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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta HOW THE CZAR THRONE Guchkou, Recently Resigned as Russian Minister of War. Was the Man Who Told Nicholas II, He Musi .Was Accompanied ,by Y. Was Calm. HETClt. puMSshfJ In trogrid. of March 21 has ihe fc-lluwing Account V. Shul- ._ a menilter.of thf Pa me. of the this nunr.er. lie (Ir.ishM up by say-! hi? :rn! ihv only way out sl'.-j -ivoultl oe ilio 1'z.ir's ab.Uc.i-) lion In favor of (tho i's wherij. accorains to Informal ion in ihe possession of the- Executive CVmi- mLttec of ihe Dumi, ihe Utar WAS slaying ai rime. We left en March. 15. wero detained ut Gat- china, where they were J for Gen. Ivanov. who ne.u WyriOF; with troops seui 10 suppress the re volt al PeiTc-srid. Hut ine nieeiiiu with I va.no v did nol conic c-ff. At we intendrJ i have a talk with Couldn t Leave ban hart been InformM of our arrival. r i A very brief as soon as the train cue pfj :n the same uuiet lone. the Czar's aides-de-camp enisrcJ will understand this.'1 carriage and paid. "His Oen. Uusiky K-m ihi; manner In which he anJ ihe .Hr.iiul follow-rrember, ami War Regem. he i carried oul their Insirucilons la ub- lain corscm Nk-lu'lis 11. to hi; abdication: The r.eod of abJicjiion haj recognized unanimously, and only iis execution was bolus delayed. Guich- Hike .Mi vl s.ii-1 tiutchkov hid Ota.- 10 in.intior hoi us tMliiifr. j'ec-c1! of (iuu- of I -M! L rjrt-. i i in j (Quebec For Conscription foo Have Put tissue Up lo Thai Province So Career a Notable Kept, hv Background by Former Minister of Mililia expecting you." On le.mnc me rlage we only had :L few ]MCI? in order to reach ihe fmpfr.'.il I think I was most apltatrd 1 Iu-1 reached that IlmH of fails-JP ar.J nervous tension uhen SEOBIE, can surprise rr ;ar m- posElble- PtJL! I fe't a cause 1 had to Ctar In a unstaven for four days. 3 of o. coirrfof Jus: One or. tie prisons Mi Just been burnt We saloon car- riage, wMch tns lit up ana decorated in In the car- "For this reoson to nbillcalc in favor Herbert C. Hoover riage we founJ rrfierlcVs, the Al of the and gtn- TrJiP53-nrare I do not I FEU' inomenU ftftervrards Czar -cnic-rea, In aDifpnu'oI of abso- ,-_ tely noib Ing '.-beyond- 'what one hac lini'cs. HI 'rather than iid hands with MS asked going to P-. seat, a1 lo hlcn for Gutch- for me. osed -to our decision, nevenhejiess certain advantages. The ineviln- -'cbnircrsation.1' began. The first I had fear- might say ;ome- ,ftie-.Czar. hut thai did i spoke at con- .length, fluently, even skll- c..' -far construction of concerned. dlS pot touch upon the past at all, described" the "situ a lion, an abyss w Afitr these words he became silent.! :f for an answer.' Tlien 1 said: "This isussestlon UF by surprise. only in aUdlcaiion In favor of the "Uch Alexis. Therefore I your lo have n. lalk with Gutchkov for a quarter of an hour n order to our Joint reply." The Czar but I do not re- member how; the conversation wis i resumed, and we soon surren- dered our position. Gutchkov said that he did not feel justified in In- terfering with paternal feelings, and regarded it as Impossible lo exercise any.pressure In this respect. I seem- ed to notice n. faintly expressed sal- Ls fact ion with these On myf part I said lhat the Czar's desire, so far as-I rould appreciate II. though it had against IfMhe.facL that II vas opposed -to our decision, had certain 3d van lag ble separallon would creale a diffi- cult and delicate situs I ion, since the youns Czar would always think of hla absent perhaps in his heart there would srow a hosllle ins .to the prisons-who ri'ad sep- arated him from Ins lather and mo- ther. In addition. It mis question- able n-telher the could lake the on'.h of aKcgiance to'the Consti- tution on behalf of the young Czar. Yet such an oath In present clrcum- es "would be absolutely Jieces- sary la braer to prevent another situation. This obstacle. If Michael Alcxandrovitch were lo' as- cend Lbe would he removed, plnce he could lake ihe oath nnd be- dWne a ConEllluiisnal monarch. In ihls way we ?ave our consent to thfi Czar's abdication In favor of .Michael ASexandrovifth. Tbc Abdication Act ;E Czar then asked" us whether we roUld assume the responsibil- ity, and give him a guarantee-that Hoover to Be Food Controller Mining Engineer. Who Fed .Bel- gium for Over Two Year's, son of thai ihcy -hatd no I risen ip or t' liuma otht-r had re. now ready .for the i-onscrlrtlpu mi pl-oinlseil. V' Francois Louis !C.B-, al- though-n Cani- forceE, "has up" 'untjl 'just lately been of an ncilvp'pari In ositlon as a hopeless posl. "I don't -want lo be lo'od dictator if Ihe, American, he ?ald on a kepf11 strictIv In. rtss as spMtor-Geueral'.'oI troops; In cXriadaV'tq .which was the then' MLrlaler Militia In 1914. the g'cnernl rpal- 20 what o. disavpclntmenl U waa to him when he1 was prevented from the field with Ihe Canadians and as well aa'the cr.s- the benefit of the store of knowl- edge Acquired In.former campaigns. him .they Wgreltcd'.that the Militia Department could .not. sec Jts way Cknr to lake advantage ot wisdom and'experience, flut It-wa: surprise to "'his friends when the ncral took his medicine like a man and, bid In ch Li tlmt. Valclied.for Ihe lirst opportunity, that might present Itself, The opportunity was a long Lime ominV. but when Cpf. Blondin set out raise a. Miatlaljon, French-Canadian leader EOT? Vh'crc :thc Ano-rt 11 military men f> (he uverseaa Dominions of the Brhlsh has n splendid ol his crctilt, ftnii tils' Ions Entfllsli- 'ruiS no haa Ontario for more lym a' .quarter i'of n century hns Absolute n command ol languago.thnl {tic ml lj' mistaken' out-.-uia- Ulier, ahcyJs I-ouls o the lif Quebec on Doc. Spif. ihc.soii.or the lulc Louis LOJS- well-k'hown of the AU- capital. Ho was educated In he" Province of Queuec. and he siart.- iil-OVt oil -his inllUary career in llial Province. hayhiR cntcrtd Ihe Queen's Otrn .Canadliin In 1STS a? n irjvnip, 'Xess thun two years Istor ic lo the Quebec (Jar- lFOQ, uri a EPCO-.H! llou'.en- wai actively ns- 'With C5th LluUallon, he mlgbl be of'iLserhnd, regardless o all elsej.-he for Quebec To the French-Canadians ivith- their hostility interference from oni who Is not of their own race, he ha; pointed the Jway; In Iheir own won- fufJyre7ofiuenl toagtie told them thtlr duly, lie has coaxed; he has phi Jed. annj he ihreaieiied Every' pulle that mighi result' in bringins home to. those French- Canadian birth a1 full- acn_sc'.'of their CHOICE OF NIVELLF Hifles; and iho Cav- School Corpa. wlilrli rcfilmunl known us (he floynl Canadian DniEpons. latter refflnicnt he went to The North- Weal Re- In 1SS5, rccchunj; iiit-uai.Tor hla Cervices hj thai lrol- owliif- the reli'ollloii he rose 10 tho 'ol captain, and from then, on la rise Ihroueli Uic various rtilks of major. -lieutenant-colonel, batlal- on colonel, suhsLintive colonel mid iricndlcr-general lo his present Mqh place In military circles wns rapid. PA1NLEVE MAN BEHIND PETA1N Why Reorganization of French Military Command Strengthening of Army. Due to Hit to Accept Dictation of lain Has Popular Confidence. T By FRANK H. BIMONDS, 1LU complete revolution. In French hjsh command has Iwo aspects equally Interfil- the political and (lie military. The entire cbancc may be triced (o one man. Hie Al In liter of AVar, I'aul Paiiilevt, Llttli hncTrn of France as" n celebrated ma- thomaticlan. P.vlnteve Ims become one of tho fireai forces in French polill- cal life. hVom the'early weeks of r "iiclftve has .exercised a pro- fouitd UROH day. when the story IE known o: how (lie ilocJsIoii 10 defend Parlsf M-AS forced upon the GoVernmenl'by1 cer- tain Deputies In .Ihe face of tho sition of Lhe general It will be that -FaJnlevo played a prominent part, and It may become evident tlml J'alnleve Julos Guesde ,ivere the menvwhp saved Paris from evacuation by "French. occupation by.liie'Giriiiinj. At the lime VsrrMn crisis Wns again a powerful fuclor in-comballriB the'decision ol Dr. Robert W. Wood professor of cxpei'linental nl Jolms llojiklua UnlveraUy, luvenlor uf the pag. or I.ieh- iTinosc. 'J'he minuletil itiriiulu lei nlr the eye J-jffru (u'et He has been successively ;f Cavalrv, Conmianclnnt Inspector It- S. C., ind Adjutant-General. :DurinB the South African war he- conirn.imled the -Royal Canadian waa present at the relief of KlmWr- loy: He toolc" nan in the ortmlions In ihe Oransa Free State nnd. was lhc actions nl Vet river ami at River He nlso saw service the Transvaal and in eml of ihc most important cnffaEC- mcnts In thnt region took an acilvc narl Such was Ihe general's rnrllci- pztlon In this rnmpalRn that he wau more than, once mentioned In des- patches, and was. ..tirar.led ..Lhc fecti's "Medal'with five; clasps- AsVfar hock as 1901, General rdfeaplained.lh'c Toronto Pony Polo uV nnd'ln'TKp" he com- manded the cavalry iliu man Two years later appom cd vice-president of Ihc-J3anadlan Mili- tary Instlttito In Toronto, and In he was appointed' to Ihc presi- responsibility called Inlo _ ai this lime he has dent of -iTila" association. He .was the he wa-? Kins Edward and Qurch Alexondra, at Windsor Casllc. afterwarda preseined" lo 'His Majesty Kln.c Gcorss. Rnrt in 1905 he w.is Chief appointed lo the General ln l907 he presented lor Their Majpstles. heir failure lo Lake up the Ijurrlen with' the rest oE'Cannda has Lro'ifeht May 9. "The man who accepts such a. position will die In the garbed wiro of the- first line He-has-now-accepted o.n condition IhaL neilher he nor his assistants re: celve any pay .for Lhelr services. H. G. Wells Does Not Want A British Republic. He I Illln 1 1G.' 1 rc.nicmlier that when all finisheJ" a Ihoughl floated throuxj'n 'my mln'l. n good thai It'Vaa -March'-la and nol ilarch 14 (the date of lhc .Alexander Afler lhat we czch'.olher L at- trial 'lime feelings on cither side" "were not unfriendly, felt, almoal for the ntan who. ai that hail redeemed his mis- by tho nohlllty of 'the which accompanied- his..' abdication from power. Iho Cror was perfecLly calm and ra- :her friendly-.Chan .oiherwisc. f for- to Ada'; IhaL igrccj with From the lips of [stVff" Officer -.Quebec Tercen- Tiatllans acccpi y as the rcsi of Canada, hag done the credit will 'be flue .Lo Major-General. Les- hjs paltnnl soldier. In .whose birth jtcnary celeuj-allon hcj '.take particular" Vri'dej-: Jf lhc Yench-CanadliiiS have 'learned that r sd "rd." ng decided" to'evacuate Paris. In hath Instances tho problem i he-' eeneral alaff solely Irom Us mlllLirj- aspccls. in both inaliinccs Fafnfcv e miJ (hose elated with iilni the moral effect anil Insisted upon, the defence of-the m cltiea- Palnlevc retained a. portfolio In Lhc rlanu certain period of lime, but he wafl friendly lo Brian d. One'of; the.most important objecli of Drianrl when he tooK office to icllro Jcffrc. AH France tell lhal Joffre deservenl well ol his counlry; that been beyond reward; but also a feeling, subscquenlly. dun-eplsode1--llmt the burden' upon the' commAntler-ln-chlef .had liecome .lob Great' and lhal he hat] performeH his freflt laak and should be relieveJ-" Why PcUn T'llK 'selection "of ii successor to Joffrc presented a "difficult problem. -The poHLIciana In no mood lo permit another man, enuaU> deaf to their whftflfnd' the! lo replaco Joffre. man h'lgh ahove nll'olherB In acl.leve- mcnl, and Petalri who had_ "leremlerl Verdun and nou corhmandctl Ihi which Ih Tjijl Pelat'n Was known lo have a clear (and Immutable iletcrmlnnlfOn not to Petnlii refusej to Ituvc hid cadriisurlcra. was n fecllut; L Lhe army anj amoiiri iicugild liVi retain s'hould nnmcd, lid thai only polllicul LnNiicnuES Failure Sprit Downfail 11KN the UrlnnJ Cnblnct fell Ic's jioalllon b oca mo at inil M wan iLilenl that nolblng would happen until he had 5 to carry' out. Mioso tljins he ioiis iictu mvlnc Lak'en coinmiincl, .N'lvellc had illspospd of Joffrc'a lieutenants. Jaslclnau Itnd been sent to IlussLi. Foch hail been retired, ntid there W f e only I nolablp, nil of which pointed Lowanl ,he elimination of Lhc men who, ivilh Joffre, had fought lite first two yp.irs r the irar. Unrhlfitakably (lie change ihnl hag OTT comr- In Iho decision of lhc French Cabinet Is duo (o the iu.fi Lhat Xlvcllc, had hla clmnco, has faffed, and that (he facft of "rlc- clsivc In the reccnl offensive on the I-Vencli aiile IIDS comnellctl a compjcle merely cf commanders, but of methods, -.-x return of. Pclaln probably tho French of any policy of al- lack., It probably ntcaiis n return lo the policy of Joffre, w1iic.li was a pol- icy of defending mthcr than of at- Incklng, except In limited fields. The return of Foch. who now becomes :hloC of stnff, reopcr.s a career -which in many respects lias bfc'n the brilliant on lhc nllicd side during Ihe war. It la worth remarking ,that when the war opened Focli and Pc- Inln alike were colonels, serving as professors In mllllary colleges. The realornllon of I'dalii shouJ'V nwakon no apprchctislon amone lha led the group-of armlc.i o of j.ynnce. 11 EhotHd IMS'ac- KU about was one. ceptcd as strcnEthenliiE, rather than Lhc command imloss It camo. Lo n auch fret1. (o G He to Explain His RcccnVArticle Favoring KepublicanJEm! WDro oiher generals Does Nol Confuse British Kmksh'ip German Kaiser- ism Would Like to Vpiiailur H. G. recently: wrote an iras' taken .13 advocating rcpub- Icanlsm for Great writes [he following Daily Mall: "d lieu ss ion has, broken oiil upon the aue'sUonVor-ie: publican feeling in-ihls 'cbutilry. As liic resuU tjf.n 'ralliiir-hasly r'fradinc of