Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 28, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wtdntidoy, July 21, 1971 THt LtTHMIDGt HtXALD 5 Maurice Weslern CRTC policy reflects feuda overtones Nothing com- pares with Tudor history as a gtu'de to the practice of modern government in Canada. One of our leading Tudor ad- ministrators, Pierre Juncau of the CRTC, recently has an- nounced a policy on cable tele- vision which admirably recap- tures the spirit of the great 16lh century officers of state. Even tho procedures would have seemed reassuringly famfiliar to an Elizabethan minister, for Mr. Juneau, be- fore publishing his edicts, held a proper court at Montreal in April, at which place were gathered the great barons of the_ networks, the lesser knights and notables of local stations and the somewhat disreputable entrepreneurs of cable television. The great themes of the 16th century, as of the mod- em civil service, were order and degree. "Take but degree away, untune that string, and hark what discord follows Society existed to be managed; each to his place and the poor laws for those who were out of place. The guilds regulated the cfaftsmen; t h e government, through monopolies, regulated other economic activity; there was a passion for licensing. Nothing created a greater flap in the privy council than un- controlled enterprise which threatened the harmony of so- cial interests. Mr. Juneau has been trou- bled by discord, in the form of cable television, ever since he became a cultural mandarin. It originated, according to the report, in the 1950s and one can only wonder at the failure of earlier administrators to avert the current troubles by casting the first practitioners into dungeons or hurling them from a tower. Left unchecked for years, the cable men have created a thoroughly untidy situation which the CRTC must now reduce to order. There are certain ameni- ties, as at court, to be preserved. While Mr. Juneau is establishing policy, he is heaven the basis of policy. A happy phrase has been discovered in the J968 act, "a single system herein referred to as toe Canadian Broadcasting System." Thus the CKTC, in cracking down on the cable pirates, is imple- menting merely the basic pol- icy decision of Parliament. Moses, in the same way, had in mind Mr. Basford's Competi- tion Act. This latest statement is the fifth in a series: evidently it takes time to catch up with Parliament. The key thought emerges on Page 2. "Cable television is intricately bound up in television broadcasting, deeply rooted into many Cana- dian communities and po- tentially the source of much disruption in the Canadian Broadcasting System." There is nothing worse than a source of disruption, as often observed by notables pre- siding over Star chamber. The CRTC is not (see Page 6) for vested interests perish the thought. It has, however, li- censed local stations, granting each, in true Tudor spirit, "an area or service which is deem- ed to provide a sufficient .eco- nomic base to pay for the cost of the service." These tidy ar- rangements have been upset by the cable malefactors with the result that the value of the franchise has been impaired. We are warned, in one horror passage, that "the diminishing, or even gradual disappear- ance, of television broadcast- ing would mean a loss of ser- vice to many Canadians a service that the commission believe to be vital to the country as a whole." K's regulation of chaos. So the commission has been fussing over directives like a wet hen, encouraged by the government's even wetter hen, Gerard Pcllcticr. The pirates might, as in sim- pler days, be made to walk the plank and that would be the end of it. There is, however1, the awkward fact (which emerges between the lines of the report) I hat viewers are on the side of the pirates: otherwise they Yankees need renovating By Clar k Wcllon "VANKEE Stadium is going on welfare. Governor Rockefeller has authorized a bond issue to res- cue the most famous baseball diamond in the world from the obsolescence of its 48 year- old frame. It is hoped that a renovated stadium will keep the Yankees from, moving to New Jersey, improve atten- dance, and serve as a kind of architectural amulet to ward off the urban decay which has ravaged the rest of the south Bronx. A removatcd Yankee Stadium is all well and good, but so far no one has answered the big question: Who's going to renovate the Yankees? Welfare won't help here. As a long-time Yankee fan, I won- der if anything ever can. It's been six years since the Yan- kees won a pennant. Not such a long time, I suppose, but be- tween 1921 and 1964 the long- est a Yankee fan had to wait for a pennant was three years. There were 29 pennants in all, plus twenty world champion- ships. In 1965 they began to lose. And they kept losing, never even achieving the status of contender. Victory is addictive, withdrawal is painful. Today it is agony to be a Yankee fan. There are two solutions. The Yankees must either live up to their history or escape from it. The latter seems most likely and the renovation of the sta- dium may help. A complete facelifting could exorcise the immortal past which now haunts and diminishes the mor- tal present. The uniforms of Ruth. Gehrig, DiMaggio and Mantle might be taken off pub- lic display until the standards they set are once more being matched on the playing field. Most of all, the Yankees need to be accepted for what they are: a new'team requiring a new kind of patient, understand- ing fan. So a break with past glories is indispensable, if only in the symbolic sense of a renovated arena. Who knows? If the dec- orators do a good job, the Yanks may even learn to be lovable. But I wouldn't demand it of them. Like all Yankee fans I'm reasonable. A return to complete and absolute dom- inance of major league base- ball is all I ask. (New York Times) So They Say A man doesn't expect the impossible He's not trying to turn December back to May. He's satisfied with July or August. Matthew Gleason, San Diego plastic surgeon, on the growing number of men seeking face-lifts. 1971 CALGARY STAMPEDE FUTURITY SWEEPSTAKE You could win any of these- cash prizes This sweepstake is conducted by the Calgary Exhi- bition Stampede under the aatiwrity the Gov- "inn'er.t of tnc Province of Atberta and is subject to thn rules and regulations applicable thereto 3rd EARLY BIRD DRAW AUGUST IN PRIZES DONT MISS OUT GET YOUR TICKETS NOW! ON AUGUST 10TH YOU COULD WIN ANY OF THESE 49 PRIZES FIRST PRIZE______ SECOND PRIZE____ THIRD PRIZE________ FOURTH PRIZE___________________________ FIVE PRIZES OF EACH________________ FORTY PRIZES OF 550 EACH_______________ 750 500 500 ON THE 11TH RUNNING OF THE STAMPEDE FUTURITY STAKES SEPTEMBER 11, 1971. AT VICTORIA PARK. CAL GARY, ALBERTA. YOU COULD ALSO WIN THESE PRIZES. DRAW SEPTEMBER 4. SECOND FOURTH THIRD FIFTH Sixth to twenty-fifth ticket holders will divide........_ Seventy-five cash prizes of each; Any cliarilabfo orflam'jalion or service club seWnc Cafcaiy Slimjwrfe futtm'ly IJcVHi rKciVcs ?0% commission on licfcolj sold. 1.50 AVAILABLE FROM SERVICE CLUBS AND CHARITY ORGANIZATIONS GET YOUR TICKET BY MAIL Use this handy mail order coupon. Be sure to print clearly. PLEASE DO NOT USE A MOM DE PLUME! Your ticket will be mailed to you promptly. CALGARY STAMPEDE FUTURITY SWEEPSTAKE BOX 1060, CALGARY 2, ALBERTA, CANADA STAMPEDE FUTLjmlY SWEEPSTAKE. Please forward hy return mail................w Emopslaka Tickets (fi 2.50 cadi. Name: __GbmpMfi Futmlty Zone No............... ...................Tclepriono......------- rsl nrrompany ronpniO would not have prospered as they have obviously done. The trouble with the public is that i'. never seems to grasp the public interest in the fashion of governments and Tudor ad- ministrators. Mr. Juncau, accordingly, rec- ognizes some good in cable. (It improves picture quality, in- creases viewer choice and so on.) 'Jlius attempts have been made to reform and control the pirates so that their activities will complement the approved system instead of disrupting it. But the situation is difficult be- cause the Americans, as usual, have complicated the lives of our Tudors by letting matters take their course. The report says that, through the cable television technique, programs are taken off the air without payment to their originators. Then "every available production is made available together with the advertising material which finances these productions, to the public of a given area." This, it tolerantly remarks, "is not an objectionable result." But it threatens the relation- ship between a local station and community and, indeed, the system as a whole. So, ob- jectionable or not, it must be regulated. While the CRTC has yet to work out details of the new regulations, their intent is reasonably clear. Only limited piracy will be tolerated. We Canadians should be open to "world currents" (see Page 12) but, at the same time, we must not be exposed to American programs on more than three channels (see Page Users, that is to say the cable operators, should pay. The money is to go to the CRTC's licensed chosen in- struments and be spent on programing. There is ap- parently no insistence that the Americans should be paid. Tudor morality was al- ways selective, piracy being encouraged when it was direct- ed at unreliable foreigners such as the French and Span- iards. The commission is to "re- store the logic of the local li- partly at the expense of the cable operators but, more happily, at the expense of foreigners, k will "permit the removal by cable television li- censees of the commercial val- ue contained in the signals of stations not licensed to serve Canada." This means Am- erican stations. Nasty tamper- ing? Certainly not. Good red-blooded national- ism. Earlier Tudor statesmen were also staunch nationalists and, whatever modern histor- ians' may think, there is ample evidence that their sharper practices were much admired in their day. Any document is better for a moral tone. "The commission (Page 29) will also be concern- ed that marketing practices that develop shall not be detri- mental to others." One can al- most see the Tudor privy coun- cillors wagging their heads in approval. It is recognized in Ottawa that advertising is the root of much evil. Unregulated per- sons buy programs on Ameri- can television, knowing that messages will he pumped into Canada to corrupt us all. The commission has therefore re- quested the government to amend Section 12A of the In- come Tax Act to discourage businesses from such dis- ruptive and unpatriotic actions. There is much else in the commission's 41 i n s t r u c live pages. It takes more paper than the Tudors ever dreamed of to defend our modern feu- dal system. Even so, many questions remain unanswered. Mr. Juneau, for example, is still studying the question of unconnected apartment build- ings which in their present form are obviously unable to accept the offerings of the re- formed, approved, licensed and government guided cable op- erators. And what is to be the fate of people who put masts on their roofs and who, pre- sumably, should be equated in the moral sense with persons who used to put stills in their basements? The trials of administra- tors are not lo be underesti- mated. There is a somewhat comparable situation in Ihe air empire constructed h> J a c k Pickcrsgill. A Toronto busi- nessman specializing in char- Icrs observed at weekend to a CP reporter: "Regulations are broken in every country 1 know of with Ihe possible exception of Lux- embourg. Luxembourg doesn't luive any regulations." There may he hope yet (or flic human race. (llmild Ottawa Bureau) American Bar Assn. in a fog New York Times Since the British have done so in recent years in cleaning up their smoke- laden air, it ill becomes the American Bar Association and leaders of American juris- prudence to journey to London to generate an enormous verbal smog. One would think that a convention of American lawyers held in the historic home of the common law would devote itself to the large themes of peace through law and of law as the guarantor of individual liberty. But one would be wrong. The leading speak- ers at the ABA convention have treated Lon- doners to a dismaying round of speeches which are petty, parochial and politically tendentious. Chief Justice Warren E. Burger devoted his talk to another verbal spanking of dis- ruptive lawyers. While we have supported the chief justice's previous strictures again attorneys who abuse the courtroom by polit- ical antics and verbal violence, we think that the point can be blunted by overkill, and that the problem has to be looked at with some perspective. Such lawyers as th.s chief justice has spent so much time in denouncing are in fact but a tiny propor- tion of the whole. Their unprofessional behavior is not really one of the critical issues before the bench and bar in America today. Attorney General John N. Mitchell delivc- ed a characteristically exaggerated and one- sided polemic against the decisions of the Warren court in the field of criminal pro- cedure. One would never guess from his presentation that racial minorities and the impoverished actually do suffer serious in- equities in the courts, particularly in the lesser courts of criminal jurisdiction, or that the Supreme Court under the leadership of former Chief Justice Warren was trying tn remedy genuine injustices. The great beck- oning ideal of due process for every defen- dant disappeared as Mr. Mitchell laid down his verbal barrage against "legalisms." Apart from the poor taste in making this speech in another country, it was worthy of a county prosecutor in a hot race for re- election, not of the chief law officer of this republic. Edward L. Wright, president of the ABA, failed to contribute a balancing note of cau- tion as to the complexity of these issues. Instead, he adopted the role of cheerleader for the attorney Perhaps infected by the spirit of his American hosts, Lord Widgery, the lord chief justice, then weighed in with the comment that he found one of the Warren court's decisions a foreign intervention which seems rather startling in itself. The members of the bar association like to hold their convention occasionally in Lon- don as the cradle of the American legal and political system, and also to strengthen bonds with their British colleagues. But in the future, they would do better to leave the dirty laundry or their petty grievances and ideological quarrels to ABA sessions in the United States. In the words of that great Englishman and non-lawyer, Winston Churchill: "I never criticize my country when I am abroad. I make up for it when I return home." A million adjustment Toronto Globe and Mail QKAY. Okay. So a student who works for eight weeks this summr is now eligible to draw 18 weeks of Unemployment Insurance at rates up to week. Who can knock it? We live in the just society, do we not? And besides, the benefits are taxable. It's the same for the eight-wesk tobacco worker, the 10-week salesman, even the once-in-10-year census-taker. Benefits are available in tiered multiples of time con- tributed. Regardless of your status hus- band, wife, son or daughter. Regardless of total family income. Poverty? Affluence? It makes no difference and, my, how the money rolls in. Things aren't quite the same with Ott- awa's new baby bonus program. Here the benefits are geared to declared income (if not to declared You may have a million under the mattress and live on your capital gain but if you are not draw- ing more than in salary and have one child, you can collect the new maximum of about a month. Tax-free, of course. The more children you have, the more in- come you're allowed as a maximum reci- pient. Sound complicated? It's not. For all the White Paper fiddling, the plan present- ed to the Commons this week was scarcely more than dusted-off Mackenzie King. But the mix was far richer. As a matter of fact, the most radical change in the two programs Unemploy- ment Insurance and Family Allowance is that lumped together they are expected to cost Ottawa at least more in the next twelve .months than they did in the last. That might be a cheap price to pay if the two schemes contained any real potential for rescuing many of the millions trapped for years in hardnut poverty. Oh, there can be no arguing that even a few dollars more in baby bonus or an extra bit here and there for those who are eligible for Unemployment Insurance will help. A buck is a buck no matter how it conies. But what must break the hearts of those who are really committed to fight- ing poverty is that there is little likelihood that much of this in redistri- buted wealth will go to help those most in need. Old people subsisting just above the level that would bring them supple- mental benefits. Deserted wives spiked on welfare. Single men who are no longer employable. Marginal wage earners who will see what is happening as further ar- gument that they could do better out of the work force. It is easy, of course, to knock. To com- plain when the Government pleads that it is moving ahead, step by step, distance by distance toward more equitable programs for all Canadians. Yes, it is easy to knock, especially if you are one of the too-many Canadians who have lagged so far behind the majority that changes in universal1 benefits have al- most no meaning at all as far as changing your life style is concerned. There are still in most of our cities, slums where we wouldn't, in conscience, keep animals. There are still tens of thousands whose diet curves down to the malnutrition level days before the monthly cheque comes in. Has she got bad lungs or bad work hab- its? Is she a bad manager? Is she simply the victim of a bad marriage? Does it matter? She is always with us and she will always be with us if we are not willing to embark upon more exciting reform than the re-working of two some- thing-for-everybody (or almost everybody) handout programs. Death bloiv to cancer pHESIDENT NIXON United States Congress for the money to mount "an unprecedented attack" on cancer. Finally, a decades-old question has moved into the decision-making stage, in the nation best equipped to produce results. All "have" countries should follow suit. Watching cancer claim an ever-widening toll in this century, men have turned their hopes to science, conqueror of so many once-dreaded diseases, and asked why can- cer can't be beaten. In the wealthier, more advanced na- tions, the question was framed in the knowledge that great national efforts, of- ten involving painful sacrifice, get results. Nowhere IKS the contrast, between the awful potency of the threat and the frailty of the defence, been more pronounced than in the United States, which harbors more wealth and, probably, more scientific capa- city than any other land on earth. If cancer is to be defeated, the decisive From The Hamilton Spectator has asked t h e battle is most likely go take place on American soil. At least, it's the most fer- tile ground for a major offensive against the dreaded killer. After the Second World War, a massive national effort against cancer was one of the possibilities thoughtful people discussed in the United States and other countries, including Canada, where large new scienti- fic communities had been developed and maintained. But the all-out confrontation with cancer didn't happen. Something, such as a war or a space race, always kept interfering. Now, President Nixon asks the Congress to try to make the dream come true, the nightmare end. The million he seeks (over and above other government and private contributions) may be too little but it's nevertheless a sign of changing priori- ties. And to tiost of us, particularly those with a family history of cancer, it's a sign that couldn't be more welcome. Not the first Winnipeg Free Press A FAVORITE theme of science fiction writers is that long before civilizations as we know them rose aiid fell, there exist- ed a sort of super civilization, much su- perior to ours, and of which few traces now exist. It is suggested by some writers that this civilization went down with the lost continent of Atlantis or Mu. Fresh fuel been added to this theory by Ihe publication in Britain of a book titled We Aiv Not the First, written by An- drew Thomas and reviewed recently in The Times. The author says that ornaments foimd in South America show that tho na- tives there had furnaces that could heat metal to more than degrees centi- our civilization has been able to do only for a couple of hundred years. Star gazers in Babylon knew that Venus becomes a crescent (like our moon) and were aware of, tho moons of. although these cannot be seen with (lie naked eye. Iron nails have been found in rock that is thousands of years older than iron itself. Ami so on, and so on. If there were such a civilization, where did it evolve from? Mr. Thomas' proposal is lhal it may have been brought to earth from outer space. Other scientists have, of course, put forward the theory that earth is regularly visited by star people, and that their visits and the knowledge they brought account for many anomalies suci) as how tho Greeks knew about the dis- tances between trie stars and the moons of Mars, and why vaccination is described in talcs years old. Skeptics will ignore such theories. But the fact remains that Uiero aro still some things en c.ii th not explained by our phil- osophy aim speculation about them is likely to go on for a long tinio.