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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Electorate Is seeing new Trudeau By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Prime Minister Trudeau is the winner on points of the first round of the great election slugging match. Ke started out the underdog with most members of the media and political pundits believing that Progressive Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield would win this time after having been robbed of the title by just a few seats in 1972. Mr. Trudeau came out of his corner swinging hard. He has v" been hammering his chief opponent since the campaign started and has impressed all observers. He started with a clever ploy at the outset of the Stanfield campaign that seemed to knock the Tory leader off balance. At this writing the Conservative leader was desperately still trying to regain his balance. Mr. Stanfield's slick organization had announced he would open his campaign in Winnipeg at the nomination convention for the popular Sterling Lyon who was given a good chance of knocking off Defence Minister James Richardson in Winnipeg South. Mr. Trudeau on his way out to the west coast for part of his campaign had to make an "unscheduled" landing at Winnipeg to take on though his aircraft can make the flight from Ottawa to Vancouver non-stop. The prime minister held a press conference and announced the cabinet bad that week decided in favour of Air Canada returning some of the overhaul and maintenance work it had moved in the late sixties to Montreal. He gave much of the credit to Mr. Richardson for the decision. That stole the headlines. Swiped thunder Having swiped some of "Big Thunder's" thunder the prime minister never looked back. He stepped up his pace and his pounding of his opponent and has kept it up, much to the surprise of many of the Liberal supporters who could not forget his listless academic election exercise in the 1972 campaign. Mr. Stanfield has been trying to catch up ever since. He has been on the defensive. One would think that Mr. Stanfield had been prime minister for the past six years and Mr. Trudeau was opposition leader attacking Stanfield's inflation policies. It has been an incredible performance with Mr. Stanfield busily trying to defend his wage and incomes freeze policy while Mr. Trudeau, who has been prime minister when inflation soared to over 10 per cent in Canada, has not been required to answer for his policies. This is an entirely different political campaign the Canadian people are watching with Trudeau as the star performer leading the Liberal bandwagon. He gives the impression of enjoying his new role of the consummate politician complete with young beautiful wife and infant child on display for all the electorate to see. He flies across the country. Takes time off to travel through the Maritimes by train, whistlestopping in the old style of campaigning and says he enjoyed it. Liberal organizers privately say the train trip served the double purpose of allowing the PM to meet the people at small stations and to have a bit of a rest from the hectic grind of jet travel and its attendant lag. Unlike Stanfield he tires quickly and needs to recharge his batteries. Up-hill battle Some aspects of his first whirlwind tour in 1968 when charisma was in vogue, can be seen in the 1974 search for votes. Little old ladies are clutching the aging Mr. Trudeau in their arms, school children clamour for autographs the young adults and middle aged watch the performance and smile, some get swept up by the enthusiasm of the moment. In 1972 it was different. Then he was the academic and the philosopher the ruler who had come to visit his subjects He was dispensing his wisdom conficent that despite the dull speeches dreadfully delivered he would be voted back into office overwhelmingly. In comparison Mr. Stanfield in 1972 looked like a hard fighter. He almost won by default. The Liberals are not making that mistake again. Well aware that it is an uphill battle they are out to win and if possible squeeze a majority government out of the'struggle. They have the advantage of a solid Quebec which may produce even more Liberal seats this time out than in 1972 when the Grits captured 56 seats in that French-speaking province. Some Liberals worry thai ihis election may see the Liberal Party converted into largely a Quebec Party. They are determined to avoid that and to make gains in Ontario, the Maritimes and if at all possible in the west. But the west is generally conceded to be rock-ribbed Tory for the present. Bob Stanfield keeps plugging and plodding along, delivering some tough speeches and attacking the credibility of the government, but the policy of price and incomes freeze and controls keeps cropping up to haunt him. The Liberals and members of the media demand explanations of how the policy would work, how it would be applied and he trys to explain. Storms of protest The trouble is that it is not just his opponents and the media that are embarrassing him it is questions from members of his own party. Newcomers to the fold who have been parachuted in to take Conservative nominations are conceding under prodding from the press that the prices and incomes freeze demands more de- tailed explanation. Gleefully Messrs Trudeau and Turner (Finance Minister John Turner who brought down the budget that brought down the government) are quoting back at Stanfield the questions being raised by members of his own Tory party. On top of that Mr. Stanfield had to be plagued by the lan- guage question with a candidate in the Maritimes who is a sharp cntic of the bilingualism policy being nominated for the Conservatives. Mr. Stanfield did the statemanlike thing and said he would not grant his official recognition to that man so that he could not run as a designated Conservative candidate. That brought storms of protest down on Stanfield's head from the many critics of bilingualism both in and outside the Tory party. It also brought congratulatios to the Con- servative leader for hi? "courage" from Mr. Turner, enough to make Mr. Staniield suspicious that he might not have taken the right decision. And to finish the week Mr. Stanfield had his picture taken trying to kick a football. The picture a disaster for the Tories. It showed Mr. Stanfield completely missing the ball altogether. He had not even got his hands on it to kick the blasted Pigskin. It seemed to epitomize the week for the Conservatives. They can't afford many weeks like the last one or it be declared no contest. Importance of Mideast pact far-reaching New York Times Service CAIRO The Syrian Israeli disengagement agreement will have long range repercussions throughout the Arab world, affecting the domestic and foreign policies of almost every country and deciding the shape of changing alliances. The leaders of the Palestinian movement face the vital choice of defying the most powerful Arab governments or taking part in the move toward negotiated settlement on the Arab Israeli conflict that these governments now advocate. This perhaps is the most important single result of the agreement. In Cairo, not unnaturally, the agreement is seen first of all as a vindication for president Anwar Sadat, who gambled on the success of secretary of state Kissinger's personal diplomacy and persuaded Syrian President Assad to do likewise. Sadat and Assad emerge politically strengthened at home and in the Arab world. Their alliance which had its moments of strain since last October is thought to be very close again. Tne westward trend in the area has been further enhanced. The Soviet Union, which was only marginally involved in the negotiations in spite of Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko's last minute appearance in Damascus, suffers a further loss in power and prestige. The United States, which had been virtually absent from the Arab world for more than 20 years, is riding higher than ever. -In general, the agreement has increased the influence of the moderate Arab leaders who favor a negotiated settlement with Israel. It has deepened the isolation of Col. Mummar El-Quaddafi of Libya and the Baathist regime of President Ahmed Hassan Al-Bakr of Iraq, both, of which reject all accommodation with Israel. Syrian Israeli disengagement has left King Hussein of Jordan once more exposed to the danger of isolation. The king is once more on collision course with Syria and Egypt ovei the Palestinian issue. Jordan would like to see some kind of Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank, following the pattern of disengagement agreements with Egypt and Syria. This, at this stage, would mean that the Israelis would give a'part of the West Bank back to Jordan. This is not what the Palestinians or the Egyptians and Syrians wnat. Yasir Arafat, head of the Palestine Liberation Organization, and other moderates among the Palestinians have been manoeuvring to set up "a National Palestinian Authority" on the West Bank and in Gaza, over which the Palestine Liberation Organization would claim sovereignty. The idea is that any area left by the Israelis would go to the Palestinians, not to Jordan. The next obstacle, the Palestinian question, now becomes the focal point of the Middle East problem. On the diplomatic front, Syria's president gave secret assurances to Israel through Dr. Kissinger that Palestinian guerrillas would not infiltrate into Israel across the Syrian border, Middle East peace conference sources here say. The assurances, representing a major change in Syrian policy, were said to have been given by President Assad Orally but in a way that the Israelis accepted as responsible. They were described as a vital part of the final breakthrough to the disengagement agreement, reached Wednesday and signed here Friday. Assad apparently told Kissinger that he could not make an open commitment on the actions of the Palestinians. But he was said to have added that Syria was an organized country and would either make war or observe the ceasefire. Other diplomatic sources reported that Assad had told the Palestinian guerrilla groups in Syria that they were to stop their attacks on Israel. The Israelis have no doubt that the Syrian army is able to prevent such attacks if it chooses. The Lethbridae Herald VOL. LXVII 144 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1974 15 Cents' 68 Pages Petrosar hassle 4has long fuse' First prisoners return joyous welcome in Tel Aviv Ecstatic crowds greet October War prisoners THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Joyous crowds in Damascus and Tel Aviv greeted the first returning prisoners of the October war today as Israel and Syria began the exchange of wounded PoWs promised in their disengagement pact. Red Cross medical planes left the two cities minutes apart today carrying 38 repatriated prisoners, some legless or in casts. An hour later. 12 wounded Israeli soldiers stepped off the chartered Fokker Friendship High Court to hear tape case WASHINGTON (AP) -The United States Supreme Court has agreed to make an early decision on whether President Nixon may withhold White House evidence sought in the trials of his former top assist- ants. The high court scheduled a July 8 hearing on the case, which centres on arguments over the doctrine of executive privilege The issue is whether Nixon may continue to claim the right to keep secret communications he had with men who were once his closest associates, but who now are charged with crimes Leon Jaworski. the special Watergate prosecutor, says his need for tapes and documents in the coming Watergate coverup trial transcends executive privilege. plane at Ben-Gurion airport near Tel Aviv to kisses, tears and flowers from miniskirted women soldiers. At about the same time 25 Syrians and one Moroccan ar- rived to an emotional welcome in Damascus. Red- bereted military police forced a mob of hundreds from the plane to enable the PoWs to disembark. Women wailed and men cheered in Damascus as the plane taxied to a halt. But a hush fell over the mob as the first wounded man was carried out by stretcher. Legless, he sat rigidly upright, his right hand cocked in a military salute. Premier Golda Meir, Defence Minister Moshe Dayan and Chief of Staff Lt- Gen. Mordechai Gur were among hundreds who greeted the returning Israelis. "This is the first stage of the end of the war." said Dayan as the men. some in bandages and in casts, boarded ambulances for a bnef dnve to Tel Hashomer hospital He pledged that Israeli troops will not budge from the Syrian front "until all our prisoners are back The scenes of joy contrasted sharply with the earlier departures Reporters were barred from the Damascus airport as the Israelis were led on board The wounded men sat in a small plane for an hoilr under a broiling sun before it left The Arabs were transported to Ben-Gurion airport from an Israeli prison liospiial in ambulances with windows They filed on hoard. some on crutches and one on a litter, under the gaze of 300 Is- raeli soldiers. In related developments, Syria and Israeli generals planned to meet today in Gen- eva on other details Sewi end Iward About town Keith Watts claiming a pole jumped in front of his car causing 5180 damage RCMP Insp. John Bentlwm, telling teachers at an ATA banquet he should cut his speech short and listen to them talk about the benefits of an association. Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Federal Energy Minister Donald Macdonald said Friday he doesn't expect Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed will ever indicate "contentment" with the million Petrosar oil-based petrochemical project proposed for Sarnia. Commenting on Premier Lougheed's reiteration Thurs- day of his government's opposition to the Petrosar project for Sarnia, Mr. Macdonald said "there have been no changes in the various positions." Ottawa does not intend to make any specific efforts to break the continuing stale- mate, Mr. Macdonald said. Mr. Macdonald noted that luckily the Petrosar issue "has a rather large fuse." The confrontation in theory, he suggested shouldn't come to a head until two to three years from now, when the Petrosar project is completed and requires oil to start production of about one billion pound of ethylene and large quantities of residual fuels. But observers here note that the confrontation between Ot- tawa, Alberta and Petrosar over the location of the pet- rochemical project could and should come to a head within the next few weeks, since the future of Dow Chemical of Canada Ltd.-Dome Petroleum Ltd. proposal and the Alberta Gas Trunk Line-Canadian Industries Ltd. proposal for world-scale petrochemical plants depend heavily on the Petrosar plans. Sources say that'a crucial meeting with Alberta Premier Lougheed on the AGTL-CiL. proposal is scheduled in Edmonton for next week. A spokesman for Premier Lougheed said the Premier would not be making any fur- ther statements on the pet- rochemical issue, other than those he makes in the Alberta legislature. Mr. Macdonald said he does not expect there will be any further communications from Alberta with Ottawa in the coming weeks. "We assume that all the reactions that are to be made (by Alberta) have been made." Meanwhile, industry sources have suggested that one modification which might satisfy Alberta would be to have Union Carbide, one of the partners in Petrosar, abandon its plans to build a plant for making low-density polyethylene in Sarnia, using ethylene from Petrosar. Instead, the ethylene could either be shipped to Alberta for further processing or, more likely, could be exported to the U.S., to non-competitive markets Hi the east. There have been suggestions also that Polysar, the Crown Corporation with 51 per cent ownership in Petrosar, could propose to build derivative plants in Alberta in the early 1980s, instead of in Sarnia. Saudis urge oil price drop BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) Saudi Oil Minister Ahmed Zaki Yamani proposed today that the posted price of Arabian light crude oil be reduced by more than a barrel to the authoritative Middle East Economic Survey reported. 50 feared dead in U.K. blast FLIXBOROUGH, England (AP) A huge explosion wrecked a chemical plant in this eastern England village today and ambulance workers said they fear 50 persons were killed in the blast. The explosion occuired at about 5 p.m. in the Nypro, Ltd., works which produces raw materials used to manufacture nylon fibre. Eyewitnesses said the factory went up in a ball of flame and the explosion was heard 30 miles away in the major fishing port of Grimsby. Twenty fire trucks sped to the scene which was described by police as one of "devastation, as if a huge bomb had hit the village." Women staggered out of their homes with blood streaming down their faces which were cut by shattered window glass. As police hastened to evac- uate the village, in northern Lincolnshire, there was a warning of possible new blasts and deadly poisonous fumes. Firefighters played their hoses on two large tanks con- taining ammonia to forestall any further fire-risk. inside Classified........30-35 Comics............26 District............21 Family..........22-24 Local Religion.........10-12 Theatres............7 TV.................6 Weather............3 LOW TONIGHT HIGH SUN. 75; SUNNY, WARM. New series in circulation Monday Prairie scene replaced on dollar hill By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Shades of thinp to come? The Prairie scene that has adorned the back of the Canadian one dollar bill fcr years has been erased and replaced by a scene of showing Parliament hill in Ottawa. Announcement of the new issue of currency with the change in design was made Friday by the Bank of Canada. No explanation for the change was given by the bank except that the decision had been made to issue the fourth in the new series of Canada's one dollar denomination. Ottawa replaces the west on the most common bill used by Canadians in their day to day transactions. The new bill is to be released to chartered banks at Bank of Canada agencies across the country on Monday. The new note will become available in most chartered bank branches shortly after. The design of the new one dollar note includes the same engraved portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II as ap- peared on the note and will appear on the 92 note. The scene on the back of the new SI note portrays Parliament hill as viewed from across the Ottawa river. In the foreground is a scene depicting the pulpwood activity which was such a familiar sight for many years. of the new note similar to those on the CO. and bank notes already issued include the Canadian coat of arms in colour, a more extensive use of colour on back and front and higher relief of the engraved areas of the printing than in notes of the 1954 series. The current one dollar notes will not be withdrawn but will continue to circulate until judged unfit for further use. At present about 168 million notes are outstanding. The printing or publishing of likenesses of current bank is pioiiibilwJ by Section 115 of tlie Criminal Cede of Canada the hank of Canada warns. ;