Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 30, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta
The Lethbridge Daily .-Saturday, July 11 F. C LOWES COMPANY Representing: North American Life Assurance Co. London Guarantee and Accident Co. Phoenix Assurance Co. Limited of London We have several sections of good Farm Land to trade for City Property 1 We have a purchaser for an eight roomed house, also for a small cottage CANADA AND WORLD'S WHEAT SUPPLY By Prof. Stephen Leacock Is the World Facing a Wheat Famine? How Europe Is Fed The Rising Demand for Wheat-A Canadian Crop of a Billion Bushels.- The End of Cheap Wheat Copyright by Publishers Press A feyr years ago Sir -William Orookes, the eminent scientist in ad- dressing the British Association, of which, he was then President, -delib- erately prophesied that .the world is drawing nearer each year to a food famine. Wheat, is'.the great food bas- is of the civilized white races, tihe people of the' temperate-' zone with whom, r.ests the destiny of mankind. Every year with increasing, numbersj.the consumption of- wheat Millions of. acres of vir- gin soil are thrown each year, into -cul- tivation. '-'The "prairie ,is -golden with' its 'harvest: The grain fleet of Am- erica covers'the 'Atlantic. But -with every.ryear the demand waxes er still. To the needs of the Cau-' casiari'races are added the new more than any" other country of .the globe. f.Wiheat is the. food of mankind, ,in the .northern :hemi- sphere. Primitive, man, in selecting and cultivating this particular kind of wild grass, waggled- by instinct, to the of an article of diet which chemical analysis >shows to 'be, more nearly a perfect fo'od than 'any otjier form of plant; life.. America wheat came with the- incoming of the white man, a fair .exchange ''for' the potato brought iback; .to "Europe ..by the .explorers of the -American coast But' of the begin- ning. of culture in the old old -world we liave no record. Exca- vations in 'buried ruins 'of ai- ;cient British villages have disclosed HARVESTING IN WESTERN CANADA. cessities of the Oriental and African people, wlio are (beginning, to take ov- er, with the fire arms and machin- ery of me white man. also the white, man's food. When the last, acre is' under the plough, what will the future? Our _wheat produc- tion is totally inadequate to the strain upon it, said Sir William Crookes, "and a universal dearth is to be ex- pected." If this statement is justified it of- fers to the world the most important problem that has ever faced mankind. And to no country is the enquiry so vital as to Canada, whose evident future is marked out as .the 'great wheat granary of the world. How long will our untouched resources ward off the lamine of the future? At the present time, of course, is nor in the first rank of the j great wheat producing countries. But j we have so often called ourselves the "granary of the Empire" and the "wheat belt of the that the ordinary Canadian may be pardoned if :he is unaware that we are at best only just emerging from the second rank of wheat producing countries. JKven our bumper crop of 160-million bushels of 1909 will not compare with the bushels of the United States, or the bushels of Russia, and looks small in a production of bushels. France, Austria and Hungary under present conditions overpass each year the Canadian output. But if we turn from the present to the future and think of the potential production of the 'North West, it is clear that Can- ada is interested in the wheat supply grains of half (burned wheat among the -debris and there have been found enclosed spaces of the Pyra- mids wfteat grains .that must have ripened in tile valley of the .Nile 3.000 years .before Christ was born. For centuries long Europe ed wheat. 'But the import and ex- port of wheat on a large scale, the deliberate feeding from the 'granaries South America 000, Australasia and Africa bushels. ..Europe, therefore, of the continents, is the greatest -wiheat producing arid the greatest wheat consuming-area. The problem of the wheat supply centres at present ar- ound the feeding of Europe. Of the different countries of i Austria-Hun- gary, and enough' wheat to' sustain. though im- port .the-lean years. Others import -.every season a supply: In; this class' are Germany, Belgium, .Holland, the Turkey .and the United'.'Kingdom.-. 'The.latter.is, of est wlieat 'importing', country-aii the fand as passes-, it world and less-on production.., 'In- Britain 'grew 144. million bushels of wlieat and imported '56 mil-; lions. -Since-then the influence.I-of free trade, 'cheap .transportation arid the easy production of tihe American prairie fcave altered the situation. By 1893: the production ,of British. wheat- had' falleri.'to ,50 'million bush- els.-. Since, it at about an'-average of--55 -million .bush- els- annum, while -.the yearly im- port 'of the last decade has ave'ra'ged '206 million, bushels. The only 'countries of 'Europe at the present time which can export a surplus -to fill the needs' of their neighbors-, are Russia and the Balkan States, but even these cannot satisfy the market, and Europe must depend also on the supply from overseas. Hence we find that -the European countries which' cannot, feed -them- selves are obtaining their wheat as follows: The United 'States contri- butes enormous quantities, of -wheat. In 1866 Siberian when-. Iowa, Minnesota arid Nebraska of one's neighbors is 'a pbenomen that ten years has run to 48 million bush- belongs to recent times.' England till 100 years ago, lived chiefly on its own crop, or even sent small quanti- ties of wheat across to the contin- ent. But the rise of the great in- els. Fifth on the list is the Dominion of -Canada, -which in the five years 1900-04 exported a yearly average of 25 million, and in the next five years an average of 43 million bushels. only 386 millions is left, without counting Alaska, and this about 300 million, is situated in the rock and arid .districts of the West. .But re-yen' though this is true, irrigation arid intensive farming; will greatly in- crease annual. yield. Moreover, the upward" mpvement of price will force land into wheat cultivation. The .RAILWAY ELEVATORS, FORT Wi LLIAIV1, ONT. said to contain as much first class wheat land as all Siberia. Prince Hilkoff, the "great director of tie Trans-Siberian.railroad, stated a time'ago, never has pro- duced and -never will-produce wheat and rye enough to vfeed the population." Southern States contain some 000 acres of-land" which proper drain age and capital expenditure -wjlll adapt to wheat. Intensive cultivation, indeed; will enormously a-ffect the wheat -area of the whole world. few.places does the wheat crop .wjhat Residential School for Boys Healthy sitaatipn. Fireproof Build- Extensive rlay- groaTids, large Gymnasium, Skat- ing Rinks, etc. Boys prepared for the Universities, Royal Military College, and Business. Special attention given to younger boys. Jtert term begins Sept 14. boys mmst report on Sept 13. fbr Calendar and alf information 1Z to the HazdniGSier tSWALD X1GBY. M. 4, LLB. PORT MOFt, On I. Trinity College School Port Hope, Ont. OFF TO THE FIELD, WESTERN CANADA. Last of the great sources of supply is India, with a ten years'- average tered the situation. A country may export of 29 million bushels, now devote its energies to manufac- j Such, then, is the present basis of dustrial age and the development of modern transportation has entirely al ture and draw its food from abroad, just as a family of factory workers may sujxply its needs from the bak- er's sihop and garden. Let us look first at the world's pre- sent production of wheat, and then consider the sources of its supply and the prospect of their increase. The world's wheat crop of 1009 amounted to bushels. Of ttiis Europe supplied 1S97000000 bush- pis. North America Asia the wheat supply. Let us consider WHEAT DELIVERY INTO ELEVATORS, DELORAINE, MAN., C. P. RY. Mancnuria offers a much more fav- orable prospect. The valleys of the the Sungari and the --xmur and the great plains of Mongolia are al' suitable for wheat culture, al chough, unfortunately, it is impos- sible to present statistics of the po- tential .production. Of otiier Asia tic areas, Japan grows at present 20 million bushels of wheat and can in- crease its production but :itf.lo. The "potentiality of China, which at pre- sent grows practically no wheat, is an unknow quantity. On Australia little reliance can be p'aced. The neart of the continent is water- less. Only on the coasfil slopes fs wlieat grown abundantly in years of rain, but with no certainty of suc: cess. It is true that in the. past ten years the Australian export has averaged 25 million bushels, but in three of these years thira was no export at 'all, and in one at least a heavy importation. Som? authoriti. s claim for New South' Wales alone a wheat belt of 20 million bat as yet little certainty can bo ascrib- ed to the prospect o! wheat production in -Australia. From Africa little ai'I can be expected. equatorial part of the continent canaot grow wheat. Rhodesia is very doubtful, and the rest of South Afri-a is not stricuoly to be considered. Among the mos- hopeful of all areas is Argentina, evi- dently destined :o be one the great wheat countries of the world. Of ti-.e MONEY MONEY MONEY For small and large capital we hare .property to sell which will make you money while you are sleeping. Investments on house property will brina- vou- in from 10 to 20 per cent, interest. O J A Why be satisfied with -cent- Houses from and upwards to suit all parties. Orders taken for car loads of coal. Fire and Life Insurance. The Golden West Realty Co, D.KJH. ENOUGH RAIN ON THERE We own 'and: of f er you full' section near Kimball They nave had plenty, of rairi.here and; crops look good. TMs-..land price' and on terms you cannot beat. be sold quickly. LOOK-THIS UP Try bur plan loan. There is no delay." WE BUY LAND FOR CASH.. LIST WITH US. FARM SECURITY COMPANY GROW APPLES AT FRUlfVALE WEST KOOTENAY, BRITISH .COLUMBIA; and comfort. You'can 'live in an ideal climate, enjoy fine scenery, hunting aiid .fishing, and make 'more money on ,an ORCHARD TRACT at FRU1TVALE, than you can on 160 acres of prairie land. GROW APPLES, pears, plums, peaches, poultry, AND GROW RICH. .Others are doing not YOU? Splendid climate. High winds and -unknown. Proofs, plans, FRUITVALE LIMITED, 23 Ward St., Nelson B. C. it is possible with greater capital and labor to attain. No doubt under pre- sent conditions, the slovenly exten- sive method of cultivation" pays bet- ter than the. close packed labor of intensive farming. But as wheat gets scarcer this will change. At the present-time England, with inten- sive farming, raises an average of 32 bushels to the acre; Germany raises 28, Canada 20, and France 19; the United, States raises only, 14, 'Argen- tina 13, and British India only 9 bushels to the acre. Agricultural ex- perts'tell us that the average Ameri- can crop could without much diffi- culty be increased by six bushels to acre. 'Last of all.-we take Canada. In our last year we raised a crop of tbushels of wheat and used for it some 8 million acres. But our po- tential production is vastly greater than this, and the advance of agri- cultural science is improving our chances every year. By developing varieties of wheat that ripen quickly in the'long sunlight, we can carry T. N. CHRISTIE CO. Real Estate, and Financial Brokers. Agents Diamond City Townsite. Insurance, .Loans-- T. N. Christie, Notary Public, J3iamond, City, Alta. REAL ESTATE LOANS INSURANCE Asquith Lindsey PHONE 1183 307 CRABB STREET LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. the controlling factor. The isother- mal lines that hatfg low beneath the Hudson Bay and the frigid region of the North Shore, sweep westward in a boldly ascending curve far up in the valleys of the Peace and the Mac- kenzie. Wheat is actually growing the chances of its f u ture _ increase in j 730 mniion acres of Argentina 120 order to meet the rapidly augmenting miliiou are now open to cultivation and irriation would demand. In the first place the trop- ical countries of the world may be excluded from the calculation. Where the sun burns in the zenith, the wheat and railways, and irrigation soon add as mucli again. There are j now 15 acres of wheat land in j use> and some 40 million acres of vir- plant sickens and dies. In place of j gin'soii, suitable for the same purpose, the sturdy races and the -hard food of larger part of the wheat School of A COLLEGE OF APPLIED SCIENCE J Mining KINGSTON, ONT. iJUnynKAQft fcppBy wf of KlalltC, ML MJftirtf and MUtailurgy and MSiwralv MiiwrtUgy and Cfcwnloal Engineering CM1 Engineortne Mtehenioa! Power the north, the soft banana and the pro- j area Argentina is within 300 miles lific rice plant become the sustenance j of raii.-naul from water that is open of a lesg vigorous humanity. j year round. But there are still wide areas in j We come next to North America, the temperate zone that might seem Mr. J. J. Hill has prophesied that the to offer room for an extended culture j United States will soon cease to be a of wheat. wheat exporting country, and will Let us examine a few of them in have to draw its supplies from the out- turn. Siberia at once suggests itself jside. There hardly seems ground for as the greatest of these in extent, j accepting this statement. The "free REAL ESTATE FIRE INSURANCE Money to loan on improved city property and farm lands. R.V. GIBBONS Co; Ott Block fire Insurance Real Estate City and Farm Loans The H, Macbeth ftpcy Sherlock Block, pLQUR SOURIS, MAN., C. P. RAILWAY. COLLECT o UI r m o in 23 m rooms. Coutts rooms, Rogers Street, rooms, Argyle rooms, Eedpath Rooms, Duff to rent Redpath to rent, close en o o l-0 in o H while the similarity of its climate to that of the wheat belt of America seems to.give promise of enormous future supplies. But as a matter of of course, is rapidly coming to an end. Of the millions of acres that have been from first to last in wheat production further and fur- ther north. Not long ago it was thought that 50 degrees north lati- i tude was the limit of wheat culture. But we have since found in the North the possession of the United States, West that the degree of latitude is not nowDfeiween the parallels of 5S and 59 degrees. Just what the extent of our agri- cultural heritage is in Canada, we do not yet know, but here is an estimate given out officially a month of two (Continued on Page 7.) Phone 544 A car to show the property. WE CQLLECT RENTS A Swedish government official has arrived in Winnipeg seeking mfonna- tiori in regard to the fate of Andree, who started for the North Pole in a balloon in 1897.