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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Trudeau majority may be turning point By W. A. Montreal Star commentator New approach at GA TT One of the side effects of the impeach- ment proceedings in Washington has been a delay in starting the Tokyo round of multilateral trade negotiations under GATT Agreement on Trade and US negotiators must have congressional authority to negotiate new tariff concessions and the long-awaited U S trade bill is still stalled Canada has finally achieved what has been called a modest breakthrough in getting backing from the other 79 countries for a sector approach to trade problems This would consider all the world-wide trade and tariff problems of a single such as pulp and paper as a unit in which they would not be tied to across-the-board tariff reduc- tions This is of obvious importance to considering its trade in resource material More than it is a liberalizing technique and allows a more flexible approach in reconciling different interests around the world Canada's representatives to GATT look on it as a complimentary approach in negotiating in the broader fields of linear tariff reductions and the eliminating of other barriers to trade They have argued successfully that it will produce a more efficient allocation of resources and facilities at the international level Canada has had the backing of the developing countries in pushing this approach and has persuaded the Euro- pean Community of its value as a levell- ing factor Even though the fate of the Tokyo round is still unknown the use of sector agreements in international trade will undoubtedly survive ERIC NICOL Checking growth Our Lotsa Luck award for this week goes to the Science Council of which is launching a study to determine why industrialized society has an ever increasing appetite for resources and energy The results of the study may help to smooth the transition from a consumer preoccupied with exploitation of to a conserver which does its best not to use up anything The Science Council knows that we have only a few years left in which to get nd of our infatuation with growth Otherwise we wake up one morning to find that we've blown the whole and with people coming to dinner We in journalism are among the worst offenders in perpetuating the Growth cult Only the other day I saw a memo pinned to the notice board of our editorial congratulating the staff on a growth in circulation I wrote on the memo and would have signed my to it were I not conserving pencil lead Newspaper editors have been conditioned to write headlines that equate Growth any kind of Growth except that of a second head with progress They can t help it Thev don t mean any harm They have simply grown up re they go in a society that believed that the world was its oyster Now that there's little left of the oyster but an oil-smeared it's hard for the press to adjust We go right on crowing about the bigger as better What can we do to correct this lamentable and give the Science Council a bit of a leg-up9 First we need a crash course for photo to instruct them in recognizing an obscene picture when they see one How often for do they let pass the photo of some monstrous piece of machinery built to bite hundreds of tons of coal out of the ground in one chomp9 dirty The cutlmes for such filthy brutes should make it clear that the teeth pictured above do not represent the editorial policy of this newspaper The newspaper has yet to identify the skyscraper as an erection unsuitable for a family publication Recently it ran the wire- service photo of the new CN tower in Toronto world's tallest free-standing structure The attention might better have been given to one of the world's shortest free- standing structures veiling the Some parts of Canada such as Toronto will be harder hit than others by the switch to a conserver society Conserving anything gives the Toronto Stock Exchange a fit of the vapors Brokers come unstuck The tickertape machine swallows its tongue Because without growth Toronto is dead The ones most likely to survive in the conserver society are those of us who at heart peasants Since I have it on excellent authority my family fellow that I am your basic peasant I offer myself to the Science Council as a prototype of the inhabitant of the Brave New World As you were Chicken New Wond They need merely check my portfolio of investments to confirm that for years nothing I ve touched has grown It just lays there Future generations will have it to enjoy The minerals of which I have company shares sleep peacefully in the untouched by human hand The secondary industry whose stock I've bought has in the fierce embrace of rigor the no-growth principle Beggin' your Science Council I allows as I'm your man Like like son By Doug Walker Paul seems to find his father's appearance somewhat revolting One evening he started his critique with the way my hair was standing up or out from my then he had a disdainful comment about the flatness of the back of my that was followed by a snide remark about my sloping and so on it went I had just been reading a news story about Roger Memtzer's concern over the poor nutritional habits of teen agers so I said to the young if you don't want to grow up looking like the wreck your father is you had better start eating some vegetables and fresh fruit too Elspeth said to Paul already look like your father You Trudeau is the first politician since Louis St Laurent in 1953 to win a majority in the House of Commons by campaigning as a conventional party leader rather than as a populist ex- ploiting extraordinary per- sonal appeal The other two majorities of those two John Diefenbaker's in 1958 and Trudeau's 10 years i ested upon the special appeal of individuals In the course of his transition from populist to conventional Trudeau conducted the strange non- campaign of attempting a dialogue with the electorate rather than a fight for power When the latest election came this there was no question what the prime minister sought He wanted both to retain power in itself and the vindication of having done after the rebuff of 1972 He fought tooth and nail tor those two goals and this is what conventional politicians do An important question rais- ed by this the success of the Liberal party under Trudeau's current style of is whether it will prove later on to have marked the end of the period of minority governments which had become rellecting the divisions within the electorate There of no way of knowing the answer to that question at this point It- is reasonable to sup- pose though that the nature of a the way in which power has been may have some consequences We at least for the broken out of the situation in which majorities could only be secured as the result of an individual's personal appeal The effect on political par- ties of the victories won through their leader's charisma was mixed The more time goes the more reasonable it seems to place among Diefenbaker's most important achievements the lasting improvement he brought about in the electoral strength of the Conservative party For a quarter of a cen- tury after its 1930 the Conservatives were not again a serious contender for power in this country In both 1935 and they elected only 39 members Their high-water point came in 1945 when 67 Conservatives were returned to the House but their strength declined again after that The Conservatives have only held power for six years since 1957 but they have been true contenders for it in every elec- tion since then One effect of Diefenbaker's leadership was to bring the party back onto a higher plateau from which the heights of power do not look quite so distant His impact on the party was traumatic in other and the rift between the Western Con- servatives and those from On- tario and the East which open- ed up in the 1960s has never then with the money I saved by borrowing from the bank rather than wait until galloping inflation boosts the prices Nixon wins three historic victories By William New York Times commentator WASHINGTON President Nixon won three far-reaching and historic victories last week That statement will induce paroxysms of rage and laughter from most reasonable who have watched Nixon get pole axed by the Supreme Court's order to turn over the remainder of the tangled and by the House judiciary committee's overwhelming desire to throw him out of office But in the long run the long run we are all said Lord history will record three events of the last week to have been overlooked but overriding First the busing victory The issue of' involuntary bus- ing to achieve racial in public schools was one of the great Liberal versus Weather expert predicts mass starvation By Tom NEA commentator WASHINGTON The world's weather is ear- ly looks men is to say foul The monsoons are late on the Asian subcon- tinent usual rain is not falling in northern Mexico and the skies over Texas are clear as a mirror Some chmatologists are forecasting dis- aster and global disruption As u the planet did not have enough something is ap- parently amiss in the heavens A think-group including weathermen and political scientists meeting in Europe in May said people can no longer take a benevolent climate for their was the climate is changing and severe conse- quences may be the result One of the consequences loss and famine Another food wars between he and nots The predictions may come is a surprise to Americans Concerned not with the ivailability of food but only its there has been news about starvation in Vfnca's and oc- a reference to the act that half the world is real worry7 The U S govern- ment will have none of on the Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz en- courages citizens to gorge themselves on beef so growers will prosper And as for the climate change that might set off the distant the government seems equally disinterested A spokesman for the National Weather Ser- vice admus it has not rained in much of the Texas wheat plains since the spring of and that the weather has been up a all over the planet but can make no further comment on anything but tomorrow's routine forecast We are with only the warnings of those generally regarded as doom- sayers Reid Byrson of the University of for one He is the chairman of that institution's environmen- tal and is blunt as a cannon ball weather is changing significantly It is becoming more unstable and difficult to predict I hope I'm wrong but I believe it may still be able to eat here in America I but I don't believe we can feed the rest of the world Byrson is not talking about tomorrow He's pessimistic about now question how will the world eat next year' If something isn't he suggests that United Nations estimates of 400 million people facing starva- tion may develop into something more horrible than figures are going to die the doomspeak is excessive But right now it seems to be the only talk heard concerning weather change and its conse- quences The U S 'bureaucracy in charge of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad- spends million a year but talks very at least of pessimism says an does seem to be an over-all trend toward cooler global but you can t this means disaster Anybody can shout that the weather is takes thousands and thousands of years to deter- mine whether this is so the world does not have thousands and thousands of years it can spare By this time next there will be 75 million more mouths to feed thus if climatic-famine calamity is to the time to prepare at already too late Perhaps doom prophets such as Byrson as it's hoped this season s grain fields will all wet Then perhaps they are Cassandras after cursed to be always right but never heeded We can wait until next year to says a glum but by of if the worst it will be too late to take action The better would be for concerned nations to bend this once to the voices of gloom and store create multilateral famine defence strategies and establish priority distribution systems Then if nothing if there is no we can all get and toss the doomspeak out with the rest of the abundant gar- Consprvative battles of our time Liberals pointed to the good end of Conservatives pointed to the bad means of arid the disruption of the neighborhood school Nixon's position was Brown was right and Green was that the decision to end en- forced segregation was right and the decision to force integration was wrong Each one of Nixon's four ap- pomtments to the court agreed with the president's basic position on busing Throughout his first and despite considerable disagree- ment within his ad- ministration Nixon sought to lead the court into an antibus- mg stand Last his philosophy and the civil rights of a long- oppressed minority were at last checked by a judicial recognition of the civil rights of the majority the victory of' Nix- onomics When Nixon entered his economic policy was mildly conser- vative the way to move from a wartime economy to a peacetime economy without soaring unemployment was to gradually restrain demand and encourage choosing a middle way between government controls and laissez-faire unconcern When a worldwide inflation and the threat of recession at home in an election year caus- ed Nixon to abandon his economic he took the road urged upon him by democratic economists and editorial writers decisive and succeeded only in proving that price and wage controls in peacetime cause shortages and aggravate the causes of inflation Last he returned to the faith the with no easy with belt-tightening on the with irntatmgly high interest rates and condemn- ed his own patent medicine of wage and price controls He made the right decision on economic expressed it in a conservative and straightforward speech without thrills and and will have to wait for years mits that the narrow channel between inflation and reces- sion requires steady sacrifice The third and to him the most important was in the first clearcut assertion by the Supreme Court thai the confidentiality of a president s discussions was constitutionally rooted Before that the president withheld a promise of compliance for two reasons noted was to gain public credit for respecting the court's decision The other was to give the chief justice some bargaining chips within the court Nobody wanted a if Nixon had been given nothing on princi- ple there might have been one and so as a face-saver to the court gave the president a principle of what Nixon likes to call privilege This was widely seen as handing a victim an aspirin on his way to the guillotine But in the Pentagon Papers decision which the press interpreted as a great victory the court spelled out ominous ground for prior restraint of in the same while saying that generalized claims of privilege do not out- weigh the need for evidence in criminal the court handed future presidents powers that more than make up for last week's publicized restraints Future with the ghost of Nixon nodding approvingly over their shoulders will take the court s decision to mean that a need to protect diplomatic or sensitive national security gives the chief executive the privilege of withholding anything anything trom even the m-camera inspection of a federal judge Anybody who thinks that is not a victory for Nixon is allowing impeachment fever to becloud his judgment As Tom Wicker was the first to the decision provides an umbrella for huge tivities Nixon's whole life has shown that the obvious loser can turn out to be the ul timdte winner unlike his other two victories of last week which were triumphs ot realism and good sense his winning of national security privilege is a dark victory All of which is why the president is not so crazy to detect silver linings in the events of the last seven days even though pessimists can point out that for every silver lining there is a black cloud LETTER been fully healed Dieienbaker himself did not use his standing as an enor- mously popular Western leader in an effort to heal the national rift that opens at the Ontario-Manitoba border He seemed to share the Prairies suspicion on the East too deeply to be able to rise above it in the way that a successful effort at reconciliation would have an opportunity lost because he too was trapped by some of the deepest Canadian emotions Later on in the fight over his the East-West rift in his party was exacerbated It remains a serious factor to- day with the new twist that more than half of the present Conservative members come trom west of Ontario Trudeau's success in secur- ing the Liberal leadership transformed that party's sagging morale and sense of defeatism overnight His rise to power was accompanied by an effort to introduce a new style to government and to his party which did not work out well In the first portion of his tenure an enormous concentration of effort and attention on the structures of government became dis- proportionate to the work be- ing achieved New channels of communication were sought and old ones neglected It was the day of partici- paton democracy and a gen- uine effort was to tap the grass roots of the Liberal par- ty to develop new policies When thev had been for- mulated however they were largely ignored During that hrst term enough of the par- ty's old hands were dis- couraged and alienated that the effects were visible in 1972 The party of the 1972 campaign was neither effec- tive nor enthusiastic The prime minister himself gave it no lift the close associates who had acquired great influence under his wing earned reputations for sterile theorizing and impracticahty and the party ended the cam- paign with sour feelings paramount The party itself was both more important and more effective in this campaign than in and it was not submerged by leadership charisma as in 1968 I think it is true that the Liberals are a healthier political organism than they have been for some time Whether we have taken a step towards a lasting return to majority government is another question It seems to me that the shift in balance among the Liberals between leadership and party probably would work to favor this but other factors are like- ly to be more important At the top of that list one would put the perennial Canadian the Western distrust of central Canadian power and economic strength Success at healing the old sore would per- manently change the nature of political life in this country Is growth While I agree with Dennis 0 Connell that it is possible for Lethbndge to reach a pop ulation figure of nearly by 1994 July 1 strongly question whether this is desirable and whether it should be regarded in the light of an achievement No doubt the Chamber of Commerce feel that growth at any cost is an admirable thing but there are many peo- ple living in this city right now who feel as I do that Lethbndge is just fine the way it is Do we want it to become over crowded and containing the urban squalor of such large centres as Calgary and Ed- monton7 Would the public relations department believe to many of its Lethbndge does provide the amenities and programs that make living in a community a pleasurable experience right now it doesn t need to be any bigger There is veiy little unemploy- ment in this city judging by the numerous job offers in The Herald Has the public relations department considered the viewpoint that offering Southern Alberta s beautiful countryside and relatively clean air and water to business communities throughout the world to ex ploit rob and destroy in the short term name of growth is not quite the utppia that some of us have in mind9 Perhaps city council might take another look at the objec- tives of this remembering as they do so that as it so aptly says in an Expo '74 handout for the sake of growth is the ecology of the cancer cell JILL P KOTKAS Lethbndge The Lethbndge Herald 504 7th St S Lethbrldge Aloerta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS Editor and Publisher DON M PILLING Managing Cditor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;