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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta JUNE 2, 1020 TIfR r.yTHBKmGE DAILY HERM.TJ PAGE SEVEN The Industrial Progress of Western Canada Ijueut studies questions iuvolv I relations of employers and employees. Too trade sections depariinenv deals with tho ot specific, lines of trade. Finally, the publishing depart- ment attends to the task of Issuing ill Association publications. lag tho Manufacturers' ,AssociatIon, and, tak- en in Its entirety, makes no wnall contribution towards ot the country. Tfco saVinV to Industry and through industry to Iho country. A wbolo resulting from the constant Qpio of the most flourishing divisions (tiS Canadian Manufacturers' claSon, Is tUo Prtlrls Division, which prairie provinces and the production has reached the point where a con- siderable lurplus is available for ex- takfe iu tie manufacturers ot The oats, barlsy and lobf, Saskatchewan, and Alborla. Sn'grown in West now rind a wsr- itireo prorinces aiepaatiou, ket with the oatmeal mills, the aiolt- lias; today a-membership of 516, or ap- plants and linseed oil mills, proid.mately one-eistilb pt the total1 Of wlilch qullo a number aro now .in membership iu the It tat operation. Thcro are today pickle fac- cuslomary rtjird the three prairie Writs at twera! polute, whjch, con- prorlnces is agrlcul: j Bume the vegetables produced by truck tural In character, with manufacturing tariuera, and the biscuit and confec- induslry as almost negligible. -TJie; Industry .is uow a thriving >ne.-. The number of plants using steel fact, however, that poo-eighth of tho entlro membership of tho Canadian .Manufacturers' Association is to bo and iron speaks volumes for the way in .-.vhtcfl ;ound In the triangh) formed hy Win-] primly large and tho rarlcty ot T .Arti I tt-lri va inA i i t i prouucts turned out quite extensive. There are foundaries engaged In mak- ing bridges, agricultural implements and elevator machinery. There aro fac- tories, manufacturing gasoline and Canada.- Wc.Jteru It is unfortunate that there aro no very recent government atatlatlcs W kerosene engines, batteries, pumps, Bhow bo iria y. PuWIshe the West 5 growing indus-i fcncinif, O latest figures are those; rugated pipe, Mod and In 1917. covenng the sllua-j 'Eomo nt aldiug, me.5ren 1 1911, however, thcroj rank sscoud lo nono In Iho character gress, as the following figures doni onslrato: JtS'l of Ulcir duality of No. of No. of Value of Year establishments employees 429 1905 554 13.SS2 3316 No. small portion of tho clothing con !n Western Canada la now he- tocal fftCtories. All this work that helps to make {endeavor of the staff of tho the wheeVs of indusirj' and to solve the problems of inarut- turn more smoothly Is tho dally will mount up In iha course ot a lion ot the ot tho Canadian I year to a very Urge sum. Canada Is Now Becoming Industrially Self-Contained There is matter for satisfaction to both ot which have hitherto been im- all who uro Interested ia liic Indus-1 ported. Numerous chemical trial development of Canada in the arc being aildeil to the list of Cans-' progress that Is being made towards dicn from time to time, rendering the Dominion more and more self-contained industrially. The war threw this Country back on its own resources arid right well did" it the necessities of tho occasion. The story of Cuuadas achievements in munition manufacturing and iu shipbuilding, two industries with which lha people were largely, if not quite, unfamiliar at tho outbreak of war. is one ot which all Canadians'may well bo proud. Incidentally, during the war period, tlioro were important develop- ments In the way of metallurgical and chemical production which helped ma. aro under c.rop a'nd plans now being carried out for oper- ating a.-huge plant at Trenlou, On- tario, which will produce several now to Canada. Ill a word, the pro- gress being mode on .every side to flQvelop Canadian -sources of supply for all articles for which Ibero Is a miflk-Ient homo and export demand Is exceedingly gratifying. FARM LANPS IN WEST Of Iho acres fit to form In tho acres of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, required by tho and millers aro now- mado In four large factorUs'located in Winnl Of course: it must to noted.tbat the Pefr for building materials. government's definition of an Indus- terlally in the stupendous task of etc., arc all In iuo list winding the war.' Tho industrial progress of recent eara is set forth in tho most illumin- ating way by comparing the statistics contained in the new 1020 tilIIion of the Canadian Trado Index with those n the 1017 edition. This reference work, compiled nt regular intervals by tho Commercial Intelligence De- jartment of tho Canadian Manufac- turers' Association, is tho most com- plete record available of industrial production. According to its show- supplied practically delusively trial establishment Is fairly broad. It bf Western Industries, there being includes, for example, tailor Bhopj, Cement. brick, and UIo pbjnle blacksmith shops, millinery establish- 'woodworking establishments in and many other Bma'll concerns. operation, as well as yaliit and var- are not- actually factories" In, factories. (he' popular acceptation eT the term. New industries are constantly bc- Thc Canadian .Manufacturers' Assocla- ing launched in Western Canada and tlon docs not aamit to membership more aro bound .to follow as popula- any concern which employs fewer than lion increases. Some of tho newcomers live; pel-sons in its mechanical depart- may be .enumerated, as indicating tho dent. j rango ot products. Tho Elgin' Among tha foremost industries of Gaa Motor Company have located iu Western Canada muEl be ranked tho Winnipeg and aro producing the first Billing and packing house Industries, Has engines made. In that city. Park- Tfhlch aro In a sense, tho natural out- ''ill Bedding, Limited, bavo put. up a come ot agricultural e-tpauslon. A. re- factory in Winnipeg, for tho monufao- eatimato places the investment ture of. mattresses and other bedding. in the milling industry in Western Dominion fc Foundries have lo- Canada at whllo lasTyenr n -foundry in St.- Bonfftce in the' mills turned out approximately' which to mako ear wheels. Salts bbls. oj flour and 35.0C9 tons' Potash Company of Canada, have erect- of mill ft'cd. The industry is still crl an evaporating plant at Maskakl grovrlng. At But Calgary, tho new Saskatchewan, 05 part ot barrel mill ot tio Albortn-Plotir Process in cpaom and and other chemical pro- Paints and paint specialties tir, now being made in a new plant, in Mills, Limited, will probably be cobJf-.'KIauber lileled in lime to handle somo of this ducts, year's crop, and announcement was recently made that the Saskatchewan _ ___ r....._ OxMJperaUve Elevator Company had St. Boniface, erected by Marshall- bought .land Portage la PraJrls on "J to erect a largo elevator and flour mill. These- aro new undertak- ings' and are quite apart from the ex- tension of existing mills. Tho packing house industry Wells Limited. Manitoba Clays and Building Supplies, Limited, has been formed to manufacture and sell clay products. lied Itlver Paper are undertaking the has manufacture of new .paper from waste. spread rapidly over tho West and: Western has plants aro now operating at Calgary, been incorporated in Calgary to man "Edmonton, Moose Ja-w, Ilogina, Prince I ufaclure upholstered goods. Albert, St. Boniface and Wdnnipeg. In-. In faany t'tcitd of shipping catllo by rail'to thej plants hlrcatly established are carry- Eeaboard for export .to Uie Eufopwu; ine- out enlargements meet.. the rnarXels thcso aro now converted into j needs of the day. In this respect they meat In these plants and shipments' are sharing lo the full with tho IP are m'ailo of the dressed product lo. duslries of tho'Bisl the great demand the1 Eeet and Europe. 'Surplus fats' toV'Bll manufactured lines. Tho in from the .packing houses find a tnar- duslrlal expansion of the prairie prov ket'wIUi tlio soap factories, of Tvhich thero are now quite a number Canada. Ah niiTnber of creafnfities operating in alt parts ot the years fo inces forms another interesting chap- ter in tha.history of dovel .opment and is destined to become a still "greater factor in national progress The Changes of a Decade ing, tho number ot different lines of made in Canada three years igo was Today the classifica- tion extends to articles, an in- crease of well over Interesting- ly enough, tho number ot manufactur- ers has grown in almost liko propor- tion, there being listed in the 1920 volumns approximately firms, and in 1917 just about Somo very important new industries have been" started In' Canada the year or two, Industries which will produce materials and commodi- ties that have hitherto been entirely imported. Take, for example, struc- tural steel, Up lo tho present time Canada has imported SO per cent, of her requirements from the United States, only mnkitig herself a limited Quantity of tho smaller-sized shapes. Today Iho Algoma Steel Corporation at Sault Ste. Marie are venturing an investment of from six to seven mil- lion dollars in tho erection and equip- ment of, a structural steel mill, cap- able ot 'rolling beams and channels up to 24 Inches, This mill will givo employment to COO operatives and will be able to supply the greater part livestock. Settlers arc needed for acres.surveyed farm lauds, including still open for homestead entry. A wholo decade has elapsed" since members of. the Canadian JlanufaClur- now en routo to the'1 Coast, last toured Western Canada held tlieir nrmiial convention in Vancouver. Much lias happened'ln the iulurvni. Apart from Iho world-abut tho war, there have been great changes in tho West and thoso' who accompanied the 1910 party to British Columbia and who havo not tinea crossed the prairies BOD a Irondorful metamorphosis. Villages have bocomo towns and towns havo ex- panded Into cities. Transportation linen have been multiplied and great tracts of vacant land havo come under lultlvation. More particularly, lacturlng industries tha't word uu; dreametl of ten years ago aro npw flourishing in many of the cities of tlm )ir4irio provinces and Pacific Coast. So far as the Association Itself ia tho changes of the ten rears have been no less striking. The membership, which was barely in 1910, has swelled lo over Its "As a matter of fact, the entire sys- tem under which-tho Canadian Manu- facturers' Association operates is modelled very closely on tho constitu- tion of tho Dominion of Canada. Thero Is Iho General 'Association, with its licadtjuarlora Toronto, which ap- proximates to llio Dominion Govern- ment at Ottawa. Its five maritime, Quebec, Ontario, Prairie and to tho provin- cial juriEdlotionB. Tlio branches aro UXo Iho municipalities. Governments In each MEQ. are thoroughly democra- tic, every" member having an oppor tunlfsr through volo to express his convictions. Tno growth of tho Association has been based ori service. the head office, which IB located In ToronW, to .ho found Ihoso depart- ments, which exist for tho purposo of aeaiEling niombtM with tlio many problems that crop up continually In tho conduct of manufacturing estab- lishments. Perhaps it is a difficulty connected with transportation; Oils In worked out by tho officials of the rffices Its staff, its committees and transportation detriment. II may bo I.. Its services havo expanded ibl> What, was n loosely-knit organ- ration has become a well-rounded and lystemstined body, fully national in lis hcopo. mid yet organized fo deal 'Jxith local problems as well, To the growth ot the Association Wost has made notable contribu- i. lions Jn 1510 there were in tho I'rpv- of Manitoba 102 members; there now 3J3. Alborla and Saskatche- had together hut 16 members; s jhey have now 173. British Columbia's n 'bionvlifjfship has grown from 113 to '162. The four western provinces com- have Increased (heir member- llirp In Ihr: dccadn by 117 or ISO per In Iho same periorl the increase (fy ftll Canada or approil- 6S cent. -jr-T'lo expansion of the Association V Canada, coincident Vith tho Industrial growth of the conn- )ry, bcon greatly assisted by the idoption of Iho policy of establishing Vrnrjch offices lo core for the noods tt different sections of the- country. I'he Association has for somo years rporated offices in both Winnipeg and Vancouver, which hnvo been specially lhargcd with looking after llio Inter- >3ta of the manufacturers of the pral- h'e f-rovincos and of Uritish Columbia. [Tnrlor thfc reorganization of lOlfl these. Mflces have become respectively tho Ifii'iquartore of the Prairie and Paclf- r. rtlvillons. In addition, and to localize tio work still further, branch organl- tallons have beon formed In all the loading Industrial centres of the (ounlrr- lions; regarding tho solution customs reals with the tArlff department. Perhaps it is a mat- ter affecting iho inlorprelntion of on- forcemenl of the law; (cgnl do- parlniont handles Or It may bo somo problem arising from one of Iho many phases of export trade that Ihc commercial Intelligence or trade sec lions departments are competent lo handle. Thgro nn In. all olght regular partmenls in operation at the hcail office, and, with tlio growth of HID Iho staffs of thea.) departments aro steadily bolng enlarged, They arc all in charge of men who are recog nizeil exporlR Jn the several lines o activity In whkh they are engaged Tlio tranxporlallon department IB ono of the most important ot tho depart ments, being charged Kith the (ask of advising and assisting members on all matters affecting rail and water transportation. Tho tariff department is thoroughly convereant with cus- tornB mnltora oni) is In a poMllon to assist raomhers in dealing with proh- lerra connected with the application ot tho tariff. Tho Insurancp depart- ment gives advice and information on insurance matters, fire prevention, etc. The elgal department, as its name implies, deals with questions of in- dustrial find commercial law. Tho commercial intelligence department Is actively engaged In keeping records of manufacturers and their products and information on many of Canada's reauireifients. Down at Sydney, N.S., the Dominion Steel Corporation are also producing a, yery important ship nn essential material In the shipbuilding Industry and one never before madi! in Canada. Their ship plate mill represents an investment of five million dollars. It is equipped to roll between 3. 1C inch to 214 inch gauges in widths up to 98. inches and lengths up to SO feet a capac- ity of 500 tons daily. Tin plate, another csp.enlial pro- duct not. hitherio produced in Canada, and of necessity imported in large quantities by industries using It ns raw niatoria.1, will shortly be manufac- tured in (vn Immense plant now being rushed (o completion fn Toronto. This (loVQlopment faith and enterprise of the Raldwih Company _ of Swansea, Wales, who ECS in Canada j A fluid of wonderful possibilities. Can-! Ada's tin plate require nionU are 1 000 tons per annum and tha initial ca- pacily of the Baldwin plant will he tons per annum. During the ivar great difficulty was experienced in Canada in securing iV supply of soda ash, a chemical pro- duct that enters into many industrial j procossos. It was not made in this country and liatl to be imported from tha United State; or Great Britain. This condition brought about tho es- tablishment of a largo soda ash plant at Ontario, from which; II Canadian rennirembnts are now effec- lively supplied. Those amount- to over pounds per annum. Coincident with the tremendous ex- pansion In tho Canadian pulp anil j papdr Industry has como n demand j for paper milt machinery. Some of I tho smaller equipment have been made In Canada, but the big ma- chinos havo always been Imported, representing Immense expenditures ouloldd the country. Again Canadian1 enterprise tins come to the fore and tho Dominion ISrldge Company, hav- ing cleaned up ita war work, is starl- ing lo build Iho huge and complicat- ed mechanisms used in the maniifa'c- j luro ot papor. On all lionrls there is a steadily In- creasing production of goods Hint have up to Ihe presont figured In Imports. This la particularly truo in tho auto- mobile and motor truck Industries, wlifch becoming more" and more ur-lf-contained every year. At first Canadian automobile plants wcro simply assembling shops, putting to- gether parts Imported from the Unit- ed Stales. Today they nru still in the main assembling shops, but Ihc parts are coming from Cannillan fac-, torica, either opcrateil by the (into- mobile companies themselves or hy in- dependent companies. Thus, there aro now very few parts of a Canadian au- tomoWlo that, arc not mode in Can- 'adn, The establishment of these auto C. H. CARLISLE Chairman, Industrial Relations Com- mittee, Canadian Mnnufacturers1 Association Carlisle is an outstanding ox- amplo.of Iho United States business man .who has como lo Canada, and ia loyally doing his part to build up Canadian industry. He la Treasurer and 'General Manager of tho Gooflvear ,Tire and Iliibbor Co. of Canada'and has In this country ever since tie company was brgnulted in 1910. Born In Corlland, ;Qhio, he held office as superinleii'dcnt of schools for Ohio ISOt. Ho was then for seven years with (he M. O'Xell Co., joining the Goodyear Co. in 1SOS. The expansion of the company's under his guidance jias been Uittle short of phenomenal; INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER CO. OF CANADA, LIMITED The Following Line of Farm Machinery Distributed from the LETHBRIDGE BRANCH HOUSE HARVESTING -SEEDING TILLAGE MANURE SPREADERS HORSE AND TRACTOR PLOWS CORN MACHINERY KEROSENE TRACTORS AND ENGINES A FULL LINE OF REPAIRS CARRIED FOR ALL MACHINES THRESHERS FEED GRINDERS HAY PRESSES ENSILAGE CUTTERS WAGONS DEMOCRATS MOTORTRUCKS TWINE, ETC. BOWELL BOW ISLAND BURDETT GRASSY LAKE IRVINE' MEDICINE HAT PURPLE SPRINGS SEVEN PERSONS SUFFIELO WALSH CHIN COALDAtE ENCHANT ETZ1KOM FOREMOST .LOCAL LETHBRIDGE LOMOND MANYBERRIE8 NEMISCAM ORION RETLAW SKIFF TABER TRAVERS WRENTHAM BARONS OARMANQAY CHAMPION CLARESHOLH COWLEY GRANUM MACLEOD NOBLEFORD VULCAN P1NCHER CREEK CARDSTON MAGRATH MILK RIVER NEW DA.YTON RAYMOND SPRING COULEE STIRLING WARNER WOOLFORD COUTTS UKE IRON AND BRASS CASTINGS FORCINGS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS KEEP IN STOCK- MASTER GEARS BULL PINIONS GRATES OVERSIZE PISTONS PISTON RINGS STUBS CANNON BEARINGS -SCREENS SHEAVES MINE CARS MINE CAR IRONS ftAIN AND ROLLER BEARING MINE CAR WHEELS DRUMS COUNTER SHAFT BEARINGS njRNACE FITTINGS CRANK DISCS 2 AND 4 ARM CLUTCHES PULLEYS CABLE ROLLERS supply plants has been one llie outstanding features'Of post-war In- dustrial history, covering a wide field of production. Thrit Canada now' supports a linen Industry that carries out all processes from the flax to the finished sheets nml lowels may IID news to some. This in- teresting industry la located In Ontario, and It Is making favorable I progress. In the paper Industry, f which has reached a high slate of perfection, new products aro still be- inntters connected with Industry and ing mldeil, tho latest being Moiling trado. The industrial relations depart- paper nncl vegetable parchment paper, WORKS Phone 332 PROMPT ATTENTION TO REPAIRS Limited ;