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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 28, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, July 28, 1973 MHTOItlALS An odd view of development At times it's hard to understand high finance- It is even harder to comprehend some of the actions of the movers and shakers in Ottawa, especially as to their timing. While the prime minister, members of the federal cabinet, the four west- ern premiers and many provincial ministers were meeting in Calgary- to consider western economic oppor- tunities, and incidentally exclaiming together over a federal decision to "pour" a year for five years into energy studies in the west, the Canadian Development Corporation (CDC) was offering to buy 10 mil- lion shares of Texasgulf Inc., a U.S.- based conglomerate, at a share. If this bid were successful, it would raise CDC's holdings to about 30 per cent of the outstanding shares of Texasgulf. probably enough for ef- fective control. The company is much sounder than many conglomerates, and has been well-managed. In ad- dition to being one of the world's major suppliers of sulphur, it mines a significant proportion of Canada's silver and zinc, as well as several other metals All things considered, a share is not a bad price, so spending this way may well be a good investment, simply as an investment. But just what is the business of the Canadian Development Corpora- tion? When its formation was being touted a year or so ago as a major step in the process of restoring Canada's control over her own re- sources, it was claimed CDC was to "encourage Canadian investment in Canadian to quote the minister concerned. Certainly this is "Canadian invest- every cent is Canadian tax- payers' money. And in an oblique sort of way it is investment in Cana- dian enterprise; notwithstanding Tex- asgulf s New York headquarters, a major part of its business is Cana- dian mining operations, largely in toe Timmins area, and it is these operations that have furnished two thirds or more of its profits of late. J3ut what about this idea of "en- couraging Canadian Do the directors of CDC suppose that now they have moved'to acquire a controlling interest in Texasgulf there will be a rush of Canadians wanting to buy its shares? If so, it is a weird way to look at "Canadian develop- ment." Texasgulf, whatever its Ca- nadian holdings, is still a foreign corporation, located in the U.S. along with the vast majority of the shareholders who will continue to re- ceive most of whatever profits it makes- Furthermore, tiie mines it operates in Canada are already "de- veloped." If the CDC really wants to find in- vestments to justify its resounding title, and at the same time provide attractive opportunities for Canadians to invest in their own resources, one wonders how it would have overlook- ed the Athabasca tarsands of Alber- ta, or the massive oil-bearing shale beds of northern Saskatchewan. Both are Canadian resources that as yet are not entirely owned and con- trolled by foreigners. For either or both there has long been a crying and well-publicized need for develop- ment capital. And beyond'the slight- est argument, both are "western eco- nomic which is what the recent Calgary conference was supposed to be all about. Finding the technology to extract the vast oil reserves at present lock- ed in these two major resources would be a great boon to an energy- starved world, and could be an enor- mous source of wealth to Canadians. In the face of this, how can any one even an eastern politician claim that investing in a foreign based conglomerate, while putting a few thousand into western energy studies, makes good develop- mental sense? Dealing with drunkenness Drunkenness in downtown Leth- bridge shouid be a matte" "f concern to everyone not just merchants, the police, ana j.ew others. There is a nuisance factor involved certainly, but it is the human dimension that ought to cause a pub- lic outcry. People are disintegrating because of drunkenness and much of the response to their plight is de- meaning. A serious long term approach to this problem has not 1-een tackled. It surely cannot be avoided much longer. What is required is the provi- sion of facilities in which individuals with a drinking affliction can be cared for and encouraged to embark on a rehabilitation program. This means, first of all, the provi- sion of a modest type of hostel where food and lodging is available. Vic- tims of excessive use of alcohol ought to be put up in such a place rather than be taken to the police cells or be allowed to creep into Secondly, there need to be half- way houses where individuals, with some motivation to conquer their Weekend Meditation craving for alcohol, can live in a more home-like environment. In this kind of situation a few people, with the help of a counsellor, together can work toward rehabilitation. Those who are close to the problem of alcoholism have long known this is what should be done. They have not been able to initiate the two-fold program of hostel and half-way house because of the costs involved. Agencies such as The Salvation Army and The John Howard Society in some places are involved in this kind of service. They might yet enter the field in Lethbridge although the level of support that can be expected from the community through The United Way and the municipal gov- ernment is not very encouraging. The provincial government might better assume the cost of implement- ing the program. It is already involv- ed in trying to help alcoholics and this would simply be a logical ex- tension of the work of its Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Commission. If the revenue from liquor taxes is already committed, the tax could be increas- ed. The indomitable heart Chaim Potok's book, "My Name is Asher describes the torments of a Jewish family caught in the transition be- tween the new and old generations, chang- ing from the old customs aad manners into new ways and new goals. The struggle is agonizing, especially since both generations so scrupulously honest and, from their point of view, clearly right The heart of the story is the description of a young boy who grows up to become a great painter. The development involves a fight against inmli discouragement and adverse circum- stances, development only possible be- cause of his indomitable heart. It is UBS indomitable heart which has made aH the saints as weQ as all great artists, a refusal to compromise with con- sdenre. a determination, not so much to excel, as to express tnuy the insights, feel- ings, and convictions of the whole person- ality, body, mind, and heart. There is con- sequently a frighteniag simplicity about the truly great There is sometimes a ter- rJbk nrthtessress. Take the words of Jesus to men who wanted to follow hum. "Are yoc able? Csunt the cost. No man can serve- two roasters. Xo man putting his band to the plough and looking back is fit for the kingdom of God." Andre Mattrois fa his Journal recorded for January l, 1986, "Each year, on this day of beginnings I make my resolutions- To work, wortc, wjrk, To refuse jobs ia order to wnte not great books (that is not within my province to decide) but at least the best I am able to conceive But what is the use of setting down resolutions? One must live One is repeatedly struck by the demand of Jesus for complete integrity. "If your right band offend you, cut it off If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out" If a man lusted after a woman, it was as bad as committing adultery. If a man bated another, be was at heart a murderer. O.ajy the pure in heart, those who are utterly can see God. A Mnd woman in Chaim Potok's book warns Asher Lev that the world will try to destroy him. He will suffer agony. So be does, and his art expresses the agony. There is a martyrdom in such great ar- tists, not a conscious martyrdom for no mariyr is consciously a martyr, but rather the logical consequence of an integrity that cuts across all taboos and customs be- cause the hero feels he must It is as if be were caught up m currents which carried him with irresistible compulsion, and be has no choice. They bear the awful pain of the workS, their eyes are black with grief, and their bodies are twisted aad scarred. They are very few, but they are the salt of the earth, the light of the world, these men and women of the indomitable heart. PRAYER: 0 God, make me worthy of Me. "There's been a slight change in the Bikini is no longer home By L. C. Snlzberger, New York Times commentator UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. From a strategic point of view there isn't any doubt that the trust territories of Micronesia, whose supervision was award- ed to Washington by the U.N. following the Second World War, have great significance. In the first issue of "Stra- tegic published by the United States Strategic In- stitute, Adm. John S. McCain Jr., formerly commander in chief, Pacific, for all Ameri- can forces including those in South Korea, Japan and Indo- china, writes of the need "to do something with the trust territories: "Because if the trust territories are not kept under the immediate control of the United States, the next fall- back position in Honolulu, and that's a long way back. The trust territories, if properly used, wiHtput the United States in a position not too remote from advanced bases in the Philippines and other forward positions." Technically Washington does not "own" 'the enormous and sparsely populated trust tern- tones of Micronesia which, in theory, are a U.N. tutelage. But, as administrator, the U.S.A, has grave responsibili- ties to the Melanesia nand Poly- nesian peoples who inhabit the area. Nowadays the defence depart- ment thinks of Micronesia pri- marily in terms of potential and actual base facilities relatively close to Asia, the Philippines and Japan. But its initial con- cern was with the convenience of the trust territories for nu- clear testing. Indeed, some of the most fa- mous of these gruesome ex- periments were made on little- known Pacific islands. The United States paid as little at- tention to the safety or con- venience of nearby peoples then as France has later in atmos- pheric tests close to (he Ta- hiti archipelago, which have been opposed by the world court and which outraged inter- national opinion. Of the human beings who suf- fered from American tests, the best known are the handful of seafarers who originally in- habited Bikini, an atoll since immortalized by scanty bathing suits. Hamlet J. Barry HI, -dir- ecting attorney of the Marshall Islands office of the Microne- sian Legal Services Corpora- tion, wrote to President Nixon May 4, 1973, on behalf of the displaced Bikinians who were removed to make way for the blast. Barry reminded Che chief ex- ecutive that on Jan. 24, 1946, the Pentagon announced Bikini had been selected for a series of nuclear explosions. One rea- son was that it contained "only a few people." Barry adds: "They may have been from the United States point o! view, but from the Bikinians' own point of view, they were all the people." Nevertheless, the Irioj (or Juda had told the mili- tary governor of the MarshaHs that "The United States could use Bikini if it would result in kindness and benefit to all man- kind." On Feb. 23 the 200 Bik- inians were removed to unin- habited Rongerik in the north- ern Marshals. The Bikinians traditionally associate Rongerik with Libok- ra, a poisonous female spirit. Since many of the fish on Ronge- erik were indeed poisonous and there was little otter food, the Bikinians suffered illness and malnutrition. Therefore Wash- ington ordered them sent to an- other atoll, Ujelang. But the Pentagon resolved to start a new test series on Era- wetok and the inhabitants of that island instead were sent to Ujelang. The Bikinians bad to stay on hated Rongerik. When they were found to be almost starving, they were again ship- ped off this time to Kwajalein. SUH later, they were sent to Kili. Kili proved almost devoid of the Maritime resources on which Bikinians depend. Food became so short that a ton was air- dropped; since parachutes were not used, most of this spoiled. The Bikinians were given an oM converted whaleboal which promptly wrecked. They decided "Kili enana, Kili is no good." A second boat given to them was destroyed by typhoon Lola in 1967. A small trust fund set aside for them failed be- cause of poor investment plan- ning. In 1968 President Johnson promised that part of the origin- al Bikini atoll would be clean- ed up so the inhabitants could return. Nothing has happened. The Bikinians don't know if they'll ever go home. What they call home remains bulldozed and radioactive. Last Jan. 30, the exiles requested compensa- tion and return to a sanitized homeland. The record leaves them, little reason for optim- ism. Meanwhile the lovely Pacific Islands that once attracted Paul Gauguin and Robert Louis Ste- venson to dwell among them, remain strategic pawns (for the U.S.A.) or nuclear laboratories (for When great na- tions are advised "to do some- thing" about these atolls, that "something" appears to have little "to do" with the people who inhabit them. Young Egyptians admire Qadhafi By Irene Beesoa, London Observer con CAIRO Colonel Muammar Qadhafi, Libya's Young revolu- tionary leader, had a hard time trying to persuade Egypt's political leadership to enter a full merger of the two countries next September. Expurgated versions of the debates in the Cairo press gave the impres- sion that most Egyptians are opposed to a complete merger and, mindful of the failed effort to unite with Syria in 1958, pre- fer to feel their way step by step. But since the Libyan's visit there have been signs that the weight of Egyptian opinion is against its own leadership. Host Egyptians I have talked to consider union with Libya can only benefit Egyptians. There are already about 000 Egyptians living, working and trading in Libya. Industrial and agricultural development plans for Libya are opening the country to Egyptian sltills and labcr ndth far brighter pros- pods than Egypt can offer. Rich Libyans are flocking to Cairo and Alexandria and leav- ing behind hard currency and a tluisl for more. There is a booming trade in both cities in foreign goods im- ported via Libya and the fat profits from marketing luxury goods are reflected in pew shops and boutiques springing up in brth. Of course, specifically, the strength of favor for a merger is measured by the ex- pectation Egyptians have of bet- jobs, better trade, more money, a higher standard cf living for them and their fam- ilies. But there is also a grounswen in favor of a merger among the politically conscious, the intel- lectuals and the young. A con- sensus among these groups seems to be that the dialogue with Qadhafi in the People's Assembly and the Arab Social- ist Union Egypt's only politi- cal party did not represent the majority view. They think the objections raised there were the o p i n i o n of the Egyptian leadership and ruling dass who fear their power win be weak- ened by total union with Libya. The most ardent advo- cates of immediate, total union in these groups are the "pro- the liberals, and even avowed Marxists al- though Qadhafi himself has made no secret of bis own vio- lent hostility to Marxism. Countering criticism of Qad- hafi's cultural revolution, they say they would a sim- ilar revolution in Egypt. They agreed watli Qadhafi, who told the Arab Socialist Union, "If you are afraid of the cultural revolution this means you are reactionaries, incapable of understanding Is- lam or the Egyptian revotaSoa of 1952." Egypt, bogged down in bureaucracy, needed s cultural revolution, for this was the means by which the tndiuciiy citizen was gaining control of public institutions and organiza- tions. This, say the Egyptian liber- als, is exactly what they have been demanding participa- tion by the people in running their own country. Even if Libya had been guilty of mis- takes and excesses, they argue, any attempt to bridge the gap between the regime and the peo- ple would be a step forward. They would, they say, go along wiJb the more rigid aspects of Qadhafi's revolution strict discipline, no alcohol, no night dubs because this is the only way to combat the corruption and indolence paralysing Egypt today. But the Sadat regime seems to have Egyptian women on its side for a step-by-step ap- proach. When Qadhafi addres- sed women leaders and reveal- ed what be considered their role wouM be in a railed state of Libya and Egypt, they boo- ed Mm, "In be told them, "women have become as men. They are paradratisls, wear men's hair styles and dress. But they are restricted by vir- ginity, menstarairon and preg- One prominent feminist, Amia Al Said, editor of a weekly magazine, spoke her mind. Egyptian women bad, she said, struggled long to gain a degree of emancipation. They were afraid of losing these gams if there was a sadden into union with Libya, On the Hill By Joe Clark, MP for Rocky Mountain Parliament Is acting to end abuses of election spending. All parties supported principle of a new Election Ex- penses Bill, introduced early in July. The bill will now'-be re- viewed and amended by a par- liamentary committee. Essentially, the three major reforms proposed are: (1) Limits on spending: Na- tional parties, and individual candidates will be limited by law in the amount they can spend on election campaigns; (2) Public funding: Each candidate who receives more than 20 per cent of the vote in his constituency will get part of his campaign expenses paid by the government; (3) Disclosure: Every indiv- idual, corporation or union who contributes more than to a candidate must be identified. I argued in Parliament (July 12) that a fourth reform is needed a reform which will stop government parties from campaigning at public expense. That view has been adopted by the Progressive Conserva- tive party .and we will intro- duce relevant amendments in committee. I have just recently written to several Canadian ex- perts in election legislation ask- ing for their detailed sugges- tion of amendments. The three reforms already in tbe .bill are long overdue. Spending limits are necessary because in some constituencies, elections cost to 000. In practice, that means that a poor man or a person of average income can't run. (Flora MacDonaM, MP, argues that high campaign costs are particularly tough' on women candidates, because (1) women are less likely to have personal fortunes, and (2) contributors are often who think women have no place in politics.) Disclosure is also healthy, be- cause it will cut off the sus- picion that parties are con- trolled by mysterious financial interets. I believe (hat suspi- cion has been cultivated delib- erately by the NDP, in a way that unnecessarily deepen- ed cynicism about politics. It is a phoney fear, and disclosure will dispel it. Public funding Is more con- tentious. Some people think parties should not be subsidiz- ed. I agree that would be ideal. The problem is that (apart from toe NDP, with its manda- tory union check-offs) parties don't nave a regular source of income; and elections will sUQ cost money. Until we develop the habit of widespread person- al contributions, by individu- als, state contributions are nec- essary to ensure that elections are honest and strongly-contest- ed. My own reform is necessary for two reasons. First, it will stop govern- ments from using paid advertising, aircraft and other services for party pur- Second, it will make (he el- ectoral system more competi- tive, by limiting some of the built-in advantages of govern- ment parties. All government parties abuse public services, to the last campaign, federal ministers rode government aircraft to Liberal party campaign meet- ings. More recently, the govern- ment paid thousands of your dollars to run a smiHng pic- ture of the prime minister in ads in ethnic newspapers. The same thing happens out- side Ottawa. To prove that point, I reviewed in Parliament the shocking use of pubEc money by the Schreyer govern- ment in Manitoba, as they pre- pared the way for fteir June election campaign. Committee hearings on elec- tion expenses will probably not begin until the Fall, after a parliamentary recess. How- ever, the new bill is expected to be law before the next elec- tion. Helping the heart By Don Oakley, tfEA service A "long and detailed" study of the effect of water quality on health in western Maryland has shown a lower death rate from heart disease for white males, age 45-64, if they drink soft water. The study was made by Dr. George W. Comstock, profes- sor of epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University, and was reported by bun to the sixth annual International Water Quality Symposium held re- cently in Washington. But men came the or as Dr. Comstock called them, the "variables." For one thing, he found that people from lower social and economic levels showed a greater risk of dying from heart disease than those who were better educated or lived fa houses with more than one bathroom. BEITS WORLD Also, fiie risk of fatal heart disease was higher for cigar- ette smokers than for non- smokers, but lower for both than for those who had ever smoked cigars. Most surprising, he said, was that heart disease risk for persons attending church infre- quently was nearly twice that for persons who attended church once a week of oftener. Thus, he summed up. "At the present time, careful re- view of all the available evi- dence suggests soft water per se is not likely to be related to arteriosclerotic heart dis- The moral? Either Install an- other bathroom, stop smoking; cigars, go to church, don't live in western Maryland or avoid epidemiologists bearing ques- ionnaires. "HM Mails ml menogetlar ffa taw-l The Uthlnidge Herald fct 7lh St. S, tcmtndge, LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Fiafheun ad Pi -ISM, by Hon. W. A. BUCBANAN tf Tta CmMtan mm mr AMHamn M CMMIM WILLIAM MAY it X. WALKBK ;