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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Opposite views of the future of humanity July LETHBRIDOE By William New York Times commentator WASHINGTON there hope for That stark question is posed by political economist Robert Heilbroner in a short An Inquiry Into The Human and his answer troubles some of the people in guilt-edged Washington who consider in Heilbroner's sentries of our The author assesses the or dread of the that appears to grip and finds that such anxiety is well founded. World population growth and food in his will lead to governments in have-not and ultimately to nuclear if this does not obliterate environmental pollution is ready to replace the bang with the whimper. In the face of these external challenges to Heilbroner suggests BERRY'S WORLD we are unable to sustain growth or unable to tolerate both the capitalist and the socialist worlds will have to deny even lip service to individual liber- ty and humanism. they will have to learn to live with harsh hierarchies of power capable of responding to demands of population war control and en- vironmental control. Heilbroner admits with some pain that his prescrip- tion directly into the hands of those who applaud the 'orderliness' of authoritarian or dictatorial But the freedom of man must be sacrificed on the altar of the survival of mankind he the question 'is there hope for man7' we ask whether it is possible to meet the challenges of the future without the payment of a fear- ful the answer must there is no such Unlike previous catas- trophists like Thomas Malthus and Oswald Heilbroner writes lucidly. For a mythic he rejects who stole fire from the gods to give to man and who stands for daring and replacing him with fellow-Titan Who carried the heavens on his to suggest that the future spirit of mankind must be one of resignation to the bearing of an intolerable burden. Fortunately for the affir- mative Prometheans among another human prospector has come onstream at the same with a book the same length 140 and a wholly different vision. He is Daniel senior historian at the Smithsonian Institution who recently was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for the final volume of his monumental The and who now offers Democracy And Its Reflections On Everyday America. it would be more writes Boor- live in an age when the dominant purposes were in full when the hope for fulfilment had not been overshadowed by the frustrations of But in the sent Americans are worried and puzzled about A self-liquidating ideal is one tlat crosses itself off the national agenda as it is ac- but leaves behind more frustration than satisfaction. For we have set aside huge areas in national parks to preserve the wilderness for people to enjoy but as more people trek to the parks to enjoy the democratized wilderness loses its virginity. Another self-liquidating ideal was Henry Ford's long-lasting family car. Once it was Americans wanted variety annual model was and status hierarchy of autos came into as democratic ideal of the stan- dard family car was subsum- ed by its success. As achievements Boorstin points dis- satisfaction is guaranteed. Heilbroner sees as the explanation why social harmony does not follow economic growth. is a relative and not an absolute he that despite a feeling of disprivilege remains Every solution breeds a new Prometheus Boorstin and Atlas Heilbroner would but from this agreement they march in op- posite directions. Heilbroner envisages such immense problems that the only political solution is anti- democratic Boorstin thinks a in is caus- ed by the example of technology in solving technical problems. Democracy is not the solution to but is the process of solving the problems its solutions create as he puts there is all the most distinctive feature of our system is not a but a Boorstin a neat arrange- ment of men and but a flux. What other society has ever committed itself to so so so frustrating a community The debate is Heilbroner is positive in his and Boorstin is profoundly serious in his affir- mation. Which one will history prove to be the To the creative spirit of Prometheus better sym- bolizes the human prospect than the resignation of Atlas. As long as the Boorstins can place our discontent in historic and the Heilbroners can shake us up with purposeful there is for The pessimists may be wrong By Norman editor of Saturday 1974 by Inc Tes This young fellow is going up as fast as the prime lending The other day I attended a symposium in New York City on the next 50 years. The dominant tone of the meeting was pessimistic. Not only were pessimists in the major- ity on the they seemed to have most of the facts on their side. There were logical reasons for the sombre forecasts of the experts. They were deal- ing with tangible factors population the arms unresolved conflicts among depletion of worldwide environmental deterioration and global food shortages. Since the answers to these problems are not yet in the predictions are generally based on the assumption that the problems will continue to worsen. The experts work with not intangibles. Yet nothing is more certain than that intangibles will be as im- portant in shaping the future as they have been in the past. The experts cannot assume that new discoveries or inven- tions will come into any more than they were able to predict 50 years ago that an- tibiotics and vaccines would save the lives of millions of people who would otherwise die from HOW CAN YOU PASS UFA SINGER SEWING MACHINE FOR tuberculosis or poliomyelitis. Nor do the experts venture to predict what political changes for the better might come into the world. Great historical change is not the result solely of inex- orable forces Great changes can come about because a few persons are able to articulate powerful ideas and thus generate tidal new forces in human affairs. That is why current predictions concern- ing the collapse of civilization stand on weak historical ground They assume the absence of great leaders and great they cannot an- ticipate the vast outpourings of human energy that can be suddenly released in response to a new awareness or a new sense of opportunity. No one ran doubt that the interaction of expanding pop- ulation and shrinking resources will confront the world with a hideous problem of poverty and even famine. What we don't know is whether new research in nitrogen fixation will succeed in doubling the world's food supply. Nor do we know whether the cost of desalina- tion will be brought down low enough to make possible the cultivation of hundreds of millions of acres that are now wasteland. Nor do we know whether a fuel cell will be developed that could provide a new source of energy with a very small pollution penalty. We need not blink at the enormity of our but neither ought we blind ourselves to the reality of human capacity to do the seemingly impossible. We can see our difficulties at their starkest but we ought never forget that what makes the human species unique is its ability to do things for the first time. Sale Ends Saturday Extra wide zig-zag and straight stitcnes. Exclusive Singer front drop-in bobbin. ZIG-ZAG the fantastic Fashion Zig-Zag Sewing Machine at this excep- tionally low And it's loaded with easy-sewing Singer features. 3 Needle positions at the flick of a lever. Bobbin winder release to prevent overwinding. Snap-on presser foot. Handsome carrying case Special Only We may never be able to offer you so much for so little again. So act You cannot match Singer quality and service. Sure we're best. We taught the world to sew. SINGER SEWING CENTRES AND PARTICIPATING APPROVED DEALERS. of Singer Company ol Canada Ltd COLLEGE MALL Phone 327-2243 Books in brief Inquiry Into The Human by Robert L. Heilbroner Norton Co. dis- tributed by George J. The human prospect is according to this analysis provided by political economist Robert L. Heilbroner. Noting the per- vading sense of apprehension about the future among people he demonstrates the grounds for it in runaway pop- the possibility of obliterative and potential environmental collapse. Reluctantly Heilbroner concludes that only a totalitarian imposition of authority seems likely to be able to rally people to the kind of discipline and sacrifice necessary to stave off dis- aster. Voluntary responses to the practice of austerity can- not be expected even though elements of fortitude and will exist within us. There are some who reject the hopeless conclusion reach- ed by but I found the argument compelling. DOUG WALKER The president and Bella May By Eva free-lance writer President Nixon's generous offer to Egypt and to Israel of atomic reactors and other goodies reminded for some inexplicable 6f a girl I went to school with and so do people who continuously shoot verbal arrows at the This child's Mr. and Mrs. had added to her young life's misery by naming their hideous little offspring Bella. Bella whom nature had unfairly bestowed with a a pointed nose and an ex- cessively fat could never live down or for that matter live up to her name and was forever the target of her nasty minded school mates' barbed jokes. she was the most warm hearted young person one could ever hope to meet. My favorite aunt used to only we could turn Bella inside she would truly be the beauty her incongruous name Bella whose doting mother and father refused to let her have a bicycle or any other outlet for her energy they considered too dangerous in the heavy traffic of our big got so she racked her fertile brain for a scheme to win friends and influence people. In the she resorted to carelessly abandoned bicycles or roller skates and offered free rides to her classmates. She also bought vast amounts of candies on her parents' charge account and distributed them widely. The number of friends she acquired by these means was staggering. Since Bella always scrupulously returned the borrowed two and four wheelers and conscientiously paid for the sweets with her end of the month she wasn't found out for some considerable time. In her scheme might never have been dis- had she not trusted an accomplice who helped her find unprotected roller skates and the like. That false friend blackmailed her until she was finally no longer able to pay enough hush money Needless to once found her new found friends despised her and even the few who had previously acknowledged Bella's inherent kindness and shut their eyes to her lack of natural turned away from her. Brought to a magistrate sentenced her to two years in an approved school for juvenile delinquents. he taking someone else's property and handing it out to other young people which is unlawful if you didn't' have the owners' consent. More he that you learn to the vehicles you so generously lent to your school pals could have been potential murder weapons in the wrong hands. Those inexperienced in the use of a for could have been killed or caused others to be killed had there been an accident. To dissuade others from following your I am not going to put you on probation as your advocate suggested. You cannot hope to buy friends ignoring the law of decency and the safety of those who de- pend on Poor neither trusted nor loved by died very probably of a broken heart But one can't help Bella was born at the wrong time and in the wrong place Had she lived in an American where every youngster almost everybody has a chance of becoming she might have lived and been honored for handing out something much bigger and better than bicycles and roller skates together with packets of candies. Nobody would have notic- ed how ugly she really was for she would not have been so sensitive about it in the first place. She might even have been able to turn herself inside out as my aunt suggested in that her warm hearted offer of friendship would have been recognised for what it a mere method of gaining influence over people who would otherwise not even have talked to her Could any magistrate have accused her then of giving away murder One Indian voice By Mike Herald staff writer More and more frequently we read and hear about some Indian movement trying to make the public aware of the plight of the Indian in North America. Indians are constantly complaining about discrimination by about their civil rights being about poor education and health facilities for their and on and on. And rightly so The complaints are justified. The Indian is being unfairly treated in many situations by the general public and by the various levels of government One Indian Dennis director of the American Indian spoke to about 300 people attending the Ojibway national conference in recently. He said the Indian's problems must be dealt with thoroughly before positive results can be realized. The problem is the majority of the people who attended the conference I'm probably from the Ojibway nation. Indians speak of discrimination of whites against Indians. But never do they speak of discrimination between one Indian nation and another. Some Indian nations have been traditional enemies for many years That in my one of the foremost problems facing the native people today In Southern the Cree and the Blackfoot nations have been traditional enemies for generations. Example of this was the last great Indian battle at our so appropriately named Indian Battle Park. Until Indians across the whatever their history or the with their enemies and join in one massive Indian will be accomplished. Until all the tribes do away with their petty little inter-tribai they can block border crossings two dozen write letters and send delegations to Ottawa and hold all the conferences they want. But they will get nowhere. I don't mean to insult native people by calling their differences petty but that's what they are compared with more pressing national problems. They can only be solved with one massive voice. A man of integrity By Don local writer Earl Warren was a man of great integrity A man whose philosophies were developed over many long years of public life. A public life that began as a district a strange beginning for a man who was to be called soft on crime. His career did have its nadir By his own that point came while he was attorney general of California He was charged with the respon- sibility of removing enemy from access to the vulnerable Pacific coast it might be that those two phases of his public career most affected his philosophy as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court The later to be known as the Warren was to be noted for three major areas of far reaching judicial decisions. The of was ardent pursuit of equality for all reflected in civil rights decisions. These decisions resulted in the desegregation of schools and public in- stitutions. the court established hard and fast rules to protect the nation from police- state tactics. Rulings were handed down that reinforced the basic rights of individuals. The court ruled on numerous occasions that in- dividual liberty for everyone was more im- portant than the conviction of a few criminals. Canada has just established some of the legal guarantees of the right to privacy that Warren recognized as imperative to a free society almost two decades ago. the Warren Court will always be known for its decision regarding prayers in public schools. no other single deci- sion caused more of a public uproar to be raised over the head of Earl Warren than this one. Most of the uproar came from those who had obviously not even bothered to read the decision. The though it was un- was placed in Warren's lap. The cry went up that the godless Warren Court had outlawed prayers in public schools. Both of those contentions were erroneous. The unanimous decision merely stated that prayers prepared by school boards and teachers could not be read aloud by students. The decision further stated that any student could offer up his own heartfelt prayers. The court had merely de-deified the school boards who often feel the need to outstretch their omnipotent arms. To those'boards who knew best how children should this was blasphemy. It is difficult to find justification for the oft leveled charge against the court of For a man who had built his career as a law-and-order district at- torney and it is in- conceivable that he would be soft on crime. If he was not soft on what was He was a man who had an intimate acquaintance with the practice of prosecutors and police departments. Warren was a man who felt deeply that society should be protected from criminal elements caused the release of known criminals To Earl there was a more pervasive principle in- volved. The principle was the right of not just to every protection the law affords. was the right of every man to go about his life free from burglaries in the national police self-mcrimination confessions extracted through physical or psychological duress. Decisions involved the right of every man to competent legal counsel no matter what his station or financial ability to pay. No single experience affected Earl Warren more than his involvement in the wholesale uprooting and consequent internment of Japanese-Americans. This was the pall that cast its ugly shadow over his head. Some commentaters have felt that his feeling of guilt over those infamous days moved him to his deep sensitivities regarding racial bigotry. Every Supreme Court decision prior to the sitting of the Warren Court had accepted the premise that there was no racial bias so long as segregated schools were equal in other aspects. Racial prejudice has not yet suffered its long overdue demise many steps have been taken along the way.Earl Warren will be fa- having taken some of those first steps. Many of those steps were giant steps for they were paced off by a giant. There existed a vast abyss between the Nix- on concept of justice and that espoused by Warren. The American people had come to even the moral integrity of the man from At this Richard Nixon might have been cheered to see Warren presiding at an im- peachment proceeding. He would be assured that even his rights would be fully protected. ;