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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, Juna 1, 1974 Doctors warned of dangers Popular IUD causes septic abortions, infections in users _ _ siAiristA nfntrant nf TSFC C3SGS in f Stall tv. By JEFF CARRUTHERS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA A.H. Robins Co. of Canada Ltd. of Montreal, Canadian distributor of the Dalkon Shield intrauterine device (IUD) which has been implicated in 36 cases of septic abortion among users in the U.S., plans to issue a special warning to Canadian doctors that the IUD device can produce serious infection, even death, in both the infant and the mother if the IUD fails to pre- vent pregnancy. But for legal reasons the Canadian company is not expected to go as far as its American parent's warning that a therapeutic abortion should be considered if a pregnancy develops and the IUD cannot be removed. The medical director of the U.S. parent company said that women wearing the Dalkon Shield IUD should be concerned only if they become pregnant while the device is in place. "It should not be necessary for women using the IUD without any difficulty to run to their doctors in panic to have the device removed." the medical director said. H.M. Roman, president of the Canadian subsidiary of the large U.S. drug company, said that company records show that of the Dalkon Shield lUDs have been sold in Canada since the device was first introduced in 1970. He added that to date, there have been no reports brought to the attention of the company of any adverse reactions, including septic abortions or fatalities, among Canadian users of the IUD. But he said that the health concerns revealed by the U.S. parent company in a recent letter to U.S. physicians "apply in Canada." The Canadian company is working with federal health authorities to modify the U.S. warning letter so that it meets legal considerations in Canada concerning the recommending of therapeutic abortions. In a telephone interview, Dr. Fletcher Owen, director of medical services at A.H. Robins Co. Inc of Richmond, Va., said that women using the Dalkon Shield IUD who miss a menstrual period should immediately see their obstetrician or gynecologist and have a pregnancy test. If the test and medical examination indicates a pregnancies occur in about 4 per cent of women fitted with the doctor should immediately remove the device, to prevent the chance of a spontaneous abortion taking about 20 to 50 per cent risk, he worse then that, of a septic, or infected abortion developing. Dr. Owen said the problem of septic abortion normally involves only an infection inside the uterus that normally can be managed medically. But sometimes the infection can spread into the blood of the woman, even resulting in Fewer risks for Canadian women Herald Ottawa Bureau By JEFF CARRUTHERS OTTAWA I light of the suspected hazards of septic abortion, even death, associated with at least one type of intrauierine device, the federal health department Thursday decided to launch study involving all Canadian doctors to determine the safety and possible hazards associated with the use of all types of lUDs in Canada. Dr. A.B. Morrison, assistant deputy minister of health in charge of the health protection branch, said that the government has decided not to take specific action against the distributor of the Dalkon Shield IUD, implicated in 36 cases of septic abortions and four fatal- ities in the U.S. He said the evidence of the dangers associated with the Dalkon Shield and other types of lUDs in Canada "is very poor." He said the branch has decided to "canvas all doctors in Canada, asking for their experience with all lUDs" avail- able in Canada. "We have not been getting adverse reactions involving lUDs" to warrant any withdrawal of any lUDs used in Canada, he said. "All we are recommending is that women who are using lUDs, if they believe they are pregnant, should consult their doctor who can then make a professional judgment... with them about what medical steps need to .be Dr. Morrison said. He said that one of his officials claims the branch has been considering such an overall study of the safety of lUDs used in Canada for at least five months. He said that the use of any IUD is "associated with a very small risk" and that these risks are already listed on the package insert of the lUDs. He noted that the package inserts do not specify that a therapeutic abortion should be considered in the event a pregnancy develops and the IUD cannot be suggestion made by the manufacturer of the Dalkon Shield IUD, A.H. Robins Co. Inc. of Richmond, Va., in a recent warning to U.S. doctors. rare cases in fatality. In the U.S., there have been 36 known cases of septic abortion associated with use of the Dalkon Shield, out of: an estimated 2-million devices fitted and four of these i cases have resulted in death, he said. It is not certain that the lUDs were actually the cause of the fatalities. In Canada, there have been no cases of either septic abortion or fatalities resulting from septic abortion associated with use of the Dalkon Shield, according to the Canadian company. Dr. Owen said that the company has warned doctors in the U.S. that "if the device cannot be removed, that is if the pregnancy has proceeded beyond that point, then the woman should be offered the opportunity for a therapeutic abortion, even with the knowledge there is a 20 to 50 per cent chance of a spontaneous abortion. "If the patient refuses an abortion on religious, medical or other grounds, she should be kept under surveillance." he said. And if flu-like symptoms develop, such as high fever, nausea, or ear ache, should appear, suggesting fetal death and possible septic abortion complications, then consideration should be given to evacuating the uterus to prevent complications, he suggested. The U.S. company is also suggesting that doctors warn patients who are to be fitted with the IUD that in the event of a pregnancy developing while the IUD is still in place, a therapeutic abortion may be recommended. Dr. Owen said the warning to Canadian doctors will be identical to the warning to U.S. doctors, except for "slight changes specifically relating to the recommendation of a therapeutic abortion." Federal health department officials in Ottawa explained that under the Criminal Code, it is illegal to advocate an abortion in Canada. Public meeting for future of YW A public meeting will be held Tuesday at p.m. for the purpose of choosing one of four models for future interaction between the YWCA and YMCA in Lethbridge and on a national level. The organizations are separate national bodies and have been involved in an extensive study, The Distance Between Two Triangles, summarizing similarities and differences. From this study, four possible models for the associations to follow have emerged: total disengagement, status quo. to F.O.E. BINGO TONIGHT EAGLES HALL 6th Aw. A and 13th St. N. Every Saturday Night at 8 p.m. or aSC Each 7 Number Girnn JACKPOT DOOR PRIZE Gold curds pay double monty remain as the associations are now: formal co-operation which would have the YW and YM as separate organizations with integration of mutually acceptable services; or amalgamation, the formation of a new national body of both organizations. Members of the Lethbridge YWCA and interested persons in the community are asked to attend to discuss the alternatives, as delegates will be sent to the national convention to vote on the models. Panda dies PARIS (AP) Li-li, the male of a pair of giant pandas given to the late President Georges Pompidou during his visit to China last year, died Saturday in the suburban Vincennes zoo ANGLO Sells. CAR STEREOS at Lower Prices 419-5th Street S. CASH BINGO TONKHT, SATWMY O'CLOCK HUNttNAN OLD TIMERS HAU. JACKPOTS NOW ind THE GOLDEN MILE CENTRE 320 11th St. South FOOD AUCTION Wed., June 5 p.m. Mr. Keith Erdman of Auctioneer All Are Welcome Come and have fun and get groceries cheap Tea and Coffee will be available NOTICE PARENTS AND STUDENTS The Students' Finance Board has announced a revised policy regarding summer savings. It is now expected that all students will save a minimum of funds during perioos non-anendance to apply towards their edu- cation. Students who fail to save adequately will still receive support but the Board will not normally compensate for the savings deficiency. In general, students are ex- pected to save about per week. Special consideration will be given to students involved in Social Service projects, volunteer work or those who are or disabled. Students who are unable to find employment should maintain records documenting their attempts to find work. For further information contact the Awards Officer at your nearest Post-Secondary Educational Institution or the Students' Finance Board in Edmonton or Calgary. STUDENTS' FINANCE BOARD so i Club corner notes! The regular meeting of St. Patricks CWL will be held Wednesday at 8 p.m. in the rectory meeting room. Fr. Louis of the Cochrane retreat house will present a talk with films. St. Basil's and Assumption CWL councils are asked to attend. This will be the final meeting until fall. First United Church. 502 13th St. N.. will hold an anniversary supper Monday at p.m.. with tickets available at the church office or from members of the UCW. Everyone welcome. The Lethbridge Women's Progressive Conservative Association will hold its regular meeting at 8 p.m. Monday at the home of Mrs. J. S. Stewart, 631 8th St. S. Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Diller will be honored on the occasion of their 45th wedding anniversary with an open house for family and friends. Sunday from 2 to 5 p.m. at Sven Ericksen's Family Restaurant. No gifts, by request. There will be an executive meeting of the Lethbridge and District Oldtimers Pemmican Club on Monday at 8 p.m. in the club board rooms. The regular meeting of the Social Credit Women's Auxiliary will be held Wednesday at 1 p.m. at the Marquis Hotel, and will be the final meeting of the season. Guest will be John Anderson. MLA for Lethbridge east. All members welcome. McKillop UCW units will meet as follows: Carefoot: Monday at p.m.. Golden Bridge Restaurant: Rosaine: Tuesday at 5 p.m.. Henderson Lake Park: Liska: Tuesday at p.m. with Louise McArthur. 1127 12th A SL S; Sevan: Wednesday at a.m.. with Mrs. A. S. Johnston, 1425 17th Ave. S; Reed: Wednesday at 6 p.m., Henderson Club House; Haszard: Wednesday, June 17 at 6 p.m.. with Julia Nagy. 1412 22nd St. S. The Ladies of the Old Timers Pemmican Gub will meet at 1 p.m. Wednesday for a potiuck luncheon followed by a regular meeting. Entertainment in the club rooms will take place. Members are asked to bring an item for lunch and a small bingo prize. This will be the final meeting until fall. The Women of the Moose No. 328 will hoM a meeting Herald Family Screening of teachers for instability sought WINNIPEG (CP) Teachers need to be screened more closely for signs of mental illness, says the deputy minister of the department of colleges and university affairs. Dr. Wes Lorimer said here schools don't look hard enough for signs of mental illness, nor do they react rigorously enough if it is detected. "It's more important that we be concerned about active mental illness in the schools than he told delegates attending the annual meeting of the Canadian Home and School and Parent- Teacher Association. WeeWhimsv This one will do Only the best dandelion seems to be able to qualify for two-year-old Jamie Kaufmann's bouquet. In the picking process, Jamie finds a close look is a necessity that mom gets the prettiest bundle of flowers. Tuesday at 8 p.m. There will be a guest speaker and all members are asked to attend. Hostesses will be the officers of the lodge. The Kiwanis Club of Green Acres will meet Monday at p.m. at the ANAF hail. Guest speakers will explain the Lethbridge Meals on Wheels campaign. The Indies section of the Country Club will hold a ladies day luncheon Tuesday at p.m. Reservations must be made by noon Monday. Pot-pourri Some 77 teachers from Lethbridge and district attended the annual meeting of the Retired Teachers Association held recently at the Lethbridge school district administration building. James Wishart of Lethbridge, president of the association was chairman at the meeting. Provincial president. John McDonald, his wife, and secretary-treasurer, Fiona Milne, of Medicine Hal attended the meeting. Honored guests were P. J. Collins and George Wat- son, both of Lethbridge. Dr. Lorimer said a teacher suffering from mental illness can destroy a pupil's self- image "and the lack of a good self-image is one of the most serious causes of mental illness. Schools have a more significant role to play in the lives of students, he said, because of the unstable home lives experienced by many young persons today. But the idea of society taking steps to provide alternate arrangements for be ser-1 the an ouofe TO t Mile-long letter SPRINGHILL, N.S. (CP) The letter Darla Legrow of Springhill received from her cousin. Keven Rector of Trenton. Ont., this week began "And now you are about to begin to witness the writing of the world's physically longest letter." He wasn't kidding. What followed was a single sheet of correspndence exactly one mile long. Keven wrote the letter on 21 packages of 25-inch-wide New Year's streamers glued together and rolled onto a metal reel. It was mailed Jan. 4 but did not arrive in Springhill until Wednesday. Darla, a Grade 7 student, said her counsin. a Grade 12 student, wanted to get his name in the Guinness Book of Records, so he spent 180 hours printing the giant letter by hand. She said she and Keven have been writing "goofy letters to each other since he had been back home last "When he sets his mind to something, he'll do she said. the nuclear family has been rejected up to now. "We are operating on the assumption that all alternatives are second best and should not be developed." Because of that, he said, society pays through juvenile crime and emotional problems among the young. The effect of the school will be felt most strongly if teachers are reinforcing what others, such as parents, are doing already. Singers to go to Wales The Anne Campbell Singers and'Teen Clefs will be travelling to Wales to compete in the Eisteddfod International Festival which runs from July 27 to August 3. It will involve choirs, vocal solos, folk dances, bands, instrumental solos and films from 32 competing countries. The festival is to be held at Tees-side, located on the northeast coast of England. The Lethbridge singers will hold a booster dinner on June 16 at p.m. in Southminster church hall, followed by a mini-concert at 8 p.m. in the sanctuary. Prior to leaving on the European tour, the girls will receive instruction in German from George Stein, and will hold practice song sessions for two to three hours, three days per week. HELP US TO HELP OTHERS! The Salvation Army Walfara Services Hut Fmitan. Ttys. HMMtoM Effects Call 32S-2MO For Pickup OR LEAVE AT 412 1st AVE. S. THE WOMEN'S AUXILIARY TO THE LETHBRIDGE AUXILIARY HOSPITAL Sincerely Thanks Everyone Who Helped Make The SUNSHINE BAG TEA Such A Success! THE UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY AN INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN SOCIAL FUNCTIONING No. 259-74 to rwM at MEDICINE HAT Thursday, Jum Professionals practicing in Alberta will nave an opportunity to hear about the theory of Human Social Functioning as developed by Professor Eugene Heimler of London, England. This one day institute is designed to bring information and afford registrants an opportunity for discussion. INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Pagoy Rodway University of Calgary FEE: For further infonnMon contMt OMtion Continuing Education 2M-S431. CMgwry, TSWi Atowtt Sponsored by the School erf Social WeHare and the Dtvtston ol Continuing Education, The Uni- versity erf Calgary, m cooperation wffh Ihe Menial Services. Wledlcme Mai ;