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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 31, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Friday, July 31, 1970 Dave Humphreys A Change In Castro Fidel Castro's anniversary address in Havana recently was a startling change from those delivered in other years. Gone was the defiance and in its place was disillusionment. Many of his followers must have been dev- astated. What was heard in Havana was a remarkably frank admission of fail- ure. The vaunted promises of the past have not materialized. Premier Cas- tro has not only faced this fact but has assumed the blame, instead of placing it on the United States. It is a very unusual thing for a dic- tator to eat such humble pie. What he expects to accomplish through it must be the subject of much discus- sion in diplomatic circles. In Cuba the flagging zeal of the people to make their revolution work must be perilously close to collapse. When the fiery leader confesses that his enthusiasm has burned out what is there to stir the 'followers to re- newed effort? There must be consternation in the Kremlin. Castro has virtually ad- Profit vs. Propaganda All kinds of speculation has been going on about why the 24th Soviet Communist Party Congress, sched- uled to take place this fall, was abruptly cancelled. It will take place instead in March 1971. Some com- mentators have been arguing that there is a power struggle going on in Moscow, but this has not been borne out. Brezhnev and Co., are as firmly in the saddle as ever. The truth of the matter is that the Russian economy is in trouble, that there is a dispute among the leaders about economic priorities, and that this question must be settled before a plan of action can be placed be- fore the Congress a plan which has the undivided approval of the Central Committee. Russia has been expanding its in Western countries. Technological- ly Russia is painfully slow in pro- ducing such modern aids as compu- ters. Although it is buying as many as it can of these from the West, it dare not become dependent on non- Communist countries for its require- ments. The political risks of depen- dency are too great. So is the drain on foreign exchange. The official press lashes out at workers who are careless and un- disciplined. The fact is that many of the workers are disenchanted and dis- illusioned. Reproval is not enough to spur greater efforts. The introduc- tion of the profit motive is the logical incentive to higher production and some members of the Central Com- mittee seem to favor such a depar- ture from basic Communist ideology sphere of foreign influence by leaps others insist that and bounds, particularly in the Mid- effects result fmm die East and Asia It expects that of economic refolm the power play will be worth it in the end, both economically and political- ly speaking. But playing the Big Pow- er game is expensive huge ship- ments of arms to the Middle East, continuing aid to North Vietnam, and Cuba, and then there's that long, long line on the Russo Chinese border. Russia's economy is not growing fast enough to support expansionism abroad and keep up with domestic needs as well. There are embarrass- ing food shortages in spite of all the grandiose plans for huge agricul- tural development. Russia is far be- hind in production of such adjuncts to modern life as telephones, televi- sion sets and motor cars. Even edu- cation and public health do not com- pare with those standards prevailing from this kind What effect Russia's domestic slow- down will have on its up-to-now ag- gressive foreign policy remains to be seen. But it is certainly a contribu- tory factor in the Kremlin's attempt to seek a political solution to the Mid- dle East war. We may be witnessing in the Mid- dle East something like the early stages of a new Hundred Years War. U.N. Secretary General U Thant. I suppose the only thing lean claim to be is the great spectator. I suppose I spend more time being shown things and being told about them than almost anyone else, Duke of Edinburgh. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON The nation's savings banks have gone into the free gift business in a big way. In order to at- tract depositors, the banks are giving away everything from color TV sets to lawn mowers, and the competition to give away gifts is getting fierce. I went into a bank the other day to break a 20-dollar bill, and as I arrived at the window, the cashier handed me a pressure cooker. I said, "I don't want a pressure cooker, I just want to She leaned down and came up with a box, "How about a steam iron with 21 steam "Thank you very much, but I would like to "AH right. We'll give you a clock radio that lights up in the dark." "Miss, I don't want to be ungrateful, but all I need is change for a 20-dollar bill." The cashier pressed a button and sudden- ly two bank guards were standing on each side of me. "Come this way please and don't make a fuss." They escorted me to the desk of a vice- president and stood on each side of me, their hands on their revolvers. "Doesn't want the pressure cooker, the v steam iron or the clock one of the guards said. "A real the other guard added. The vice-president said, "I'm sure wa can work something out." I said, handing him the 20-dollar bill. "Put your money he said angrily. Then he took out a catalogue. "Would you settle for a three-piece bedroom I shook my head. "All right, We'll put in a new kitchen for you, but you'll have to keep the in for a fuU year." "I don't want to deposit the I just want change for The vice-president looked at me quizzi- cally. "Keep an eye on he said to the guards. Then he disappeared into an inner office. He returned 15 minutes later with another man who introduced himself as a senior vice-president. "I see Collins here has been offering you a lot of junk. It's obvious you're a man of taste and ele- gance." "Thank I said. I held up the 20- dollar bill. "Come this the senior vice-presi- dent said, taking my 20-dollar bill. He ushered me into his office which was covered with paintings. "Now we can eith- er give you this original Ef Greco, or the Van Gogh, providing you don't withdraw the in the bank for two years." "They're very nice, but I need the mon- ey." "You are difficult, aren't you? Would you consider a quarter interest 'in the Pan Am Building? For that you would have to leave the in for five years." I was getting angiy. I said, "I do not wish to open an account in your bank. If you don't want to change my 20- dollar bill, I'll go across the street." "All right, if you're going to be tough, we'll get he said. "We'll give you a private plpne, a Rolls Hoyce, and Bebe Rebozo's home in Key Biscayne, Florida. That's our final offer." I took the back in disgust and went across the street to the other bank. But I was blocked at the door by four FBI agents.. "What's going I asked. "There's been a one of the FBI men said. "The robbers got away with three phonographs, a garbage disposal unit and an electric blanket." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Britin's Color Choice In Africa milled thai socialism hasn't not even with Soviet aid. Will Washington maintain its anti- Cuba stance in the face of this de- velopment? An opportunity may ex- ist to develop favorable relations an opportunity that could be missed if Fidel Castro sleps aside in discour- agement or is displaced by revolu- tionaries disillusioned with his disil- lusionment. Confessions of failure by U.S. offi- cials might be in order, too. If there had not been such unyielding oppo- sition to Fidel Castro he might not have been driven into the Soviet orbit and his economy might not now be in such poor shape. Whatever develops on the national level and in international relations, there is a lesson for all youthful radi- cals in Fidel Castro's admission of failure. Talent as well as talk is re- quired for the building of a social order. The absence of trained admin- istrators took its toll and it is often this mundane type of vocation that is viewed with most scorn by those who talk a new world. (Second of two articles) TONDON Tfie Heath gov- ernment hopes to ride out tlie storm which has blown up over its declared in- tention to consider some sales of arms to South Africa. As long as Sir Alec Douglas Home is foreign secretary, the government will not easily be dissuaded from a policy it con- siders to be justified on grounds of national self-inter- est. But 'the unexpected strength of the storm at home and abroad will ensure that the cabinet looks very closely at the South Africans" shopping list before approving any items. In the debate on the arms sales, the government made clear that its overriding con- cern is for the free passage of ships on the vital routes around the Cape and for stra- tegic needs. Sir Alee believes tn considerations justify JJ187 e r n m e n t supplying _ limited categories of armi long as they are for man directly re- lated ne sea routes." rhou.Ce of the present contra, is the SJOTonstown 195g_ The agrce. ment st that the sea routes "must against ag- Withollt." To this end South agreed -m general terms. Cle the spirjt jjut not the la tte memo. randa at Um6i Britain woiiave to supply defensive ai So make agreement As The pointed out on Jan. lu is not a de_ fence pact at in the strict sense but a ]oose and amiable contra of the agreement that has wor- ried Pretoria and is the reason Pretoria now wants it clarified. According to reports published here, South Africa would like the agreement re-negotiated into a binding military pact, re- moving the risk" of re-inter- pretation by successive British governments. This last minule intervention is likely to ensure several weeks of further consultation, allowing welcome time for the present steam to blow off. An insistence on re-negotiation by South Africa would severely test (lie British government's belief in the security involved. Given the present manifesta- tion of opposition, even to the limited loose agreement, it is impossible to imagine any Brit- ish government entering into a binding agreement, and Sir Alec has been quick to rule It is precisely generality out this possibility. Persistence by Pretoria would risk scuttl- ing any arms sales and give London an excuse to back off. But half a loaf is likely to be better than none, and the South Africans will therefore proceed cautiously. They may indeed want the British recognition more than their arms. This is what so upsets tlm black African states whose greatest triumph against apartheid has been the effec- tive isolation of South Africa by Britain. To maintain this isola- tion Britain must be prevented from entering into the spirit of the Simonstown agreement, re- gardless of her own interests. But the great divide in the con- troversy is in whether Simons- town is relevant to Britain's in- terests today. Sir Alec believes that the co-operation of South Africa is essential to the trading routes which carried B r i t ish "Comrade Nasser, ba but OF COURSE we don't mind you acceptincie Nixon peace plan Letters To The Editor A. Weekly Break rom Workaday World Being sports lover, both as a spectator and participant, I am quite interested in the cur- rent controversy over Sunday sports and entertainment. Those who are opposed to a wide open Sunday seem to be so for two reasons. One is the fear by churchmen that once the bylaw is passed, church at- tendance mil fall. Churches which encourage full day at- tendance are most concerned as is evidenced by the newspaper ads paid for by the LDS church, and the petition which they ap- parently sponsored. Have these churches (not only the Mormon church) no confi- dence in their product? And if not, why should anyone else? If a church feels that its mem- bers will prefer to attend a spoi ts event or watch a movie, rather than one of its services, I suggest that they cons i d e r changes to make the service more appealing. And surely the church people must realize that those who now attend church do not do re- cause there is nothing eto do. People have gardensrs, TVs etc. to keep them bi If the fact that a man could to a movie (besides Watertorill keep him out of church, tine was wasting his time in tlrst place. By the same token, oig up Sunday will not inise church attendance, but ra it will increase the mass (us on weekends. In short, asny. people have said many les "t hose who want to nd church will attend, thosiho wish to do something do something else." Feanat a wide open Sunday will.se church attendance to drcre unsubstantiated. The second objection sei to be on a moral basis. There those who believe it is le- how immoral to charge iis- sion on Sunday. Why? ce- ntre or a sports event" is p'd- ing a service no less thanas station, which is not resied LOOKING BACKWARI THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Women jurors were impaneled for the first time in England when six women formed the part of the jury in the Bristol quarter sessions in London. 1931) Wheat prices dropped to the lowest levels in nearly a decade to 87 cents. 1010 At present the city water mains will not he ex- tended south to the city limits to supply No. 5 elementary flying school now in operation at Kenyon Field. The city is delivering water for drinking and cooking to the airpiby truck. 1950 Sliced bread, ch has not been around for nit nine years is coming ba'ln JiW the Master Bakers'so- ciation of Alberta stoppedc- ing bread as a means of