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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Here is why the dockmen are striking By cy FOX LONDON (CP) Since 1845, the number of regis- tered dockers In Britain has fallen by more than one- half to less than men. In the huge port of London, the number of dockers has sunk to from since 1967. These some of the stark statistics which lie behind the latest eruption of labor trouble in British ports and help ex- plain the new call for a national dock strike. One of the major factors in the over-all develop- ment is containerization, a seemingly-inevitable exam- ple of the way the general shipping trade can be ex- pected to grow. Containerization means cargo is loaded into containers which then are placed aboard ships, instead of the cargo bemg loaded directly into the holds. Making the v.hjio crisis in Britain's dockland much more acute is the nature of the loyalties which bind together the longshoremen, especially in London. In this port, they are more than1 mere employees. They are men with fierce loyalties to the place where they live and from whom a change of job might mean a process of uprooting. Ties broken Such a change also might mean breaking occupa- tional links cemer.ted by their fathers and grandfathers as well as by then- own periods of labor on the docks that lie close to their own homes. The tradition of militancy in dockland is a pro- found one. It derives from celebrated strikes like the one in 1889 when the men suffered from low wages and the irregularity of employment. The 1889 strike went on for weeks and "blackleg" labor was sent in to do the work normally carried out by the protesters. Aid for the strikers came from as far away as Australia. And Cardinal Maiming, Boman Catholic Arch bishop of Westminster, was among these whose inter- vention helped end the bitter dispute. The eventual result was better wages and estab- lishment of a union orgcnization on a permanent basis. By the iate fail of that year, the union's membership was Now (he crisis in dockland is compounded by the fact that even union loyalties are split in the face of the great containerization challenge. Containerization, like automation elsewhere, has ac- celerated the reduction in dockland jobs. But it also means that part of the job of preparing goods for shipment overseas is done by men outside the closely- knit community of dockers in ports like London, Liver- pool and Hull. Better for bosses Employers find it cheaper, among other things, to use non-dock labor for this purpose. The result is docker resentment not only against the management but also against groups like the con- tainer truck drivers, who belong to the same the Transport and General do the long- shoremen. Dockers received a fixed wage of a week when they are working and in the case of un- employed men belonging to what Is called the tempor- arily unattached registi The main wage level relatively high for Britain- is the major reason why employers perfer non-dock labor for the loading that forms part of shipping by container. Containerization, using specially-built ships, has turned out to be more efficient and more secure than previous techniques for handling seagoing freight. The dockers say that at least some of the containers can be loaded with their contents by longshoremen. Would help cause Leaving part of this process of "stuffing and strip- ping" to the docKors would be a vital contribution to saving the livelihoods of registered dockers, they say. In 1SG9, a proposal was made that work on con- tainers done within five miles of the Thames shquld be reserved lo registered London dockers. But such proposals arose the hostility of truck driv- ers and warehouse workers who have built up a special connection with the container industry. The current crisis in dockland has been compounded by the enactment since 1970 of the Conservative gov- ernment's new law on labor relations an attempt to introduce additional order into the sometimes-un- ruly disputes involving management and workers. Five dockers font lo jail for'rnnipinpl of rnntnnorsml Industrial Court established as par! of the law, the court having acted to stop some of tho anti-containerizalion ploys used by on-the-spot leaders of Ihe longshoremen. Thus, Ihe long and often-harsh history of labor re- lations in dockland has been, given a new dimension of bitterness as moderate men seeking desperately for a way of resolving tho complex pattern of conflicting Interests which hnvc set owners against employees, and employees one another. HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY 85-90 VOL. LXV _ No. 194 The Lethbridge Herald 'Serving South Alberta and Southeastern B.C." LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1972 Price 15 Cents FOUR SECTIONS 52 PAGES Tories unveil new revenue plan industry hit for another million MAGNIFICENT MUD What better way to cool off on a blistering day than a mud bath? Kim Davey and Sheli Newcome, both a worldly three years old, decided it would do a girl's complexion some good. They scouted around for a suitable mud hole, finally discovered a magnificent specimen in southeast Calgary and took their beauty dip. Afterward, the two future beauty queans were seen discussing the situation and possible trouble with parents. But they worried needlessly. Even their parents saw the humor in the situation. Londonderry first target? Barricades in Ulster must go, minister warns BELFAST (AP) The pros- pects of a British Army inva- sion of Protestant and Roman Catholic "no-go" areas in Lon- donderry and Belfast were heightened today after a warn- ing from British administrator William Whitelaw that all barri- cades in the cities must be torn down. Whitelaw said on Irish televi- sion Friday night: "I hope peo- ple will take these barricades down themselves, but if they do not, the security forces will have to do so to stop the killing and maiming of innocent women and children." The British minister provided the firmest indication yet that he is no longer prepared to tol- erate either Protestant or Cath- olic "no-go" enclaves where troops are unable to patrol. Speculation that one of the first barricade-smashing opera- tions would be directed at the Irish Republican Army "no-go" strongholds in Londonderry's Bogside and Creggan quarters has been spurred by a sudden upsurge in the army's strength in the north. Another troops, many of them veterans in Northern Ire- land guerrilla fighting, were brought into Ulster Friday to boost troop level to a record men. WANT CRACKDOWN British officials said openly the reinforcements were or- dered to intensify the crack- down on the IRA in the wake of the guerrillas' bomb blitz on Belfast eight days ago. The at- tack took nine lives and left 130 injured. Whitelaw said on television that the army required access to all parts of Northern Ireland to "stop these inhuman killings" and that barricades no longer could be allowed. Gunmen made an apparent assassination attempt Friday on Senator Ritchie McGladdery a, former junior cabinet minister in the Ulster government which was suspended when Britain as- sumed direct rule. Armed men tried to set his Belfast home on fire and fired a shot at him but he and his wife escaped shaken but unh'ar.med. Men escape injury in plane crash A single engine aircraft crashed into the Waterton River three miles west of Standoff Friday afternoon, the RCMP reports. Neither the pilot, Paul Hra- decky, nor passenger Paul Hones, both of Edmonton, was injured. The aircraft, believed regis- tered to Continental Air-Photo of Edmonton, was engaged in photographing farms in the re- gion when it suffered an engine failure. RCMP said the men escaped through an open win- dow in the aircraft's cockpit after flcSting downstream be- tween one-half and three-quar- ters of a mile. The damaged aircraft has been transported to Cardston where department of transport inspectors will attempt to as- certain the crash cause. Schreyer wants premiers to study port facilities CHURCHILL, MAN. (CP) Premier Ed Schreyer of Mani- toba said Friday the Prairie Premiers' Economic Council should begii. a detailed study of the Hudson Bay port of Churchill to determine what effect better port facilities would have on economic de- velopment in Western Canada. Speaking at the close of a two day conference called to study the port, Mr. Schreyer said the council, through "its 'If we can't heat em, let's join continuing committees, should prepare the report in an at- tempt to convince the federal government to take action in improving the harbor facilities. Tlu's "must be done in a matter of months, not he said. The question of Churc- hill's shipping future will be a topic of high priority at the next Prairie premiers meeting in the fall, he added. National Harbor Board chairman Del Taylor, said the port at its present dock depth of 32 feet can handle about 500 vessels throughout the world. If the harbor was dredged to 35 feet, it could accommodate about 400 more vessels, ho said. Speaking on a panel, M r. Taylor estimaled that lowering the depth to 40 feet would re- sult in a saving of flvi> cents 3 bushel on shipping costs, whilo a depth of 50 feet would result, in savings of eight cents a bushel. However, to lower a 200-foot length along the dock to 35 feet' would cost about million he said. As well, ho estimated it would cost mil- lion to Improve existing grain facilities, million for housing malntananci and million for wharf resurfac- ing. These estimates "indicate the magnitude of the problem we he said. Another panelist, Peter Dalg- liesh of Dalgliesh shipping lines, said he would have esti- mated the figures to be con- siderably higher. Standstill tlireateiis log firms VANCOUVER (CP) Brit- ish Columbia's forest Industry ground closer to a standstill Friday when rebel fallers closed down a Vancouver saw- mill and 400 woodworkers wera laid off In Port Alhernl. Another woodworkers Port Albcrni fallers stayed at homo in a bid to pressure Mac- Millan Bloedcl into finding a solution to the fallers' dispute. And In Kilimat a group of wives of rebel fallers picketed the homo of the local lender of holdout fnllers demanding their husbands bo allowed lo return to work. Eaglelou's position now in doubt CUSTER, S.D. (CP) Sena- tor Thomas Eagleton's future as the Democratic candidate for rice-president appeared to be In serious doubt today, but presi- dential nominee George Mc- Govern said any decision would be made by the two candidates together. Any decision about Eagleton's future, MeGovern said outside his cabin at his nearby Sylvan Lake retreat, won't be made "without his concurrence." Aides said the phrase "with- out his concurrence" was de- signed to make clear that Me- Govern wasn't leaving the issue solely up to Eagleton, who has made increasingly sti ong state- ments about his intention to re- main on the ticket. Alberta offers producers reserve tax, royalty option EDMONTON (CP) The Alberta government has decided to take another S70 million a year from the oil industry through a combination of a new reserves tax and higher royalties. The tax takes effect Jan. 1, 1973. Oil companies ml] have the option of paying the tax on proven oil reserves in the ground or a higher royalty than the present one averaging 15 per cent on production. The new plan was announced at a news conference today by Bill Dickie, minister of mines and minerals. Immediately after the conference, he flew to Calgary to outline the plan to industry representatives. The government plan also includes an exploratory drilling incentive system which will exempt new wildcat discovery wells from taxation for five years. The exemtption for discovery wells Is retroactive to last May 1. There is also a credit for each new exploratory well whether it finds oil or not which will be applied against a company's taxes end royalties. The revised royalties will average 21 per cent and mil be in force for five years starting next Jan. 1. 'Reasonable return' The existing royalty structure has been in force since 1962 and covers 85 per cent of Alberta oil production. There now is a max- imum royalty of iff-, per cent on the bulk of production. It was because of this statutory maximum that the government felt compelled to employ the new reserves tax to bolster revenues from the industry. The new natural resource revenue plan was approved by the cabinet Friday after it had studied the results of public hearings last May into a tenta- tive proposal to Increase gov- ernment revenues by million to million a year. INDUSTRY OPPOSED The petroleum Industry was solidly opposed to the proposed tax on the rights to crude oil, but the cabinet decided that an additional million would be "a fair and reasonable" return. A statement released at tha news conference said the gov- ernment's annual take would be even higher if crude oil prices and production increase. The statement said the tax in- crease was not determined on the basis of the government's spending needs. The government said It In- tends to use the money to devel- op secondary industry in tha province during the next 10 to 15 years. The advantage of the reserves tax is that it applies to freehold rights held by in- dividuals rather than the prov- now are not subject to royalties. Mr. Dickie said the assess- ment of the value of crude oil reserves will be carried out by the energy resources conserva- tion board, which has already developed a formula for such an assessment. Properties with an assess- ment below a certain value, yet to be determined, will be ex- empt from the tax. The tax and higher royalty payments would be an eligible expense in calculating federal corporate income tax. The government did not ac- cept industry claims that the tax would have a detrimental effect on enhanced recovery projects and would encourage excessive rates of production. "The government believes that in most instances the incen- tives in terms of improved pro- ductivity, ultimate and allowable production rate is suf- ficiently strong that implemen- tation of the plan will not ad- versely affect a decision to pro- ceed with enhanced recovery projects. Meanwhile, the government is postponing planned changes aimed at increasing its natural gas revenues. Originally, the new Progress- ive Conservative government had set a target of fall 1972 for revising the province's natural gas policy. Mr. Dickie said It Is not (tho government's) present Intention to adjust "gas royalty rates or to consider subjecting natural gas reserves to a mineral tea at least until current market and other factors have crystal lized." Damage to dikes 'minor' WASHINGTON (AP) A US., intelligence report says bombs have hit 12 places in North Vietnam's dike network but "the damage is minor." Tne state department re- leased the eight-page intelli- gence finding Friday in a fol- low-up to President Nixon's denial of Hanoi's charges that the United States is deliberately trying to knock out the vital wa- ter-control system in the Red River delta. "Photographic evidence shows conclusively that there has been not intentional bombing of the dikes. A few dikes have been hit by stray bombs di- reeled at military-associated targets nearby." The damage is minor and no major dike has been breached. Seen and heard About town JJECAUSE it's taking so long for Terriff to paint his house Dr. Gerry Probe speculating that it must be the biggest in town Jean Thompson boosting morale of beginning golfers with "You're getting closer all the time." British housewives panic; embark on shopping spree From AP-HEUTER LONDON (CD Britain's housewives went on a fond-buy- ing spree today, stocking lar- ders to cushion against the ef- fects of the national dock strike- that has paralysed the country's ports. Thousands families ignored government assurances that ad- equate food supplies will bo available for the foreseeable fu- ture. The rush on food followed Ihn by dockers Friday In support of. demands for more job security and higher sever- ance pav. A long strike would quickly hit food imports as well as other essential maritime freight movements. Cautioning against panic buy- Ing, Agriculture Minister James Prior said Friday: "There is plenty of food in tlic shops and a lot more In reserve. With very few exceptions, hko imported fruit, there is no reason anyone should not bo nblo to buy their usual food at Ilio usual prices." Prices already were reported edging upward, however in some parts of the country. PORTS IDLE Britain's major ports wcra Idle today with no end in sight to the complex dispute between dock workers and harbor em- ployers. Union-management talks re- sumed Friday but observers could see no solution emerging until lale next week at the earli- est ;