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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 29, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGJ HERALD W.dneiJciy, July 29, 1970- Anthony Westell Right Decision City Council made the right deci- sion in rejecting the petition for a plebiscite on a bylaw permitting Sun- day movies and sports. The bylaw can now go into effect without the expense and divisiveness that would have resulted from submitting it to a plebiscite. It would have been an invitation to much trouble for City Council had it accepted the petition when it did not fulfil the stipulated requirements. Technically, City Council" might be criticized, as it is, for having post- poned final reading of the bylaw to permit the circulation of the petition. Permitting movies and specified sports on Sundays simply recognizes what is undoubtedly the wish of t h e majority of people. The provincial government's amendment permitting communities to pass permissive by- laws attests to that. So, in fact, does the failure to get sufficient signa- tures on a petition to force a plebis- cite. Sabbatarianism is at low ebb these days even among church people. There have been other times in his- tory also when it has been in dis- repute and not all of them were coincident with a decline in religion. At the beginning of the Christian church there seems to have been a feeling that the circumscribed holy day was one of the things from 'Civilized' Brazil One of the worst horror stories to hit the headlines recently comes from Brazilian prisons, where, ac- cording to the International Commis- sion of Jurists, torture has become a vicious political weapon. The ICJ, is a private organization supported by lawyers and jurists of most non- Communist countries. It has consul- tative status with the UN Economic and Social Council and with the Council of Europe. These are im- pressive qualifications. It is unlikely that the Commission has any axe to grind, and it is highly improbable that evidence revealed to it would be accepted without careful investi- gation. The torture to which enemies of the Brazilian government are sub- jected is revolting, according to the Commission report. It adds that security services and other police forces practise what is called "pre- ventive torture." This is used against those accused of assisting any mem- ber of the underground opposition be- fore he has the opportunity to ex- plain himself in courts set up for that purpose. In other words the ac- cused are tortured in the hope that they will bear false witness. The Commission says that these practises are corrupting Brazilian so- ciety, but it finds little hope of end- ing them under present conditions. The Brazilian junta replies by say- ing that tha information given to the distinguished Commission is a lot of nonsense and simply reveals the "great imagination of the inform- ants." It is impossible to believe that the members of this international body would accept figures and detailed information with no basis in fact. The Brazilian government stands ac- cused. One can only agree with the jur- ists that by continuing to draw atten- tion to the situation, public opinion will help to put an end to practices which no country calling itself civil- ized should tolerate. Art Buchwaid The Nixon administra- tion will announce the first in a series "inflation alerts" next month. No one knows exactly what an "inflation alert" is, though it seems to be a way of- alerting the American people as to what products are going up in price so the public will be able to boycott them. The details of the "inflation alert" have not been worked out so it's everyone's guess as to how it will be implemented. Perhaps like this: Let us suppose a rumor is out that the price of ground beef will rise 4 cents a pound. This is picked up at the top-secret headquarters of the Inflation Alert Com- mand located in the mountains of West Virginia. IAC sends out a squadron of Comparison Shoppers who make a fast swing through supermarkets in Madison, Wis.; Boise, Idaho; Tucson, Ariz.j and Flatbush, Brooklyn. They must report back to IAC within two hours. (It is estimated that inflation can now hit this country in four hours.) If lAC's suspicions are confirmed they Immediately notify Washington on the in- flation hot line (it's called that because the telephone campany has just asked for a. raise in Washington notifies the White House and a meeting of the National Security Council on Ground Beef is hurriedly called. The meeting is presided over by the president who demands to know if the price rise in ground beef is a serious at- tack on the nation or just a diversionary tactic to keep the country from knowing of the meat packers' real plan which is to raise the price on porterhouse steak. George Shultz, the president's chief of staff, says all his intelligence indicates that the ground-beef hike is the real thing, and he urges the president to call an inflation alert. The president then goes Into a small room by himself with a yellow pad and pencil and lists all the options he has. His big problem is: Can he call an in- flation alert without notifying Congress? He asks Atty. Gen. Mitchell who assures him that he legally can. Mitchell warns the president, he can expect some static from the Senate, but if they are consulted they'll debate the alert to death, and before they're finished ground beef could be up by more than 10 cents a pound. The president makes his decision. He goes to his desk and takes out a key and unlocks a box. Then he presses a red but- ton. All over the United States, In every city and town, sirens start screaming. Inflation wardens grab their helmets and rush out into the streets, making everyone go into an inflation shelter or cellar. Cars and all transportation must come to a halt. In 45 minutes, every consumer must be off tie streets. By this1 time, the meat packers start dropping their inflation bombs on the country. But everyone is in his shelter and there is no one left topside to buy ground beef. The first dsy, the supermarkets drop it a penny a pound. Still no buyers. The next day, 2 cents a pound. Still nothing. On the fourth day with still no business, the supermarkets put large signs in their win- dows announcing a sale on ground beef (the same price it was before the When this happens, President Nixon presses the all-clear button and everyone comes up from his shelter. It takes a lot of preparation but another battle against inflation has been won. (Toronto Telegram News Service) Kierans: Economist Before Politician which people had been set free. And the surge of religious interest at the time of the Protestant Reformation brought a rejection of Sabbatar- ianism which had crept back in medieval times. One of the reasons, perhaps, for a decline in the strict observance of a holy day is that one of the charac- teristic reasons for such practise has lost its force. A day of rest has reduced appeal in a time when the work week is being shortened and there is not enough work in prospect for everyone. Sabbatarians might have had a better chance of keeping the dikes plugged if they had taught the rationale for a holy day as found in the list of commandments in Deuteronomy rather than in Exodus. There it is not a day of rest to cele- brate the finish of creation but as a witness of deliverance from bond- age! But even that might not have meant a Sunday as known in some past period. A pluralistic society can- not be confined by the views of any special segment. There must be room for people to live as they see fit with a minimum of infringement upon others. The new bylaw will allow those who want to go to movies and sports on Sunday to do so and those who want to stay away to do that also. TJRAW a balloon out of the top of Eric Kierans' head to illustrate his thoughts and you'd have to fill it mostly with economic equations, statistics, cost-benefit analyses and com- puter language. Leave' out the cautious ideas which go into the balloons over most politicians: The art of the possible: Forward with the people as fast as they want to go; How will this look on the front pages? For Kierans prides himself on thinking as a working econ- omist, which he was for much of his life, rather than as a politician. The trouble of course is that today he is a politician. The conflict between the way he thinks and his job goes a long way to explain why in two years as Minister of Com- munications and Postmaster general, Kierans has been in more political trouble than most of the rest of the Cabinet put together. He insists on sharp answers to questions which might bet- ter be left blurred, leaves pub- lic opinion out of his studies of the comparative advantages of alternatives solutions to prob- lems, and takes an almost perverse pleasure in rejecting expedient answers. First there was the public argument with Cabinet col- leagues over NATO policy. Then (lie seemingly endless disputes mill the postmen. Next the ugly little war with the mail truck drivers in Mon- treal. And now, just when the government is cashing in nice- ly on the boom in the na- tionalism b u s i ness, here's Kierans wanting to hand the TELESAT project to the Am- ericans; It is increasingly annoying to eome of the other ministers who put a high political value on smooth administration and quiet policy-making. Can't Eric do anything with- out getting us into trouble, they ask with rising irritation? Af- ter all, the post office worked pretty well before he decided to make it efficient, and now we get all these upsetting letters about bad service. And does he have to say all those aggravating things on television, and engage in near- public brawls with Bryce Mackasey, the Labor Minister, who may not always be right but who is at least popular with voters? Remember, too, they gossip, Kierans was the man who drove Rene Levesque out of the Liberal party, and while he seemed a hero at the time, it looks now as if it might have been better to keep the rebel within the fold, instead of send- ing him out to lead the sep- aratists. Even before that, when Kierans was President of the Montreal Stock Exchange, he led the attack on Walter Gor- don's policies of economic na- tionalism in 1963, and almost destroyed the government. And he's still asking those insistent awkward questions in cabinet about how to pay .for economic development if the na- tionalist policies involve cut- ting back on U.S. capital. You can almost hear some of the ministers, these days, hint- ing to the prime minister in private moments that maybe good old Eric is more trouble than he's worth, and that per- haps the time has come to end, gently, a political career mark- ed more by damaging colli- sions than spectacular achieve- ments. Six-Letter Words By DOUG WALKER "plIERE are various ways in which the generation gap can be measured. The younger generation seems to have a pen- chant for four letter words while some of their elders go in for the six letter variety. A favorite expression of our cliief at The Herald is the word John Williams down the street goes for and Barney Springman prefers "gollee" for emphasis. These six letter words may lack some- thing in their shock value. But one tiling can be said for them: they have a striking quality because not everyone is using them. Not anymore, anyway. "Hello, room clerk 1 understood this was the bridal suite" Mark Frankland Nixon Doctrine Becoming A Sick Joke? CAIGON It is almost a year since President Nixon first explained in public the "Nixon doctrine" by which the United States under his guidance would avoid future Vietnamese-style entangle- ments on the Asian continent while remaining a "Pacific As described by the Presi- dent to correspondents at a Press briefing on Guam Island the Nixon doctrine had two main points. First, Asian coun- tries should be ready to cope on their own with threats to their internal security, even if those threats were indirectly supported by a foreign coun- try (e.g. as China supports the guerrilla movement in Thai- Only direct Chinese or Soviet intervention would justi- fy a corresponding American military intervention. The doc- trine's second point was that regional co-operation among Asians should be encouraged and that this would be support- ed by continuing American economic aid to the area, while there would bs relatively less military aid. The President explained that the doctrine was meant to en- courage and exploit two "new factors" in the Asian situation: growing nationalism and "re- gional The implication was that both these things would powerfully strengthen non Communist Asia's de- fences if they were not smoth- ered by too great an American presence. The question a year later is whether the Nixon doctrine can or should be applied to the new situation in Indo-China follow-, ing the spread of the Vietnam war to Cambodia. It was from the first never very clear just how Vietnam fitted into the doctrine. The latter apparently provided no justification for the American war in Vietnam. On the other hand Mr'. Nixon was specifically thinking of the new Asia of the 1970s. His hid- den message seemed to be that though the American interfer- ence in Vietnam was necessary at the time, similar operations would not be necessary in the future. Unfortunately for Washing- ton the Cambodian crisis is more life Vietnam than the sort of situation imagined in the Nixon doctrine. The new Cambodian Government is not just faced with an internal se- curity problem which can be met by anti-guerrilla opera- tions and sensible economic and social policies, both back- ed financially within reason by Washington. North Vietnamese and Na- tional Liberation Front in- tervention is many times great- er in Cambodia today than North Vietnamese intervention was in South Vietnam in early 1865. Yet that smaller interven- tion was used to justify send- ing the first American combat troops to Vietnam. Since the dispatch of another permanent American expedi- tionary force to Cambodia is politically impossible, the Nixon doctrine is being stretch- ed this way and that to cope with a sort of crisis that it was never meant for. And it is just not working very well. The Cambodian Government cannot survive, except on LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 A Dominion-wide campaign among the teaching profession to double the sal- aries paid in 1914 will be un- dertaken by the newly or- ganized Canadian Teachers' Federation, which was formed in Calgary this week. 1930 Hon. R. B. Bennett, leader of the Conservative party will form the new gov- ernment following the recent election. 1010 will shortly have a corps of two complete divisions and auxiliary troops in Britain. A third and fourth division will be trained in Can- ada. 1930 Demolition of Leth- bridgc's old city hall, landmark since shortly after the turn of the century, has begun. The property was purchased earlier this year by the Royal Bank of Canada. 1960 Rich- ard Nixon for president and Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge for vice-president will be the Republican party's tick- et in the Nov. 8 general elec- tion in the United States. Hanoi's sufferance, without the help of foreign troops. At first glance it looks as though the Nixon doctrine's encourage- ment of regional co-operation fits this situation. Asian na- tions should co-operate to pro- vide the expeditionary force which in the old days -might have come from America. But in fact Mr. Nixon, sensibly, was not thinking of this sort of when he evolved his doctrine. What he had in mind was regional, political arid economic co-operation, with perhaps some swapping of expertise on counter-insur- gency thrown in. The participa- tion of Thailand, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand in the Vietnam war is not an en- couraging precedent for local military co-operation in Asia because it depends entirely on the presence of American forces in Vietnam. None of these countries could or would have sent soldiers to Vietnam had the Americans not already been there. South Vietnamese lead- ers are talking optimistically of an anti Communist Indo- Chinese alliance made up of South Vietnam, Cambodia, Thai- land and' Laos. But both Laos and Thailand have good reason to be chary of such an alliance. Prince Souyanna Phouma, the Prime Minister of Laos, is at this moment trying hard to prevent his country being drag- ged into a general Indo-China war by reopening talks with the Communist-backed Pathct Lao. South Vietnamese mili- tary intervention hi which Saigon favors is the last tiling Souvanna Phouma wants. Laos could only be brought into an I n d o-Chinese bloc by r c m o ving Souvanna Phouma, which the Laotian right wing, if encourafed by Washington, would be delighted to do. But Washington's policy is to sup- port Souvanna to hilt, be- cause it believes that the Lao- tian situation would get out of hand without him. Thailand's reluctance to join the new Indo-China war gets more attention: predictably it is being criticized by some people for "selfishness" in not rushing to help its neighbor Cambodia. But Thailand's dip- lomacy is always worth study- ing, because it often acts as n useful check on the realism of any new proposal or scheme for Asia. All Thai decisions these days are taken with ref- erence to one thing: that Am- erica is reducing its power to influence directly events in S o u t h-East Asia, and to par- ticular to defend its small Asian allies. The Thais do not believe that the South-East Asians can mount an effective military al- liance on their own, except on the Vietnam model where the money, the organization and the main punch is provided by the Americans. The Thais hope to survive their own Commun- ist-led insurgency by economic and social development and the last thing they want is for a foreign military adventure to take funds allotted to their de- velopment budget. Although they are worried at the thought of Viet namese Communists along their border they do not believe that Hanoi has ambi- tions in Thailand, which be- longs r'alher to the Chinese sphere of influence. Yet the more they intervene in Cambo- dia the more likely they are to provoke a hostile North Viet- name reaction as well as stirring up Peking. And as the American soldiers leave Viet- nam the Thais have every rea- son to consider Peking as a power to be lived with rather than fought against. For the Thais, the Laotians, and for some unorthodox South Vietnamese too, the Nixon doc- trine as applied to Indochina today is a little too reminiscent of the old sick joke about China being ready to fight in Vietnam to the last North Viet- namese. Unless the Indo-Chi- nese (plus Thailand) fight to Cambodia, the American with- drawal from Vietnam will be that much harder. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Pierre Trudeau, for the Ume being at least, seems not to bo listening to the whispers. He is said still to enjoy Kieran's stimulating intellect. Or maybe it simply means that he can- not conceive how to defuse his unruly minister. A man ca- pable of turning the quiet poli- tical pastures of the post office into a battleground would be dangerous almost anywhere. Kierans meantime is aware of the whispered criticism and rising irritation, but quite un- dismayed. Two years of con- troversy in Iris present job have not weakened the squash- player's springs in his legs or dulled the combative gleam in his eyes. In his. discreetly mod- ish suits and bright ties, he looks less than his 66 years, and still forging ahead to some undisclosed destination. He is too much of an analyst to have political ambitions. He ran for the Liberal leadership in 1968 not because he expect- ed to win but because he had a lot of things to say to Canada, and, in effect, bought himself a national platform as a candi- date a typically direct Kierans solution. He stood in the 1968 election only because he was invited to do so by Jean Marchand, de- liberately choosing a difficult riding in Central Montreal which is largely French-speak- ing and sympathetic to Quebec nationalism. When he opposes the award of the TELESAT project to RCA Ltd. of Montreal, he is striking close to the interests of his own constituents, to the dis- may of his organizers, who hardly think it necessary to put economy and efficiences before politics hi private as well as in public. Kierans in fact finds it hard to view problems from any other angle, after years as an economist, and is often sur- prised when everyone does not agree with his analyses. There were, for example, all those postmen wasting on aver- age of 40 minutes a day in un- sorting of letters. So many thousand men times so many dollars at so much an hour? Obviously, the system must be changed, and isn't it surprising that the unions call a strike because they don't see the plain truth? Or look at all those letter boxes scattered around Mon- treal, outside the front doors of liberal MPs or their organizers, mail trucks have to tour every day when usually ,iere are few if any letters in the boxes. How ridiculous it is to employ maybe 150 more drivers than we need, so let's get in there and make things efficient. Right? Right. So it's a pity that the ex-drivers are slashing tires and of course its costing a lot of money to put guards on the trucks, but it will be worth it in the end. Now there's TELESAT. Sure it would be nice to build it in Canada, in Montreal where they need jobs. B u t the anal- ysis of comparative advantage suggests it's better to buy from the United States, which can supply the satellite cheaper, faster and with more guaran- tees that it's going to serve its purpose including extending bi- lingual broadcasting across the country and backing northern development with reliable com- munications. It's always Kierans the busi- ness economist before Kierans the politican, bringing his clear-cut, no-nonsense ideas on executive decision-making into government. His admirers think there will always be a market for his sort of talent in government because prime ministers al- ways need a minister who posi- tively enjoys taking on the tough jobs and who has no political ambitions. They say look at C. D. Howe, and the sort of tough, business-like image he gave to government during and after the Second World War, and perhaps in a year or so, when the hard decisions are paying off, people will see that Kierans is another great man- ager-inovator. But in the end, when Howe tried to push through the trans- Canada pipeline, convinced that development was more important than parliamentary debate, lie defeated not only himself but a whole govern- ment. Politics was more important than economics. (Toronto Star Syndicate) The Lethbridge Herald 5W 7th St. S.. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN u s'cond cllss "all Registration No. 001! Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newipawr Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulal'oni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Editor Associate Editor F- MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE 'SOUTH" ;