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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 29, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE TEN THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1920 Irrigation Expert Tells of Enormous Acreage Which Can be Put Under Ditch Southern Alberta Can Add More! ly and geucrally. as they aiwar, i 1 this to Uie writer. Threshold of Real pevslopment Than Half Million Acres to Area Already Irrigated Says George G. Anderson. One of the most interesting papers read at the Irrigation convention to 'far was that by George G. Anderson, consulting engineer of Los Angeles. 'Calif- and builder of the Lethbridgo irrigation project, which was read by C P Jamiesoa before a large audience st the Wednesday evening session. The paper, which (Seals with the irri- gation possibilities of Southern Al- berta, follows: The Possibilities The courteous invitation lt> address Ibis convention on (lie "Irrigation Pos- sibilities of Southern Alberta" was ac- cepted by the writer with some hesi- tation, which, apart from the certain inability to attend'the convention in person, was in part, to tho fact the exception of a recent visit, his knowledge of irrigation con- ditions iu IMs district, in later years.. fas been that only of the. remote thoiish ueenly interested observer.' Whatever hesitation there may "have .been was overcome, however, "by ap- preciation of the invitation itself, and 'b! the great 'pleasure and privilege it afforded to one who has ever, since .his first association with the district, retained au abiding confidence in the ultimate development, by aid of irri Cation, o! its agricultural area to the limit of efficient utilization of the available water supply. Just what these may be, and what may be involved In their development, it will be the purpose ot the following remarks to outline, brief- Medical; science proves that un- healthy gums" causs serious zUnienti People sufTering from Pyorrhca (a dis- ease of the gums) often suffer from j -otherills, such asrheuniafem, anaemia, nervous disorders, or weakened vital organs. These Ills have'been traced in many cases to the Pyorrhea germs .Trhich breed in pockets about the teeth. Four out of five people over forty have Pyorrhea. It begins with tender and bleeding gums. Then the Rurn: i recede; Ihe'teeUi decay, IcoserVand fal out, or must be extracted to rid the Ej'stem of the infecting Pyorrhea germs Guard your health arid your teeth. Keep Pyorrhea a'way. Visit yoiir dea list often' for tooth'and gum inspec tion, and make daily usa.oi Forhan's For the Gums.; Forlun'g For theGunis will preven chock its used in time, consistently Ordinary dentifrices cannot do this. Fortran's keep the gums finirand healthy, the teeth white and clean, 35c and EOc tubes in Canada and U. S. If your-druggist, cannot supply ou, send price to us direct and TTO will mail tuBe postpaid. 'S, LTD., Montreal FORTHE GUM It is more true than U .'ever has been that Southern 'Alberta, at this time, Et'anus at Ihe threshold of the real development of its agricultural resources. Whatever doubt there may have esn of tho necessity tor irrigation in Jie district has been removed, whit- er hesitation there luay havo o use its aid bus been overcome-, audj problem ot today is to find the ins to carry into effect what "is nlvcrFully Admitted to be the sure ethod by which agricultural produc- lon may be Increased and a stable Ed prosperous community establish- d in Southern Alberta. Twenty Years Ago It is just 20 years ago. this month, ince the waters oA tho St. Mary liver were diverted, for the first time, nlo the canals ot the pioneer irrlga- ion enterprise, on a large'scale, In Canada, now. tho Lethbridgu section >f the C. P. U. irrigation vith which 'tie writer has tho honor o bo associated. Last year over acres were rrigatsd, with a crop value of M.- It may seem.-at fiist blush, that de- velopment has been slow. In the -words of one. ot the speakers at last year's" convention at Medicine ial, "It lakes lime to make a highly developed farming community, and still more time to bring a great irri- gated district, such as wo have, to 'nil fruiiiou." 50 Years In U. S. It Is more than 50 years ago since :he first efforts in irrigation-were commenced'in the .Cache-la-Poudre Valldy, in Colorado, which today, icrliaps. tits-best settled and highest developed 'strictly irrigation district "n the United Slates, and the cultivat- ed area does-not esceed acres. The experience.pf the U. S. 'Reclam- ation Sen-ice, IS years after its cre- ation in 1902, confirmS-the general ex- -relatively, slow develop- ment under irrigation, which might be illustrated by numerous other exper- iences, the history of the-famous Im- perial Valley in California' which has approximately, acres in culti- vation 20 years after water was first diverted into the Salton Desert afford- ing the rare exception, with reasons peculiar to itself for its relative rapid- ity of settlement. general conditions affecting irrigation develop- ment, the pioneer' effort in Canada labored under local disadvantages, primarily the novelty ot irrigation as in this coun- try, and secondarily, though primarily jn effect, the fact that the district Is senil-arid wholly" aria; The difference between irrigation being a necessity, in the and af- fording an assurance, in the former case, has, it will probably be promptly and generally.admitted, militated most seriously against steady and rapid set- tlement. Irrigation a Necessity The erp'erience of the.- past few years has demonstrated beyond any ijuestion that'to secure adequate re- turns' from agriculture, in this region, Irrigation is a necessity, and only by its aid, wherever It is possible to se- cure it within reasonable cost, can agricultural pursuits. stabilized, in- creased production assured, and pros- perous communities be built up with confidence in their continued exist- ence and extension, 'What's. Alberta Has Done The .term "Southern in relation to Irrigation possibilities, is taken to include that district of the province south of Calgary- In the report on "Irrigation Surveys and Inspections" of the Department of the Interior, 19IS-1910, tbe statemenl Is 10) that, in that district there are constituted Irrigation enter prises embracing acres.'aiV projected enterprises embracing 000 acres, omitting the North Saskat- chewan project. To give these in detail, there are: Constructed Acres Acres Canadian Pacific Hallway Projects: Western Section. Eastern Section.. JOO.OOO I.elhbridge Sec... Canada Land and Irrigation Company Private (small) projects agricultural produciU'a in Southern Alberta can be found than by the aid of irrigation; it will be as conceded that the first step towards applying iust certain method.' secur- ing tho means ot application, the re- quisite capital, !s the- vital problem presented for solution. The magnitude of the Involv- ed'in these future developments'. doubtless, beyond the ability 'of the will of private capital to undertime, even if that form of empire building land .and Its owner, w 100 0001 3cntal'r, providing an additi 'Total Projected Lethbrl'jge.Southeastern dis- trict (estimated area) United Irrigation District (estimated Lcthbrldse Northern Dis- trict (estimated area) Acres. 530.000 Considering, first, those which tre. directly or Indirectly -tributary to Lett-bridge, ihero are the Letbbridge Section of the- C. P. B. projects, 000 acres, and all of the projected en- terprises of acres, a total of C 60.000 acres. Of1 these, the Leihbrldge Northern Is dependent upon the old Man River for its water supply, and al! of the others upon the St. llavys.'Milk, Belly and "Waterton Rivers, In combination. The- Lethbridge Northern District in conjunction with the Barons-Carman- gay, South Macleod and other small dlsrticts. may total ceres, for which the Old Man river Is capable, ot furnishing an adequate supply-of wat- ers though sufficient storage capacity should bo provided to supplement1 oc now territory, new, at least, la its ap-l mvpii-Jn. this -agricultural, expansion THE CANADIAN BANK of COMMERCE have now exceptionally good facilities for ihe transfer of money to all points in Italy and can make transfer to the smallest village without rte'iay. Tiie Lethbrirlge Branch have specialized in this particular business, and are in a position to quote very low rates. The Manager will be pleased to discuss the matter at any time. K, W; REIKIE MANAGER casional seasonal deficiencies' in dir ect stream flow. I Of the larger area of 510.000 -acres all but "acres. In the- United Irri gallon District, depend upon; the St Marys and Milk Rivers for water sup ply with additional contribution from the' Belly and AVaterton Rivers, div- ersion from which may becdme a nec- essity as the areas brought under cul- tivation increase. Tho St. MaryV and Milk Rivers are, as Is well Known, international streams, over tha division 'of whose flow negotiations have pending for some years.-1' The-final decision cannot be anticipated here. 'If, how- ever, that should be approximately on the-lines' the .present arrangement, about one-half of the waters to each country party to the controversy, that half will require the addition of 'all the available stream flow of the Belly and Waterton Rivers'not used by the TJhitefl Irrigation order, to supply, the of ores. Storage would, again, bo uired to conserve and regulate the vailable -water supply. Second: There are the larger ;sn erpftses, in the. Caigary. and TedlcIne'Hat districts, embraeing.ihe ow constructed w'orfcs of the Canad an Pacific Railway Company and.tho Canada Land and" Irrigation. Com fany, in a total of acres. These re dependent upon the Bow- River whose stream-flow is sufficient for the equirements, with some provision or regulation, caved for within the irojects themselves. Acres- THere Is, thus, the possibility 'o ultimately developing an irrigabl area of over acres in South ern Alberta. Apart from the Bb'i iliver supply, that development wil involve the conservation of all th available Water supply of the rivers named, the St. Mary's, Milk. Boll aud Waterton Rivers, 'and, in partj b the Old Man Stiver. An eseential part of the plans-'t make that development possible willj 10 the establishment of storage reser- voirs, tho existence of which, to the requisite capacities, are within fcnow- .etige from surveys which havo been mado up to this timo, and. probably within reasonable cost tha.t important feature has not yet been' entered upon. "While such velopment of storage Is for the fut- ure, it will be part of wise provision In the .interests that certain ulti- mate scope of irrigation extension, that available reservoir sites should be segregated and thoroughly gated in all their relations to pros- pective piahs. s That program implies the utmost conservation of the water supply of all the streams south of-Letlibrldge. A similar almost complete conserva- tion and regulation of available water nnptily has resulted in the Irrigation of acres In the Cache-la- Poudre Valfey in Colorado, previously An Enormous Possibility YBIlh 'these general'possibilities In contemplation, tho means to be On- ployed to siscure the desirable results, merit the moat profound considera- tion. It may be of some significance to note that about tho same time that it-was reported that the Lethbriclgo Northern District was estimated at an overhead cost of per acre, the returns from crops under the Lelh- bridge Section o( acres for 1919, were reported to average per acre. Based upon (he same estimated overhead cost as In the case of the I-etliTiridee Northern District, the ad- dition nf nearly acres to (he Irrigable area tributary to Lethbridgo and Maclooil, and contributing to tho agricultural production of the Prov- ince would Involve tho expenditure of about While, ultimately, as shown by the returns from fhe irrigated In 1919, the annual crop returns per acre wouirl more thnn 'equal tne total first cunt of construction per I acre, that rcsuit cannot bo obtained j until some considerable time after the capital expenditure in construction I has, been Tho fact that the bulk of the lands In these areas era now Rctlleil upon, as In the Leth- bridge Northern District, wouh! accel- erate the ordinarily slow process of settlement and cultivation experienc- ed under most Irrigation enterprises. Capital Needed H will bo goncrnlly'admitted that no more certala meUisd of Increasing was considered desirable, under tho conditions ot these new times. LefiUlatlvo provision crei- lion ot "Irrigation Districts" U -an effort towards placing tha burden and responsibility ot carrying out the im- 15? CM i provements directly upon the element i most certain ot profit In tae outcome .v- ,__. ....______ tlonal chan- jnel for self government In community Elsewhere, and so far, for numerous md various reasons which need not >e entered upon here, the ''Irrigation Jislriet" method-has registered.only success, and that which has jcen accomplished has been overlook' td in the notoriety following-, upon some sensational failures. It may not bo too much to :he failures have been mostly ministration, and it is Interesting to! note that where laud owners.have succeeded to the ownership and mah-j jgeuient of Irrigation lated under corporate have expanded tho works started, limited by. Individuals ,pr by communities, they have been-invar- iably marked .contrast to the of success attending: "dli- trict" in the same locality and under similar general conditions: H is quite passible to profit by ex- perience, to avoid the pitfalls Into which others'have been led, and to build surely and solidly upon a sound foundation. v; The policy InvestleR- tion'under Government supervision, the physical features'of .any projected undertaking, Insures th'e avoidance, of many errors that have of such legislative provis- ions, tio communities thus jo be created, "willing as they :may be to bear the financial burden, cannot unaided, to carry out'the works serious financial hardship." TBat handicap would be represent- ed in the discount on bonds, tho rate ot interest, of repayment, and, most serious tho delay'-occurring iu investi- gation, negotiation, Inde'fiuKe- 'prslmpnomeut may re- sult, although it is -hardly con- ceivable that such achievements as wore to. the early pioneers In irrlKaltou Con- tinent, no less arduous-iu tbjso days itian Iho. tasks presented to the fsr- mer of Alberta today, .can- not ;Tie repeated in production is the 20 year con- TKe Act to assist 'the: Le'.hbridge fUlcnceVlu inevitable development in South- era Allwrta.'tb.th.o limit of utilization oMts available supply. brought where. disaster in their train else- One Dangsr TBere Is a danger In Southern Al- erta, not common to many other Ir- igatlon districts, that, from its semi- rid character, the land owners and vater users, following seasons. In which abundant crops may bo obtain- 4 without .the.artificial use of water, nay become we'ary of carrying the urden tho upteep of th'e Canal systems, or may neglect, to maintain them iu the order "and con ition necessary to secure fulKbijnefii rom them in. succeeding seasons '6; eal necessity. Tlie recently amended Alberta Irri gation District Act embody Ing safe guards for both (Jovernrnenl nhd.laiH owners, a means tor carry ng Into effect the extent rrication .facilities, increase; produc ion and .build up the Province. The writer jointed, out elsewhere that under all the existing condition fit irrigation development, especially as these may, aficcl a'comparatively IrrbjaIloa. District1 by guaranteeing tbe payment of interest for H period of two.years may not effect the de- sired result, which Is tho spemly pro- cedure with construction under.terms and conditions that .aye not burden- some to the laud owner, or .that do not Sited a "serious curtailment ot the funds at the initial stages of the en- terprise. _; A Ing Canadian financial 'circles are sufficiently familiar with, or.( adequately. Informed or advised.'upfm, irrlgailop conditions to advance capital under- takings.at or near par ar.d there -.may result, unlesl' that Is .clearly; recognized.- an'd- prornptly'dealt With, tHe'maniplMap between financier, and disrepute Into.whleh. "Irrigation District" te'curltles have fatten elsewhere. Under all the circumstances, the ef- 'ort to-secure the'necessary capital 'or tho first undertaking' under the District Act will, in'.all probability, prove Icf ba tho most difficult. Tha neasure of success attending thai .nitial venture will by so much reduce .he stress attending the financing pi ;ho subsequent projects. That condition must be clearly rec as the fact that these areas'can-he fully