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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Here is why the dockmen are striking By CY FOX LONDON (CP) Since 1845, the number of regis- tered dockers In Britain has fallen by more than one- half to less than men. In the huge port of London, the number of dockeri has sunk to from since 1967. Thesa Borne of the stark statistics which lie behind the latest eruption of labor trouble In British ports and help ex- plain the new call for a national dock strike. One of the major factors In the over-all develop- ment is containerization, a seemingly-inevitable exam- ple of the way the general shipping trade can be ex- pected to grow. Containerization means cargo is loaded Mo containers wliich then are placed aboard ships, instead of the cargo being loaded directly into the holds. Making the crisis in Britain's dockland much more acute is the nature of the loyalties which bind together the longshoremen, especially in London. In tills port, they are more than mere employees. They are men with fierce loyalties to the place where they live and from whom a change of job might mean a process of uprooting. Ties broken Such a change also might mean breaking occupa- tional links cemented by their fathers and grandfathers as well as by their own periods of labor on the docks that lie close to their own homes. The tradition of militancy in dockland is a pro- found one. It derives from celebrated strikes like the one in 1889 when the men suffered from low wages and the Irregularity of employment. The 1889 strike went on for weeks and "blackleg" labor was sent in to do the work normally carried out by the protesters. Aid for the strikers came from as far away as Australia. And Cardinal Manning, Roman Catholic Arch bishop of Westminster, was among these whose inter- vention helped end the bitter dispute. The eventual result was better wages and estab- lishment of a union organization on a permanent basis. By the iaia faii of that year, the union's membership was Now (Jie crisis in dockland is compounded by the fact that even union loyalties are split in the face of the great containerization challenge. Containerization, like automation elsewhere, has ac- celerated the reduction to dockland jobs. But it also means that part of the job of preparing goods lor shipment overseas is done by men outside the closely- knit community of dockers in ports like London, Liver- pool and Hull. Better for bosses Employers find it cheaper, among other things, to use non-dock labor for this purpose. The result is docker resentment not only against the management but also against groups like the con- tainer truck drivers, who belong to the same the Transport and General do the long- shoremen. Dockers received a fixed wage of a week when they are working and ?55 in the case of un- employed men belonging to what is called the tempor- arily unattached registi The main wage level relatively high for Britain- is the major reason why employers perfer non-dock labor for the loading that forms part of shipping by container. Containerization, using specially-built ships, lias turned out to be more efficient and more secure than previous techniques for handling seagoing freight. The dockers say that at least some of the containers can be loaded with their contents by longshoremen. Would lielp cause Leaving part of this process of "stuffing and strip- ping" to the dockers would be a vital contribution to saving the livelihoods of registered dockers, they say. In a proposal was made that work on con- tainers done within five miles o[ ihe Thames shquld be reserved to registered London dockers. But such proposals arose the hostility of truck driv- ers and warehouse workers who have built up a special connection with the container industry. The current crisis in dockland has been compounded by the enactment since 1970 of the Conservative gov- ernment's new law on labor relations an- attempt to introduce additional order into the sometimes-un- ruly disputes involving management and workers. Five, dockers were font jail (or'conic-nipt, of HIP rnnlnncrsinl Industrial Courl oslnlilishcxl ns part, of the law, (lie court having acted to stop some of tho nnli-contciincrlzalion ploys used by on-the-spot leaders of the longshoremen. Thus, the long and often-harsh history of labor re- lations in dockland has been given a new dimension of bitterness as moderate men seeking desperately for n way of resolving Ibn complex nnllcrn of conflicting Interests which hnve set owners against employees, nncl employees against ono another. HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY 85-90 The Lethbridge Herald 'Serving Smith Alberta and Southeastern B.C.' Price 15 Cents VOL. LXV No. 194 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1972 FOUR SECTIONS 52 PAGES Tories unveil new revenue plan Oil industry hit for another million MAGNIFICENT MUD What better way to cool off on a blistering day than a mud bath? Kim Davey and Shell Newcome, bofh a worldly three years old, decided it would do a girl's complexion some good. They scoured around for a suitable mud hole, finally discovered a magnificent specimen in souTheast Calgary and took their beauty dip. Afterward, the iwo future beauty quftsni were seen discussing ihe situation and possible trouble wilh parents. But they worried needlessly. Even their parent's jaw the humor in ihe situation. Londonderry first target? Barricades in Ulster must go, minister warns BELFAST (AP) The pros- .pects of a British Army inva- sion of Protestant and Roman Catholic "no-go" areas in Lon- donderry and Belfast were heightened today after a warn- ing from British administrator William Whitelaw that all barri- cades in the cities must be torn down. Whilelaw said on Irish televi- sion Friday night: "1 hope peo- ple will take these barricades down themselves, but if they do not, the security forces will have to do so to stop the killing and maiming of innocent women and children." The British minister provided the firmest indication yet that he is no longer prepared to tol- erate either Protestant or Cath- olic "no-go" enclaves where troops are unable to patrol. Speculation that one of the first barricade-smashing opera- tions would be directed at tha Irish Republican Army "no-go" strongholds In Londonderry's Bogside and Creggan quarters has been spurred by a sudden upsurge in the army's strength in the north. Another troops, many of them veterans in Northern Ire- land guerrilla fighting, wera brought into Ulster Friday to boost troop level to a record men. WANT CRACKDOWN British officials said openly the reinforcements were or- dered to intensify the crack- down on the IRA In the wake of the guerrillas' bomb blitz on Belfast eight days ago. The at- tack took nine lives and left 130 injured. Whitelaw said on television that the nrmy required access to all parts of Northern Ireland to "stop these inhuman killings" and that barricades no longer could be allowed. Gunmen made an apparent assassination attempt Friday on Senator Ritchie McGIaddery a, former junior cabinet minister in the Ulster government which was suspended when Britain as- sumed direct rule. Armed men tried to set his Belfast home on fire and fired a shot at him but he and his wife escaped shaken but Men escape injury in plane crash A single engine aircraft crashed into the Waterton River three miles west of Standoff Friday afternoon, the RCMP reports. Neither the pilot, Paul Hra- decky, nor passenger Paul Hones, both of Edmonton, was injured. The aircraft, believed regis- tered to Continental Air-Photo of Edmonton, was engaged in photographing farms in the re- gion when it suffered an engine failure. RCMP said the men escaped through an open win- dow In the aircraft's cockpit after fluSling downsfream be- tween one-half and three-quar- ters of a mile. The damaged aircraft has been transported lo Cardston where department oE transport Inspectors will attempt to as- certain the crash cause. Schreyer wants premiers to study port facilities CHURCHILL, MAN. (CP) Premier Ed Sclireyer of Mani- toba said Friday the Prairie Premiers' Economic Council should beg'n; a detailed study of the Hudson Bay port of Churchill to determine what effect belter port facilities would have on economic de- velopment in Western Canada. Speaking at the close of a two day conference called to study the port. Mr. Schreycr said the council, through its 'If we can't host em. let's join ami' continuing committees, should prepare the report in an at- tempt to convince the federal government to take action in improving the harbor facilities. Tliis "must be done in a matter of months, not he said- The question of Churc- hill's shipping future will be a topic of high priority at (lie next Prairie premiers meeting in the fall, he added. National Harbor Board chairman Del Taylor, said the port at its present dock depth of 32 feet can handle about 500 vessels throughout the world. If the harbor waa dredged to 35 feet, it could accommodate about 400 more vessels, ho said. Speaking on a panel, M r. Taylor estimated that lowering the depth to 40 feet would re- sult in a saving of five cents 3 bushel on shipping costs, wliilo a depth of feet, would result, in savings of eight cents a bushel. However, lo lower a 200-foot length along the dock to 35 feet' would cost about million he said. As well, ho estimated it would cost mil- lion to Improve existing crnm li.i.vlllnR facilities. million for housing maintenance and million for wharf resurfac- ing. These estimates "indicate the magnitude of the problem we he said. Another panelist, Peter Dalg- liesh of Dalgliesh shipping lines, said he would have esti- mated the figures to be con- siderably higher. Standstill tlireateiis log firms Eagleton's position now in doubt CUSTER, S.D. (CP) Sena- tor Thomas Eagleton's future as the Democratic candidate for vice-president appeared to be In serious doubt today, but presi- dential nominee George Ale- Govern said any decision would be made by the two candidates together. Any decision about Eagleton's future, McGovern said outside his cabin at liis nearby Sylvan Lake retreat, won't be made "'without his concurrence." Aides said the phrase "with- out his concurrence" was de- signed to make clear that Mc- Govern wasn't leaving Ihe issue solely up to Eagleton. who has made increasingly strong state- ments about his intention lo re- main on the ticket. Alberta offers producers reserve tax, royalty option EDMONTON (CP) The Alberta government has derided to take another million a year from the oil industry through a combination of a new reserves tax and higher royalties. The tax takes effect Jan. 1, 1973. Oil companies will have the option of paying the tax on proven oil reserves in the ground or a higher royalty Uian the present one averaging 15 per cent on production. The new plan was announced at a news conference today by Bill Dickie, minister of mines and minerals. Immediately after the conference, he flew (o Calgary to outline the plan to industry representatives. Tlie government plan also Includes an exploratory drilling incentive system which will exempt new wildcat discovery wells from taxation for five years. The exemtption for discovery wells is retroactive to last May 1. There is also a credit for each new exploratory well whether it finds oil or not which will be applied against a company's taxes end royalties. The revised royalties will average 21 per cent and will be in force for five years starling next Jan. 1. 'Reasonable return' The existing royalty structure has been in force since 1962 and covers 85 per cent of Alberta oil production. There now is a max- imum royally of 16zn per cent on the bulk of production. It was because of this statutory maximum that the government felt compelled to employ the new reserves tax to bolster revenues from the industry. The new natural resource revenue plan was approved by the cabinet Friday after it had studied the results of public hearings last May into a tenta- tive proposal to Increase gov- ernment revenues by million to million a year. INDUSTRY OPPOSED The petroleum industry TOS solidly opposed to the proposed tax on the rights to crude oil, but the cabinet decided that an additional million would ba "a fair and reasonable" return. A statement released at tha news conference said the gov- ernment's annual take would be even higher if crude oil prices and production increase. The statement said the tax In- crease was not determined on the basis of the government's spending needs. The government said It In- tends to use the money to devel- op secondary industry in tha province during the next 10 to 15 years. The advantage of the reserves tax is that it applies to freehold rights held by in- dividuals rather than the prov- now are not subject to royalties. Mr. Dickie said the assess- ment of the value of crude oil reserves will be carried out by the energy resources conserva- tion board, which has already developed a formula for such an assessment. Properties with an assess- ment below a certain value, yet to be determined, will be ex- empt from the tax. The tax and higher royally payments would be an eligible expense in calculating federal corporate income tax. The government did not ac- cept industry claims that the tax would have a detrimental effect on enhanced recovery projects and would encourage excessive rales of production. "The government believes that in most instances the incen- tives in terms of improved pro- ductivity, ultimate recovery and allowable production rate is suf- ficiently strong that implemen- tation of the plan will not ad- versely affect a decision to pro- ceed with enhanced recovery projects. Meanwhile, Ihe government b postponing planned changes aimed at increasing its natural gas revenues. Originally, the new Progress- ive Conservative government had set a target of fall 1972 for revising the province's natural gas policy. Mr. Dickie said It Is not (the government's) present Intention to adjust "gas royalty rates or to consider subjecting natural gas reserves to a mineral laj at least until current market and other factors have crystal lized." Damage to dikes 'minor' WASHINGTON (AP) A US., intelligence report says bombs have hit 12 places in North Vietnam's dike network but "the damage is minor." Tne state department re- leased the eight-page intelli- gence finding Friday in a fol- low-up to President Nixon's denial of Hanoi's charges that the United States is deliberately trying to knock out the vital wa- ter-control system in the Red River delta. "Photographic evidence shows conclusively that there has been not intentional bombing of the dikes. A few dikes have been hit by stray bombs di- reeled at military-associated targets nearby." The damage is minor and no major dike has been breached. Seen and heard About town JJECAUSE it's taking so long lor Wayne Tcrriff to pamt his house Dr. Gerry Probe speculating lliat it must be the biggest in town Jean Thompson boosting morale of beginning golfers with "You're gelling closer all the time." VANCOUVER (CP) Brit- ish Columbia's forest Industry ground closer to n standstill Friday when rebel fullers closed down a Vancouver saw- mill 400 woodworkers wera laid off In Port Alhcrnl. Another 02 woodworkers Port Albcrni fallers stayed at Immo in a bid to pressure Mac- Mlllnn Bloedcl Into finding a solution to the fnllers' dispute. And In Kllimnt a group of wives of rebel fallers picketed I lie home of the locnl leader of holdout tailors dcmnnding their luisbnnds bo allowed to rclurn to work. British housewives panic; embark on shopping spree I'rom A1M1EUTER LONDON (CD Britain's housewives went, on a food-buy- ing spree today, slocking lar- ricrs to cushion against the ef- fects of Hie national dock slrlka that has paralysed the country's ports. Thousands 01! families Ignored government assurances that ad- equate food supplies will bo available for the foreseeable fu- lurc. The rush on food followed Mm by dockers Friday In support. o[ demands for more job security and hlphrr sever- ance pav. A long strike would quickly hit food imports as well as other essential maritime freight movcmenls. Cautioning against panic buy- ing, Agriculture Minister James Prior said Friday: "There is plenty of food In the shops and a lot moro in reserve. Wilh very few exceptions, like imported fniit, there is no renson anyone should not bo nblo lo buy Ilicir usual food at Ilio usual prices." Prices already were reported fdping upward, however In some parls of the country. TOUTS IDLE Britain's major ports were Idle today with no end in sight to the complex dispute between doek workers and harbor em- ployers. Union-management talks re- sumed Fridny but observers could seo no solution emerging until lute next week at the earli- est. ;