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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LITHMIDCE HERAID Friday, 1, 1973------- The old, old story Japan's people's premier losing support Spokesmen for the major oil corn- panics have been widely quoted as to the possibility of a general gaso- line shortage on this continent, and the likelihood of its affecting Canada. They have been most reassuring with respect to the Canadian situation. To a man, they have sworn that what- ever happens, Canadian supplies will be protected and that their Cana- dian customers need have no fears concerning a gasoline shortage. "There will be no under-supply this summer in Canada because of any exports that may go to the U.S." they say, a statement that seems straight forward enough. (A skeptic, of course, might feel a bit uneasy at the use of the term and wonder if there weren't a little weasel-wording in the qualification "because of any exports that may go to the A representative for Imperial Oil said categorically "The only gasoline we would consider exporting is sur- plus gasoline while a Shell spokesman maintained "Shell is com- mitted to protecting the supply of motor gasolines, diesel fuels and heat- ing oils for its existing Canadian cus- tomers companies chim- ed in with statements that they "have nothing to do with exporting or that they "export no gasoline to the U.S." Yet an Ottawa Valley retailer has had to close 16 of his chain of 24 ser- vice stations because he cannot ob- tain the necessary supplies of gaso- line. His regular supplier, incidental- ly, is one of those who "export no gasoline to the, U.S." Whatever claims are made, and re- gardless of who makes them, gaso- line is still being exported to the U.S. in significant quantities. So someone is shipping it. And in spite of the re- assuring statements from the oil com- panies, it's still a fact that Canadian service stations are being closed be- cause their operators are unable to obtain supplies of gasoline- In the meantime, from Ottawa, the minister responsible has assured all Canadians that the situation is bemg closely watched and carefully studied, and that one of these days, perhaps in a month or so, if it should 'be found necessary, considerations will be given, at the appropriate level, etc., etc. etc. Equal opportunity In a predominantly farming area like Taber males could have the ad- vantage over females when it comes to job placements. Ten of the 11 student job vacancies listed with the Taber Student Manpower office since its opening May 15th have been for males, with only one single position for the female species. This leaves girl students pounding the pavement in search of work. Steve Lucas, Taber Manpower counsellor contacted recently had only one position available for a female, and that for a full-time employee, not a student the rest were for men. Of the 218 students placed in jobs in Taber last summer 177 were males and 41 females, slightly more than a four to one ratio. Taber has four banks, two motels, two bakeries, two hotels, a smart shopping section and a large can- nery, all offering jobs for females, but obviously not listing their vacan- cies through the local Student Man- power office. Word of mouth job reporting, with friends telling friends, is all well and good, but could be discriminatory, ignoring completely the deserving student, equally capable but not so well known, who should be given an opportunity to compete for the posi- tions available in her hometown. Listing job vacancies with the Stu- dent Manpower office offers a more equitable opportunity for students. Registrants are categorized as to ability, counselled and screened and. when job vacancies come up the most qualified person is recommended for the position not the person with friends in the establishment. The department of agriculture's re- cently announced assistance program offering a monthly rebate to farmers paying summer help monthly could benefit female stu- dents, many of whom can operate a tractor as well as a man. All that is needed is to convince farmers of their ability. Getting employers conditioned to listing their jobs with their local manpower office is one of the big- gest public relations tasks facing Manpower counsellors, especially in small rural areas. When they do everyone benefits employer and employees and students are given a fair and equal opportunity. Until they do it's apparently "knowing the right person" that determines whe- ther a girl in a rural town lands a job. ART BUCHWALD The Watergate saga WASHINGTON It was May, 1975, and ihe Watergate hearings were still being televised every day. It was the longest show in the history of television and, like The Forsyte Saga, it was hard to keep all the characters straight. The Btlkin family sat in front of their act bleary eyed, but determined to see it through. On the stand was John Dean in who had been testifying every day for eight months. Maude Bilkin said, "What a nice-looking boy. Tricia made a smart choice marry- ing him." isn't married to John Alan Bilkin said, "she's married to Jeb Magruder." The Bilkins' 16-year-old daughter Ellie spoke up. "I thought Julie was married to Jet> Magruder and Tricia was married to Sen. Sam Ervin." said Joel, the 18-year-old son. "Sara Ervin is married to Martha Mitch- ell. Thar son is Henry Kissinger." Maude replied, "I thought Henry Kissin- ger was the nephew of John Ehrlichman." Alan Bilkin shook his head. "No, don't you remember last year it was revealed that Henry Kissinger was H. R. Halde- man's long lost "That's Joel said. "And Henry Kissinger and Martha Mitchell were in love but they broke up when G. Gordon Liddy tapped their telephone." "Didn't Martha Mitchell marry Maur- ice Ellie asked. "No, she married Robert Vesco and moved to Costa Maude said. "I don't remember Alan said. "You working that Maude explained. "What happened to Dick Alan asked. "Dick Helms became the head of Bur- eau of Indian Affairs and lost a finger at Wounded Joel said. "I thought Bebe Rebozo was at Wound- ed Elite said. "No, Bebe Rebozo became the governor of Florida when Daniel EUsberg was ap- pointed the head of the Alan said. "Wasn't Daniel EUsberg Patrick Gray's Maude asked. "No, Ron Ziegler was Patrick Gray's law- yer But then he resigned to become the commandant of the U.S. Marine Joel said. "I thought Richard Kleindienst was made the Ellie said. "No, Kleindienst became the head of ITT after Dita Beard moved to Alan said. "It does seem hard to Maude said. "Let's listen." Ellie said, "Dean seems to be talking about President Nixon." "What happened to President Joel asked. "He married Brezhnev's Alan said. Maude replied, "It seems to me Spiro Agnew's son married Brezhnev's daugh- ter. I think Nixon is still married to Pat." "But if Nixon is still married to Pat, what happened to Donald Elite asked. was adopted by Sen. and Mrs. Mus- kie and now lives in Maine with Jane Alan said. "I thought Jane Fonda has fallen in love Daniel Ellsberg's Joel said. "I don't remember Maude said. "You were shopping that Joel re- plied. "Do you think John Dean will go to Ellie asked. "I hope said Maude, "it: would be awfully tough or, Tricia." By John O'Farreli, London Observer commentator TOKYO In the 10 months since he became prime minis- ter of Japan, Kakuei Tanaka has seen his political fortunes slump. Support for him in opin- ion polls, which reached 62 per cent at one point, has slumped to 27 per cent and his attempt to reform the electoral system has been killed by massive op- position, including a boycott of Parliament by opposition parties and nationwide protest demonstrations. The brash, self-made man of the people who defeated more traditionally qualified candi- dates for the job last July after Eisaku Sato's retirement, has been well and truly deserted by the masses and is beginning to be seen as a liability by con- servative elements of his own Liberal Democratic Party. In recent local government elections the LDP took a heavy beating and one city in the Osaka area gained the distinc- tion of having Japan's first Communist mayor. -General dissatisfaction with the government's domestic pol- icies, and in particular with Mr. Tanaka's pet project a "remodelling of the Japanese archipelago" nas caused the loss of support. The LDP and Tanaka himself, have now be- gun to admit that past policies centred on growth are now no longer a sufficient attraction to a people who have borne more than most the penalties of rapid economic expansion, such as "Here's something in the price-range you mentioned." Black flood beating apartheid aims By Co2n Legnm, London Observer commentator ADDIS ABABA Twenty- five years ago South Africa gave the world a new name to describe the policies of its first Afrikaner government: "apart- heid." Since then the republic has seen the mass transfer of at least three million peo- ple and the break-up of hun- dreds of thousands of families in the process of reversing the process of creating a truly multiracial society out of its people. This is the largest uprooting of people from, their home in peacetime since the worst days of the Stalin regime in Russia in the 1930s. Apartheid an Afrikaans word ironically pronounced apart-hate quite simply means separateness. The ideol- ogy which lies behind this pol- icy of racial exclusiveness of the politically dominant Afri- kaans speaking community of South Africans is that the coun- try is to be split up into its four distinctive racial commu- Letters to the editor nities. How this was to be done was not precisely spelt out beyond some general ideas of the first apartheid regime of Dr. Malan (whose son, a Dutch Reformed Church minister, is today an obsessive preacher against apartheid as now prac- There were four broad policy objections. The first was that the future of the heartland of South Africa should be kept permanently in the hands of the white minor- ity. Just over two-thirds of the country's total land area was designated as white over which the minority is intended to maintain its permanent su- premacy. The second objective was that the black population of over 15 million should increas- ingly be confined to eight dif- ferent areas constituting just one-third of the total coun- try. The immediate aim was to reverse the historical flow of Africans to the "white areas" and thus to reduce the ten- Nothing to praise? Mrs. N. E. Kloppenberg ex- pressed so well the sentiments and resentment of a vast num- ber of Letbbridge music lovers of the music reviews of Pat Orchard. Despite any quali- fications Mrs. Orchard may think she has as a critic or re- viewer surely it doesn't entitle her to blast any and all local musical events. One can only feel sorry for someone who refuses to acknowledge that anything good can come out of Leth- bridge. Thank you, Mrs. Kloppen- berg, for saying it as you did for so many of us. H. LINDSAY Lethbridge. Consider students As my summer moves on I find myself panicky, discourag- ed and depressed. Panicky be- cause I want to go back to school so badly but without a job there is the possibility that I won't be able to. Discouraged because I can't find a job and depressed because I have noth- ing to do. I appeal to all you employ- ers out there to think about giving a student a summer job. Remember, someday we are going to be your keepers and it is up to you to see that you are "kept" in the best pos- sible way and by the best pos- sible people. By giving students the opportunity to go on to school and to better themselves you are indirectly ensuring yourselves of a much happier old age. DISCOURAGED STUDENT Taber Dr. Larson appreciated On behalf of the members of the Lethbridge Council of Home and School Associations, Area Eleven of the Alberta Federa- tion of H. and S. Associations, I wish to thank Dr. 0. P. Larson for the co-operation he has al- ways given to the council, for the interest, he has shown in our activities, and for the friendly attitude he has always maintained towards us, the par- ents who are very interested in education in Lethbridge. We feel that under his lead- ership the administrators of the Lethbridge schools have shown an increasing awareness of the importance of parent, involve- ment, and that with his per- sonal example as a guide, the individual principals have be- come much more understand- ing of the real function of the home and school association. We therefore say goodbye to him with real regret, wishing him good health and success in whatever his plans for the fu- ture entail, and we hope that his successor, as superinten- dent of the Lethbridge SD No. 51, will be as helpful to the home and school movement as Dr. Larson has always been. MRS. N. E. KLOPPENBORG, Secretary, lethbridje Council of and School Aaeoc. dency of black numerical pre- dominance in the towns and cities. Blacks would have no permanent rights of any kind in the "white areas' neither the right of residence nor any civic nor political rishts what- ever; these, in theory, were to Be exercised only in their black homelands. Third, since the white econ- omy depends largely on biacs labor, those Africans needed to sustain it would be allowed to enter the "white areas' but only as migratory workers and, in the official terminology, as "temporary sojourners' and as "labor appendages." Any Afri- cans superfluous to the needs of the white economy were to be removed to their "homelands." Fourth, within the white areas strict social and residen- tial separation was to be en- forced between the Whites, the Blacks and the Coloreds (peo- ple of mixed descent numbering about and the Asians (about The objective of this grand design of literally tearing a country apart in or- der to enforce strict racial di- visions could clearly be achieved only by uprooting vast numbers of people. And this is what happened. Under the Group Areas Act designed to create separate residential areas within every village, town and city throughout the white areas, the number of peo- ple who have already been dis- lodged from their homes or are scheduled for removal number Colored; Asians; Whites and Chinese. This is a total of about 000 people. Under various laws to clear up the "black spots' areas occupied by Africans within the designated white areas, the to- tal of those already removed or due to be moved comes to 000. A further one million Afri- cans are in the process of be- ing removed from the farming areas under laws which make it illegal for blacks to live there as squatters or labor tenants. Another Africans who have been declared redundant to the needs of the white econ- omy have been forced out of their homes and to the Bantu homelands, or to newly estab- lished rural resettlement vil- lages in the homelands. Conditions in these resettle- ment villages where blacks have virtually no means of earning a living and merely constitute pools of labor on which the white economy can draw at will have already produced a series of scandals which have shocked South Afri- cans. Proclaimed Bantu homelands are fragmented into 260 differ- ent parts. The aim is to con- solidate them into more closely- knit land. The government has announced plans involving the uprooting of more Afri- cans. The grand total of South AW- of all faces to be but very largely affecting Afri- cans and hardly at all whites- comes to three millions out of a total popiilation of nearly people. Aside from the human tragedy of dislodging people from their established homes there is one aspect of this policy which is particular- ly vicious the deliberate pol- icy of breaking up family life by a government describing it- self as Christian. This is the re- sult of the official migratory policy, which allows only in- dividual adults men or wom- en to come to work in the white areas. Men are not allow- ed to bring their wives or fam- ilies with them when they get permits for employment, ex- cept in rare cases, and women if they choose to seek white em- ployment as many must be- cause of economic need may not bring their children with them. Thus, for hundreds of thousands the inexorable choice is between economic survival or keeping their families intact in the black homelands. Only a small minority who have per- manently lived in towns and worked for 15 years for the same employer are as yet ex- empt from these laws. Despite these massive popu- lation transfers the apartheid regime's over-all aim of "whitening" the white areas has been a conspicuous failure, largely because of the expand- ing economy, which demands ever increasing numbers of black workers. Today, 25 years after the launching of apart- heid, there are just under five million Africans living in the designated white areas. This is two million more than when apartheid was first introduced. Thus, despite all the draconian laws and because of the over- riding needs of maintaining economic expansion, the flood of blacks even under the most rigid proving irresistible. What is changing is the com- position of the black working population: it is no longer largely composed of families, but of single men and women whose families are left behind in the grossly over populated black homelands. This is the price the country must pay for the implementation of apart- heid within an essentially multi- racial country committed to rapid economic expansion. pollution and increasing Infla- tion. Tanaka puts most of the blame for the loss of support onto the rigors of living in Japan's bloated and barely workable major and, judging by the results of the local government elections, his assessment is spot-on. All the major centres in the Pa- cific belt area, virtually om huge megalopolis stretching from Tokyo down to Osaka, are now controlled at the local level by reformist elements. The opposition Socialist and Communist parties have been quicker to recognize and tx- ploit this new form of discon- tent. The red of the workers' flag has been replaced by the green of arm-bands, badges and posters to symbolize con- cern for the environment. The fight for control of Nagoya serves as a good illus- tration of the different ap- proaches of the two sides. The city, of two million people, is Japan's third largest, and has been a model of the "growth" concept in its rebuilding from wartime devastation. Its previous LDP supporting mayor had been in office for three consecutive four year terms, during which time he pushed through super express- ways, high-rise office blocks and intensive industrialization. But development has also given Nagoya severe pollution, wide- spread slums, inadequate schools and the highest propor- tion of unpaved roads among Japans major cities. The mayor's opponent, a 62- year-old former professor of education, campaigned on such measures as a halt to express- way-building, help for pollution- caused asthma victims, better schools and more day-care cen- tres. Tanaka and Environment Protection Agency Minis tor Takeo Miki both campaigned for the incumbent mayor, but the Socialists and Communists, working together for the first time, got their man in and in the process raised serious doubts about the LDP's policies and leadership. Sato has since gone on rec- ord from the luxury of retire- ment as praising the Commu- nists' "very smart propaganda" and saying that the LDP may now lose its majority in next year's Upper House elections. At the same time he rather tart- ly dismissed Mr. Tanaka's grand design for Japan as "be- coming a t h i n g of the with the comment that not enough thought .had been given to stopping the rise in land prices. The prime minister has been doing his own public agonizing, saying that the LDP, after 25 years in power, is not keeping close tabs on its popular sup- port. Yosehiro Nakasone, the minister for international trade and industry, who is still being considered as a possible suc- cessor to Mr. Tanaka, got closer to the point when he sa'd the Japanese were tired of growth in strictly economic terms. "We (in the LDP) were too late to identify that warning signal and begin advocating welfare policies. The Japanese people are orienting themselves to an open society, but the LDP is a closed society. We have to change the political system so that participation by the mass- es can be possible." An opinion poll conducted by the influential Asahi Shimbun newspaper showed that ton was the chief worry of half the people interview- ed. Other major issues wMcb they considered the govern- ment had not tackled adequate- ly were the cost of housing and land, and the general standard of living. Only 45 per cent of LDP voters now supported the government, while general sup- port for both the Socialists and Communists increased. A second poll, also of people and published only two days after the first, largely con- firmed its findings, putting the support rating at 27.3 per cent. Most of this second group were more concerned with a stabili- zation of prices rather than with receiving any increase in income, blaming price rises on the lack of suitable government policies. Mr. Tanaka led the Japanese back into moral relations with China and was widely feted for it, but is himself now in dan- ger of being left behind on the issues where the Japanese are showing they really care. The Lethbridge Herald 804 7th St. S., leUJbrMge, Alberta LBTHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publislmt Published 1906-1964, by Ron. W. A. BUCHANAN Steond Claw Mad Registration No. 001J of The Canadian Pratt and the Canadian Dally Ntwtpapor I' AtMcUtWn and no Audit Bureau of CLCO W MOWERS, Editor and PublliMf THOMAS H. ADAMS, Oineral Manager MM PILLIN9 Managing Editor ROY F. MILES WILLIAM HAY Auoclato Editor OOUOLAS K. WALKtft ;