ple enough to be readily under- stood and powerful enough to do the job. Are you fed up with Ihe con- ditions thai exist and all Ihe inconsistencies? I mean, are you fed up enough lo do some- thing about it? Can we afford, for Ihe sake of a few hours of sincere ef- fort, another plunge into a condilion such as we had in the 30s. While things are sim- ilar to [he prc-dcpression era, they are in fact much worse and I fear it will bring a com- plete end lo Ihe freedoms we think we now have. In Ihirly-five years of interest- ed study I have found many simple but powerful facts that Ihe man-on-thc-slreet has com- pletely overlooked because of his pre-occupation with trying to make a living. These things 1 am willing to share with you under certain conditions, in small groups preferably, to make better use of time. E. M. KIDDLE. Clarcsliolm. So They Say We've not go to be hypnotized any longer by scinece and tech- nology. We have the idea that if a thing can be done, then it ought to be done. That if some- thing has been invented, then we must use it. We don't stop to think of the possible conse- quences of its use J. B. Priestley, British author. He later worked in India for the Indian government and for the Rockefeller and Ford Foun- dations, and was associated with tlie Green Revolution brought about by new, high- yielding varieties of wheat and rice. Back in Canada, former Prime Minister Lester Pearson began to talk about a develop- ment research centre in 1987, possibly en the Montreal Expo site so that the U.S. bubble pavilion could be used to recreate tropical conditions. The idea was developed by Maurice Strong who moved from private business to lake over the foreign aid program, now the Canadian International Development Agency. Strong was associated with the Hudson Institute in the United States and hoped to promote some- thing similar in Canada. But the Hudson thinkers con- cern themselves with overseas and domestic issues, and there were soon complaints in Ottawa that Strong was moving out of his own responsibility for for- eign development to encroach on the territory of other de- partments. Pierre Elliott Trudeau solved the problem when he became Prime Minister by deciding to launch two think-tanks Ihe IDRC for foreign aid and a separale inslilule for domestic problems. Legislation to set up the IDRC was approved recently, but Ihe plans for .the tank have been shelved for the time being. Tlie fact of the matter is, how- ever, thai many of the ideas developed for foreign countries are likely also lo have a Cana- dian application. And the separ- ation may be more apparent than real; Hopper was recruited as first president of tlie IDRC and brought home from India to get it off the ground. He is now established in of- fices in a square cement-block of a modern building in down- town Ollawa, fOHipiaiiring niui a grin that it is net the sort of place Frank Lloyd Wright would have recommended for creative thinking, but still able to fire off provocative ideas and camiments. For example, the Indian bureaucracy is a legendary jungle, but after tangling with the establishment in Ottawa re- cently, Hopper snorts that we have a hell of a nerve to think we have anything to teach In- dians about public administra- tion. He explains that foreign aid in the fifties was based mainly on the experience of the Mar- shall Plan in shifting capital re- sources from the United States to Europe. But massive money transfers to the less-developed countries did not work to gen- erate new wealth because there was no foundation of skills 60 which to build an economy. This failure was followed by plans designed lo transfer tech. nical know-how from the de- veloped to the less-developed world. But the technology was often badly adapted to tropical needs as in the example oi! unsuitable agricultural advice and technical advisere fre- quently spenl mosl of their two- year terms settling in to their posl, enjoying Iheir new coun- Iry and then preparing to come home. The challenge iraw is to break through to more effective forms of development assistance, says Hopper, and this is part of the job of his research centre. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH TIIE HERALD 1920 Although Ijic province of Albcrla contains more than 17 per cent of the world's esli- maled coal deposits, only six million tons are produced an- nually. 1030 Figures of grain ship- ments released by the CPR claim that bushels of wheat and bushels of oth- er grains have been shipped from the west reducing storage in elevators to 9CO.OOO bushels. people were killed and 149 injured in Paris and its outskirts today in a Ger- man air attack en tlie capital. The raiders dropped a tolal of bombs in tile area. UoO The first of Britain's plan for relief supplies lo the flooded Winnipeg area will leave by slu'p today. The first shipment contains cliina- ware, cutlery and hand tools. I960 Columbia Iron Min- ing Company, wholly owned by Ihe United States Steer Corpor- ation, today commenced ex- ploration of the coal lands of the Crowsnesl Pass Coal Co. Ltd. The Lethteidge Herald 504 7LU St. S., Lelhbridgo, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second tlasa Mall Registration Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and tdo Canadian Dailv rubiijficrs' Association nnd tho Audit Bureau or Circulatioiur CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor itnd Publisher TIftJMAS II. ADAMS, General Mnnnficr JOB 1SAU.A Managing Kililor ROY Y. MILKS Advenninj Manager WILLIAM HAY Assiit'ialc Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKRR Editorial Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;