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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 30, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDOE July Whither A Iberia traditional idea that a national role cf hewer of wood and drawer of water is somehow demeaning is tending to and efficient production of agricultural commodities and basic raw materials is coming to be seen as a source of economic rather than a symptom of backwardness and un- These words of Andre chairman of the Economic Council of lend credence to the position taken by Nick provincial Liberal in arguing against industrial development for Alberta. Mr. Raynauld is doing at the national level what Mr. Taylor is attempting at the provincial level questioning develop- ment policy. Mr. Raynauld made the further com- plementary point that Canada is facing a period of labor shortage and that a policy of encouraging industry in order to create jobs is obsolete. These two men are not alone in calling for a re thinking of policies. A Toronto business executive who has just spent 18 months in Ottawa on an executive interchange program feels that neither government nor private business is doing a good job of responding to basic problems of society and avers that har- monization is needed between regional and national goals and between private and public institutions. This is an obvious challenge and not easily resolved. at the same it is not new. It is really the continuing fact of life in a federated capitalist democracy where interrelationships shift from decade to decade and the problem of harmonizing them is always present. Agricultural problems France is having trouble with its farmers. The problems sound familiar. Common Market policies have favored large scale operations in France and un- der them the rich farmers are getting richer and the poor farmers are getting poorer. In other the small i'armer. who produces most of the fruits and is getting squeezed out of existence. Costs of feed fer- oil and electricity have in some cases and farmers contend they are producing at a loss. Food prices go to the complaints of French but farmers con- tinue to demand more because the costs of transport and storage ab- sorb the profits. Although the complaints sound familiar on this side of the the course of action taken by some French farmers is more drastic than that of their Canadian counterparts and in- dicates extreme dissatisfaction with the new for whom most of them voted. Milk by the thousands of litres has been poured into fields. Peaches by tens ot tons have been dumped outside government offices. One wine area has even had a bomb explosion and more than two thousand vines have been up- rooted. Trucks bringing live pigs from Denmark and Belgium have had their cargoes slaughtered wastefully and beef from Argentina has been dumped into the sea. It is hardly necessary to point out that when food is destroyed in a hungry world something is wrong and the agricultural crisis is felt by some observers to be the worst faced by the Giscard government since coming to office. In spite of the familiarity of the Canada's agricultural problems are much less possibly because farm income has increased markedly. there still seems to exist a discrepancy between what the farmer feels he needs to keep himself in business and what the con- sumer feels he can afford to pay. Real inequities which may have existed historically are being compounded and distorted by inflation. In addressing this problem Agricultural Minister Eugene Whelan says that food prices are too low to keep farmers on the although he has in- dicated that beet prices are now high enough to allow the federal government to remove its subsidy. One ot Mr. Whelan's criteria for ade- quate food prices is that a producer should receive enough for his product to persuade him to keep on producing and not sell out to a developer. Whatever his other this is not a valid criterion because in the competitive market for land a poor to state an ex- can never compete with a rich dev.eloper. Use of land must be protected by planning and zoning regulations which are carried out in the general interest. Today's general interest would dictate that agricultural land should be protected by law rather than by food prices and Mr. Whelan must find other reasons to support his call for still higher prices. ART BUCHWALD Pray-in at the capitol WASHINGTON They had a pray-m on the Capitol steps this week. Ardent Nixon sup- porters held the vigil to pray not only for the president but also for members of Congress. Each member wore a professionally prepared sandwich board with the name and photograph of a member of Congress or the president with the words AM PRAYING boldly printed on it. It was a rather scary moment for congressmen and senators who are used to being vilified but are not prepared to face up to people who are praying for them. The other day we saw Congressman Throggsmutton walk up the steps of the Capitol to be suddenly confronted by a young man carrying a sandwich board with Throggsmutton's picture on it. praying for Throggsmutton seemed shaken. have nothing to hide. My private life is an open he protested. asking God to help you see the light on the president's said many times that I will hear all the evidence before I make my isn't going to like the young man said. doesn't want Nixon to be im- do you Throggsmutton asked. I spoke to Him. God thinks the president is getting a raw deal by Congress and the media. He intends to punish anyone who votes against young man. I go to church every Sunday and God has never indicated He is for or against impeachment. As a matter of He hinted to me just last week that He would like to hear ALL the tapes before He makes up his spoken to God since the young man He thinks the whole procedure is a kangaroo court. He's very angry at John Doar and Albert Jenner for ad- vocating impeachment. He told me that any fair-minded person who reads the presiden- tial transcripts in their entirety can only come to one and that is the presi- dent had no knowledge of the the milk fund or any of the other charges that have been made against him. God told me He's going to get Doar and Jen- ner as soon as the hearings are Throggsmutton said. can God do to Doar and for a start He's going to have their taxes audited. God is also going to get The Washington The New York Times and The Chicago Tribune. Then he's going after the president's enemies in the House and Senate. He's really Throggsmutton respect your right to but I have to question your interpretation of what God does or does not want done about impeachment. Now I have to go to mean you want me to tell God you won't stonewall it with the White will do my own talking with thank you. I believe I have as good a line to him as you do. I'm sure if God wants me to vote against He'll give me some kind of sign. Why don't you just go pray for somebody got here the young man said. was the only sandwich board they had I want to thank you Throggsmutton said. these times one needs all the prayers he can get. I'm sure whatever you're doing cannot cause any wouldn't be too sure of the young man said. told me if you vote He's not going to let Gerry Ford come into your district and campaign for you this Admirable oath By Doug Walker When it comes to cutting loose with a good mouth filling and soul satisfying expleUve most people are sorely handicapped. They usually fall back on one of the over worked four letter variety. It was to hear a blast somewhat out of the ordinary emanate from our son in law's -Doreen visiting from England. We were engaged in a heady game of scrabble when a player in advance of Doreen cut off a play she had in mind. dash and exclaimed the exasperated lady. That ought to prove a useful oath for the golf course where only the chastest of language is permissible. Canadian actions in crisis disappointing By W. A. Montreal Star commentator government seemed to be seriously troubl- ed by the United Nations' re- quest for additional troops for the Cyprus force but it would have raised serious questions about our defence and foreign policies if it had stood aside. As it this country seemed to have no ideas to contribute during the crisis and no interest in seeking to develop any. That is a great change from the days of Cana- dian prominence and activity at the United Nations. Unless as a nation we have come completely to distrust the peace-keeing there is not much doubt that Canada should respond positively when the United Nations seeks our support in a crisis. The decision taken at last week's cabinet meeting was the right one. But the pallid and negative reactions that initially greeted the United Nations' request were distur- bing. There is a need to distinguish between two aspects of the question. One is the response we should be prepared to make during emergency when the United Nations seeks our support. Canadians are probably prepared to agree that in such circumstances we should react although there is not much leadership these days to encourage that or any other response. The unresolved question is whether we want to take part in what tend to become semi- permanent as in or equally lasting observation posts as in Kashmir. Perhaps that is a satisfactory role for this a contribution to the general welfare that we ought to be prepared to make. But if it should be taken out of the category of drift and ex- amined on its merits. As mat- ters the semi- permanent roles simply develop without much con- sideration through a series of ad hoc decisions taken each time a contribution comes up for reconsideration and ex- tension. The international force in stationed there for more than a has un- doubtedly helped keep the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities from each other's throats. It has also greatly relieved those two communities of the pressures that would normally force them to come to terms with each other. CONSUMER Greek army retains traditional power By Leslie London Observer commentator In some the easy and voluntary surrender of the military regime to the civilian government of Constantine without the need for popular violence or yet another military counter- has been a pleasant surprise. Yet my enthusiasm at the fall of the and I am of all democratic opinion in is already slightly clouded by Letters the realization that the military structure is still in position. Nobody or an emotional and violent purge of the army. On the most optimistic the radical overhaul of the structure of the Greek armed shaped to the will of the dictators over a period of seven will be a long and Pot Hole near Magrath Compliments on the article by Chris Accurate records tell area and the picture by Bill have been numerous. There is one mis- take the part that said Car- mangay was called Pot Hole. Some people know that Pot Hole was near Magrath and not in the Carmangay area so there has been a little con- fusion. MRS. ENA NIELSON Carmangay Commendable editorial The editorial in The Herald called Reducing foreign was most com- being infor- mative and a good point of although the heading could be a little misleading if one didn't read on. If only more Canadians and others were in favor of trying harder even it it meant less material goods for Our real standard of living measured in would rise quite noticeably. I am sending a copy to Mitchell secretary of state for foreign affairs. MURIEL LUCA Foremost Historical shooting I wish to draw attention to a mistake in The Herald district July 19. The Historians plot B.C. says Coleman Picarillo Lesandre shooting in the blown up to Bonnie and Clyde proportions by lurid is re-examined fac- tually. It emerges differently. Both men died on the gallows in Fort I was in my early teens at the time Nearly everyone knows that Lesandre was a Florence and was reported to be the first woman to be hung in Canada. LAWRENCE SWANSON Fort Macleod Letters are welcome and will be published identification is included and address are re- quired even when the letter is to appear over a they are sensible and not they are of manageable length or can be shortened letters should not exceed 300 they are decipherable greatly helps if letters are dou- ble spaced and with writers do not submit letters too frequently. delicate process. But the fact remains in the midst of the celebration of Greece's new-found General Gizikis is still head of the man who put him Brigadier is still chief of the military and although the prison gates have been Greece continues to be ruled under martial law. There was also a notable in the first public statement by Karamanlis to the to be specific about a program for the restoration of democratic government. These reflections are not intended to be critical of the good intentions of the new government. I know Mr. Karamanlis well enough to be sure of his devotion to democratic principles. What bothers me is the suspicion that the new regime may be all too ready to succumb to the traditional concept of the army's which could end by frustrating those intentions. For what is the reason the Greeks are being given for the fact that the restoration of parliamentary rule is the second It is that Greece faces a in Cyprus. But this is merely to adopt the dangerous traditional approach an appeal to chauvinist sentiment which plays into the army's hands. There is no crisis over Cyprus. It is a crisis deliberately engineered by that irresponsible and self- interested section of the nation constituted by the armed a crisis which can certainly be resolved by the sane and constructive interchange of politicians of the stature of Karamanlis and Bulent the Turkish premier. The history of Greece in the past 10 years both before and during the dictatorship shows many examples of the readiness of Greek leaders to accept without question the independent role of the army. The great democrat George Papandreou himself was net averse to using the army as an instrument of policy in he organized the clandestine infiltration of Cyprus by thousands of Greek troops. And it was because the army was dedicated to active support of the right-wing that Papandreou got his come-uppance when he tried to bend it to a more congenial shape in 1965. The attachment of King Constantine to army after the 1967 in spite of its disloyalty to and crude lies about is a well-known reason for his decision to tolerate the dictators for several months. After six years during which he was vilified and finally chucked off the throne by Constantine could still not bring himself to utter a word which might be held to offend the the sacred cow of Greek life. I have no reason to doubt that who may still regain his is any less dedicated than Karamanlis to the restoration of genuine democracy in Greece. in both I think we are entitled to be the scenario with the armed forces continuing to enjoy a special place of honor at a time of looks uncomfortably familiar. Politicians in Greece have always tried to bend the armed forces to their purpose. intrigue and infiltration no direct or have gone untried. But the assumptions have remained the that the armed whatever their are a corporate force to be reckoned with a force with its own its own its own place equal to and often greater than that of the the the judiciary and even of the monarchy itself. The events of the last two much in- crease the tensions between the two communities because there must be innocent Turkish victims of the Greek coup and equally innocent Greek victims of the Turkish invasion. It is not often that fear alone drives opponents to come to an accommodation. It is much more likely to be fear coupled with the sort of revulsion against blood-shed that may some many deaths from drive the warring commu- nities of Ulster to understand the reality that they must live together. Where the element of ulti- mate revulsion and exhaustion is not fear does no more than compound hatred and bitterness. That seems likely to be the case in Cyprus and if it any calming of ten- sions between the two com- munities that has taken place during the last decade will have been undone by the past fortnight's fighting. The need for some outsider to hold the ring will probably go on for a long time. If the rest of the world is unwilling to watch the two communities slaughter each then it will presumably have to keep a well-intentioned inter- national garrison on the island. At some months from this country will have to make a decision entirely different from the one taken here last week in a crisis. The later decision will be whether we should go on taking part in that longterm operation ex- tending far into the future. The first thing to be said about that is that we are a very prosperous and extreme- ly comfortable country. There is no obvious reason why we should be too reluctant to take on such a commitment as long as it seems likely to make a contribution to the general welfare of the Eastern Mediterranean. Any national interest we have is extremely in- existing only through NATO and our interest in the alliance. Thus there are no great compulsions of policy resting on us that compel par- ticipation in such a permanent or semi-permanent force. This a problem of the prosperous middle powers. They do not have great foreign policy interests in the way that the great powers do. Their international interests are heavily to make still more money. This makes their contributions to such things as peace-keeping in Cyprus acts of goodwill rather than acts of self- interested policy. That somewhat reduces the reality of the whole thing and it is this tinge of unreality that produc- ed such a negative aspect to our initial responses in what was then an urgent crisis. The national effects of com- fort and affluence are not en- tirely re-assuring because complacency and interia can so easily be prominent among them. The corrective is not so easily however. It becomes analagous to the problem of the well-fed city dweller who knows that he ought to become more active and take some exercise. The problem is to find some that is not too boring. Sensible men probably take up golf and find the outlet in getting their exercise as an in- cidental benefit. The national equivalent of for countries that are iat and is hard to find but the need is there for the condition of the human spirit begins to be affected. Although the government of Canada worked its way around to the correct decision in the end last during most of the crisis it managed to convey the impression that Canadians had become a pret- ty flabby and dispirited lot. That may be the but if it is some questions of national leadership become instantly apparent. But perhaps it is the leaders who have become flabby. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Alberta HERALD CO LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Claw Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;