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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAVO Thursday, Juno 1, 1972 Letters to the editor On moving wheat The government's ordering ot two thousand special railway cars for hauling wheat to ocean terminals is welcome news, in some ways. The problem in marketing Cana- dian wheat is two-fold: to sell it, and then to deliver it. Anything to im- prove the physical delivery is to be commended. These cars will do that. But two questions remain. First, there is the suspicion that this is a fragmen'ary effort, not ne- cessarily a part of a grand scheme for "rationalizing" the whole grain assembly and delivery function. New equipment such as this is likely to be part of any over-all solution, and therefore perhaps there was no point in delaying it pending decisions on the over-all solution. Nevertheless some more public attention to the whole general problem is required, and the government should show leadership. Secondly, the question of who, in the end, will pay the million in- volved is being appropriately raised in the House of Commons, and the government's answer is not satisfac- tory. Under Canadian law the railways are required to move all the export grain delivered to them, to either the Lakehead or the Pacific Coast, for a fixed price per bushel, a price set half a century ago and not raised since, a price ridiculously low com- pared with equivalent American rates, a price that the railways say is well below cost, and yet appar- ently a price they can livo with. Providing cars for the movement of this grain is part of the railways' obligation. The government, in placing the orders, obviously is responsible for payment. Can the government demand that tile railways reimburse it the full amount? Or will the government charge the railways rental sufficient to recover the cost? Or will the Wheat Board, and thus the farmers, reimburse the govern- ment? (The government says not.) Or will this be a gift, a ?40 million gift, from the Canadian taxpayers to the railways? Is this a measure of relief for the railways from the burden of the Crow's Nest statutory rates mention- ed above? Is this the first step toward abandonment the Crow's Nest rate principle? A good (but perhaps not an iron- clad) case can be made for aban- doning the Crow's Nest rates. But surely it should be debated directly and not instituted through the back door as this might be interpreted. The government's announcement last week may have been premature. Hell on earth ons really expected a pro- nouncement on Vietnam at the Mos- summit talks but everyone knows that President Nixon and Sec- retary Brezhnev discussed it. What they had to say to one another will only become apparent as events un- fold, and it may be a message spell- ing disaster for the whole Viet- nam. Already the railroad lines from China to Hanoi are under bombard- ment. Bridges have been destroyed, vital supplies delayed. The Russians have done nothing to attempt to run the blockade, and the Chinese have not opened their ports to Soviet shipping. North Vietnamese electric power plants have been hit and it is In the cards that industrial installa- tions will be next. There is even omi- nous talk of bombing the Red River delta, the major source of food for North Vietnam. The fact is that so far, neither Moscow or Peking have taken up the challenge of the American bombings on behalf of North Vietnam. Perhaps they will, but the prevailing belief is that they will not, and that Hanoi will have to take the terrible conse- quences its flat refusal to negoti- ate. James Reston puts it this way: "This war could easily turn into a massacre and end up by destroying everything Hanoi, Saigon, Wash- ington, Moscow and Peking say they are trying to save." In such a situa- tion the so-called "great powers" it the phrase means anything, might be expected to put all their peace- loving proclamations into practice and give a little to encourage a cease- fire. There has been nothing yet to Indi- cate that there will ever be a deci- sive answer to finish off the war. The bombings can go on wreaking their awful carnage on the people of North Vietnam, and the South Vietnamese will be forced to pursue the struggle in a long guerrilla war of attrition involving neighboring countries entangled in a conflict they do not understand and from which they only want release. Some believe that electing George McGovern as the next president the U.S. will solve the whole terrible mess. But what will be left to save if this horror of mass killing and destruction goes on at the present raie? The situation screams for some kind of arrangement between the leaders of the three powers, without whose support, the war would have to end. The hope that some such three-cornered contact could be made is so far only a chimera in t h e minds of men, but chimeras have sometimes approached reality when the alternative is hell on earth. The crunch for content TN every school, there exists of subjects which in educational lan- guage or jargon is collectively termed the curriculum. A school's curriculum consists of such subjects as English, mathematics, home economics and a near host of others. The public has been programmed to think of and actually demand that schools offer a very wide variety of subjects. The theory Is that such an offering spells out good cur- riculum. However, that may or may not be the case depending on the content and rigor contained in the subject. If rigor and con- tent are missing, then variety is absurd. There appears to be some absurdity in to- day's curricula. Few would deny that. But one form of curriculum with clear content power seems to have been over- looked in Alberta. What is offered by Out- ward Bovnd schools is obviously a set of subjects which deserves much more atten- tion than is now given. The nearest such school is at Keremeos, B.C., and was re- ported on by The Herald, March 25, this year. Basically, the young man engaged in an Outward Bound course becomes overwhel- mingly involved with nature, his own mind, emotions and characteristics, and even God. Courses contain tremendous physical and Intellectual content. Canoeing, cliff climbing, hiking, map-reading, self-survi- val expeditions, studies in ecology, opportu- nities for teamwork and studies in human relations are packed into units of twenty- six days. During such courses, the curriculum be- comes alive. The content and rigor there- of forces a young person to come to grips with the reality of survival and the honesty of human relationships. What has been Investigate before choosing university I read with great deal of dis- may the article written about the probable drop In the enrol- ment of the U ot L and the "reasons" why. As a newly graduated student of this insti- tution, I feel that in the best in- terest of those who may have been considering this univer- sity, I really ought to outline a few aspects that the author (un- doubtedly) overlooked. However, before I attempt to dissolve any misconceptions that may have been formed, I must certainly question the au- thenticity of the entire article. While the discerning reader must surely be tempted to con- clude that Mr. Caldwell's back- ground is definitely not statisti- cal, even the casual reader By Louis Burke variety learned must be practised, and finally put to the test on solo trips through mountain wildernesses. Sincerity on the part of stu- dent and teacher is a vital factor. But let no one err by pretending to think that such content and rigor of curriculum is fit only for males. Young women in high school can do equally as well and such courses are just as good for them as they are for young men. Sixteen year old Asian and African girls, each year, make expedi- tions to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro, nine- teen thousand feet, and through elephant, rhino and lion country, from the base school at Loitoikitok in Masailand, Kenya, East Africa. Southern Alberta possesses the ideal ter- rain, winter or summer, for such a school. Walerton is an ideal location, and the Prince of Wales hotel, foreign owned it is said, would make the perfect school, espec- ially when it is unoccupied six months and more out of every year. In addition, serious consideration is being given to a quarter system for the school year. A quarter, anytime of the year, spent working on an Outward Bound curriculum with its content and rigor would more than benefit any young person in high school today. There is no reason why cred- its should not be granted for such learning and experience. With a little effort and proper Investiga- tion a school of this nature might be fea- sible if a group of interested school boards pooled resources. This is an important area of education long overlooked. Outward Bound has a key to and a real stake in the future. Who knows but that future is here today and that this is the time to consider seriously an alternative form of education. Umvarranted hostility By Dong Walker T ACCOMPANIED Elspeth to the YWCA open house recently. I must admit that 1 felt somewhat out of place in that setting especially when we were being conducted to the upper reaches and being allowed to peep into the rooms the girls occupy. Part way through the tour we were join- must question tlw authors claim to "representativeness" after only interviewing 10 students in Medicine Hat High School snd only eight in Coaldale High School. I do not know for sure, but I can estimate that the graduating class of either high school must exceed 100, and eight or 10 is certainly not a "representative cross section." Authenticity aside, I must also condemn as absolutely un- founded hearsay, any allega- tions that the U of L lacks status or is considered "Mickey Mouse." I might mention that status is not measured in the area of a campus or by the number of buildings that It is possible to cram in it. Status is also not (logically, at any rate) determined by tha number ol graduates per year or [he length of time the institution has existed. (And anyway, using those criteria, have you seen the U of C or the U of A in TIME magazine lately? The U of L was featured earlier this Status Is awarded those institutions which have a high standard of academic quality. This university is certanly not running a "distant third" to any institution in this province. Stu- dents from Lethbridge have been accepted into almost ev- ery major graduate school in North America. (A somewhat more acceptable guage of A student from this university was selected from students throughout Canada to do graduate study work In Japan. A. former student of the U of L was Included In the top ten finalists of the presti- gous North America wide Woodrow Wilson Scholarships of 1970. That, southern Alberta students, is "status." I would like to bring to the attention of the multitude of students whom Mr. Caldwell didn't Interview, certan facts that I'm sure he (once again, undoubtedly) overlooked. Last year the enrolment of the U of A was just under students. In effect, that campus was the same sizo as a city half the size of Lethbridge. The I n t r o d u dory sociology class alone had over 830 students. How would you like to go to a ed by threa women who seemed delighted to meet Elspeth but not so pleased to meet up with me. One of them I make her very angry by the poor light in which I cast my wife. What Agnes doesn't know is that if the truth were to he told the light could he even dimmer. 110 hare rights, f oof And I, let em fed vp nith to I'm sp to somebody tin's preconception of a retired tenant" "Wilt, it union leeJtrs no lonjtr fcove raucfi inilutnce can't itll their membert ban to cole at polls, Aow art all tfioifl poor people going ta know wJiof (o Student finds U of L has much to offer I am an ex-Edmontonian presently enrolled at the U of L In my first year. The follow- ing may serve as a defence of the university which I totally identify with. The students interviewed by reporter Bon Caldwell seem to feel that the curriculum at tho U of L is inadequate for their needs. In talking to a number of high school students, and undergraduates from Leth- bridge attending other univer- sities the major reasons for many refusals to attend univer- sity here becomes apparent. They want to get away from home, the supervision of mom, dad and the Bible belt in par- ticular. They want to raise a little hell, as far away from home as possible, and what better way to do it than to get a degree at the same time. Many students also feel that the major centres (Edmonton, Calgary) are Meccas, and be- lieve that their wanderlust must lead them to these holy and intellectual places. With the influx ot the rural people into the cities, many also feel an early Indoctrination to these urban areas is essential during their youth. Inadequate curricula at thfl U of L? not so, I say. pre-professional programs here are completely adequate and recognized by the U of C and U of A, under governmental jurisdiction. With a planned program guided by U of L pro- fessors and administrators (who have time and desire to help the student) entrance into professional programs at other centres only depends upon your marks. In regard to status, all universities say they are better than their affiliates and there- fore will not accept certain Citizens far too apathetic Residents of Alberta have been all but inundated by the wave of tears emanating from the petroleum industry during public hearings on the govern- ment's proposed plan to ralsa additional revenue by taxing proved recoverable oil reserves in the province. The industrial cries of pain should be all too familiar to most of us. One can only hope that the government and Albertans in general- will take with a large lump of salt the argument that gloom, despair, and agony (with apol- ogies to "Hee inevitably will come to pass if the taxa- tion plan is put into operation. However, unless a significant number of concerned citizens let the government (and-or their MLAs) know of their con- cern, it seems reasonably ap- parent that the industry posi- tion must carry disproportion- ate weight. There are only a few really pertinent questions in this matter: How do produc- tion costs in Alberta compare with those in other parts of the world? What is the percentage of gross profits presently ac- cruing to the public (via taxes, royalties, leases, How does this compare with those of other major producing areas? What constitutes a "fair" re- turn to the province from a re- source rot invented by the in- dustry, but only exploited? Undoubtedly there are better and more easily determinate ways to tax what has been fi- nancially an incredibly suc- cessful venture (for example, taxes ought to be tied to pro- duction and but at a very minimum, citizens should demand implementation for the presently proposed plan. If they don't, they will get pre- cisely what an apathetic public deserves. The industry is far from apathetic; can the same be said of the people of Alber- ta? CHESTER B. BEATY Lcthlmdgc. courses for credit (luring trans- fers This power struggle is characteristic of EVERY uni- versity in Alberta, Canada, and the U.S. Another complaint of the students interviewed re- gards a lack of undergraduate courses. In 1970-71 the U of A offered 1254 undergradu- ate courses, the U of C offered 621 and the U of L offered 299 (Alberta Universities Commis- sions Report Quite a difference you 'say? Upon en- tering 1. program at the U of A or the U of C you are limited to a minute per cent of the to- tal courses offered and devia- tion for the sake of personal knowledge is limited. With tho Integration of the arts and sci- ence faculties at the U of I. the educational horizons open to the student are basically un- limited. All of the 299 courses are available for each and ev- ery student. For a total educa- tion Lethbridge is the place. The basis of the U of L is personal education where you are a name and not a number. With so many people today complaining about the imper- sonal technological treatment they are given, the U of L of- fers a chance in a lifetime for a personal education. At Leth- bridge it is seldom you see the enrolment in a class rise over 50. In larger universities it is seldom you see a class under 200 (up to 600 in some intro- ductory At the U of Student extols V of L With regard to the articles written by Ron Caldwell about University of Lelhbridge enrol- ment problems, I would like to point out that the University ol Alberta has granted me full ad- vanced standing for ten second, third and fourth year semester courses taken at the U of L as a visiting student. Also my son transferred fast fall from the U of L to an honors history program at the highly rated McMaster University in Ontar- io with no difficulty. It is fairly simple to make sure that two semester courses are taken in sequence so that transfer is possible to a university oper- ating under a term system. As far as the U of L being 'mickey mouse1, ii is his opinion that he did the equivalent of a year and a half of work in two sem- esters here compared to Master since he found students were doing work there in tha second year that he had com- pleted here in the second sem- ester of his first year. It is nonsense to suggest that the U of L has a poor image because of less stringent en- trance requirements. It it 19 meant by this that mature stu- dents are being admitted with- out senior matriculation surely it can be recognized that this policy and others also of tha U of L although differing per- haps from other universities represent some of the most ad- vanced educational thinking of the day and have had proven success. Far from diminishing its stature the U of L's image is enhanced by them. This university is experienc- ing along with other universi- ties grave financial problems, but when a university is as new as this one the situation is greatly aggravated. Lethbridga and telnet has a great deal at stake in the success of the U of L. Surely in a time of crisis it deserves the help and support of the community instead of a kick in the pants. But perhaps the Lethbridge Herald doesn't consider itself a part of tha community. As for Mr. Cald- well, anyone could gather a lot of material based on surmise and misinformation and call it a survey. MRS. A. D. COOK Lcthoridge. Jj most professors are available for discussion on a personal basis without an appointment At Edmonton and Calgary the professors devote almost all their time to the post-graduatn students and undergraduates must make an appointment (usually one week or more in to see them. As stated earlier the freedom of choice of courses is unlimited to the 300 offered. For the stu- dent unsure of his program what better way to discover a field of interest. There are other factors which should be attracting stu- dents such as colloquium stud- ies and independent studies. These are two revolutionary self disciplinary (in Alberta) systems devised to give the student an even greater free- dom of study In things that the U of L doesn't offer which are of interest to the student. The U of L is also one uni- versity that goes out to tha communities with courses to further the education of profes- sional people already establish- ed in a particular community. Yes, this Is a very subjective letter. There are things wrong with the university as any new institution experiences. When Mr. Caldwell begins to write more objectively and to do a bit more research I will also write more objectively. I feel defensive about my new uni- university and my new com- munity. To the citizens of Lethbridge, and the Lethbridge Herald: You keep complaining that your university isn't promoting itself. What have you done ex- cept constantly criticize it? The university is a part of YOUR community. Why not treat it as such and back it through these early organizational years? You say your students don't like the university. Could it possibly be that they are bored with Lethbridge, the city? Why not develop more Interests (in- tellectual or otherwise) for the student and maybe, just maybe, they might stay. Leth- bridge you are a city, why not act like one. BRUCE McTNTYRE Lclhbridge. strange "city" and suddenly a member of a class of 850 strangers? The campus of tha U of A is like a great big ant hill, and that's status? The big- gest class I ever attended in Lethbridge had 52 students. I never had a class that my pro- fessor didn't at least know me as one of his students and in most cases knew me by my first name. Most senior level courses average 12 to 15 students. The arllclo went on to say that tha U of L should spe- cialize in something unique if it is to survive. Believe me, tha U of L has something unique. It is called an education. (Not to be confused with a vo- cational licence to practice en- gineering etc.) This university offers a unique opportunity to receive a real live, hand-hewn, custom built EDUCATION. In- stead of being injected into the machinery of mass produced education, moulded, program- med, shaped, formed and con- formed and finally ejected, tho student has the facilities and the opportunity to do his own thing education-wise. No one tells you you have to take this, or that you are allowed only two options, underwater weld- ing or pre-Cambrlan poetry you select your own program. You take the courses you want not what some omnipotent reg- istrar says you must. The U of L has pass-fail courses, custom designed multldisciplin- ary courses, independent stud- ies. The U of L has the lowest student-professor ratio any uruV-sity in Alberta, or west- ern Canada for that mailer. It you want something unique, it's right here. The U of L is def- initely not a garden variety university. I've been there; Mr. Caldwell and his little group of questionnaire respondents haven't. Believe me, it's like no other. Really what I'd like to say Is, if you want to and can, go to university. Let me hasten to add however, it is not a meal ticket. (I don't have a job but it IS a super personal ex. perience. Lots of things I ed in university I didn't learn from a professor or a text. But if you do decide to go on to a university, investigate all the possibilities, find out what you want; if it's a vocation, by all means go to Edmonton U, if it's an education for the sake of education, look into the Univer- sity of Lethbridge. By all means don't be swayed by a bit of questionable journalistic rhe- toric, make up your own mind. It's your future, don't fumbls the ball. MICHAEL CARNELL, Former U of L student. Suggestion Recently the directors of the Henderson Lake Golf Club re- quested to city council that Henderson Lake be fenced to the public in the golf course area. I would like (o strongly protest that request. I hope that our councillors will bear in mind that Oils so called "public" course (which seems to become more like a private club every year) is situated on civic property, and is already to a great extent limiting trua public usage of this beautiful recreation area, I would like to suggest that the requested from tha city by the club for a new water line be used instead to construct a high, link-typa fence between the edge of the fairways and the lake. Then the present pathway along tha lakeshore could be extended around the golf course side ot the lake, delouring behind tha Japanese Gardens to comp'.e'o a circuit of the whole lake area, and making all the lake- shore available to the public. The present pathway has been very crowded with ped- estrians and cyclists in the ev- enings and on weekends. An extension of this pathway would lie appreciated and en- joyed by all users of Hender- son Park. BECKY COUSINS. LethMdgc. Visitors We in Fenticton had the very good fortune to have Mayor Anderson in our city re- cently. It was indeed a plea- sure seeing him and his pres- ence has prompted the wish that we might have many more of the people from Lelhbridge visit with us this summer. "PEACH CITY PETE" Pcnu'cton, B.C. The Lethbridge Herald SW 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisberi Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN _ cuu Registration No. coil i01 Canadian Press andtne Canadian Dally NewspapK Publishes' Association end the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Pubilsher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing EdHor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUOLAS K. WALKER AdvKlurng Manager editorial Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;