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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta INDUSTRIAL CONGRESS SECTION VOLUME XIII. LGTHBIUDGE.'AIJBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2, 1920 _ NUMBEIV146 LETHBRIDGE DISTRICT GOAL MINEp PRODUCE MILLION TONS YEMJ WITH COAL AND IRRIGATION AS BASIS 1 LETHBRIDGE BUILDS FOR THE FUTURE 'rovince of Alberta Contains 17 Per Cent, of Estimated Coal Deposits of World Yet Only Six Million Tons, Produced Nest Stbrri Coal Area, Lies in Lethbridge- Distributing Future Development Possible. in tho area which is tributary to Leth- bridge, wo have the two mines at Mi- chel, with an output of tons per day .ami developed for from tons to.3.000 tons; and.-the Coal Creek mine, nt Fornle, Vfjth an output .of 2.000 tons developed for tons.- The coal Pass mines are bituminous as: compared'to the sub- bituminous of Lethbrldse and the near B.'T. U.'s of .this coal are Ground So far'as: railway transportation "Koes the'facilities1 are good, and the coal from the district'finds its way as far as Winnipeg. Annual Output The year'1919, .on .account ol the striko that -was prevailing and tho.ef feet It had tin output; doe's hot furnlsi a. true guide as-'to the.output of coa during the .year; .TJie'.figures of 1918. however, place actual, output" of Ih'e mines as dis- trict, Nest, 485.Urns; Taber The development of indus- try iu tie province gauged from In Canada the heating value of coal the fact that in the year 1908 the total Is usually-'eipressed'.in terms of theloutput fpr Alberta was tons, 11 Is estlinatol "tha1. the province of] Alberta contains seventeen per, cent, o! the coal reserves of tho world and about eighty per cent, of the coal re- serves In Canada. D. D. Dowling. Iho Veil-known geologist, In the "Coal Re- sources ot the has reckoned that Albefla contains an actual reserve of over million Ions aiid a prot able reserve of .about million to'ns of coal within the province. This makes a total reserve of lion t'ons'of coal within the province. Lcthbridde Basin .The coal seams in tho Belly rivoi1 formation are.worked Lelh- brldgp basin.; :This coal measure rang; R5 from rjpwllngrcsllmates that these coal measures are distributed 'oVcr contain nh actual :ind possible reserve" million calorlflc yahie coal: as a fuel on the amount of heat ;which'can be obtained from a -given-quantity of coal. This measure .of Called the calorific value of the coal arid Is tho number of heat available la one pound of coal, anada the heating value of coal British Thermal TJait (B. T. U.) which is Iho amount of heal required to .raise the temperature of of -ffaler through one degree Farenheit. Ltth- h.ridge T. U.'s, Tirhlch compares 'favorably: will: the Pcnnoylvanla product: Coal.MinM, In-.VIelnlty 7n .the iiiitnediate-Ticitiity of Lelh- .tridBe'arc the ff. P. K. coal mines. 'Itnpwri ajs Np.-S and No. C aiSnes.' :Thq" average' output pi Iho1 for- it'is dc- the capacity of, yield iug 7CO .tons. >At', present It .'Jnen, -Np.'.S'minb.ha'i an ayefige, oiit- ut It employs addilion-tb these i argei'miiiei '-there tre-. tie Federals Cpal.-wlth tons 'daily and'devel- op'cil for 200 ton's; -Hamilton Coka Co.; the Lethlirldge Coal Co.. and'the City.mine which'priJilnces coal for sup- city's1 power. 6oi! Irom thcsp mines is of the domestic or sub-bituminous Tariety, to'Clty Close %to Lothbridge are the. North output was ons. '.-'i- j Shipments'. "The dometttp' coal- sold ,in Alberta in 1918, imnes contributed, 'amdua'ted to tons. That-Shlp'pVd: Saskatchewan, tons; Manltohn '38773S tons; to IhetJalftd Slates, to Ontarip, This does not include the ma- terial for th'e plants and Oppor- bake a Jor'the mannficture of the In'.Great :lv i' i'- .M f -WHY-NpTiUSE'MQRE 1 ''ALBERTA GOAL? On Saturdayj, last a Canadian Press, dispatch told of a circulaV issued by "the. -'iiiaDUfacturera at vrsing-' 'greater ot Canadian coal by industries wilh- tons yer day'and developed for There'ii also the Chinook Coal mine, at Commerce, with an 6nt- 300 tons per day and developed for. 600 tons, and. cm ploying 140 men. Taber Mines Further aneld. and In the l.eth- Tjridg'c distributing area, arc the coal mines at Taber. These are the Canada with an'output of 600 tons per day and'developed for tons, em- ploying 275 men; Iho Regnl Collier- ies, with an oulput of 250 Ions and dc- Tclopcd for 400 Ions, employing 170 men; the Hock Springs Coal Co., with an output of 100 tons, developed for 200 tons, an dcmploylng 50 men. Crow's Pass Tributary to, Lcthbridgc is the Crow's Nest Pass with Us five large mines milting .out steam coal. Thcso ire the mines of the Hillcrcst Coal at Hillcrest; the Inlernational Coal and the McGlllivray Creek'Co. at Colemar.; (he Green Hill mine at Tllairinore, and the Bcllcvuc mine, at Bellevuc, belonging to the West Cana- dlan'Collierles! These five mines have An output of tons per day and are developed.for tons. Between them they employ men. They are in' the province. B. C. Field Going iurther into British Columbia, mlnes, owing'fo" the shortage of U.S. coal. Membcrs'of Oie Canadian Mann- may there- fore be interesled lo know that last year Alberta found a. market for only ot coal. This included the" home' market. At tho' same time over tons of American'coal were-im- ported. If the same a'iripunt oC Am'cri- rari Is 'imported Ihls year Canadians will pay over exchange th'o' prOTalllng rate. Eight, million' .vrill pay for of coal in Alberta, or- 40 'percent of the total'output of last year. How about rnore...AlberIa coal in the V'Madq in Canada" Heads'Board of Trade .ALBEhTA'S COAt. PRODUCTION .The following table ot tons will indicate the progrbss' that has been made in coal production in the past ter. years: 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 MI'S 1917 ..i )918 In 1919, duo the tonnarje fell off to about hut Ibis year, owing to a. widened market nncl ah abnormally, long winter, then Is likely lo ue 4 jiow high record sot Thoao closely. In'-Jniipii with tho sit uatlon hclloyo tor.s will, be j reached this yeai1 serious labor1 difficulties aro expected. The shortago of U.S. cpal shipmenls is helplne thff market considerably. Q.: R. MARNOCH Who For 6tvtn Haa Dlrecttrf tlje.' the Utthbrltlge Board of Tradd Coal mdjfrrigtition Assure Lethbridge's Fuiurt Solid Basis for Development of Grab- bing" Days.Are Over, and Industries Now Must Bear Direct Relation, to Natural Resources of ing Plants, and Allied Industries Are Coming? N OT so many years age "faclory, grabbing" was the. chief pas- time ot western cities. Every new factory, whether to the basic resources ol tbe city It was to locate, and o( a factory, meaht miicl} Padded- lo the sale price ot..corncr fac- tories must be had by h.ook or by crook. the YcntureEomc' apiru! settled the asserting it-' self. Of course it was fo'oltah, but tliero were sonic extenuating circum- stances. New countries not set- tled and developed iu Ihc first ill- stanci) bylhe over-cautions. Lethbridro rarer along; with all 'the rest'ot cities 6f the prairies. The most inijoriaiit man was tlio publicity coniinUlloiier wliose'chief -duty-was- -to-convlnce altalfa producing section of CanaoV The' Le-ihbrWee irrigation belt pro- duced on about acres last sonic tons, valued at.consider- ab'ly more than a million dollars. Win- ter ot alfaVta is almost' un- Vnown, and no blight bas ever sffected Ihc crop. manufacturers in ,tUev and south AN IRRIGATION wftttr on the lind at Coaldale ln-the C.-P..'Rr LeihbrWas Proitct. ALFALRA MEAL MILLS V WILL SPRING UP SOON oC the. line that Leihbridge was Ihe one bright- spot- ou -the iveste'ni man for llio location of factories. About- 1913 it began to dawn on the citizens' that factories. Required- more than a site it they be prolit- able. They needed a market. markets are usually built up 'by cit laens who are huey deyelopinE the natural resources, building homes aail towns and villages andjschools where tho first busiucas of' a new country might be taken care of." It wag then that fxjihbridgo. began to cast about to see'wbat was wrong. It foil to the lot or Dr; Ilulher'ord, Wliat duos aKalfa production on lialf of-the possible irrigable laud ot the -ethbridse district mean for the fut- ure? H may-nol be generally but it is a fact that Canada each year imports alfalfa in the form of meal from .Colorado and Utah. The alfalfa meal 'industry iu these two states is a largo ojie. In one'Irrigated district In .Colorado there nre large alfalfa meal mills along a branch railway line about as miles long. BTery.dalrymau is a market for Ibis meal. Pound for pound alfalfa meal hag. the same feeding value as brsn.1 Soutkem Alberta 'wiH yet'supply theory land, dairymen of Canada, and probably of -the east too, this meal which will be used- fot dairy cpwa, .in the hog industry ;and on the; poultry farm. .Tfao first alfalfa meaP mill-'in; Southern Alberta is fcein? erected. at Coal daie, and it'is but tbe many 'to follow. The'industry ia "be-; ing.dereloped ia Iho ;Unitcd States .BO; W izens on tho right tvflck. He visilccl One of the many which' provide nearly annually, Irrigation AroimiS Lethbridgfe A District; Great Project Is Almost Ready To Seels Mbhey For Construction Work By R. G. Chairman Irrigation Development. Association Leihbridge and talked plainly, pe- Telop the farm rnines, build up nmrkeisjat-ho'mf, o Wben the' time IB'' ripe factories, -irill come. That, was his Audj Lelhbridgo was riiie" enough': td-accopt If. r'iProbvtl'at'iimc. n" dc-lci'tntoed effort ias beea'niada. to Help solve the prob- lem' of the farmer, to help'wide.h the market for Southern. Alberta' cp'al, to make these two greai.baslc industries stable. green from the field, even in a drizzl- ing rain, passed over the drier, ground Into meal and sacked for shipment all an hour of the'-time it stood on ,the groynd, LIVESTOCK GREAiviflJTlJRE INDUSTRY A CITY WHICH HELPS THE FARMERS The ancient vintners in tho city, oi and throughput Great Britain used to hang outside their wino shops aa a sigri' EI brauch ot the bush. Sonio of the moro conservalivq of them declined lo follow the custom as they said "Good wine needs no. huah." This has becomo a hoaEC- hold wont now when cellcnco Is indicated. Tho old established acres wliicli has been gradually1 THE C.P.R. HIGH-LEVEL BRIDGE Wcsl of there bas been completed by tho Canadian Pacific Railway one. of tbo most gigantic engr- ineering works, In Canada, the bridg- ing ot thii nelly (liter 'and the Old Man River, replacing tweftlr wooden bridges by two immense alcel vla- ducla, ono fiet ;ln Icnglh wllh a maximum height 6i S14 fccfabove tho rlrer, and the other 1.900 feet In length wlti a height of 116 feet above tho bed PTHE BEGINNING OF LETHBRIDGE Ixsthbrldge -ifas founded in 1884. H's 'first name was >The late Mr. Gall, fltler whom Gait. Gardens and tho Gall mines are nnmed, discovered tho coal cropping oui of Ihe river bank hero while crossing Iho river on Ills jvay from Kort Ilenton, Mont., over tho old freight trail to Fort Maclooil. Ho was then Commls- .sionor in Iho Jndiaiv department. Ho 'organized tho first coal com- pany, ill tho province, known as Ihc Norlh West Coal nnd Naviga- tion Co. !t was tho company's ori- ginal Intention to barge ihs coal down Ihc river to Medicine Hat, there .to sell It lo tho C.P.R. The barges were not a success ami then tho railway between and Medlclbe Hal was cbuilt. It was a narrow _ guage road al Ant. The after- warjM secured tho line, extending it through the Crow.'s Nest Pass. 'ARTESIAN WATER IN, i SOUTHERN ALBERTA Scientific boring for water has dem- onstrated that an artesian supply IK available over a large area in South erh Alberta. twenty-dollar land adjoining the Aral wdlls promutly qoublc'd In. value, First The acres now being farmed undcr.irrigation is taking ample care of'itsclf f.-om an in- vestment point of view. Tho Lolhhrldgp Northern Irrigation District will soon ho In the mar-, ket calling for'about to carry out Ihclr project for get- ting v-nler the Old Man flows wcsl to cast through Leihbridge. They want to irrigate acres of laud -.that is pf: tho very best quality for this .kind of farming. Tho livhoie plan has -been most carefully surveyed during Ihc past four or five years by the irriga- tion "engineers of the.Govermncnt of the minimum water supply In.the year's ot tho lowest rainfall has 'been carefully re- corded, and a._generons supply in _ Ihc driest.years hna been assured. One of the most eminent consult- ing engineers on this continent has I.nsueclcd the.ground and has gone iulo Iho.plahs and Ihe finan- cial aspects, and pronounces them sound. The Alberta Government will 'guarantee tho bond issue lo the extent of hcing ready at any lime to. liar tho. Interest 6n the debentures tor two ycnrs, II by chanco Iho District should fail lo'do so; aud they will also, through an Irrigation Council, supervise Iho finances and con- struction and see that everything is done on a pound basis. What Hinges Thereon The successful 'Initiation of lhat cnlerDriao will flavo tho way for atill greater development. 'Tliero are ,ncarly half-a million acres more of lands for which water supplies aro available; and it is only a question of a year or two bcfofo these, too, are put under irrigation. .The most sanguine of us will hjesilate to foretell what theso developments will mean to Maclcbd, .Tp.ber .and .tho whole surrounding districts. Our agriculture, live stock raising, a.nd the general conservation of our lands will be so greatly tmprorr-rl, Ihnt the beneficial effect upon tho grdwlh' of the "city 'of Ixilhbrldge and the other urban centres will be liCthbridgo enjoys "a-national Tetfutatlori -as a city; which helps the of the -district-solve their problems. The great problem'is to overcome tho instability, occasioned by those years of 'sub-normal rainfall. Since 1914 Lelhbridge has been work- ing on the problem pt' irrigation. ex- tension. It has been a: long, hnrd fight, hut successes in Bight, -The whole matter is tully dealt else- where In this number. Ijelhbridge will yet bo-the cenlre.of a district ot which bclwcen a million acres will be irrigated. -Ami then LethbrMge will get fac- tories. They will come of their own accord because they will find here the basic materials with..which to work, and they will find the supporting1 home market. Thoso who know Irrigation rilslricts in.other countries know that they csrry tho largest proportion of population per.square milo -ot any [arming country. _ Southern. .Alberta now boasts of less than olio farmer per square mile. With the extension ot irrigation there" will bo a farm family to every quarter section at least. 'Eighty acres of Irrlgateci land in Soulhern Alberta will, if properly cultivated, support a.JKmily and leave a tidy sum each year ;to put-by tor tho proverbial rainy 'day. There oro n dozen and ono Indus- tries directly based on the products ot the irrigated farm which are lo bo developed in Southern Alberta In tho near future. "Alfalfa; top, will make Southern Al bcrta :tho winter feeding ground for western livestock. Thousands of he'ad of western eallle are turned pit. each' year from the ranges in a hall finish- ed condition. As long aa there is rough foolhill grazing land and .at 16ng as 'there are dry'years irrthe west will bo' unfinished cattle finding there way to market, in anything, but primo condition. That is wherb the 'Irriga tioli farmer with ins alfalfa finds his function. The establishment of feed- ing or forcing yards in the Lethbridge irrigated- bell is a great industry1 of the future, an industry which will, add millions to'the value ot Canada's live- stock annually. Not' ouly will cattle he brought in from all sections of the west for finishing, but sheep and hog- will alao be similarly.treated., flog raising In the paat bas been a hazard; ous Industry because, iu the lean years, Ihe farmers haye been foiled to sacrifice their hog herds very unprofitable'. But with'altalta and cheaply grown grain there ,is new era opened up for the hog raiser with tho ..advent of- irrigatiem tension. SUGAR FROM SUGAR BEETS A POSSIBILITY PACKING PLANTS WILL COME OF OWN ACCORD So Ixithbridgo looks confidently tu Hie future to bring it packing con-- corns. With cattle, hogs and sheep centering here for fitting for .market, the packer, will come. Ho will find here Ihe cheap power made possible by the pronlpiity of real and gas. anil he will find the dislribiiling facilities which will make operation profitable.: We must produce the raw material in a steady however, before he can (Continued on Pago Five.) Take sugar as an example. Soulhern Alberta Once boasted ft sugar, factory, I located at Raympnd'about, is miles south of Lethliridge. It cnmc'-a little oo soon and failed on that account. It was not because tho sugar heels could not bo produced. Sixteen to I 25 ions to tho atJre were common yjelcls. H was uol that the beets did not conlniu the necessary sugnr con- tent lo make them profitable, tor UK chemical analysis mode by loading U.S. and chemists at Ihp time shower! the Southern lAlberla 'sugar beet to bo In the leatllng place In this regard, carrying a grealcr sugar pcr- ceutago than sugar bceU raised in Utah, Colorado or the sugar producing countries ol Europe. The market was there. alone distributes some 400 cars of sugar annually.; The reason for failure was simply that tho time was not ripe lor tbe Intensive cultivation necessary for sugar beet production. There, was.not live avail able labor to handle the crop in the thinning ami harvest seasons. Dry land was producing big crops and was going up iu price. Hut.the experiment proved the posslbllrties, and sugar pro- duction In Southern Alberla n big Industry in Southern Albpita yet. Southern Alberta. Is the Mayor ofLethbridge W. D, L. HARDIE Who is Serving His Eighth Year ii Mayor and.Commissioner of Finants and public Safety ;