Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 31, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta
SATURDAY, Z'' -v THE'LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD OF INTEREST WTHE FARMER A North Dakota Example IIow One Fanning Community in the Semi-Avid Por- tion of That State Fortified Itself Agajnst 'Crop Failures. (By P. M. Atiel !a the Grain Grower's Guide; What must b6 dono with southwest- Saskatchewan and southeastern Pour years of crop failure from drought in this area have given this Questlgn an urgency which Is the bane'ot public men concerned. On the Montana side ot the Hue, ofllcial- dom has closed its eyes to the pitKul spectacle'- 'of "broken-spirited hpme- steaders an equal battle Kgainst' starvation for lua preserve- tlon of all that means borne. Canadian administrators have doled out relief fahaX mindful always that a bountiful crbp'woulil'ln a large measure repay the meagre advances But such i is a' and .will) everji'passmgf'year. tlia situation ,ba- 'cotne's aggravated because the soil Is .-losing properties. This1 problem' 'which the Farming" Conference 'inet to '.discuss' af Swift Current, early In July. There were no h'ot-aif speechesryears of trial do bot breed a temper patient of platitudes: -There were politicians present Lw ho; mark you, did not speak etill some who spoke with effect'. The' attendance'was for "tho -most part.'a'happy, combination" o: scientific..men and .practical farmers who had given their lives to tlie solu tlon of dry_farming questions. closely, .scrutinized and :every, speaker' bombarded with ques f: tioiiE. The chaff was never so in .dustriously, sifted out from tbe corn Speaking, largely, tho outcome'o the discussion was an faith in the land it -proper'system of husbandry could'b evolved jwhlc.lt.. recognized equally'.th advantages -and limitations of th The idea grow as the conte r ence progressed that the principa -money-.crop .of ,tbe" Beml-arhl region must always.'be; grain; that maxirm grain', returns can from .'land periodically renewed by tbe growth of forage crops; and that the livestock-maintained on the produce Tthereot-willrfurnish a main crop iq a failnro.v American delo- .gateVlwho the wealth, of experience accumulated in th'eir pass- age ..through- trials-similar-: to ours, contributed much-to tbe fixing of this idea. ProfessorW. R. 'Porter, of V North Dakota, related the'history of v a settlement'In the western part of hls'.fita'to which has faced.and ovcr- comeithe "very difficulties -which now assail our dry': land _ Protes- 8or .Porter's' story; i_s th. some for reasonable expectation: .wili'fbo'duplicated in mahy Canadian communities before permanence'. ,in; agriculture Is '..at- v tained. 'of New Salem -In the Northern Pacifip'Railroad was pushed westward across Jforth "was.then a Bea 'of grass "marked only by" buffalo bones: bleaching in countless millions. In tho.Red Tllver Valley the --being; rapidly- broken up. and seeded itb wheat, which proved a very pro- table crop ou tbs rich black soil, and eavy rainfall.of that portion ot the tato. This wave of settlement pass- d up into Manitoba and became part r Canadian history. Some 13 years late? the German Evangelical Church, of Chlcaso, con- elved lUe idea of a settlement fur to he west of the then'Inhabited areas, nd many lealoiis communicants were Educed to go-with their: families to ouml a church cotqiiy. They set out ith all the- hlsh hopes of pioneers ound by ties of blood, religion and tnguaRe. and TVUqns of material ad- ancement for; their avowed purpose was "lei grow wheat and become Inde- icndent." .Once across the (Missouri iver. the last habitation was at Uietr backs, arid, they broke -prounrt still by Iha.retreallag buffalo lisa irst season tbeyHaoted'potatoes and oats in tbe stubborn' sod. and, natural y. the harvest'. brought their first serious disillusionment; Over halt the colony returned' 'to', civilisation the irst year, but determined ones built shelter win ler and broke what land they could foi Urn following teae'on." of, them remained to care for the meagre herd and protect tba --braen 'and children while the remainder went to the Mio iiesota lumber" woods' to find while employment: Spring brought and the return ot the Wayfarers will slender stock of; money, and th> first wheat crop was prayerfully sown But evil fortune persisted, repeate droughts reduced 'th'em' In! spirit au substance til! only the moat ferven eihortatlons of their reverent leader prevented the dissolution "of the co ony. The good crop ot 1891 in time to save them, for In tha spring they bad reached'the limit of Scrub Cows'PpIntiil the Way When the settlers went to New as Ilia little tbWn; was called, the" agreed rate. The engineer makea oil repairs out of a common tuud, and at the end ot the year if la any surplus It is pro-rated back to each farmer. The farmers' wbo get their threshing done In this way: be- lieve that they make a large' In labor but that they make a good deal bigger saving In the careful i threshing which they done. All tiieir graio goes luto the bin and noos it it into the straw pile. Tbey use be same rotation in DlltDg their lUos ith three silage cutters. In in hlch this crop is produced. When Exploitation Faltt ESsenbere In western North Da- ola and eastern Montana, settlement egan about the same time, or short after that herein chronicled, hut operative dairying was not employ- d as a prop against adveise seasops. -Vb.en limes were good the grain farm- n'fit tho state prospered, but In' 1916 hoppers and crickets have caused con- Loosely 'twisted tvlne suffers most. hey bad taken.a few scrub'cows with hem. .Even jfmi) ot their ei- remest needi these cows managed to subsist on" the" parched and scanty irowth ot 'native grass; furnishing every family with .all the milk and (Utter requin her'rust came, and .in" 1911, 191S and 919 very fell, and many.of Uiein are now as severely pressed for he means of livelihood as our pne- farmers of the Canadian dry belt. Phe patnns ot mised husbandry "are, on the other hand, lenders, and the men are paying them for, the ise of. capital created by the na'raged cow. In-Western Tauada we have formed .he habit of regarding dairying 33 4 >usinoss particularly -adapted to our wooded .northern areas. Custom die- tliat on tlie dry. open the Iron horse aud tun Ku cow. go, to- gellier. But the Swift Current con- ference, brought home "as nothing; be- fore the realization that this combina- tion has failed miserably. Soil drift- ing has now assumed the proportions of a real menace, and half our other 'dry land problems are traceable to a lifeless soil, burnt by grain croppins to the point where it cannot hold what moisture the heavens do give. Win- ter rye and cultural methods are mere- ly expedients. 'Profitable dry farming can only be practiced as long as there Is humus in the soil, and this can only be regained by the growth of forage crops. Forage crops mean livestock, and livestock raising'means a small but regular Income. It is an inevit- able chain. There are large tracts of and in the relief areas_ faced with one t two decisions, reorganization "along be line of the New Salem community n 1893, or abandonment, and :enq.ulry nto the increase of cream shipments long tha C.P.R. main line west of Swift Current indicates that abandon- lent will not be the choice sticking -In should be' used. Roots that; hive not received a' check during the liot weather fill out much better during the cooler weather later ou than roots that have beeu toughened by escesElve drying out. the fitting'of Ihe help? very materially, it this. We fall .plough plover or. other' sod, raanurf fduring (he-winter jwhen manure .is most plentiful on'tbe average at !he rate of fire to ten tons per acre, disc It Sp'as, early as possible in '.he spfiriR. plough and cultivate, well as a Gnn 'seed bed helps 4he germination if the ouchcd by 'bop'pers. -We. have not lad an qjiportunlty to lest tbls out Tils ear we inticlpate eieesslve damace to twine slnce'not.only the jrasshoppers, bwt als.0 ihe large re- pulsive coulee crickets, which are the jteater" offenders.'are far more nura- rous than usual. Mr. Crlddle. who tor many years has studied tie control of grasshoppers in Manitoba after repealed ex- periments, that twine Is best protect- ed by'soaking the balls tor half au hour ID a solution ot: Dluestone (copper sulphate) oue pound: water! C gallons. Tbey can be used on the binder when they ire quits wet, and they will run well, but if It Is preferred to do' tbern out before osing. care must be taken to assure that they are thor- oughly dry or snarlln; ot the tnotter '.rill result. The treated balls of twine that have.beejSj djled ehpuld pound- ed with a mallet or board before usiug in order UTioosfa ,up the strands. On (he difficulty that arises from uliDg half dried twine some far- mers prefer to use coal oil In place of blue3lone solution. This 'loss not affective running of the twine, but It la tvnnd that in hot weather the seeds. fi. H. HELMER. SupU Experimental Statlou. Summerland, BC. coal entirely after a few O. li mbiUiKe o( Mo. HiTtt Idler, t St.. Ion, Ont. (potyou Ttlto for Onwdisn lutinonMt, Ijoltle of D a. u. todar. Whf tarmtr.t anoUrr momtnH If ron dwi'l nt tl.Mtbollle. Try D.D. DScsp, loo. D.D.D was-marketed- -at. eight icents per pound, and bought the np.cessl- ies qt life. -In seasons of plenty the cow business looted pitifully snisll, iut when the lean'years returned tbe far-sighted, settlers.' revised- their dreams ot opulence; and began consid- ering these lowly scrubs. The good year of 1891 was .followed; by revisita- tionB of drought, ytn 1S93 things came to the of their dozen a radjpal change of farmlng'methods. the cerlaintyot the: hiitX' crop.; determined', them' in. favor ot a local creamery. "The bus! nessmen of New presaei by long-continued adversity, offered lo carry hods and mix plaster It tho tanners hauled the stone.. Their firs creamery built from the the tbwn.Kas run continuously for 2' years, and hss. fostered an industry which changed the face ot the coun During the fir'st half-of this per imi the price of all farm product: was low; but creamery returns gavi Ihe New Salem farmers a stead: source ot income, in.rnost eases-Buff cient-to maintain .'them'so that wliet jthoy did succeed.In getting a crop o wheat, that year would show large in icoine, which, for tlie most part wa iseil in Improving the farms an lords, j In the spring of 1906, in conjuncllo vitb the State. Agricultural College, i community-breeding centre was es- .abiished. The Holstein breed was de- cided upon and each of the -H lead- off farmers bought two or three pure- jreil pure-bred bull. The influence ot these.'registered Eires has been so potent that production ins been nearly trebled in some herds. Much of Ihis 'Improvement, was due lo the work of i cow-testing associa- tion started at the same time, tor the bulls purchased were not, of extra- ordinary breeding. J200 was the maxi- mum price for a bull .until recently. The New Salem men swear by Ihelr cow-testing association.' One man, on a salary of a year, has done all the work, and his labors have banish-' ed slacker'cow in lhat district. One ot Ihe largest dairy men Is re- ported to have said lhal Ihe cheapest and most proflUble work which he has clone, Is that of the cow tester. Extended Had; in 1511 it was decided that silos were tlio next ilem in order of Improvement because pf'tlio need of succulence in the winter dairy ration. Thoy all agreed to buy tlio same make of slavci silo and ipool their orders. In Ibis way they securer! u heller ori- ginal cost fijiurei the company from wliicli ihey bought Ihe silos sent a man to superintend Ihe .work ot erec- tion. They Induced one contractor lo put in all the silo, foundation's. As his gave a considerable amount of concrete work to do with the same forms, he was able lo give them a belter iob (it a lower price than they could have ilone the work themselves. These sites, when complete, at that lime each. Stavo silos of ten warp and twist, but those original dight slave silos put up at New Salem even though they are subject to the extreme drought find wind conditions, still rfppear to bo la perfect condf lion'aflcr eight ycara of use. In Ibe.same manner groups ol larnv era own'a threshing machine. Kacl farmer furnishes so many learns nm so many men for labor. One year they will start threshing on farm No 1 and continue :to farm No, 8, where DANGER FROM NEW DISEASES'OF WHEAT (Experimental Farms Note) Aside trom.nist and Canadian ,'iieat crops have, been found remark .uly free from destructive plant dis- eases. Recently; there have been discovered In the USA two new diseases, "Flag smut' and "Take all" about .the presence of which there has been'felt considerable alarm Now up to the time of writing, Canada has I not been invaded by either of these new troubles. But growers should be ever on the lookout for any other with which their practice has not made them thoroughly familiar. "Flag so called because the smut occurs on the tlags or leaves of wheat, is easily recognised by .the.lpng streak: of smutty stripes running along tho leaves.. The affected plants also show a peculiar tangled aiii! twisted appearance as it the leaves were wound around the suspic- ious plant should be tho Divis- ion ot Botany, Experimental Farm, Ot- tawa. THE MERCHANT The banking requirements of merchants will receive full con- sideration by the officers'of this Bank. Arrange to open a current account and every banking facility is assured. MA THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE PAID-UP CAPITAL RESERVE FUND LETHBRIDGE Keilde, Manager. FARMERS' BUSINESS For the past 54 years, this Bank haj given particular attention- to the business pf Fanners. helped many over the rough places, and have aided many more to tha highest plane of success. We are prepared to extend you every aid within legitimate banking practice. .Come in at any time and talk over your affairs with us. You are always welcome. MtRCMANTS BANK as tho name 'Implies, takes all and is probably: the most serious wheat disease known with tha exception of rust, lu certain countries, iiideed, it is tlie more serious, as Is emphatically claimed by the practical grower as well "as tho scientific ob- server. The recognition in the field is not difficult. all" is a root dis- ease spreading from bolow up the stem for about one to two inches, dis- coloring the stem dark Tha affected plants may be puIlM up very easily, their anchorage in the ground Is very, loose as compared to sound plant. The affected.planls turn.yellow and finally dlo, taking straw and all. diseases are most likely convey- ed by infected seed grain, hence it is most important to "nip these dis- eases in the bud" and report all sus- t pictous coses at once. The.itse 01' for- i elgn wheats for seed is caulioned igainst; particularly wheat from Aus- ralia is under suspicion. Head Office: Montreal. LETHBRIDGE BRANCH, Sluch 'F CANADA. Established 1864. R J. DINNING, Manage! Ounni unit Noblefotd. THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOR ALBERTA The department of Agriculture for Alberta is distributing FEED GRAIN to those who have suffered from loss of crops by blowing or by the ravage) of cutworms. Relief is limited to unorganiied APPLY TO A- W. MURPHY, BOARD OF TRADE OFFICE, LETHBfilDQE, ALBERTA. RECOMMENDS ITS MONEY ORDERS at-a safe and method of remitting amounts up to MO. Payable without charge at any branch of the bank in Canidj (Yukon excepted) and Newfoundland. and 3e Over S'O, exceeding lOe Over 55. not exceeding 6; Over not exceeding J50, 13c Total Assets Over CAPITAL AND TOTAL RESOURCES It Actually Costs Less To have this Trust Company act as Executor under your will, because it is that purpose and is an expert by twenty-five years training. You may have tho benefit of that Experience by writing us for information'. TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company, Limited m lotion for Shin Disease :J. Co., Ltd.; drts Advertisement, IRRIGATING ROOT CROP DURINQ DflY (Experimental Farms Note.) To keep our root crop growing dur- ing the hot vealner carljf seeding is a great advantage as the young planls dart early anil make a strong and deoply-penelraling root growth. To en- courage tbls we ttilllrato csrly In the, season wlitoh allows our irrigation wafer to penetrate deeply, but our later cultivations must be shallower' HE the roots when once established in tho soil should not be .disturbed. If you could procure tho entire root system, say of the mangel, yon would bo sur- prised at the ihousr.nds of small imlr roots that go to make up the system by which Ihe <-ron sols. Us food arid moisture nud if llnse are disturbed during tho hot weather they dry, out, never lo he of service to the plant again. Also big. overgrown specimens are not defirable as they wilt down during the brat ot Ihe day and bavo trouble in recovering and poon becomo hollou hi Iho ceiilre, become, stringy and do not lift-p well. Oh the other hnml a mangel lhal bas maiie steady growth Is" high In dry matter find will not fnll flown so easily. Ihe rule for tho machine .is.stored for the whiter, the root crop is: uniform tnolslure The next year it starts- at No. S and and tho best of cultivation anil, dur- 'works back lo Ko. 1. .'In this way Ing Iho very hot weather frequent tlierc is the minimum travel for the llg'it irrigations with shallow cultlva- oulfit, 'The lias lions following cach Irrigation at :lhe keejis tnick ot the Uushels threahcd curliest mK.icnl the soil Is for cach farmer, and ho Is charged at In condition, Till etery farmer must Hotel Cecil HERBERT S. JOSLIN, Manager MEDICINE HAT, ALTA. "Tho Town That Was Dorn Lifcky" HALF DLOCK FROM DEPOT EUROPEAN PLAN EVERY MAN RECOGNIZES- the duty he owes .to Ills wife and other members of his family to sen tbfvt each one of them Is provided for nftcr his decease as well as before1, but in. many inslnnces otnlls to make anch arrangements 'will ensure his and their atlalrn being properly managed after nu demise. The appointment ol this Company us Eiecutor ami-Trustee under your Will, will safeguard and relieve them of duties which migbt prove onerous to them, Interviews and correspondence Invited. The British Canadian Trust Co. FIFTH %TREET SOUTH LETKBRIDGE, ALBERTA PHONE 184) Alberta Provincial School of Agriculture AT RAYMOND Offers Courses in Agriculture and Domestic Science CONSISTING-OF f (AGRICULTURE) AGRONOMY ANIMAL HUSBANDRY MECHANICS VETERINARY SCIENCE DAIRYING PQULTRV FARM'MANAGEMENT HORTICULTURE ECONOMICS SCIENCE NO TUITION FEE- SCIENCE) COOKING SEWING LAUNDRY HOME NURSING ENGLISH and ARITHMETIC HOUSEHOL6 MANAGEMENT SANITATION DAIRYING POULTRY PHYSICAL CULTURE -NO ENTRANCE EXAMINATION COURSES' EXTEND OVER TWO WINTER SESSIONS OF I FIVE MONTHS EACH, COMMENCING OCT. 29TH AND CLOS- J I ING MARCH 26TH. OPEN TO BOYS AND GIRLS WHO HAVE .'J REACHED SIXTEEN YEARS OF AGE, Calendar of studiei and application for admittance forms at- tainable from: O. S. LONGMAN, School of Agriculture, Raymond. HON. DUNCAN Minister of Agriculture, Bdmontptr A. E. MEYER, LL.B., Svipt. o! Agricultural Schools and Deiupn. station Farms, Edmonton THRESHERS AND TRACTORS is tlie Vm to Place Hour OriSefs Before ite handle the 'most popular lines because WE GIVE SATISFACTION AND SERVICE- NEW TWIN CITY ALL-STEEL THRESHERS 2S-4S; '36-00 Geiser and Reeves 15 bar Threthers 21-39'; 28-tS; 30-53; .-40-.63 size to suit everybody The Reliable Dust-Proof With Latest 15-30 and 15-25 h. p. ,1 frio Monarch Ncver-SHp Caterpillaf llift atrongest and bMl pulling tractor of Us size; Jfc 12-20 and 18-30 h.p. m U TWIN CITY .TRACTORS In the following sizes: 12-20; lO-W: 25-45; 40-66 and 60-90 h.p. CALL AND INVESTIGATE OUR PRICES AND TERMS. !T WILL PAY, YOU. WE HAVE SOME SPECIAL BARGAIN! AT PRESENT. A-NY OF THE ABOVE ORDERED NOW, iWMf DIATE DELIVERY CAN BE GIVEN. ii f McCLENAGHAN TAYLOlj SINNOT ALTA.